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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01753 9104 



GENEALOGY 
974.701 
UL70 
1905 



VOLUME ONE 



JAN UA R I '-^DE CEMBER, ig Oj 




J i 



J 



l\. 






V 










N* 









Ad Hiftorical and Genealogical Map-azine 



KINGSTON, N. Y. 
Pub I ifh e d by the E a i tor^ Be nj'a in i Ji My cr Br in k 



R. W. AnJcrfan c- Son, PrinUrs, If''. Slrand, Kindlon, N. Y. 



Co ) it en is of Volitnic One 

PAGE 

Accession of ("^porge IT I Celc'irated ( 1761 ) i j^ 

Bevier Faiinly, Liueage of 151 

Catskills, In the Ravines ol ihe jcjo 

Chambers Fear Tree 334 

Chj.^>il'<.i.-., TlAiiiittb, ■Jciiaii> \"rtuiL Yi-] 

Chambers, Thouias, Indian Deed 77 

Chambers, Thomas, lo retius oluyvcBiini. i -^~ 

"Cheese TJines" of Old Hurley 265 

Civil Marriayes in Kingston 330 

Clinton, Charles' Church Letter "^q 

Clinton's Commission as County Clerk £,2 

Clinton Family, Lineage of :;; 

Clinton, George, as Governor, rroclamation of 1^4 

Ccetus and Confcrentie Controversy -- 

Colonial Ballad, a 29 

Confirming the Letter of Thomas Chambers 130 

Cregier's, Captain, Active Operations -^5- 

Currency at the PLsoput (i652) X-2 

Date?, a INIatter of 3-0 

I)e Witt, Charles G 1-6 

De Witt P'amily, Lineage of the 313,345, "^bo 

Du Bois Tombstone Inscriptions at P'ishkill 142 

Dutch Humor, Specimen of. 18- 

Dutch Names, Knglish Kquivalents of. 2;i 

Editorial Notes,. l-%i^l, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224. 21^, 2S9, 320, 352 3S4 

"Esopus, a Land of Milk and Honey " 104 

Esopus as a Granar\-. the loi 

Esopus at Saugerlies, on the 6;^ 

Esopus, Early Reference 10 4 

Esopus, First Disturbance at 12^ 

Esopus Indians and their Language 70 

Esopus Indians, Last of the 2^3 

Esopus in 1679, the 13 

Esopus Settlers and the Indians q7 

Fighting Under F'nsign Sniit 252 

Fined for Churning on Fast Day (1664; 326 

Fire Insurance in Kint.-ton in 1670 297 

F'irst F/Jopus Indian \Var 19-,, 

First Paper Published in Ulster County 211 

F'irst Patent Issued in Orange County (1697'"; 21; 

Forests of Old Ulster i;i 173S .'! .'. 144 

" For vSr.le — a Young Negro ' 169 

Frere, the Will of Hugo, the Patentee 310 

Genealogical Information Wanted Vs 

Graham, Ancestry of Flleanor Wanted "76 

Hasbrouck, Jonathan W i,S 

Hasbrouck, Will of Jt-an fi7i2) 04 

Horton, Ancestry of William Wanted h-\ 

Indian Graves in Rosendale , 2or 

Indians in Nev.- York, Status or (1679) -45 

Indian Troubles Pecome More Acute lOi 

Israelites in the F:sopus, F:arliest (166S' 332 

Jarndyce-Jarndyce Ca- e, a 254. 

Jones, Reverend Nathan W 75 

Kiersted F'aniily, Lineage of the 21/, 

Kingston l^aptiiUial Records 07, 122, 219, 279 



PAGE 

Kingston P.oy's Lament ^59 

Kinystou Churcli Keakers, the I79 

Kingston Cunnnons, the i'ateni oi I45 

Kingston in 1^23 ^9 

Kingston, the Name of, and its Predecessors 2Gb 

Library at the Esopus in 1665 30S 

Line" Dividing I'ister and Orange I09 

Lull in the CoTiuict at the Esupr.s :^^5 

Mancius, Lament on the Deaih of Domme 91 

Mingled Blood of Old Ulster fc5 

IMohonk Lake =^7 

Negotiating for the Captives. 3-- 

Xegro Bov, Bill of S-de of , 1777 1 332 

New Paitz, Gravestone luscripuons at SS, 119, ibi>, 246, 281 

New Paltz Patent, the • -^-^5 

Nieuw Dorp or Hurley, the Foundirjg of 257 

Old Ulster and Wasliington Irving 5 

Old Stoiie House, the 223 

Our Proposition ^ 

Overlook, lienoath tlie.- 255 

Patriotism, the Statue of. 3*^7 

Pav.-ling P'iimily, Lineage of 359. 373 

Pa-.vling, Journal of PI e-uy 335, 361^ 

Polling Places in 1777 -^'^ 

Population in i6Sr i"^^ 

Population in 169S 5^ 

Pretender, Old Ul.-ter Abjurinvr the -9^ 

P.irchase of the Dutch Church Bell ^70 

Roosevelt, Old U'ster Ancestry of President 102 

Savage Hearts Full of Love 3^9 

Sciiout's Court Could Not Deed Land 2S7 

Scott, Reverend Charles, D.D 20 

Second Esopus Indian War 2S9 

Sha'.v.ingunk, IiKiian Incursion into 202 

Shav.-an'gunk, Its Cleaning and Origin. ^9 

Snvder Pamilv. Lineage of the Martin 21 

Stoking a Kiln in Oi'Ien Time 12 

Stone at Grave of Thomas Chambers 333 

vStrawberries, Cultivation at the Esopus 11664) 230 

Sunrise from the Catskill Mountain House 3^3 

Taylor, Daniel, the British Spy 23.^ 

Tenth Legion, Rallying Song of 126 

"Trip a Trop a Troontjes." Various Versions of 234 

LTlster Countv Eov in the Revolution 270 

Ulster's Figlit for Libertv 33 

Ulster's Tnliabitants ( 173S) liS 

Ulster's Unmarked Graves 3'-^4 

Uncompleted Manumission, an '^ 

LL.al Knai>p and V/ishiu'j-ton's Bodv Guard ^Sl 

Village School in Wiltwvck in 1666...' 237 

WallKill River at Walden o^/ 

Wallkill, the Origijial Name of """3 

Wallkill Valley Families in Central New York _ 327 

Washington Riding to Take Command ( 1776) ^77 

Y/ashington to the :\Iasons ( 17S2 1 ^^^ 

Wilbur.'the Beginning of ^44 

V.'inter of 17S0, the Cold ^"^ 

Woodland Valley, Indian Summer in.. 3.^^ 

Wynkoop Family Bible Record •- '^5 



:0 






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ciii HiitGiical and Genealogical Magazine 



y?%^ 



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- KINGS to::., y. v. 

P u r. I i fh < ,{ h 7 t h e E d i tor. B e n j a m i n My <y Br in 



CONTENTS 



Vol. 1 JANUARY, 1905 No. i 

Page 

Our rroposition, I 

Earl)' Reference to the Esopus 4 

Old Ulster and Washington Irving 5 

An Uncompleted ALinumis.sion ii 

Stoking a Kiln in Olden Time 12 

The Esopns in 1679 15 

Jonathan W. Hasbrouck 18 

Shawangunk, Its Meaning and Origin 19 

The Reverend Charles Scott, D.D 20 

Lineage of the Martin Snyder Family 21 

Martin Snyder's Certificate of Character 28 

A Colonial Ballad 29 

Editorial Notes 32 

■pORSYTirl S: DAVIS 

iVo. 30-J WALL ST., KLNGSTON 

Booksj Stationery, 

Fine China, 

Bric-a-Brac, 
& PicSlures 

Artistic Wall Decorations, Pictures Framed 
to Order. 

iv 



OLD^ VLSTER 



Vol. I 



JANUARY, 1905 



No. 



Oitr Proposition 




ITH this number is launched a new craft 
upon the sea of journalism. This county 
of Ulster is historic. American history 
begins in some dozen places, of v/hich 
"the Esopus" was one. The year in 
which the first settlement occurred is in 
dispute. It will be the effort of this maga- 
zine to ascertain. This is one of many 
mooted questions. 
But this periodical has other aims. There is, and 
has been for many years, a mass of historical and 
genealogical material all-important to Old Ulster which 
is drifting away. Some has disappeared entirely. 
What is left must be gathered and preserved. The 
time to do it is before it is too late. That tin^ie is now. 
This is the age of historical interest. Historical and 
genealogical societies miultiply. Patriotic organiza- 
tions abound. Those of the women in our land are 



O I d e Ulster 



active and thriving. Before them papers are con- 
stantly' read on historical subjects. Those on local 
historic events avaken the most interest. Rut for such 
the data is often inaccessible. It will be our aiin to 
secure such, publish and preserve it. 

Fort)--five years ago, on May lo, 1S59, a meeting 
was held in the Reformed Cb.urch in the village of 
New Paltz to organize a societ}' for this purpose. Here 
was born "TliE ULSTER HISTORICAL SOCIETY." To 
the call to that meeting nineteen names were ap- 
pended. But tv.'o or three of these public-spirited men 
remain with us. They did an invaluable work. Un- 
fortunately most of the results of their tinie and labor 
has disappeared. The volumes of their publislied 
proceedings remain. But even these can hardly be 
reached by inquirers. Aside from this what they 
collected has largely vanislied. The Honorable Abra- 
liam Bruyn Hasbrouck was the president of tiie 
society, and his Inbois were abundant. Anv^ng :iie 
vice-presidents v/ere the Reverend Charles Scott, D. D., 
of Shawangunk, a. id General George M. Sharpe, of 
Kingston, and their contributions v/ere priceless. I:'ut 
the life and soul, the master spirit and tiie one v,-i;o 
accomplislicd niore than all was the nc^ble secretar)-, 
Colonel George \V. Pratt, of the famious T-.ventieth 
Regiment, who gave his life to his co^mtry at the 
second battle of I^ull Run. in \'irginia, in !o62. \\'hen 
his liand v.-as rem jved from the throttle the engine 
stopped. And it ne\'er m^n'ed tliereafter. 

It is the hope and the inteiuion of the projector of 
this magazine to take up the work begun by tliat 
societ}-, but in another form. Papers wi 1 be v.elcome 
2 



Our Proposition 



upon any correlative subject that are brief, well-written, 
dear and accurate. Historical rom;incing is not de- 
sired. For statements not well established authorities 
must be given. Genealogies will be published as given, 
except v.'hen manifestly inaccurate ; and be subject to 
correction in future numbers. 

Besides, there is a flotsam and jetsam of history. 
This is often of value. It frequently gives a side view 
upon events and enables one to form a judgment. All 
this will be jjicked up from the tide and given an ap- 
propriate place. 

Tliere are many quaint and curious things in this 
cosmopolitan old count\' of ours, that need a place of 
permanen.t record. This periodical will try to preserve 
sucli. Hardly a nationality of Western Europe that 
did not send her sons and daughters here in the 
Seventeenth Century to make Old Ulster. 

This magazine will be named Olde Ulster. What 
was Old Ulster? It was the present Ulster county; 
it was Catskill, Windham, Ashland, Prattsville, Halcott, 
Lexington, Jewett and Hunter of the present county 
of Greene; it v/as all of Sullivan county; it was the 
towns of Hancock, Colchester, Middletown, Andes, 
Roxbury, Bo\'ina and Stamford and parts of tlie towns 
of Delhi, Hampden, Tompkins, Deposit and Walton, of 
Delaware county; it was the towns of Newburgh, New 
Windsor, Montgomery, Crawford, Wallkill and r\Iount 
Hope, ^tith parts of the towns of Deer Park and 
Harnptonburg of Orange county. Old Ulster was 
truly a regal domain. 

When the Fifty-sixth Regiment went to the Civil 
War in iS6i from this region it marched with a 
3 



01 dc Ulster 



rallying song, one stanza of which thus referred to the 
homeland : 

" From the Delaware we rally; 
From the Mamakatiix; valley; 
And to combat forth we sally 

While our bleeding country calls. 
From old Sullivan we muster; 
She is loyal, — we can trust her; 
So are Orange and old Ulster 

Which have helped to fill our ranks." 

This then is our field. The success of this eft'ort 
depends upon tlie patriotism of the people of Old 
Ulster. There can be no great financial return for 
such an enterprise. But with the help of all T,ho are 
interested it can be made to pay expenses. And the 
projector desires that it may appear in creditable form 
to the eye, taste and judgment of all who are in. 
terested. 

There is a very early reference to the Esopus in the 
" Ecclesiastical Records of the State of Nev,- York,"' 
page 398, under date of August 5th, 1657, in a letter 
written by the Reverends Johannes ]\Iegapolensis and 
Samuel Drisius to theClassis of Amsterdam, which 
is thus : 

"About eighteen (Dutch) n:iles (fifty-four English) up 
the North River, half way between the Manh.attans and 
Rensselaer or Beverwyck, lies a place called by the Dutch 
Esopus- or Sypous, and by the Indians, Atharhacton. It is 
an exceedingly fine country there. Thereupon some Dutch 
families settled there wiio are doing \ery well. They hold 
Sunday meetings and then one or the other of them reads 
from the Postilla." 

4 



Old Ulster' and -^ 



IVashiiiP'ton 



irvtng 




ILSTER County always held a fasciiiation over 
the mind and heart of Washington Irving. 
Here he laid the scene of " Rip Van Winkle," 
the most celebrated product of his pen. 
And from the ^vitchery of the Catskill 
mountains he never could, nor ever at- 
tempted to free his heart and soul. 

Besides, his earliest friends, and liis closest, 
v/ere of the old Knickerbocker Butcli. Ma- 
tilda Hoffman, tlie maiden v.hom he loved from 
early youth, to whom he was engaged, and whose 
loss shaded his whole after life, was of that lineage. 
Tlie Van Burens, the Van Nesses, the Verplancks, the 
Pauldings and hosts of others of Dutch descent were 
his intimates. It grieved his sensitive soul that um- 
brage was taken to his skit on the Dutch families, the 
"authentic" "History of Nev.^ York, by Diedrich 
Knickerbocker." He admitted that his boyish humor 
had led him to caricature the Dutchmen as fat, stolid 
and unprogrtssive. It pained him tliat some took him 
seriously. In his after Knickerbocker sketches he 
allowed his humor full play, but caricature was not 
attempted. 

Among his frequent companions were the genial 
President !Martin Van Buren and his v.itty son " Prince 
John ;" the scholarly Gulian C. Verplanck and tlie 
5 



Oldc Ulster 



versatile James K, Paulding. With such spirits he 
delighted to visit old Dutch settlements as Tarrytown, 
Kingston, Albany and Schaghticoke and enjoy the 
hospitality of old families and revel in the traditions 
and customs surviving tliere. 

His affection for Old Ulster began earl}\ His first 
trip up the Hudson, \vho<e good genius he vas to be, 
was taken by sloop in the \-ear I Soo. The description 
is delightful. Tlie captain v,\as an Alb;\nian, an.d the 
crew was co:n[)osed of k.is household blacks. He ad- 
dressed them in Dutch, and they discussed his orders 
before they obeyed h.im, and although they were his 
slaves, were sometimes positive that tliose orders were 
unwise, and if so, "the)' ignored them. One old gre\'- 
lieaded negro v.-ho had sailed with the sloop since the 
days of the captain's father, usually had his own way 
and did as he pleased. 

When the sloop came out of the Highlands into 
Newburgh bay he saw the rlisiant Catskills. From the 
first view 

"To me they were iiie fairyland of the Hudson. It was 
in the good (/:d limes before steamboats and railrr.ads had 
driven all jjoerry ■\x\'\ r..'ni:uice out of travel. A voyage un 
the lladson in thiose davs was equal to a vo}-age to Europe 
at present, and c.-y,i al^nosl ri s niucii time ; but we ei'ijoyed 
the river thea ; we rcli.-.hed il as ^vc did r>ur vrine, si-) by sin, 
not, as at preserit. giiliani; ail do.vn as. a draught, vv-jtliout 
tasting it. My whole voyage \\\) the fluuson was full of 
wonder and romance. I wuj a li\-ely l»'jy. somewhat iaiagi- 
uativc, of t'a-.y f.ulli, wrA prorie to relish ever\-tiiing thai 
jtartool: of the inirvehous. Among tlic iiassengers ow board 
of the sloO!) v,\H a \'eteraa Indian trader, oil liis v/av to the 
lakes to ualiic with the native-;. He had dis'-O.ered Uiy 
6 



Old Ulster aud Waslii^.^ic: Irv 



propeiisity, and anuiscd liirnseif tluu'-.gliout the voyage by 
telling me Indian legends and grote>'!i;e ^t-ories about every 
noted place on the river, — such as Spuyien Devil Creek, llie 
Tappan Sea, the De'/il's 13ans Kammer. and oth.er hobgoblin 
places. Tlie Catskill monnt.iins esirecially called fortli a host 
of fanciful tradiiions. V\'e were all day slowly tiding along in 
sight of theui, so tliat he i^ad full tinie to Vvea\-e his\\hirnsical 
narratives. In these mountains, he lold me, according to 
Indian belief, was kept ihe great treasury of storm and sun- 
shine for the region of the Hudson. An old squaw spirit 
had charge of it, \\ho d'wek on the highest peak of the 
mountain. liere she kept Day and Xight shut up in her 
wigwam, letting out only one of them at a time. She made 
new moons ever}' month, and hung them up in tlie sky, 
cutting up tlie old ones into stars. The great Manitou, or 
master-spirit, employed her to manutacuire clouds; sometimes 
she wove them out of '•/obwebs, gossamers and morning dew, 
and sent them off tlake after flake, to float in the air and give 
light summer showers. Sometinies she would brew up 
black thunder-storms, nnd '^ead ^^-dww drenchir.g rains to 
swell the streams and sweep everythijig away. He had 
many stories, also, about mischievious spirits who infested 
the mountains in the shape of animals, and played all kinds 
of pranks upon Indian hunters, decoxing them into ciuagmires 
and morasses, or to tlae brinks of torrents and precipices. 
All these were doled out to me as I lay on tr.e deck thiough- 
out a long summer's day, gazing upon these moraitains, the 
ever changing shapes and hues oi wliich appeared to realize 
the magical influences in question. Sometimes they seemed 
to approach : at others to recede ; during the heat of the 
day they almost melted into a sultry haze; as the day de- 
clined they deepened in tone ; their summits were brightened 
by the last rays of the sun, and later in the evening their 
whole outline was printed in deep purple against an arnber 
sky. As 1 beheld them thus shifting continually before my 

7 



aide Ulster 



eye, and listened to the marvellous legends of the trader, a 
host of fanciful notions concerning them was conjured into 
my brain, which have liauntcd it ever since." 

But Irving did not visit them then, nor for thirty- 
two years. Lefevre's " History of New Paltz " tells of 
a trip to Ulster by Irving in 1S21, in company of 
Martin Van Burcn, who was then United States 
Senator, They crossed tiie ferry from Poughkeepsie 
to Plighland (then New Paltz Landing) in a carriage 
and drove up the road to New Paltz to examine the 
old church records. While at Highland, waiting to 
have a cast shoe replaced, an amusing incident oc- 
curred, as told by Lefevrc, of an attempt by the future 
president to braid a new cracker to their whip, and its 
want of success. 

The first visit Irving ever paid to the haunts of 
Rip Van Winkle was in 1S33. Under the date of 
July 9th he writes to his brother Peter, then in Paris: 

**I set off in company with James K. Paulding, Mr. 
Latrobe, and the Count de Pourtales, whom I have found 
most agreeable travelling companions. 'We left Xew York 
about seven o'clock, in one of those great steamboats that 
are like floating hotels, and we arrived at ^Vest Point in 
2\)0\iX four hours. Gouverneur Kemble's barge, with an 
awning was waiting for us, and conveyed us across the river 
into a deep cove to his cottage, which is buried among 
beautiful forest trees. Here we passed three or four hot 
days most luxuriously, lolling on the grass under the trees, 
and occasionally bathing in the river. You would be 
charmed with Gouverneur's little retreat; it is cjuite a 
bachelor's Elysium. From tlience we took steamboat, and 
in a few hours were landed at Cat<kill, where a stage-coach 
8 



Old Uhtir and Was'hhigtcn Irving 

was in waiting, and whirled us twelve miles i:p among the 
mountains to a fine hotel built on the very brow ot\a preci- 
pice, and commanding one of the finest prospects in the 
v.'orld. We remained here until the next day, visiting the 
waterfall, glen, etc., that are pointed out as the veritable 
haunts of Rip Van Winkle." 

As Irving had never seen the haunts this is de- 
lightful. His brotlier Peter replied: "I liave little 
doubt but some curious travellers will yet find some 
of the bones of his dog, if they can but hit upon the 
veritable spot of his long sleep." Washington Irving's 
letter proceeds: "The wild scenery of these moun- 
tains outdoes all my conception of it." 

In July, 1S33, Irving returned from a visit to 
Schaghticoke and came to Kingston. He spent a 
hapo}' day here among the old people and then took a 
carriage and drove to the old Dutch hamlets at the 
foot of the Catskills which had competed for the honor 
of being th.e vilhage to which Rip had come wlien he 
awoke from his long slumber. He had never explored 
them, and their conflicting claims were immensely en- 
joyed. In this connection should be told an amusing 
fact of his later years. Some time before his death he 
received a letter from a lad in Catskill saying " I have 
latel}' been engaged in arguing with a very old gentle- 
man whether, in your beautiful tale of Rip Van 
Winkle, you referred to the village of Catskill or 
Kingston. Please tell me." Irving exhibited the 
letter v/ith great glee, remarking, " He little dreamt 
when I wrote the story I had never been on the 
Catskills." 



aide Ulster 



But tlie ever courteous autlior replied to the in- 
genuous youth after this fashioii : 

"SuNNVsiDE, February 5, 1S5S. 
Dear Sir ; — 

I can give you no otlier information concerning tlie lo- 
calities of the story of 'Rip Van Winkle' than is :o be 
gathered from the manuscript of Mr. Knickerbocker, pub- 
lished in the 'Sketch Book.' Perhaps he left then\ 
purposely in doubt. I v/ould advise you to dcf^-r to the 
opinion of the ' very old gentleman ' with whom you say you 
had an argument on the subject. I think it jirobable he is 
as accurately informed as any one on the matter. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W.\SHIXGTON IrVIXG. " 

In the October succeeding his trip mentioned above 
he writes to his brother Peter of another Knicker- 
bocker excursion to this cr)unt}' as follows: 

*' New York, October cS, 1S33. 
]\Iy Dear Brotmer : — 

I have been moving ab'out almost incessantly during the 
summer and autumn, visiting old scenes about tlie Hudson. 
I made a delightful journey -with Mr. Van Buren [then 
Vice-President of the United States and soon to be elected 
President] in an open carriage l>on:i Kinderhook to Pough- 
keepsie, then crossing the river to the country about the 
foot of the Catskill mountains, and so from Esopus 
[Kingston], by Goshen, Haverstraw, Tappan, bfackensack. 
to Com.niunipaw [Jer.-ey City] — an expedition which took 
two weeks to coniplete, in the course of ^\hich we visited 
curious old Dutch places and Dutch flimilies. " 

The river loved so fondly by the genial Irving and 
the mountains which held their charm over his whole 
10 



Old Ulster and Wiishingfon Irving 



life are still the eastern bounds aiui the western of 
Ulster. He gave voice to th.eir v/ondrous beauty, 
and the whole world paused to hear, Ulster county, 
with Westchester, has been Irving's land ever since. 
It is fitting tliat in this number of Olde ULSTER, 
which hopes to collect the records of this historic 
region, a prominent place be given to the connection 
it had with the wizard who has described its beauty 
and thrown over Old Ulster the undying spell of his 
romance. 

[There seems ro be an error in the date of the visit paid 
to New Paltz by Irving as he was in Europe all 'through 
1821.— Ed.] 



At a session of the Court of Common Picas, held 
in Kingston on Wednesday the 19th day of September, 
1759, one Mrs, Susanna Bond, desirous to free four of 
her slaves, appeared in court by "' ^Tr. James G. Liv- 
ingston, Gentleman," her attorne)-, with a manumission 
freeing " her Negroes Orandata, Orandates, Stradwell 
& Sateria and her son Thomas, and Delivered in court 
four bonds. Pursuant to the Acts of Assembly, exe- 
cuted by the said Susanna Bond, Cornelius Lewis and 
Jurian Mackey Dated Sept. the iS, 1759, to indemnify 
all & Every City, Town, Parish or place within this 
Colony where they shall at any time after their I\Ian- 
umission Live." But the court rejected the security 
for insufficiency. — {Frotn Court Mifiiites.) 



Stoking a Kiln 



in Olden Time 



r 






M 



HE eastern portion of Old Ulster is largely 
underlaid with limestone and many a 
square mile of the strata outcrops in 
ledges which have been worked since its 
earliest settlement. From these ledges 
has been obtained the building stone 
from v,'hich almost every one of the early 

dv.-ellings was constructed. They also 

furnishe<J the material from v/hich the lime was made 
which bound the building stone in a mass almost as 
solid as the limestone itself. 

Much lime and quantities of hydraulic cement are 
still produced. The kilns have been improved bj' 
successive generations ever since it was learned how 
anthracite coal could be used. Then the Delaware & 
Hudson Canal placed unnumbered millions of tons at 
a moderate price v/ithin reach of the lirneburner. 

But the reader is asked to go back to the days pre- 
ceding the use of anthracite coal. The only fuel then 
was wood. This Ulster county had in inexliaustible 
quantities, it seemed, and in primitive kilns the Hme 
needed for masonry and for agricultural usev.-as burned 
everywhere, and in large quantities. The story told in 
this pa])er is that of the second m'ght of th.e burning of 
a kiln of lime. When this happened in September or 
12 



Sfclnii^- a Kii'/i in Cldoi Ttnie 



October it was a delightful event to '' Je jongers en dc 
jneisjen" (the lads and the L'tsses) of the neighborhood. 
The primitive kilns had tlie general shape of such 
kilns at tlie present da\- ]3ut they were onl)- about 
eight or ten feet in deptli. At oi^.e side there was an 
opening like an arched door. A grate was placed a 
foot or more from the bottom. On this grate, and on 
either side of the opening, a foundation of limestone 
was laid, and this v.-as canied up into an arch which 
met in a keystone just above the top of the door. 
Then upon this arch the limestone was piled unti-I the 
kiln was full. 

Within the arch, a fire was kindled and the flames 
were fed with dr)- pine wood in sticlcs of cordwood 
length. The feeder v-as called " the stoker." The 
burning of a kiln of lime required firing for about 
sevent)--two hours. It was usually lighted just before 
eveniiig. During the first night and succeeding day 
the flames did not burn ver}- furiously. Tlie limestone 
arch about tlie fire did not get thorough!}- heated 
during the first fifteen to eighteen liours. But b\- the 
beginning of the second evening the furnace was roar- 
ing with a voice which seea-;ed to flout the furnace of 
Nebuchadnezzar. During tliat afternoon word had 
been passed through tb.e neighborhood " Do )-ou know 
this is tlie second niglit's stoking at the kiln?" In 
country localitic:, in olden times diversions v,-ere few. 
The autumn had a few apple cuts, and the like. But 
there v.-as nothing which was enjoyed more than one 
of these " stakes." 

In the early evening the young people gatliered at 
the kiln. The arch v/as now red ii'jt and parts burned 
13 



01 de Ulster 



to incandescence. Last night the stoker could catcli 
short snatches of sleep. No sleep to-nic^lit. He stood 
before tliat roaring gorge of flame at rest for but a few 
moments at a time and then with stead}', rapid swiiig 
of arm he hurled into that insatiate throat stick after 
stick of wood until it was full. A few minutes pass 
and it is empty and the raging nion^^ter must be fed 
again. 

Below the grate lies a bed of coals and hot ashes. 
The gathering youngsters bring roasting ears b\' the 
armful and eggs by the dozen. These are soon hidden 
in the ashes encircled by potatoes. Glowing coals are 
raked out and upon the bed theymal-rc is l}-ing a round 
of steak on this side, and o\\ the other a spitted chicken 
reposes. Over another bed of coals corn is popping, 
and alongside chestnuts are roasting. From some 
quarter appears a pile of clams to sputter on a fieiy 
bed. Sweet cider is brought from near at hand, and it 
may be egg nog is compounded. In little groups in 
front of the clamoring, frantic flames the members of 
the party enjoy the rustic feast they have prepared, 
and then upon the grass in front of the stoker and his 
unappeasable monster the hours of the evening pass in 
dance and song. It must needs be prolonged until it is 
almost morning for the stoker will be lonely at his 
vigil when all depart. So passes the second night of 
the stoking. 

Another twent}'-four hours. The limestone about 
the burning, fier}' furnace is now tlioroughl)- calcined 
into quicklime, and the once super-heated arch is sur- 
feited. No longer limestone, but lime, it eats a modest 
morsel of wood at a time. At the top of the kiln the 
14 



The Esrpus in i6jg 



raging flaiv.es continue to struggle and flaunt their 
tongues against the darkness of the night. They must 
be fed in the arch below. A small quantity of fuel 
suffices and the weary stoker can obtain frequent short 
slumbers. During this third night the attraction to the 
youth of the neighborhood is gone. The undying 
dragon toiling, struggling, raging and threatening is 
subdued. No crowds are attracted. No sympathy 
for the stoker now calls )-oung men and women to 
share his vigils. So in his loneliness he sleeps between 
his duties. During the succeeding day comes the 
moment when the last course of stone on the top of 
the kiln is seen to be calcined, and, his duties done, 
the fires go out. 

THE ESOPUS IN idyc,. 

The seco!id pastor of the old Dutch church of 
Esopus (Kingston) was the Reverend Laurentius van 
Gaasbeeck who came from Holland in i6;S. In the 
recently published " Ecclesiastical Records of the 
State of New York " on page 726, of the first volume 
is found a descriptive letter of his trip to America, of 
his charge at Esopus and of the region, addressed to 
the Chassis of Amsterdam in Holland. He writes: 

" 1679, Oci". 25TH. 
Reverend, Pious, Very Learned, Godly, Discreel Ge-ntlemen 
and Felloii' Laborers in Christ Jesus : 
I doubt very much, whether the Rev. Classis has received 
my letter of 7/1 7th October, 167S. I sent it enclosed in a 
letter to a certain friend of mine in New .-Vmsterdam, and I 
15 



O I a e U I s t e r 



ha\-e as yet, received no reply from him nor from your Rev- 
erences. I therefore consider it my duly, to inform you 
again of the state i a' our churches here, in order to keep up 
a mutual correspondence. 

I left Amsterdam on the 13th of May 167S and arrived 
at New York safely with my family o\\ the 21st oi August of 
the same year. I did not fail to thank the Lord most 
heartily for his undeserved grace in protecting us from the 
dangers of thie sea and the pirates, and for carrying us safely 
to our destination. After some delay in (New York) I 
moved to the Esopv.s, having presented my credentials to 
the Noble Governor of this colony. I reached Esopus on 
the Sth of September. I preached my first sermon there, 
and entered upon my duties in the fear of the Lord, on the 
15th of September. 

As to my place, it is usually called '"The Esopus." It 
is situated twenty (Dutch) miles from New York, which is on 
the ^Lanhattans, and on the North River. It contains much 
fine, fertile land, and produces such abundant crops that the 
Esopus is the granary of New Netherland and of all the sur- 
rounding country. 

The Esopus itself consists of three villages, Kingston, 
Horley, and Marbleton, distant from each other about half 
an hour's walk, besides some neighboring hamlets. Kingston 
is the principal place, where I have my house. It is distant 
not more than half an hour from the Great River. 

L'pon my arrival here, I found all tlie inhabitants well 
inclined towards me and this feeling has, God be praised, 
increased ever since. I found here a certain Domine, 
Petrus Te^chenmaker, a Bachelor in Divinity, who had 
arrived here from Gu}-ana in the spring. He had been en- 
gaged by the Gonsistory here as candidate or vicar (substitute) 
until I should arrive from Holland. After my arrival they 
dispensed with his services. The acconviianying letter will 
inform the Rev. Classis what has occurred about this 
16 



Tlu Esopus VI id-jg 



Domine Petrus Teschenmaker. I found here at Kingston 
about eighty members : at Ilorley thirty ; and at Marbleton 
tv.-entv. It has pleased Ahiiighty God to bless my poor ser- 
vices so \vell that 1 have now more than one hundred and 
eighty members in the three villages. I divide my preaching 
services as follows : I preach two Sundays at Kingston, the 
third at Horley, the fourth and tit'th ngain at Kingston, the 
sixth at Tvlarblcton, and so on. 

At first I had much trouble to get everything in good 
order, and in contormity to the government of the Nether- 
land churches. There was but little order in ecclesiastical 
matters and government, because it was ten years since 
Domine Hermanns Blom, at present preacher at Woubnigghe, 
had left, and no preacher had been here since. But I have 
improved the condition of affairs, as well as I could, and 
what remains to be done, I hope to accomplish in the future. 
At present I hold catechetical classes not only on Sundays, 
after the discourse on our Christian Catechism, but also twice 
in the week, on Tuesday and Friday evenings, in my own 
house. I consider this to be very necessary on account of 
the very small amount of knowledge which I discovered in 
many ; and God Almighty has been pleased to bless this 
work, so that my congregation has made progress in virtuous 
living, knowledge and godliness. The Kingston congrega- 
tion has already shown their zeal by building a handsome 
new church, sixty feet long and forty-five feet wide. In this 
I hope to preach in two weeks. 

This is all that I think necessary at present to commu- 
nicate to your Reverences. I doubt not but that the Rev, 
Chassis will remember us and our congregations in their 
prayers to the Almighty, and beseech him increasingly to 
bless our services and enlarge our congregations not only in 
numbers, but also in fiiith and every Christian virtue. 

Praying the Lord to bless the meetings and counsels of 



17 



aide Ulster 



your Classis, as well as the services, the persons and the 
families of your Reverence^, I remain ivith cordial salutations, 
gentlemen, 

Your AA'illing Brother and Fellow 

Laborer in Christ, 
Law RENT! us VAN Gaasdeeck, 

Eccl. Esopiensis. 
— ^j®' — 



Fifty years ago no man was more widely known in 
Ulster county than Jonathan W, Hasbrouck. Hau'dly 
any family of those whose ancestors had lived in the 
county for one liundred years did not receive a visit 
from him in search of documents, records, data or 
traditions. He was an encIycopa;dia of information; 
he was a treasury of legends and a diligent transcriber 
of inscriptions, old deeds, wills, family Bibles and 
church books of record. For }'ears lie had been pre- 
paring to write a liistory of Ulster county and some 
chapters were in manuscript at his death. They were 
incorporated in Sylvester's History of Ulster County, 
published by Everts & Peck in iSSo. It would cer- 
tainly have been eminently readable and very racy had 
it been conipleted. In the files of Ulster county 
papers of half a century ago, and even as late as 1875, 
may be found many articles from his pen with all his 
characteristics. It is our intention to place in our 
pages for preservation all those of permanent interest. 
The subject of this sk-etch was born in Stone Ridge, in 
this county, March 2Jnd, 1834, and died in this city 
April 4th, 1879. 



SJiawangnnk, Its 
Meaning and Origin 



]^''^y^HE purpose of this paper is to set forth and 
i A I niaintain that the vrord S/iaivannink was 



-'^' ' > j near the mouth of the Shawanrrunk kill and 



L.™1^«^| the orif^inal name of the lowlands or flats 
1 



lying adjacent to an Indian fort or castle. 

It was a small locality bounded by other 
i//,^cA''' Iiidian localities, called A^escoiock, Wa- 
[J_C- V''| noxsmg, Wishazvemis and Weighquatenhoyih. 

2nd : — That this name did not belong to 
the stream and mountains now bearing it. Tlie former 
was called Assini>:ck\ and the latter AiasJiaicasiing. 
3rd: — That the spelling of the word has not materially 
changed, and that its pronunciation was properly in 
two s)'llables, with the accent on the latter, thus, 
Shawan (Shawn) gunk' . 4th : — That its meaning had 
no reference whatever to the mountains, and had 
nothing to do with the ivJiite rocks of the same. It 
probably meant "the place of the south water," from 
oshawan or sJiavcan (south), ginna (water) and i)ik 
(place.) This, however, can not be positively asserted. 
The corresponding •' place of the north water " would 
be another Indian fort or castle, and its lov.lands situ- 
ated in Rochester, or Wawarsing, almost due north 
from the Shawangunk fort, and with a good path 

19 



01 de Ulster 



between them, )'et called " the Wawarsing war-path." 
5th : — That the common meaning assigned to the word, 
viz ; ivliitc rock, arose from the fact that Assinitick, the 
original name of the Shawangunk kill has that interpre- 
tation (the wliile rock stream) and by some mistake, 
easily accounted for, tlie earl}- settlers transferred the 
said meaning to Shawangunk. 

The Reverend Charles Scott, D.D. 

— 1^®- — 

Probably there has never been so proHfic a writer 
on Ulster county local history as the Reverend 
Charles Scott, D.D., pastor of the Reformed Church of 
Shawangunk from 1S51 to 1S66, He was reall}' a son 
of Ulster county as he was born in Little Britain, in 
that part of Ulster which v/as set off into Orange 
count)' in 179S, Here his birth occurred December 
i8th, 1S22. He died in Michigan October 31st, 1S93. 
He was educated at Rutgers College, and from 1844 to 
184S he taught in South Carolina. He was repeatedly 
offered professorships in, and presidencies of colleges 
before he accepted a profes-^orship at Hope College, 
Michigan, in 1S67. He was soon chosen to the presi- 
denc}' of the institution v/hich lie held to his death. 

Dr. Scott v/as eminent as a scholar, a linguist, a 
mathematician, a scientist, a historian and an anti- 
quarian. He had a passionate lo\e for accurac}-. He 
was modest, unassuming and reserved. His manu- 
scripts were very many and all were lost when lie was 
burned out in 1871. His published articles are scattered 
in the files of old newspapers printed from Georgia 
and South Carolina to this state. 
20 



Lineage of the ^ 
Martin Snyder Family 






•^ 



SHORT account of IVIartin Snyder, who was 
born at Hackenbergh, in Germany, in the 
month of June, 169S, and was brought up at 
tlie same place, and there married to a Woman 
^^ by the name of Annah Deamute Backer, and 
fS9p she was born in the year 1703 ; and he had a 
^% -son born to him by the name of Henry. 
They then immii^^rated to America, or what 
was then called the New World, and came to 
the State of New York, County of Ulster 
about the year 1723 and settled in the town of New 
Paltz and remained there sometime; and they then 
moved into the town of Kingston, now Saugerties, in 
the neighborhood known to this day by the name of 
Churchland, and there they settled after the German 
manner in a small cluster of seven families near a small 
stream known to this day by the name of Mud Kill; 
and afterwards separated and settled on separate 
farms soniewheres. 

' About this time his dwelIing';house was burnt down. 
He then, or some time afterward, in the year 1750, 
built a house, the walls being stone, said house is still 
standing to this day. During this time and after he 
came to this country he liad thirteen children born to 
him; fir.-,t tliree daughters, next ten sons— 14 in all, 
21 



O I d c U I s i f r 



namely : Henry, the first-born died when he was about 
the age of 22 years, where I wiil leave him and pro- 
ceed with those who survived him, and also those v;ho 
v.-ere born after his death, to-wit: Annah, I\Iargarit, 
Catherine, Zechaiiah, Johannes, William, Jeremiah, 
Christian, Benjamin, Henry, Martin next, and last of 
all, in 1750, a pair of twin brotliers — Abraham and 
Isaac. Said Martin died June 26, 1778, aged So years 
and was follo\\-ed by his ten surviving sons to his grave. 
Mis wife survived him ovei 9 }-ears and died September 
10, I/O/, aged about 84 years. 

There were also 98 grand children born to the said 
Martin to-v\-it : 49 males and 49 females ; and that out 
of 98 but four died in their minorit}-. to-wit: a son and 
daughter of Johannes named Joseph and Leali : a 
daughter of William named Sarah, and a soi\ of Abra- 
haiTi named Samuel. The remainder, 94, all came to 
)'ears of nuiturit}-, leaving stiii th.e males and females 
of an equal number. 

I will now proceed witli each one of his children 
and their families separate. 

Annah, married a v>"idov,'cr, by occupation a farmer, 
named Johannes Hummel, who had four children by 
his former wife, and liad also se\'en b\'liis second wife, 
to-wit : 4 sons and 3 daughters, namch- : Martin, Fred- 
erick, Peter, Jolm, Anna, ?\Iaria and Catharine. His 
wife then died in childijirth in 1760. He survived her 
for several years. Tjie\' li\-ed and died 'w\ the neigh- 
borhood of Churchland. 

Margaret married a farmer named Peter Hornmel, 
and had three children by him. to-w:t : one son and 
tv/o daughters named Martin, Tvlary ar^.d Annah. 
22 



Lifit'agc of iJw Martin Snyder F^ynily 

Her husband then died. She afterward married again 
a farmer named Joliannes Wolfen and liaJ five chiidren 
by him : three sons and tv/o daughters, namely Jorm, 
Peter, Abraham, Margaret and Cliristina. They lived 
in the town of Saugerties and she died at the age of 
60 years. Her husband survived liis v.ife s>everal 
years. 

Catherine married a farmer by the nanie of Jacobus 
Roosa and had six children by liim, to-v/it : four sons 
and two daughters, namely: James, Martin. Benjamin, 
Ebenezer, Margaret and Trineke, her h.usband bei-.g 
double her age when they married. She survived him 
several years. They lived in the town of Saugerties 
where she died at the age of ^o years or upwards. 

Zechariah married to Margaret P^iero and had ten 
children born to him, to-wit: six sons and four 
daughters: named Zechariah, Abraham, Jonathan, 
Levi, Joel, David, Catharine, Christina, Margaret and 
Mary. He lived in the town of Saugerties; b)- occu- 
pation carpenter and farmer. He remained there for 
some years till, in the Revolutionary war. he left his 
native place and went to Nova Scotia. He remained 
tliere but a l^w years. He then went to the State of 
New Jersey and there he remained until he died at the 
age of about SS years. His v.dfe survived him a fev.^ 
years. 

Johannes married to Helena Osterhoudt and had 
nine children born to him, to-wit : three sons and si.x 
daughters named Wiiliain, Tobias, Joseph, Annah, 
Catharine, Alida, Sarah, Mary and Leah. He lived in 
the town of Saugerties; his occupation v.-as farmi::g, 
tanning and currying. He died July 24, 1S09 aged 76 
^3 



O ! a e U I s t e r 

years, 9 months arid 16 days. His wife surviv'et] lum 
a few years. 

William married to M;iry Riglunn-er and l^ail nine 
children born to him, to wit : one son and tij;ht 
daug-hters named Jeremicdi, Anna!;. Sophia, I^ebccca, 
Mary, Sarah, Rachel, Sar.'di, (2nd) and Ehzab;'th. 
His occupation was farming and carpentering. He 
lived in the town of Saugerties and died Ma}- 2;th, 
1823, aged 8S years, 3 moiiths and 13 da\-s. His v.'ifc 
survived him a few }-ears and died January 3, 1820, 
aged 84 )'cars, 5 months and 6 days. 

Jeremiah married Catharine Hoiie)- and had seven 
children born to him, to wit : foi:r sons an(i th.ree 
daughters, namely Elias, Solomon, Rphraim. Jc'sliua, 
Catherine, Rachel and Elizabeth. His occupation 
was farming and carpentering. He h\-cd in ll)o town 
of Saugerties. In the \'ear 17S0 he -.vith his oldest son 
Elias were taken prisoners by the Indians, his build- 
ings burned down, he and his son carried captive into 
Canada, and remained in capl:i\ity tv.o }'ears aiid five 
months. They then deserted from the island Jesu, 
near Montreal, ar.d werit in an eastern direction 
tlirough an unsettled cour.try and as they fled tliey 
had but a poor chance to pro\-ide tlv.-rnselves with pro- 
visions for so long a journc)', chiefl)- through a wilder- 
ness ; so that thc)' v.-erc twelve da_vs without sceir.g 
any human being but their ov.-n part\% beir.g fi'/e in all. 
This took place in the Fall of the year, and after suf- 
fering from wet, cold and hunger for several days, and 
three daj's without an\-thing to eat at all, they arri\-ed 
at an inhabited country, where they soon re\'ived and 
after that soon reached home. His family being 
24 



Lint-age of ti:c Martin Snyder Faviily 



scattered he got his family together, rebuilt on his old 
homestead, lived there until 1:91 and then moved into 
Albany county, town of Rensselaerw yck. He survived 
his wife a few years and died June, 1S2S, aged 89 years 
and ic months. 

Christian married to Elizabeth }3acker and had 
eight children born to him, to-v/it : three sons and five 
daughters named Samuel, Andrew, Alexander, Debora, 
Christina, Caroline, Jane and Elizabeth. His occupa- 
tion was carpenter and farmer. He lived in the town 
of Saugerties and died April 22, 1S22, aged 82 years 
and one day. His wife survived him one year. 

Benjamin married Annah Brink and had nine 
children born to him, to-wit : th.rce sons and six 
daughters namied Peter, Martin and Jacob, Annah, 
Mary, Rosina. Catherine, and Sarah and Rachel, tv.in 
sisters. He lived on a farm in the town of Saugerties, 
was a business man such as surveying lands, drawing 
deeds, wills, etc., held the office of Justice of the Peace 
and other public ofiices. A shoit time before his 
death he and his wife went to his daughter's home in 
Cayuga county. There his v/ife died June 30, 1831, 
aged 86 years and 8 months. He survived his wife 
three months and died Sept. 12, 1331, aged 89 years, 
9 months and 18 days. 

Henrv married Maria Hommel and had two sons 
born to liim, Elias and Eevi. He v.as by occupation a 
farmer. He lived in the tov.m of Saugerties until 
about the year 1825. He then went and lived with 
his son Levi in the county of Ontario and there died 
January 1, 1832, c'fgcd about £6 years and 6 months. 
His wife survived him a few years. 
25 



Id c U I s t c r 

Martin married Trineke Newkirk and had nine 
children born to him, to-uit : seven sons and two 
dauc^hters named Joel, Moses, Jonah, Henry, Isoah, 
Sin^n Peter, Martin, Annan and Sarah. His occu- 
pation u-as farming. He lived in the toum of Sauser- 
ties Hisvife died in iSi6. He survived her and 
after some time he married to the widow Cam whose 
n.aiden name was Mary Overbagh, and lived with her 
until he died Feb. 2, i S3 1, aged S2 years, 1 1 months 
and 1 1 days. His wife survived him a tew years. 

Abraham married Maria Freligh and had nine 
children born to him, to-wit : six sons and three 
daughters named Peter, Martin, Paul, Eli.ha Jpresu- 
mably the writer of this sketch], Solomon, bamuel, 
Mary Rebecca and Rachel. He was by occupaticra 
a farmer and carpenter. He lived in the town of 
Saugerties and died May 11,1830, aged 79 3';^^' 9 
months and 2 days. His wite survived him until Peb. 
II 1838, aged 83 years, 3 months and 2 days. 

' Isaac married Susan Margaret . Carn and had five 
children born to him, to-wit: two sons and three 
daughters named Peter, Zeehariah, Nelly, Rachel and 
Leah His occupation was farmir.g. He lived on the 
old homestead of his father. Died January 26, 1S29. 
aged 78 years, 5 months and 17 clays. His wife sur- 
vived him a few years. His son Zeehariah is now 
[1854I the occupant of the old homestead at Church- 
land, of Martin Snyder. 

Tiie following table will show the birthday and 
likewise the day of their death of the fourteen children 
of Martin Snyder as far a. it has come to my knowl- 





Z, 


ir:e 


-re cf the . 


^Jari 


'in 


5;/j 


dci 


■Fa 


■vn7j' 


NAME 






BORN. 




DIED. 






AGE. 


Henry. . 
Annah . 




All 


g. lO, 17^3 


1760 






• • 


. 22 
.60 


y. 

about. 


Margaret. 
















.60 


about. 



Catharine So about. 

Zechariah SS about. 

Johannes . Oct. S, 1732 . July 24, iSoy ..76 }■, Q m. 16 d. 
William.. . Feb. 12, 1735. May 25, iS23..SS y, 3 m, 13 d. 
Jeremiah . Aug. S, 173S . June, 1S2S . . .Sg y, 10 m. 

Christian. . Apr. 21, 1740 .Apr. 22, 1S22 ..S2 y, i d. 

Benjamin . Nov. 24,1742 .Sept. 12, 1S31 . SS y, q m, iS d. 

Henry Jan. i, 1532 . .86 y, 6 m. 

^^artin . . Feb. 22, i74S.Feb. 2, 1S31 . .82 y, n m. 11 d. 
Abraham . .Aug. 9. 1750 . ^lay 11, 1S30 . .7Q y, 9 m, 2 d. 
Isaac . . . Aug. 9, 1750 . Jan. 26, 1S29 . 78 y, 5 in. 17 d. 

I have b^en acquainted with the children of Martin 
Snyder with the exceptio!-! of three, namely : Henry 
the first born : Anna and -Margaret. I have also been 
acquainted with 88 of tbiC grand children and to the 
best of my knowledge and belief there are 34 of the 
grandchildren living to this day, to-wit : 19 males and 
15 females, and the youngest of them is about 55 years 
old, and the oldest now living is over Ci2 years old. 
This is done by one of the surviving grand children 
who is now three score years and ten this 22 day of 
Sept. 1854. 

I will nou- add to the beforegoing pages that since 
the 22 of September, 1S54, four of the then surviving 
grand cliildren died to-wit: Joel, son of Martin, v.-ho 

died ; Catherine, daughter 

of Johannes, died March 25, 1S53, aged 91 years, I 

month and 14 da}-s. Also her sister Annah died Aug. 

14, 1S55, aged 93 years, 4 months and 4 days. I think 

27 



O ! d c Ul sier 



these are tlie onh' two \\\\o died come to tlie age of oo 
years out of the 84 who are no more out of this family 
of Snyder. Jerem.iah, son of William died April 4, 
1855, aged . 

There are now 30 of the surviving grand children, 
namely, a son and daughter oi Zechariah ; Abraham 
and iMary. 

A daughter of Christian, Jane, born Aug. 21, 17S0. 

Two sons of Johannes, William, born Dec. 5, 1778; 
Tobias, born Oct. 2, 17S1. 

Three sons and three daughters of Benjamin : Anna, 
born Sept. 29, 1770; Pelcr. born Feb. 13, 1772 ; ?,Iartin, 
born Feb. 3, 1779; Sarah, born Nov. 16, 1781; Cath- 
arine, born Jan. 4, 1784: Jacob, born I\Iar. 4, 1788. 

One son of Henry: Elias, born July — , 1775. 

Five sons and one daughter of Martin ; Annah, 
born Aug. 21, 1784; Tyloses, Jonah, Henry, Noah, 
Simon Peter. 

Three sons and two daughters of Abraham : Peter, 
born Apr. 3, 1777; Elisha, born Nov, 21, 1783; Solo- 
mon, born IMar. 7, 1736 ; Mary, born May 17, 17S8; 
Raclicl, born Dec. 12, 1794. 

Tv.'o sons and one daughter of Isaac: Rachel. 
Peter, Zachariah born Sept. 20, 1794. 

Four daugl'.ters of William : Mary, Rachel, Sarah, 
Elizabeth. Of these four the first three are above 70 
years and Elizabeth is below that age. 

Sept, 12, 1S55, 

The EOLEOWING certificate of character was brought 
by Martin Snyder when he eniigrated to America : 

" 1 certify that Martin .Sn\-der from Ki,-hed : his wife and 
28 



A Coloyiial Ballad 



two children, from the government of Ilackenberg, in the 
church district of Ilounders felt wanted to go to America, 
and tlie Kickenberg enquired as to his standing in society : 
It was proven to be of good moral character, and he e^ecured 
some assistance in his passage. The Prima Kerckberg 
granted Inm full power to go. Whereunto he has caused his 
seal to be affixed and signed in his own liandwriting in 
SwKXENBERG, :: 6 March, 1726. 

I, D. L. Griekholf." 

— @®— 

A COLONIAL BALLAD. 



It was winter in New York and the British held the town ; 
For the Colonies, in rams, were inflamed against the Cro^vn. 
There was danger in the air. and it frov.ned on cither side; 
But tlie city, ne'ertheless, had of gayety a tide. 
Officers, in coats of red, lightly butterfiyed about, 
Flitting round the human flowers at reception, ball, and rout. 

Miss Van Steenbergh, Kingston's belle, and of urban fair 

renown, 
Paid a visit's flying gold, at the season's height, in town. 
She had charms of grace and ^ut ; she could feign a pretty 

sigh 
For a hapless lover's case, with the twinkle of the eye. 

"Sweetest girl that I have seen, and as beautiful as dawn," 
Looking on her at a ball, said the Pritisli Geneial Vaughan. 
At a formal word or tv.o, soon their liands and glances met. 
And he led her, like a king, in the courtly minuet. 
Many candle-groups of wax lighted up the tripping hall ; 
Flutes and viols, peri'umes, dress, swayed the senses, rapt- 
ured all, 

29 



Oldf Ulster 

But the niu?ic of one voice, and one face, too soon with- 
drawn 

From his da^'zlcd, ardent eyes, filled the heart of General 
Vaughan. 

When the winter days were past, and the spring and summer 

spent, 
Up the Hudson General Vaughan for a vengeful deed was 

sent. 
In the mid-October haze boding leaves vrere fiery red. 
Up the river sailed the fleet and the doughty Friendship led. 
She had twenty guns and more. Friendship? Such v.x 

found indeed ! 
News about the coining fleet spurred ahead with anxious 

speed. 
There were seven ships in all, and of galleys just a score ; 
Tliere were si.Kteen hundred troops that the bhips and galleys 

bore. 

Kingston, '''nest of rebels" bold, heard the certain news 

with dread. 
That the place was doomed to burn, gadding Rumor grimly 

said. 
There could be but slight defense, well the menless village 

knew. 
They must flee with what the}- might, Duty's trumpet harshly 

blew. 

Fresh with morning came the fleet to die mouth of Rondout 

Creek, 
Which, with two redoubts, like tongues full of rage began to 

speak. 
From the decks flashed swift replies, scarcely more than fume 

and threat. 
Nothing hushed the loud redoubts but the cliarging bayonet. 
30 



A Colonial Ball ad 



As when some undaunted bird on a fiock makes wild attack, 
And the niflled leave the tlock, overpower and drive him 

back, 
So a patriot galley now, that against the fleet made war, 
Adverse galleys turned upon — up the Rondout harried far. 

Then began the British march, guided by a captured slave. 
To malign, witli fire and sword, Kingston folk for being brave. 
Up the hills, across the plains, with the Catskills looking 

down, 
Into Kingston marched the troops of the arbitrary Crown. 
To the houses and the barns, right and left the torch v.'as 

plied. 
Roaring conflagration burst from the roofs on every side. 
Pillage, got of robber blood, did its petty, coward shames. 
Villagers in flight looked back and beheld their homes in 

flames. 
All great things, ere they are won, toil and sacrifice require : 
In the Nev/ World now leaped up Liberty's first altar-fire ! 

But a gentler flame is seen, here beside the flame of war. 
To the fair Van Steenbergh's home it was more than bolt 

and bar. 
"Yonder stands," said General Vaughan, "an abode of wit 

and grace. 
Colonel ! it is my command : let no harm befall the place ! " 

So that house alone was spared; even to this hour it stands, 
A remembrancer in stone of Colonial days and hands. 
It is said, our Kir.gston belle with her lover had no part ; 
Cupid's Tory arrow glanced from her Continental heart. 

January, 1S93. 

Henry Abbey. 

— ^@. — 
31 



OLD^ VLSTER 



ANHISTORJC--^^' &' GENEALOGIC-'^ MAGAZINE 

Publifned Monthly, at 143 Green 
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We expect to publish in early numbers every 
allusion to tlie Esopus to be found in documents 
earlier than November 8th, 1653, the date when 
Thon"i;is Chambers obtained liis first Indian deed, v/hich 
deed is the first record of a settlement. It will be 
noticed that we have included CatskiU amonj::^ the 
towns belonging to Old Ulster, Catskill wi-: not 
originally in Ulster county, but in Albany. In 179S it 
was annexed to Ulster and so remained until Greene 
count}' was organized \\\ iSoo, when it became a part 
of the new division. 



A PARAGRAPH has been making the rounds of the 
press that in the summer of 1905 the play of " Rip 
Van Winkle" would be rendered at Tv/ilight Park, in 
tlie Catskills, which is described to be the s,pot which 
Irving h.ad in mind Vv'hen he wrote the story. Those 
who have journeyed o\'er the old }.Iountain House 
turnpike to Catskill will recall the old " Rip Van 
Winlcle Mouse,'' also said to be on the site of the spot 
where Rip had his long sleep. In view of the article in 
this number in which Irving says he had never visited 
the Catslnlls v/hen he wrote the famous story there 
seems to be a want of veracity somewhere. 
32 



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CONTENTS 



Vol. I FEBRUARY, 1905 No. 2 

Page 

Ulster's Fight for Liberty 33 

Coetus and Conferentie Controversy (1754-72) . . 37 

Population in 169S $1 

The Lineage of the Clinton Family 53 

Charles Clinton's Church Letter (1729) 60 

On the Esopus at Saugerties 61 

GeorgeCiinton's Commission as County Cl^ 'jr59j ^^ 

Editorial Notes 63 

P O R S Y T II & D A \M S 

.V.;. 307 ] I 'ALL ST., LvLVGSTON 

Books, Stationery^ 

Fine China, 

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1787 



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Business in the City 7 J 

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BUSINESS CARRIED OX IN UP-TO- 
DATE METHODS. 
No. joj V/all Street, . Kiugsto-.;, N. Y. 

ii 



OLD^ VLSTER 



Vol. I 



FEBRUARY, 1905 



No. 2 



Ulst 



er 



r ig iit 



for Liberty 



N THE i;th of October, 177;, General John 
Vauglian, of the British army, thu.s reported 
to his comrnancling- officer upon his vandal 
deed of the preceding day: "I have the 
li.jnor to inforin you that on tlie Evening 
of the 15th instant I arrived off Esopus ; 
tuidiiig that tr:e Pvcbels had throv/n up 
Works and had made every Disposition to 
annoy us, and cut off our Communication^ 
I judged it necessary to attack them, tlie 
^-\v\g at that Time so much against us that we 
couUl make no Way. I accordirigly k.mded the Troops, 
attacked their Batteries, drove them from their Works, 
spiked and destroyed their Guns. Esopus being a 
Nursery for ahno.t every Villain in the Country, 1 
judged it necessary to proceed to that Town. On our 
Approacti they were dravn up v;ith Cannon which 
33 




Wind b- 



I df U I s i e r 



we took and drove them out of the Place. On our 
entering the Town they fired from their House?, which 
induced me to reduce the Place to Ashes, which 
I accordingly did. not leaving a House. We found a 
considerable Quantity of Stoics of all kind.s which 
shared the same Fate." 

This extract from General Vaughan's report is 
given in this place because of its characterization of 
Esopus as " being a Nurser\' for almost every \'illain 
in the Country." It was thus regarded by the British 
authorities during the Revolutionary struggle beyond 
New York, Albany, Poughkeepsie or any other of the 
tov.-ns in their rebellious colony of New York. It is 
one of the badges of honor that Old Ulster is proud 
to wear. It ranks with the reservation of the names 
of Samuel Adams and Joh.n Hancock from any 
amnesty offered to the rebels of Massachusetts. One 
of the efforts of this magazine will be to set forth the 
anterior causes which leci up to this proud distinction 
of our county. Chasactcr is not the growth of a day. 
This is as true of a nation or of a people as it is of a 
man. The character of Old Ulster had been slov.ly 
forming for one hundred years before tlie da)' when 
the Esopus was thus characterized, or to be com.ct, 
at least as far back as January 26th, 1684, v/hen they 
had petitioned for a local court with the result that 
the petitioners lind been arrested and fined. This was 
the first chapter of a long account of petition, protest, 
opposition and effort on the part of its inhabitants to 
secure a largo, and as years succeeded a larger, measure 
of self government. Defeat to dcterniined men is but 
delay. 

34 



\ S97370 



UlsUr's Fight for Liberty 



" For Freedom's baitle once begun ; 

Bcqneatlied by bleeding sire to son ; ^ ■ i 

Though batiled ofl is e\er won." 

This struggle assumed man)' i)liases as it would be 
waged at one time around a civil and at another 
around an ecclesiastical banner. The combatants 
sometimes fought on one side on one question, while 
when another arose they might be ranged on the other 
as distracting elements interfered. Yet a line of 
demarcation between families seemed to be drawn, and 
as disputed questions arose the people of the county- 
became more and more sure wlio would be found on 
either side. This was all educative. It constantly 
taught the masses their rights and duties. They grew 
more and more assertive until at the opening of the 
great Revolutionary conflict thej' chose as their repre- 
sentatives in Congress such fier\- patriots as George 
Clinton and Charles DeWitt in spite of the protests of 
Cadwallader Colden against electing " such young 
radicals." But the electors of Old Ulster knew what 
they wanted. They liad not been trained for a century 
for nothing and they made sure that the majority was 
so large that it v/ould be understood. 

The diii'erent stages in this process of education 
will be set forth in these pages. The late Jonathan 
W. Hasbrouck prepared papers on various incidents in 
this conflict which have been gathered. In these he 
tells, in his racy manner, much of the stor}- of the con- 
flict between democracy and privilege. Particularly 
interesting is his narrative of the Cains and Conferentie 
controversy. Before the Revolution there were not 

35 



Oldc Ills if 7- 

moj-e than one or two ciuirclies in Ulster count}- which 
were not Reformed Dutch. As thie years went by the 
ecclesiastical control by a church body three thousand 
miles awa\', with the resultant need of sending candi- 
dates for the ministr\' across the sea to be ordained, 
became a burden wliich it was felt sliould be no longer 
borne. The independence of the American Church 
was demanded by one party and resisted by tlie other. 
The former were called the Cccius party and the latter 
the Co}ifcrc}!ite. For eighteen years (1754-1772) the 
bj.tt'e raged. It was particular!}- violent in Ulster 
count}' from 1764 to 177:^. In. tlie latter year the fight 
was won and the Church became independent. When 
the question of civil rights and national freedom 
immediately arose the people which had just wen in 
church affairs in this county were abundantly prepared 
to take it up and settle it in the same mianner. 

It must not be supposed that those who had fought 
for the continuance of the oversight of American 
churches by Holland became partisans of Great Britain 
in the civil conflict. Through personal reasons, large}}', 
the church of Kingston was found to side with the 
Con fere lit ie party. Yet there was p.o church in America 
more true to tlie cause of the patriots than Kingston. 
As Hasbrouck's paper covers this it need not be 
repeated. No attempt to publish the articles upon the 
several stages of tlie fight for civil and ecclesiastical 
rights in chronological order \^-ill be made, but when 
complete the stor\- of the conflict will be taken up and 
it will be shown how civil and religious liberty was 
developed here. 

36 



The Ccetiis a^id 

Coiiferentie Controversy 




"'""ITH Vas and Mancius tlie leading Confer- 
h entie families at Kingston were tlie Elmen- 
dorfs, Kiersteds and Jansens. The Ccetus 
families were the Rutsens, Hardenberghs, 
Pawlings, Brodheads, Saiedes and Mas- 
broucks. These were ah\'ays for independ- 
ence. Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh had been 
ordained by the Ccetus, but he was refused 
the pulpit here as " he was no minister.'' 
Petrus Sniedes of Greenkill, got into trouble 
through these dissensions. He quarreled with Jan 
Van Deusen in 1745, and raked up an old feud of Van 
Deusen and Isaac DuBois. On December loth, of 
that year, Domine Tslancius called on Smedes and 
family and Smedes took him to task for calling the 
young ministers "spirit drivers" for not bowing in 
prayer, etc. They liad a lengthy conversation which 
ended in the domine twitting Smedes with having 
drunken friends. Three or four years of bickering 
succeeded. 

The churches in the county divided. Neither side 
would allow the other to commune with them, hence 
dual churches were built in many congregations. The 
Ccetus folk retained possession of all the old liouses of 
worship outside of Kingston, whereupon the Confer- 
37 



O Id e U 1st e r 



entie people built a church at the nine mile stone on 
the Ellenville road, and one also near the residence of 
Cornelius Du Bois on the Walllcill above New Paltz. 
This was opprobiously nan.ied " The Owl Kirk." Its 
chief patroti was Hendricus Du Bois. of Libertyville, a 
pertinacious and bitter man ; for long after the church 
was reunited lie went to the abandoned clinrch alone 
on Sunday morning to worship. A tradition has come 
down that even after ids death his ghost hairnted that 
old church, and was seen there frequently in the night 
time. Andreas De\-o ahva\'s clain^ed tluat he went 
there to see it and was caught b\' it an.d tlirown into 
the Wallkill. The old folks in all thai region used to 
delight to repeat sucli tales over a mug of cider and a 
basket of apples ar.d nuts during long winder evenings. 
As long as rvlan.cius Yw^d b.owever the Kingston 
church preser\'ed its untov/ard union ; but he died in 
1762. He was an earnest and. faithful, — a laborious 
minister; a zealous fricixl ; a dogmatical Dutch 
Churchman, and a wise and evangelical sermonizer. 
Although he served in Knigston thirt}' \'cars he never 
lost his popularity as a domine, ir.an or fiiend. It is 
true he liad enemies truui the commencement of his 
service there auiong some of the mo.-t wealth}' and 
influential families of the count)', but this grew out of 
tlie contest feu- th.e ir;dcpendence of tlie church., and 
not from any personal Oi' ministerial cause. Indrcd, 
he must ha\c liadi wond- rful gifts to re'-ain the hold 
on the affections of the people v.hich h.e liad even to 
his death. I have b-cn told tliat his funeral was an 
occasion of great m-'Urning by the iiiass oi the people 
of the town. Not contc lit v.'ith ordinar)- testimonials 
38 



Co:!us (7!:.f Confercatie Coiilrcvcrsy 

of affection soiiie one wrote a Dutch poem lauding 
him. I\Irs. Loui^ Bevier. oi Marbletown, often 
repeated portions of it, but so far as known it died 
with lier. 

September 24th, 1762, the consistor\' of Kingston 
met with Dominc Westerio, of Albany, and agreed on 
a call for a minister directed •' To the High, Learned 
and Reverend Lords Daniel Gendcs. Michael Benling, 
Ewaldus Hallenbeck and Paulns Chevugle, Professors 
in the High School of Statcn Island. Province of Gro- 
ningen." This was done on tlie recommendation of 
Westerio. The call proniised a salary of 120 pounds, 
with a house, garden, orchard and appurtenances, the 
minister to follov the '• Word of God and the Acts of 
the S^-nod of Dordreght." Hermanus I\Ieyer came 
over on it and arrived in Kingston about the first of 
February, 1 764. 

At first his parishioners reaily felt joyful over his 
gifts and acquirements. Of course all v^-ent well. The 
village damsels were particularly partial to him. Some 
let their affections run so far tluit the}- grew envious 
and spiteful. I have a private letter of the time of 
Tr}'ntje Kiersted to her cousin v/herein she says that 
she attended a party at the doctor's, her uncle; that 
Meyer was there, was rttentive to her, and that Miss 
Hardenbergh "eyed them all night." We don't 
wonder, however, over the latter's feeling for it soon 
came out that the domine v.-as to marry her. Straight- 
way his parishioners and neighbors began to talk over 
the matter and v/onder who would perform the cere- 
mony. When it came out that perhaps Hardenbergh 
would come the consistory, as well as many others, 
39 



Oldc Ulster 



urged him to send for Westerlo, — Dr. Conradt Jacobus 
Elmendorf going so far as to offer him five pounds 
towards the expense. The consistor\- even wished to 
bring him down, and put in a bid to do so free of cost. 
It was because a question arose which side he would 
take — Ccetus or Conferentie, or in oth.er words which 
party should win him. He cast his lot with his 
intended wife, and thereupon told Doctor Elmendorf 
that Hardcnbergh should marry him "to let them 
know that he recognized him as a lawful minister." 

On Sunday, the 8th of July, 1764, Meyer met with 
the consistory and set forth the necessity of and profit 
of adhesion to the Classis of Amsterdam. To set the 
matter at rest he gave out on that day that there 
would be a meeting of "The Acting and Great Consis- 
tories " on the follovv'ing Thursday. When they had 
convened the domine offered a resolution to this end, 
which was approved by all present, whereupon he 
agreed to transmit a copy to Domine Ritzema " b}' the 
first opportunity." But a new note now came into the 
strife Vv'hich seems to have biased its progress. On 
the next Saturday Colonel Abraham Hasbrouck, Abra- 
ham Van Keuren and France Peter Roggen called on 
the minister and asked him to take the oath of alleg- 
iance to the British Crown. Elder Johannis Turk, 
who was present, asked for the reason and was told 
"they protested against the resolution of consistory as 
anti-English and seditious." Meyer asked for and 
obtained time to consider. The next day his consis- 
tory concluded to confer with the justices on the 
following Monday, at 2 o'clock. A great excitement 
now spread itself among the people who, mostly 
40 



Cixius and ConffrerAie Conin-.crsy 



anti-Ccetus, hurled anathemas o\\ the ]:eads of their 
opponents. They even talked of having the of^cers 
arrested but this was impracticable for they ^vere all 
adherents of the Ccetus. The clamor and gossip of 
the tov/n urged on the consistory to more vigilance and 
activit}-. It being said Major Pav.ding would be down 
early on Monday morning, Johannis Wynkoop, the 
leader of the Conferentie. sent Dr. Elmendorf to the 
domine, who got from him a promise of the consistory 
if the justices came before dinner. They were appre- 
hensive they would steal a march on them and 
administer the oath before they knev.' it. 

The surmise proved v/ell grounded for the next 
morning " Major Pawling and Louis Bevier, two of His 
Majesty's Justices," came down from Marbletov/n and 
went straightv/ay to the domine, taking with them 
Colonel Hasbrouck. Wynkoop being sent for asked 
"What the object was in demanding the oath?" 
Hasbrouck answered " I come out for loving Jesus 
and King George." The affair v/as adjourned until 
after dinner when, on the solicitation of the consistory 
it was again deferred for three weeks. In the mean- 
time Meyer showed himself very willing to take the 
oath, saying he acted "as if he had." 

By the adjourned day the consistory brought for- 
ward "the counsel of several lawyers and other learned 
persons" who gave as their opinion that "none but 
papists were bound by the oath of abjuration." The 
church officers then again requested the domine to 
refuse the oath, promising to defend him. He did not 
heed them but took it the same day. The protectants 
then asserted they "had nothing against Meyer 
41 



Olde Ulster 



because he took the oath, but on!}' because his honor, 
by doing it gratuitous!}-, gave them just grounds of 
suspicion that he did it as an excuse not to submit to 
the Classis." On the 23rd of August they formally 
asked liim to sign articles of submission. To this he 
answered, "In the face of m\' oath \\-hereb}- all foreign 
power and authority in ecclesiastical and church 
matters are laid aside, rny intention is not to consent 
until the Copiferentie has declared their subordination 
was such as could stand with th.e oath. I did not 
wish to bring a load upon m}' conscience because of 
the oath, and I find it difficult to consent to subordi- 
nation so long as the Classis is allowed the spiritual 
authority of the Church while the right to install is 
denied here, and it assumes to gi\'e judgment and 
sentence on persons and meetings in this countr}- who 
have no brotherl}- correspondence witli him." 

Me}'er, having thus shown that they, not he. must 
recede, the consistory applied to Reverends Johannes 
C. Fryenmoet. of Livingston ]\Ianor, and G. P. Coek, 
of "The Camp," and tlieir consistories to come down 
and investigate the conduct of the ministt-r, whom 
they charged in the aijplication with "acts that make 
him a scandal to the i)eople and God's church," viz: 
creating schisms, des{)ising Christian reproof, objecting 
to their petition for subordiiiati'jn. Tiiey said " all 
this we know is contrar)- to his call and in opposition 
to a resolve of the S>-nod of North Hollanti." 

On the 9th of October, 1764, these ministers, 

attended b\' their eiders, met with the consistory of 

the Kingston chui-cli aiv:! formally notified Me}-er to 

appear on ins own defense. }Ie answered in writing 

42 



Cu'ius aud Confcrc'iiit' Controversy 



" I ain not unwilling to inquire into it with all my heart 
and to publickly answer them; but I must also say 
that the meeting before which I appear on my defense 
must be ecclesiastical and lawful, in consonance with 
the constitution of the church and the laws of the 
land ; for I, as a Christian, by subscribing to the church 
discipline (as I did when installed) am bound by it, and 
as a subject of His Majesty of Great Britain, am like- 
wise bound to live according to his laws and enjoy 
their benefits. Your meeting is not a constitutional or 
legal one, for the ministers and elders of the nearest 
church are not present, which conflicts with the 
seventy-ninth article of the church rules : and Domine 
Coek. being an alien, can not act as a judge in my 
affairs. 

" For these reasons I protest against your acts and 
proceedings. I assure you if you call a meeting pur- 
suant to the constitution of the Church and the laws 
of the land I will then be ready and will appear before 
it." 

All the members of the meeting held his answer to 
be frivolous and unsound. They said New Paltz and 
" Shoawanghen '' were farther off than the Camp and 
Livingston Manor. They however omitted to name 
Marbletown, Katsbaan or Rochester, which were 
certainly the nearest adjoining congregations. But 
then these were all Coetus, which barred them from 
any lawful representation. The accused demonstrated 
these points, and added he would as fairly object to 
them because they were all Conferentie as they could 
to these for being Coetus. Ke said : " They who 
pretend to peace don't attempt to hold such a meeting 
43 



OlJe Ulster 

as both sides can come home before," even as he had 
requested of Cock on the ist of October. 

They now resolved to go on v/ith the trial and did 
so. Having introduced testimony to prove the charges 
heretofore specified th.e}' found him guilty and sus- 
pended him. Deeming it expedient to defer the 
execution of their judgment until they could obtain 
" the advice of the Dutch churches at New York " they 
did so, and then adjourned. The next morning Justi- 
ces Levi Pawling and Johanrics Hardcnbergh compelled 
Coek to tal:e the oath of allegiance, much against his 
will. Meyer having niade his defense with dignity, 
courtesy and great force, made a strong impression on 
many of his opponents, and in tlie end won them over 
to his party. It will be seen that the one party 
thought that it v/as bound by the constitution of the 
church to subordination, while the other insisted there 
was nothing in it inimical to a classis in America, or 
binding the churches here to a servitude as great as 
the Roman Church. The latter argued their side with 
all the v/armth of reformers, while the former opposed 
with bitterness and malignity which characterizes the 
fogyish elements of any society. Whether in the bar 
room, store or family circle this was the subject of 
conversation. 

On tlie first day of January, 1765, Meyer boldly 
declared in a sermon, " He would not wish us a Happy 
New Year, as v/as customary, for he almost feared to 
ask a blessing of God, lest instead of it He sent a curse. 
Flow could he wish us joy, who are such an evil and 
stiff-necked people?" Jacobus Elting, Johannes Wyn- 
koop and William Elting testified to this. 
44 



Cwtus and Co7ifere):i:c Coi'Jrcvtfsy 

The next New Year's day lie r^draoni?hed his con- 
gregation, saying : '• Have I net sought in every v/ay 
to further all means to obtain peace ap,d good under- 
standing in tlie church? Yea, have I not used all 
methods to gain it and testified tiicreto by acts? Have 
I not always been willing to l:eep the Churcli on the 
same footing as I found it v/itliout the divisions of 
both parties? Have I not read tiie letter of Professor 
Gendes, recommending the course of steering clear of 
old quarrels? But it was in vain. Have I not prof- 
fered articles of peace in writing, whicli I thouglit not 
contrary to God's Word and the lav/s of the church? 
But you would not agree with me except o\\ conditions 
repugnant to niy manliood and my conscience. Have 
I not been v^illiug to leave the troubles to a consistory 
in Holland? But n.o, I must do as this congregation 
would. Was it ever heard of tliat a shepherd should 
listen to the sheep? No, but the sheep must follow 
the voice of a shepiierd." He also complained that he 
was "a stranger and tliey lived in tents of cedar." 

February 9111 he took for a text John XVni:ii-i4. 
He depicted how Jesus, througji a cunning scheme laid 
at night, was bound and led fir.-^t to Annas, who said it 
was good " a man should die for the people." During 
the discourse he said "It was clear such deeds took 
place among us. They toolc secret counsel and with 
persons like Annas and Caiaphas took prior judg- 
ments." He compared the consistor}- and people to 
the chief priests and servants who took counsel by 
nigiit and da}-, but mostly by nigh:, for " tlieir works 
were of darkness and shunned th.e light." 

He here rightfully alluded to a petition signed by 
45 



Olde Ulster 



one hundred and eleven members of the church, ^vhich 
had been presented to the consistory, in v/hich lie was 
charged, as he had been two years before. It asked 
for his trial and expulsion from tlie church. The 
consistory, in answer applied to the neighboring minis- 
ters to meet them on the iith of February in their 
rooms to hear and decide the questions at issue. On 
the day appointed Freyenmoet, Coek and Isaac 
Rysdyck, with elders Johannes Ten Eyck, Henrick 
Meizik, Cornelis Muller, Henrick Beriiiger, Aart 
Middag, Gysbert Schenk, Captain Cornelis Smiter and 
Isaac Adriance met and organized by choosing the 
first-named minister president, the second vice-president 
and the third secretar}'. 

The charges, viz: Despising reproofs; not acting 
in concord with his consistory ; repudiating the 
obligation of the consistory to remain in subordi- 
nation ; willful abuse of the consistory after the receipt 
of a letter from J. Ritzema and De Ronde, and lastly, 
for exciting discord and trouble in the congregation 
were brought in, and Meyer was notified to appear on 
the defense. That gentleman denied their riglit to 
try him, for the same reasons he gave on the 9th of 
October, 1764; therefore he refused to appear. 

The consistory then reiterated their former proof, 
adding Meyer should have said he should not adhere 
to any classis in Holland, but would correspond with 
the professors who had sent him out; that subordi- 
nation tended to popery; the classis, like the pope, 
claimed jurisdiction over all the world; concluding 
with a declaration of a " calumny against the meeting 
(conferentie) in New York." 
46 



Co'ius and Conferentie Controversy 



Johannes Voeskook had been selected by the 
people to conduct the prosecution ; he therefore threw 
all his energy into it. He said not more than twenty 
out of five hundred members had attended church 
since the quarrel and very few had been added to it ; 
that he made "an advocate's bench of the pulpit," 
with similar charges. 

The friends of the domine sent in a protest. It 
was signed by 



Joseph Gasherie, 
Nicholas Vanderlyn, 
Johannes Hardenbergh, 
Tobias Van Steenburgh, 
John Stoffel Thomcs, 
Cornells Yiele, 
Cornelis Elmendorf, 
Jacob Heerrjiance, 
A. V. Hasbrouck, 
INIattys Blanshan, 
Matthew Lefevre, 
William Van Vliet, 

Henricus 



A. Van Keuren, 
Jacob Turk, 
Abraham Turk, 
Frans P. Roggen, 
A. V. Hasbrouck, Jr., 
Benj. P. Snyder, 
Abr. Davenport, 
Teunis Kool, 
Petrus Smedes, 
John C. Kingsland, 
Jan Burhans, 
Benj. Newkirk. 
Deyo. 



On the second day the meeting declared " Meyer 
at this time stands under no classis," and declared "He 
and his adherents must abstain from ministerial duty 
and from the sacrament for six months, during v/hich 
time his reverence is admonished to be in church v/hen- 
ever God's Word is preached ;" after that he could get 
back "if he did penance before the congregation and 
deputies of adjoining churches." 

This sentence the Rev. Isaac Rysdyck communi- 



4; 



O I o' e U I s i e r 



cated to MeA'cr in a courteous, but under the circum- 
stance,'^, a bitter let' er. He ansv.-cred : 

'•'Your cares about ray usual cour^?, (which God, the 
Lord, will in his time inarch) in my opinion excites commo- 
tion ; tlierefore allow me to say ^[r. Elting's two letteis are 
tilled with untruths and false charges, which will be answered 
in due lime. 

"I now only make ray protest against your unchristianlike 
acts over me, unlawful and unbecoming publication and 
censure, vvhich vou have sent me. I hope you will soon 
recall and declare it void, asking that no hindrance be 
brought against the exercise of my duties to n-hich God has 
called me, either by }ou or my consistory and people tluough 
you. It is also my desire that you furnish me with not half, 
but all the transactions of your body, that I rnay see who are 
my accusers and v.diat I am accused o'i, for the letters severely 
say no word on these points. I implore that the ever-present 
Judge will judge between you and me while I am 
"Your willing servant 

H. Meyer." 

The Classis of Amsterdam approved of the finding, 
and commended them for continuing his salary, which 
was the end of this remarkable trial. The next Sab- 
bath the domine and his friends went to the church as 
usual to hold services, but a large crowd of Confercntie 
people had preceded them, and Vv-ould not allov/ him 
or his people to enter the mceting-hotise. Embittered 
already by a long strife this made m.atters only \\'or3e. 
Not only high and angr}- words passed between the 
two crovrds, but some even potmdcd one another with 
clubs and witli fists. Tlie Ccc-tus party being weakest 
withdrew finally to the barn wdiich formerly belonged 



Cxti:^ aiid ConfcrC'itie Controversy 



to the lot now occupied hy John H. Schriver, then 
owned b)' Colonel Abraham Flasbrouck, \vhere they 
continued '.vorship until he v/as called away in i//!. 
I\Ir, \^'iIIiam H. Dederick has often told me that on 
the afternoon of the Sunday of the riot a terrible wind 
arose and blew off the roof and steeple of the church. 
This was looked upon as a visitation from God. 

I have omitted to mention man}' incidental affairs 
which naturally arose out of this bitter and unhappy 
schism. The Ccetus people at the beginning of the 
fight could not desist from stabbing at the memory of 
Mancius. Tliis his friei:!ds reseiUed with great spite. 
One may best understand its bitterness when he knov.'s 
that fifty years afterwards there were some who could 
not let it rest. Dr. Henr}^ Ostrander tells a good 
story connected with the strife. One Sunday Domine 
Hendricus Schoonmaker, who was ordained at Pough- 
keepsie under an apple tree by the Ccetus, filled the 
Kingston pulpit, Wlien he began his first prayer the 
voorleczcr, or reader, William Elting, commenced pray- 
ing too, in a loud tone. Ti:!e contest became a matter 
of wind, at wluch the domine v/on,- for he could pray 
rigiit on while the unfortunate reader had to stop at 
the end of a committed invocation. When he had got 
through, seeing Schoonmaker did not stop, he turned 
around aiid looking rig'it at him, exclaim.ed : '' Scg, gy 
dondcrse Schoonmaker, stop!'' (say, you thundering 
Schoonmaker, stop Ij 

The late Tdrs. Louis Bevier told me that her grand- 
father went up to Kingston, got into a Dielee over this 
affair and had a fight about it. 'Squire Lewis, whose 
name occurs in the account of the trial, was very warm 
49 



Oldc Ulster 



in the Ccetus cause. He called Ur. Cocn Elmendorf a 
fool {et)i cck.) The latter retorted by calling the other 
a coward, {ecu blood aarJc.) They were enemies for 
some time thereafter, but lived to regret their trouble 
and did good service together in the War for Inde- 
pendence. 

From the time the Confcrentie party gained posses- 
sion of the church until 1770 I can not learn that any 
steps were taken to secure a minister to serve the 
congregation. Cock, Rysdyck and others occasionally 
came, up or down as it happened, and held service, but 
not often ; as a consequence the church fell into 
decay. Du.ring the year last above mentioned, a call 
was sent through the " High German Church of 
Albany," v/hen the consistory set aside one hundred 
and twenty-fi\-e pounds as an outfit. 

June nth, 1770, they made a call upon George J. 
L. Doll, which he accepted March ist 1771. This man 
was a Germian, who is reported to have preached in 
Albany, about a j^ear before his acceptance of the 
Kingston charge. He was a short, big-headed man of 
fluent speech in the Dutch, but talked very broken 
English. The Rev. Dr. Hoes, late pastor of the 
Kingston church, informed me that he undertook to 
preach in the latter tongue, but most signally failed. 
Here is a bill : 

"To victuals and drinks for the slaymen and the 
Reverend Doll and family £6, i6s, iip." 

The records had in the mean time been kept in 

separate books. That of the Conferentie I found in 

the possession of my friend, Abraham Van Keuren of 

Kingston. Doll gained possession of all the old 

50 



Ca'tus and Co:ifcrnitic Ccnitrovirsy 

records, froin wliich period to the present they have 
been kept in a regular series. 

When the Dutch church was re-united in 1771 tlie 
majority of the people of Kingston refused to enter 
into the union. This detenninat:^■>n they persisted 
in until iSoS, when Gosman was called to preach in 
English. Many amusing stories are told growing out 
of a tongue which many church goers could not under- 
stand. The Hon. A B. Ilasbrouck sa}'s the students 
at the Academy were compelled to go to church to sit 
to a good, long Dutch service, and liad to sit still too. 

Now I must not omit to say this congregation, 
although so anti-progressive and Dutch)', did not lack 
in devotion to the rights of men when the great Revo- 
lutionar)' struggle disturbed the peace of the world in 
1776. Garret Freer, a deacon, was turned out of office 
"because he had acted not uprightly, but secretly 
against his country.'' This was dotie on information 
from the Committee of Safet}', and after trial before 
his own and the consistory of the new church of 
Marbletown. 

After Kingston was burned a new church was built, 
but it was a rickety house into which the snow blew, 
"to the great discomfort Oi the people." This was 
remedied in 1779 by the expenditure of 179 pounds; 
in 1 791 a town clock was placed in it by subscription. 
Jonathan \V. Hasbrouck. 

The population of Ulster and "Dutchesse" 
Counties is given in 1698 as 24S Men; 11 1 Women; 
869 Children and 156 Negroes. 
51 



The Lineage of 
the CliiitGn Family 




HERE is no family of Old Ulster whose ser- 
vices have been so great and v/hose honors 
have been so abundant as the Clinton 
family. George Clinton v.-as the first Gov- 
ernor of the state of Nev.- York, which 
office he ailed for twenty-one years and 
then served eig'h-t years as Vice-President 
, of the United States; and his brother 
lames Clinton was one of the most active 
generals in the Revolution. De Witt Clinton, the son 
of James, was United States Senator and held the office 
of Governor of New York for nearly ten years and 
linked his name forever to its history by pushing 
through to its completion the Erie Canal. 

The Clintons were a historic family of England. 
Their rise was co-eval with the beginning of its history 
from the Norman conquest. With William the Con- 
queror cam,e his cousins Rer;ebald and William, who 
were largely endowed with estates by him in recogni- 
tion of their services. Renebald, by gift of the Con- 
queror, held the lordship of Clinton in Oxfordshire, 
and took the surname of Clinton. His eldest son and 
heir, Sir Geoffrey, the founder of Kenilworth Castle, 
was Chamberlain, Treasurer and Justice of E-.igland in 
the reign of Henry I. He was succeeded by his son 
Goefirey and he by his son Henry; he by his son 
52 



Liru-ag<r of tJte Clinton Family 



Henry. He died witliout issue and his title and estates 
reverted to his uncle's descendants, one of v/honi v.-as 
created Lord Clir.ton and Say by Edward I., whose 
descendant was created Earl of Lincoln. Charles 
Clinton, who emigrated to America, was the greatgreat- 
great-giandson of the second Earl of Lincoln. The 
readers of Sir Walter Scott's immortal story, " Kenil- 
worth," will recall the passage in the description of 
Kenihvorth Castle in Chapter XXV T,vhich is: "On 
the exterior walls frov/ned the scutcheon of the Clin- 
tons, by whom the}' were founded in the reign of 
Henry L (i lOO- 1 135)." During the subsequent cen- 
turies the families descended from this Clinton race 
bore a potential part in the making of English 
history. Our concern to-day is with the Old Ulster 
branch. 

William Clinton, a great-grandson of Henry, 2nd 
Earl of Lincoln, was an officer in the army of Charles 
the First. After that monarch's downfall he was 
obliged to fly to the Continent. He afterwards went 
to Scotland and married a lady of the family of Ken- 
nedy, heads of wliich were the Earls of Cassillis. He 
then passed over to Ireland, where he died, leaving a 
daughter Margaret, and a son, James, then two years 
old. 

James became an officer in the army of Queen 
Anne. He married the daughter of one of Cromwell's 
officers, Elizabeth Smith.. They liad three children — 
Mary, Christina and Cliarles, who after the death of 
their parents, came to America and settled in Little 
Britain on the Hudson, in Ulster County, New York. 

Charles married in Ireland Elizabeth Denniston. 
53 



Olde Ulster 



They liad seven cliildrei'!, tliree born in Ireland and 
four in America. Their children were: 

I. Catharine, bom in IreL^-nd August nth. 1723, 
married Captain James r^IcChaughry, June 22nd, 1749; 
died without issue Nov. 2Slh, 1762. 

II. James, born in IreLand March 31st, 1726; died 
on the passage to America, August 2Sth, 1729. 

III. Mary, born in Ireland July nth, 172S ; died 
on the passage to America, August 2nd, 1729, 

IV. Alexander, born in Little Britain April 2Sth, 
1732 ; married j\Iar)' Kane of Shawangunk, November, 
1757; died at Shawangunk, a physician, Ivlarch nth, 
1758, without issue. 

V. Charles, born in Little Britain July 20th, 
1734; died April 3rd, 1791, a physician and surgeon, 
unmarried. 

VI. James, Brigadier-General in the Revolutionary 
army, was born in Little Britain August 9th, 1736; 
died there December 22nd, 1812; v/as promoted to 
i\Iajor-General at the close of the war. 

VII. George, born in Little Britain Sunday, July 
26th, 1739, and died in Washington, D. C, April 20th, 
1812. He was the Governor George Clinton and Vice- 
President of the United States. 

James Clinton (VI.) known as General James, 
married first, iMary De Witt, of Deerpark, and second, 

Mrs. IMary (Little) Gray, widow of Gray, an 

immigrant from Ireland. Wy his first wife he had : 

I. Alexander, who though but a lad at the time, 
was a lieutenant in Colonel Lamib's Regiment of Artil- 
lery in the Revolutionary War, and served until its 
close. He was drov/ned in the Hudson River in his 
54 



Lineage of the Clinton Faviily 



22nd year. He was a member of the Societ}- of the 
Cincinnati. 

II. Charles, married Elizabeth IMuHiner. He had 
three cliildrcn — Mary De Witt, who married Captain 
Robert Gourley ; Alexander, who married Adeline A. 
Hamilton; Ann Eliza, who married James Foster, Jr. 

III. De Witt, Governor of the State of New York, 
also I\Ia}'or of the Cit}' of New York. He first married 
Maria Franklin ; second Catharine Jones. B}' his first 
wife he had ten children. Four of them died young. 
The others were : Charles Alexander, married Catha- 
rine Hone ; James Henry, died at sea ; George William, 
married Laura C. Spencer ; Mary married David S. 
Jones, Franklin died unmanied ; Julia, died unmar- 
ried. 

IV. George, married Hannah Franklin, sister to 
Maria, wife of his brother De Witt. They had three 
children — !\Iary Caroline, married Henr}- Overing; 
Franklin died }-oung; Julia Matilda, married, first 
George C. Tallmadge : second James Foster, Jr. 

V. iM.\RY, married first, Robert Burrage Norton ; 
second Judge Ambrose Spencer. She had tv.'O children 
by her first husband — Cliiiton, married Sally Pearsall ; 
Mary, married Alexander C. Spencer. No issue by 
second. 

VI. Elizabeth, married Lieutenant William Stuart 
of the Revolutionary Arrny, and a member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati. The\' had seven children. 

VII. Katharine, married first Samuel Lake 
Norton, brother to her sister Mary's husband. No 
issue. Second, Judge Ambrose Spencer, lier sister's 
widower. 

55 



O Ide Ulster 



General James Clinton's children by l\is second wife, 
Mrs. Mar}^ Gray, widow, v/ere six in number: James, 
died young; Caroline H., married Judge Charles A. 
Dewey, of Northampton, Mass.; Emma L., died at 
the age of 21, unmarried; James Graham married 
Margaret Conger; they had one son, DeWitt ; Letitia, 
married Dr. Francis Bolton ; they had two cliildren, 
Thomas, who died \oung, and James Clinton, who mar- 
ried Laura Tallmadge ; Anna married Lieutenant 
Edward Ross, U. S. A. 

George Clixton (VII), the Governor, married 
Cornelia, only daughter of Petrus Tappen and Tjaatje 
Wynkoop, his wife, of Kingston, February 7th, 1770, 
and had : 

L Catharine, born in New Windsor, November 
5th, 1770; married first John Taylor of New York, 
October 25, 1791. Her husband died November 26th, 
of the same year, and June 4th, iSoi, she married 
IMajor-General Pierre van Cortlandt. She died at 
Peekskill January loth, 1811. 

II. Cornelia Tappen, born in New Windsor, June 
29th, 1774; married Citizen Edward Charles Genet, 
Minister from the French Republic to the United 
States, November 6th, 1794, and died i\Iarch 2Sth, 
1810. 

III. George Washington, born in Poughkeepsie 
October i8th, 177S, married Anna Floyd, daughter of 
General William Floyd, September 19th, 1S08; died 
March 2-j, 1S13, leaving one son, George William 
Floyd, born in Poughkeepsie October 31st, 1S09, ^'^'^'^ 
unmarried in New York, T'vlay 12th, 1842. 

IV. Elizabeth, born in Poughkeepsie July loth, 

56 



Liniar;: of the Ll:i:iOU .^\2!huj 

17S0; married ^Matthias B. Talimacige October 25th, 
1S03; died April Sth, 1S25. 

V. Martha Washington, bom in Poughkeepsie 
October 12th, 17S3; died February 20th, 1795. 

VI. Maria, born in Nev; York October 6th, 17S5 ; 
married Dr. Stephen D. Beekman ; died April 17th, 
1S29. 

To this is appended the Wynkoop line of the wife 
of George Clinton. 

I. Cornelius Wvnkoof. The date of his birth is 
unknov\-n ; he died about 1676. His wife, Maria Janse 
Langendyck, died about 1679. They lived at Rens- 
selaer'.vyck until 1664-1667, and then settled at Esopus 
(Kingston^ Tlicir children were: 

Johannes, .Maj., born in Albany; nianicd ist. 
Judith Fransen IMoodgood ; 2nd. Cornelia Ten 
Broeck. 

Maria, bom in Albany; married Moses Du Puis. 

Evert, bom in Albany, March 24th, 1665 ; mar- 
ried ist. Gertrude Elmendorf; 2nd Antje Kiersted 
He died July 3 ist, 1746, 

Gerret, born in Albany or Esopus ; married Hilletje 
Fokk-er, known also as Helena Eltinge. 

Nicholas, bap. at Kinf^ston, October 15th, 1668. 

Catharine, bap. at Kingston, June iSth, 1671. 

Benjamin, bap. at Kingston, April iSth. 1675; 
married Phemertje Vander Heul. 

II. Evert Wvnkoop. He married Gertrude 
Elmendorf August 26th, 16S8; and (2nd) Antje 
Kiersted, daughter of Roelof and Eykc (Roosa) 
Kiersted. 

57 



O Id e Ulster 



The children of Evert and Gertrnde V\'')'nkoop 
were : 

CORNELIL^S, bap. October 13th, 16S9; married Bar- 
bara Matth)'sze Van Keuren. 

Jacobus, bap. May 26th, 1691 ; married Jannetjen 
Bogardus. 

Nicholas, bap. April 23rd. 1693. 

Grietje (^largaret;^ bap. June 2nd, 1695. 

Marvtje (.Alaria), bap. September nth, 1697. 

Catharine, bap. December 17th, 1699 married 
Johannes Decicer. 

Antje (Anne), bap. April 26th, 1702 ; married 
Johannes Swart. 

Tecla, bap. February i8th, 1705. 

The children of Evert and Antje Wj-nkoop were: 

Johannes Everts, born October 12th, 1707; 
married Catharine Schut. 

Tobias, bap. IMay 7th, 1710; died in infancy. 

Maretje (Maria), bap. August loth, 1712. 

Hezekiah, born January i6th 1715 ; married IMaria 
Davenport. 

Tobias, bap. April 2Sth 1717; married Leah Legg. 

III. Cornelius Evertse Wynkoop. Baptized in 
Kingston October 131:15. 16S9; died before 1717; mar- 
ried Barbara Matthysze X'^an Keuren, baptized October 
nth, 16S5 ; daughter of Alatthys Matthyszoon and 
Tjaatje (DeW'itt) Van Keuren. Barbara Wynkoop 
married (2nd) November 5th, 1727, Pieter Tappen. 

The children of Cornelius E. Wynkoop and Barbara, 
his wife were : 

58 



Lvicaoc of the Clinton Fantilv 



Evert, Captain, born January 29th, 1709; married 
Ariaaiitje Schepmocs. 

TjAATjE, bap. October Sth, i/io; married Petrus 
Tappen July 2nd, 1736. 

IV. TjAATjE Wynkoop Tappkn. T!>e children 
of Petrus and Tjaatje \V}'nkoop Tappen were : 

Christopher, bap. June 5th, 1737; died in infancy. 

Peter, bap. Sep. nth, 1738; died in infancy. 

COKNELL\, bap. August loth, 1740; died in infancy. 

Christopher, bap. June I3t!i, 1742 ; married .Amie 
W}-nkoop. 

Cornelia, bap. November 25th, 1744; married 
Governor George Clinton l-'ebruary 7th, 1770, 

Petrus, bap. June 2Sth, 174S. 



There was another branch of the Clinton family 
whose connection with American affairs must be given 
It is that of George Clinton, the royal governor of the 
Colony of New York from 1743 to 1753. He was the 
youngest son of P^raiicis, sixth Earl of Lincoln, and 
was thus a kinsman of Governor George Clinton of the 
state of New York. He was an admiral in the British 
navy and died in 1761 while governor of New foundland. 
His son, Sir Henry Clinton, succeeded General Ho^^ e as 
commander of the British forces in America in January, 
177S. Previous to tliis he h.id served in the British 
armjMn this country from the bt.r.u'nning of the Revo- 
lution, for he was at Bunker lEil and active in His 
Majesty's service until June, 17S2. Thus when. Gov- 
ernor George and General James Clinton v.-ere di-puti'^g 
the passage of the Hudson in October, 1777. the 
enemy's forces were led by their Icinsman, Sir Henry 
59 



O I d f U I si e r 



Clinton, He died at Gibraltar, Spain, December 
25rd, 1795. 

l-^ownshend and Sanford's "Great Governing Fami- 
lies of England " in the article "Clinton" gives this 
estimate : 

" It is really a great hoube, though strangely lacking in 
hold on the popular imagination, and for seven hundred 
years has thrown a scarcely intermitted succession of men 
who have spent their lives in the furtheranije of Kngland's 
greatness and ])olicy. 

"If it has riever had genius, it has also never produced a 
traitor, and if it has never risen to the lofty position of one or 
two of its rivals, it has not in its records chn[Ucrs \\-hich it 
would give estates to conceal, 

"Always in front, but never in command, this great 
family has the clearest pedigree in all England, and yet none 
has been more systematically lyed about." 



From his old home in Ireland Charles Clinton 
bronght to America this church letter from his pastor: 

"Whereas the bearer, Mr. Charles Clinton, and his wife 
Elizabeth, lived within the bounds of this Protestant dissent- 
ing congregation from their infancy, and now design tor 
Anrcrica ; 

"This is to certify, that all along they behaved themselves 
soberly and inoffensively ; and are fit to be recei\-ed into 
any Christian congregation where Providence may cast tlicir 
lot. Also, that said Charles Clinton was a member of our 
Session, and discharged tlie oiticc of ruling elder very accept- 
ably ; this, with advice of sessions, given at Corbay, in the 
county of Longford, Ireland. 

Joseph Bond, 

Minister," 
60 



0)1 ii:-: Lisopus at Sanra 



ON THE ESQ PUS AT SAUGERTIES. 

Sweep, sweep my oars and merrily fling 
The liquid drops while ^■oices sing : 
Esopus on thy placid breast 
^t float and sing ; we row, and rest. 

From yonder village on the height 

The evening bell this summer night 

Rings out its molten golden note 

To charm us as v/e sing and float. 

The woods their length from shore to shore, 

Spread a iireen path behind, before. 

The winds have lost their rippling power ; 

There's not a breath astir this iiour. 

Blue, blue the sky, the v/ave is blue, 

Except our narrow passage through. 

The terraced hills, in living green, 

Look down upon this placid scene : — 

Upon this animated boat. 

Buoyant v. ith its ov>n joy, afloat. 

Row, oarsman, row ! with measured sweep. 
The time each merry laugh will keep : 
Row, oar.'rnan, row I bend o'er thine oar; 
Time ne'er enjo}-ed his pa-sage more. 
Row ; oarsman, row ! for thou and I 
Seem floating hung 'twixt v/ave and skv. 

Stay, oarsman, stay I thine arm. thy skill 
Have swept us to tlie Muddy Kill : 
Stay ! oarsman, stay ! o'er limpid wave 
We've reached at last the roarirg cave 
Where a. chained v.ater giant, bound, 
6i 



01 dc Ulsfrr 



Flings wild his arms beneath the ground,- 
A giant in a restless gra\'e, 
Entombed in thee, O roaring cave ! 

Again \ve seek thy bosom clear, 
Esopus, — peacefulness is here : 
Here silver in a tliousand rings, 
Thine oar in dripping globules flings. 
Here run the v.-aters high ; for hear 
The "Rapids of the Narrows" near ! 
The waves inquisitive divide 
And climb along our gunv/ale's side 
Till they the merry faces see 
And fall back in captivity. 

Back, oarsman, row ! the stars of night 
Come out our homeward path to light. 
Along the center of the stream 
A lighted path the v/aters gleam. 
Sing, happy hearts ! in broad sea room, 
Along our homeward path we come ! 
Deep darkness sets o'er wave and shore ; 
It deepens as we land once more. 
Cease, oarsman, cease ! the voyage o'er. 



At a session of the Court of Common Pleas held 
in Kingston on Tuesday the iSth day of September, 
1759, George Clinton appeared and produced a com- 
mission from the governor of the colony of New York 
appointing him clerk of the several courts of Ulster 
county. lie held this office uninteruptedly until his 
death in 1812, although for twenty-one years of this 
time he was Governor of tliis State and for eight years 
Vice-President of the United States. 
62 



O i. D ^- V L S T E R 



A N HIS TORIC'^ '^ & GENE A L OGIC-^ ^ MA GA ZINE 

Publifhed Monthly, at 1.13 Green 
Street, K i n g f t n . A'. }'. , by 
BENJAMIN 'MYER BRINK. 

T £ r VI s : — Tzi'o dollars a year iii Advance. Single 
Copies. tivcvJy-fii r cents. 



It is our hope to publish in future numbers 
descriptions of places in Old Ulster where celebrated 
events occurred. These will be illustrated. 



It is our expectation to publish well-written and 

accurate articles relating to Ulster county history not 

only ; but to collect in every possible way whatever 

has been published heretofore, and has disappeared. 

— @@-— 

In THE VESTIBULE of the Dutch Church of Kingston 
are sacredly guarded, in a niche, tlic letter written to 
the consistory of the church in 17S2, by George Wash- 
ington ; and in another niche, on the other side of the 
door leading into the auditorium, the battle-flag of the 
One Hundred and Twentieth Regiment in the Civil 
War, with all its scars of conflict. 



The CONSISTORIAL records are full of historical 
material. If they were carefully translated many a 
problem connected with the history of the state of 
New York would appear in a new light. Some of 
those entries will be gi\'en in these pages. 
63 



O Ide U I s t e 



The lament upon the death of Doniine r\Ia!'cius, 
wliich Hasbroiick searched for rdl over tl^e county, has 
been found and translated, and wiH appear in our next 

number. 

— ^@. — 

The records of the ok! Dutch church of ICingston 
are among th.e most vauiable vc America. Tliey are 
the oldest original records, now extant, of baptisms 
and marriages in the Dutch church in this country. 
They begin v/i:.h a marriage record in 1660 in an old 
folio volume, bound in p:gsi-:in, nov/ discolored by age, 
and are remarkably full and c-omplete. The}' reach to 
date. Tlic records of this church are all in Dutcli down 
to the settlenieiit of the Ivevcrend J-)hn Gosman, 
D.D., in iSoS; aiid in Eriglish until this year of grace 
1905. There is hardi\- a church record of any denomi- 
nation in America so full, so an.cient and so complete. 
Besides this, th.e archives of the church are ric'i in 
treasures. Aniong tlie other tilings preserved are the 
old account books of Irf^cA Cottin, tiie liugucnot. He 
lived for many years in j\ev." Paltz, wliere lie vas th.e 
schoolmaster. Louis DuBois, tlie PatCiitee, removed 
frojn there to King-tou and became a merchant. He 
died, and his wido',,- m irried Cot tin, who succeed:;d to 
liis mercaniile business iii Kingston. This he carried 
on for more than t\vent\' \'ears. Upon his death lie 
left his propert}', including his account bo-.:-k's, kept in 
French, to the Dut.lr churcli of King-ton, probabh' to 
assist th.e church ofnccrs in c'dlectii:g his uiisetthd ac- 
counts. The}' are carefully preserved. TliC}- should 
be tranilatod to see if any entries are of historical 

value. 

64 



u 



LSTER County 
Savings I n st i t uti o n 



No. 218 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 



Depofits^ $3,000,000.00 



FRESH GARDEN SEEDS A SPECLATY 

Dedrick's Drug- Store 

No. 30S Wall Street. Kingston, N. Y. 



I N G S T O N 

SaiJtngs Bank 

No. 273 Wall Street 
KiNCSTON, New York 

OFFICERS: 

Luke Noone, Pra Chas. Burhans, Treas 

James A I^etts, i r^- ,^ Frank Johnston, Act 
Myron Teller, \ '' ''''' ""'' J.J. Linson. Counsel 

C H O R T • S STUDIOS, 

No. J2g Wall St., Kingston, N. V., 

No. g East Strand, Rondoni, N. Y. 

HIGH GRADE ARTISTIC WORK 

To Please You is our Gain. 
iii 



O N D O U T 

Savings Bank 

Assets - - $2.371592307 
Liabilities » - 252185285.45 

Surplus '-^^^r.^^ « 6153,637.62 

^/"ALENTIN BURGEVIN^S SONS 

Old' Ulster's Largest Florists. 

KINGSTON, N. Y. 

pVERETT S: TREADWELL CO. 
■^ WHOLESALE GROCERS 

FLOUR, GRAIN and PROVISIONS. 

^J4 and jjd Broactivay, 126', ijo and 1^2 North Front 
Street, Kiv.gstcji. N. Y. 

jSJ O A II W O L V E X, 

No. J2J WALL ST. KINGSTON, N Y. 

The Reliable Store Dress Goods and Silks 



. OLD'^ VLSTER 

Will Give Especial Attention to Lirea^^e of Ulster Families 

QUESTIONS 

Of Eligibility to the D. A. R. & Like Societies Attended to 



G ■.•; 






K^' 



'f T 









K 



\ ' 



•>j=^ 



ri: 



llLir^i 



. i i wi V^ '-- , 






4% -?J^ 









I Tlster County 

Savings Institution 



No. 218 Wall Str):lt 
KiN(;sTr)N. New York 



Depofits, $3,000,000.00 

^rALKNTIN BURGEVIN'S SONS 

■OLr' Ulster's Largest Florists. 
KixGSTox, X. y. 



K 



I X G S T C) X 

Savings B a n k 



No. 273 W'.ALL SlRLLT 

KiNGS'ioN, Nlw York 



0]^'FICERS: 

Luke Nooxe, Prcs Chas. Burhans, Treas 

James A lUnrs, / ,^ „ Frank Johnston, /^^rV 
Mvr(^n Teller, i * "'^■^'''■^' j. j. Linton, Couusc-l 

C H O R T • S STUDIOS, 

No. J 2.) \Vn/l Sf . Kin^^-sfon, X. )'., 

Xo. g Iiast Strand. Roudvtit. X. Y. 

HIGH GRADE ARTISTIC WORK 

To Please You is our Gain. 



cox TEXTS 

Vol. I .MARCH. 1905 No. 3 

The Min-lcJ l^lood of Old Ulster 65 

Kingston in 1S23 69 

The Esopiis Indians and Tiieir Langua^^e 70 

Tlie Reverend Xa: han W. Jones 75 

Tlie Ancestrx- of Eleanor Graham Wanted 'j6 

The Indian Deed to Thomas Chambers ( 1632) . . 77 

Priiof Wanted of Wiiliam Horton's .Vncestry ... S3 

Will of Jean ilasbrouck : 1712) 84 

]\.ingston r)ai)ti-^mal Recrirds S/ 

Grax-estDnu I nscri[:itions at New P.iltz 88 

Lament on Death (^f Domine Mancius 91 

Editorial Notes 96 

1 7 O R S V T 1 1 oc 1 ) A \' I S 

X<'.j,>y WALL S7'., A'/XCS'fOX 

Books, Statlo^e^^', 

Fine China, 

Bric-a-Brac, 

Cf I^idlures 

Artistic Wall De'CorLUions, Pictures Framed 
tn Order. 



OLD'-' VLSTER 



Vol. 1 MARCH, 1905 No. 



The Mingled Blood 
of Old Ulster 



, 3VERNOR Horatio Seymour felicitously 
^'n [l "-'^pi't^ssed tlie cb.ai-acter of tlie people of 
,„„..^:^'-. the coloin- of New York in his letter to the 

fj- Committee upon the Centennial of tlie 
I State of Xew York in Kingston July 30th, 
I 1S77, when he said: "Almost every 
\-/ I K'-'i'f'P-^" tongue was spoken at the fire. 
e7 i sides of our State, and used on each 
returning Sabbath in offerings of pra\'er 
and praise to the God of all laiiguages and all climes. 
The names p:omi:ient in the earl}' Iiistory of New- 
York and tlie Unioii, represent the same number of 
nationalities. Schuyler w, is of Holland; Herkimer of 
German ; Jay of French ; Livdngston of Scotch; Clinton 
of Irish ; Morris of Welsh and Hoffman of Sv.-edish 
descent. Hamilton was born in one o\ tlie West 
India Islands, and Baron Steuben, who became a 
6; 



01 a e Ulsi 



citizen of New York, vas a Prussian. ^ ■'• * Upon 
the committee of thirteen appointed to draft the first 
Constitution of New York [in Kingston in 1777J there 
were representati\'es of seven distinct iiiieages, namely : 
Dutch, Frcncli, Scotch, VVelsii, Irish and Swiss, with 
Enii^Hsh." 

The article on the Ch"ntons iii the February number 
of Olde Ulster shows that thai f?rnil)-, thou for 
two generations resident in Ireland, was English. 
Governor Se\-mo',i!- grapliicall)- sets forth the cosmo* 
politan character of Ne^v York. It had been ih.e glor)' 
of the Netherlands that it had tlirown open its hospit- 
able doors to j)eople of ever}' land, and the New 
Netherlands had wisely imitated tlie Old. 

New Amsterdam was not alone in the lionor of 
being a hospitable aiui tolerant settlement. This 
honor was shared b}- "the F.sopus." The three princi- 
pal settlements in the ob.l county of Ulster were of 
three different Eui-opean n itionalities. In 1652 the 
Dutch came to Kin^'ston : in 1678 the French to New 
Paltz and in 170S the Palatines (Germans) to Newburgh, 
to be followed b}- the larger colony to West Camp in 
1710. From these settlements Ulster county grew. 
But when the conrposition of the-^e colonists is analyzed 
it is found tliat this generalization is too broad. The 
first actual settler of Kingston was Thonnas Chambers, 
an Englishman, if not an Irishman, " Kit " Da\-is was 
probably the same, and sprinkled among the early 
comers were sncli names as that of Harmensen. who 
was a Dane : H off mat), who v/as a .Swede, as was 
Cornelissen : Hruyn. a. Norwegian; and the I^oggens, 
the Goetschius aiid the Wurts, v/ho were Swiss. The 
66 



Mingled Blood of Old Ul^ie^- 



colonists who came v/iih Charles Cliriton in 1729 to 
Little Bri!:ain, in this count}-, were Scotch-Irisli and 
many English families were among- th.e Ulster county 
settlers {(owi the first. The fifth marriage on the 
Kingston Churcli records in 1662 is that of Jacob 
Joosten, "from the Al jseile, in Germany," and others 
are recorded from many of the minor German States, 

What brought these settlers here? It is well 
known tliat the Huguenots were driven to America by 
religious persecution in France : that the Palatii:ies 
were harried out of the Rhineland by the hosts of 
Louis XIX', of France, in his religious and political 
wars; that the troubles in. ever-oppressed Ireland led 
her sons and daughters to emigrate. W'liat brought 
the others here !- As for the Dutcli, most of the early 
settlers of Kingston came first to Albany. They were 
sent out from Holland b}^ the patroon, Van Rensselaer, 
to settle his vast estates an,d many of them came here 
because the)' could not abide the feudal reign of that 
" Lord of the Manor." Others, later, came direct to 
the l-2sopus from Holland by the v/ay of New Amster- 
dam to better their fortune.-, or to lead a life of 
adventure. 

To arrive at the causes which led the Germans and 
Scandinavians h-re it becoir,es necessary to glance at 
European history of the severiteenth century. The 
truce betv.-ec-n Spain and her rebellious Netherland 
provinces v.as signed in 1609, the same year in v/hich 
Hudson di::covered the river on which Old Ulster lies. 
In 1618 the terrible Thirty Years War in Europe 
began. Almost all Euiope became involved. In 1625 
Cliristian IV., king of JJenmarlc, entered the war. He 
67 



01 di- Ulster 

became the leadei r.poii the I'rotestant side. By i6;:q 
he liad been driven out of North German}^ by the 
persevering: Til]}-, the commandier of the CathoHc 
fc^rces, and the n^.arveHous --eriius of Wallenstein, the 
representative of th.e Emperor, Ferdinand. 

The next yearGustavus Adolphus. kin'j of Sweden. 
"The Lion of the North," sprang into tlie conflict. 
His legions were invincible and in three wonderful 
campaigns, in successive years, he conquered Germany 
and opened theway to Vienna. Hut at the battle of 
Lutzen, November 6th.. 1632, Gustavus was killed and 
the advance was halted. In 1634 the Catholic and 
Protestant princes entered upon a truce. 

Gustavus Adolphus had inaugurated his military 
career b\' making war upon Denmark. He was suc- 
cessful and a treaty was made which resulted in an 
alliance. This alliance was extended and embraced 
the Netherlands. This was before 161 7 when he con- 
cluded his war with Russia. From this tinic many of 
his subjects entered Netherland employ. 

Just before the fatal battle of Lutzen Gustavus had 
taken a decisive step which led to Sweden's entrance 
upon a career of colonization in America. The alliance 
between Sv/eden and the North German states had 
included Holland. Their relations soon became close. 
Among those who had been instrumental in establish- 
ing the Dutch West India Company was William 
Usselinx. In 1624 he left Holland and went to 
Gothenburg, in Sweden, and s-.-ught an interview with 
Gustavus. He v.'as u'elcomecl and was immediately 
engaged to organize a Swedish ompany to trade with 
the world. Sweden was poor and it took the Holland 
68 



n/ocd of Ol/i I7s/rr 



pi-oinotor eight }'eai-s to get liis propos-.d plans under 
way. Tliree \\-ceI-:N bef<ire liis death on the field of 
Lutzen Gustavus ga'/e hi; f(^r;iial appi'ovai to tlie 
charter of the Swedish West India Company. This 
brought Holland and Su'eden into close commercial 
relations and man\' were the Scandina\dans wdio 
engaged in. enterprises carried on b\- the people of the 
former nation, especiall}- after the '" Peace of \\''est- 
phalia," which at last ended the long war in 164S. 
Four years after this Chambers began the settlement 
of Kingston and the names of those of Scandina\'!an 
origin almost imn.iediately appear here. Througli all 
the years succeeding thiese descendants of the North- 
men have been among the strong families of Old 
Ulster. 

— ^^(^^ — 

In ''The Traveller's Guide, or Pocket Gazet- 
teer of the United States," edited b)' Jedidiah Morse, 
D.D., who was the father of Samuel F. B. Morse, the 
inventor of the telegraph, which book was jjublished 
b}- Nathan Whitney at New llaven in 1823. there is 
this description of King^ton: 

" Kingston, formerly Esopus, post town and capital 
of Ulster count}-, New York, 59 miles below .Albany ; 
93 above New York; population 2,956, of whom 1,163 
are in the village. Idle village is pleasantly situated 
on Plsopus creek- about thi-ce miles from the Hudson 
and contains 150 dwelling houses, a court house, jail, 
academ}-, chm-ch, market house, bank and two printing 
offices." (These v.ere the offices of the two news- 
papers, T/ie Plebeian and The Ulster Sentinel. — Ed.) 
69 




m 



The E sop us liidiaus 

and Their Language 



■ jssiKT-^-.-' H E Indians once inhabiting the county of 
^ ' Ulster belonged to that great family of 
nations called Alg-onqain hy the French, 
and Loiape b}- the Americans, and are often 
designated b}' the ]}\\x:\'^.q Algvirjirin-Lciiape. 
The nation of Mliici) the}- were a part was 
i| named " Delaware "' b}- the English, from 
/'^V.\< Lord De La War ; but thc\- denominated 
themselves J.fn>ii-Linape, meaning (Jngi- 
nal, or unmixed Men." Tlve}- formed the third tribe 
of the Delaware confederac}-, and were called the 
Minsi or Wolf tribe and had tlieir council fire at 
Minisink. Several small clans of this tribe dwelt in 
the valley of th.e Rondout, and received from th.e 
Dutch the appellation of Esopus Indians. The bound- 
aries of the Minsi v/ere as follows: On the north the 
Catskill mountains separated them from the Mohawks ; 
on the east they were bounded by the Hudson river to 
its mouth ; they were separated from the other Dela- 
ware tribes by a line drav.n from Sandy Hook up the 
Raritan to its forks, and thence up its north fork 
to the falls of Alamatung, ar.d thence in a straight 
line to t?ie Pasequalin mountain on the river Delaware. 
Their bounds Vvithin the State of Pennsylvania arc not 
accurately known. 

70 



£sof!US Indiims and Tluir Lan£:ua^e 



The Wappingers, liowever, occupied a portion of 
the territory aloi^g tlie Hudson, but the division line 
between the ^Minsi and Wappingers is unknown. This 
is the tribe v/liich on the old Du.tch maps is called 
Wtivanoncongyns. The Minsi were the most fierce and 
warlike of the Delawares, and dwelt on tlie frontiers 
next to the Mohawks. J3uring the Revolutiunary war 
Captain Widtc Eyes, chief of the Unamis or fourth 
tribe of the Delawares, endeavored to preserve peace 
with the Americans, but Capt.un Pipe of the Minsies 
was for war. After the death of Captain White Eyes, 
Captain Pipe induced Ids tribe to join the British and 
take up the hatchet against the Americans. 

Although the :\Iinsi depended in part upon hunting 
and fishing for tr.cir sustenance, yet they raided large 
quantities of corn and beans. At the time of the 
capture of "the old fort," (in July, 1663) during the 
Second Esopus war, the Dutch cut down in the 
neighborhood of the fort tv.-o hundred and fifteen acres 
of maize, and burned abo\-e a hundred pits full of corn 
and beans. Some Indians also called out to a captive 
squaw, the guide and interpreter of the Dutch, that 
they should now come and fight the Dutch as they 
had cut their corn and burnt all their old maize, and 
that they would all die of hunger. This would seem 
proof that the Indians depended less upon the chase 
than has generally been supposed. As to tlie number 
of the Esopus Indians, we are informed (Doc. Hist., 
Vol. IV, p. 47) that they v/ere one hundred and sixty-one 
Indians strong. Again (p. 49) eighty warriors strong. 
Again (p. 63) that the Manissing, Wapuinger and 
Esopus Indians together could muster four hundred 
71 



O I d e U I St e r 

warriors. In O'Callaghan's History of New Netherland 
(Vol II, p. 397) they are reckoned as numbering in the 
year 1659 between four and five hundred warriors. I 
have niet vrith no data from whicli to estimate the 
number of the whole Minsi tribe. The Esopus clans 
probabh' originally numbered fifteen hundred or two 
thousand souls. 

The language 01 the Indians is distinguis'ned by 
great beauty, strength and flexibility. It has the 
power of compresbin.g a whole sentence into a single 
word. This is done by talcing tlie most important 
syllable of each word, and sometimes only single 
letters, and forming according to the laws of euphony 
a riew word, expressing a vai-iety of ideas, each one 
of which is knov.'n by its representative letter or syl- 
lable. 

The language of the Minsi differed somewhat from 
tlio Soutliern Delawares, but n.ot enough to be classed 
as a separate dialect. It was a little broader, more 
guttural and not quite so pleasant to the ear. They 
have left behind then^ as mementos of their existence, 
names which they gave to mountains, streams and 
localities, but these are, in many instances, so corrupted 
that it is difficult to trace them back to their Indian 
origin. A small number of these names may be 
interpreted with more or less accurac)'. I shall 
attempt a ver}' fev,-. 

Monibakkus : It is very doubtful v>'hether this 

name, as applied to the town of Rochester, is derived 

from the Dutch language. 1 can not think that the 

Dutch would have designated the site of an Indian 

battle by an appellation so devoid of spirit and signifi- 

72 



carce as a " maslc." May it not be some form of the 
Itulian noun JrBoa^.ui (T')eath) ' M' /^ccigna, is a noun 
of four s}-ilables ciccordiiu^ to Zeisberii^er iGram. 
p. 104). The sound of a in the tliird and fourth 
syllables is the same ;is iu German. And the lj:ters^ 
and k are often inteichangeable. M' Boagan ma\- be 
spelled M'Boakan arnl by annexin;:^ tlie termination 
sink we have jf Boci'casin'c (place of death). If from 
this word the last syllable be dropped it becomics 
M ' Boakas w\\\c\\ approximates ver\' nearly to IMombak- 
kus. 

Assi)ik: '\l\\d place, from Assiscif, mud: Suclca- 
iiissi)!g\ place of small black stone, fn rn Sucki, black, 
and Ac/isin, stone. AL/isiniiik, stone place, or staiidmg 
stone, a name often r;iven to rocks in rivers. ScKka- 
tissi/ig, a little fire-place, a dimi;iuti\-e, from So.'.'kacon, 
a fire-pIace. 

MoJionk : On the great sky top. This v/ord is 
composed of rJcciiijrick^ great, r. i^,d BIcckque, Hoc- 
quacssniig or M'hock. sky; it is found in these tkiree 
forms ; and Uuk, on, or on the rop. The adjective 
" great." is Vv'ritten in several forms. In Zei^bcrger's 
Spelling Book, 2B-;-che-iC ; in Zeisberger's Gran^.mar 
(p. 226.), MUI:i-7{, ; by Albert Gallatin CArch. Ameri- 
caria), MckJiiugiiie. The first form is from the Swedish 
vocabular}- of Campanius. 

There appears to be a differcn.ce in the sigroiacation 
of tlie terminations ink and ttnk. Unk is more fre- 
quently applied to elevated or distant localities. In 
Zeisberger's Grannnar (p. 23S), v,-e have Hockutig 
(above), literally, above ground. Hoiking (underj, 
literally, under ground. Also ''page 233), Week unk (hi 
73 



O / d :■ i'/s / 



the top), llcaven. ar.d tlie points from wliich the^^•iIKl 
blows. alua\'s termin.Hte in uh-.l\ 

In the 1 listen- of New Sweden by Campanius, 
translated by P. S. Du Ponceau, we have Hcckuug 
/.'7(r7ca (stand i!p\ and at page 147, Hacking taaii (get 
)'Ou down'). The top of the mountain is expressed b)' 
7nik. In Zeisberger's Spelling Book we find WncJi- 
tscJiu \px\ the mountain). Tlie termination ;/;//' is there- 
fore somctinies u.sed in the sense cf "above" or "at 
the top." 

The Moravian missionaries translated the Bible 
phrase " in the higliest," hy the Indian v\-ord ''Hokv.nk."' 
See Zeisberger's Ilarmon}- (p. 152), and in his Sermons 
to Children, (p. 44). If to the word Hocv.nk (summit 
of th.e sk}-) we add part of the adjecti\-e Mockijsick, 
(great), we have Mock or i,Io-Iio-c2i)ik, v/hich being com- 
pressed according to the Indian custom miakes Mohunk 
(on the great sky top). 

I have seen it stated that an Indian named Ancrop, 
in the )'car 1722, designated the place I^IaggenapogJi. 
This word, so far as I can judge, means about th,e same 
thing, but it appears to be Mohican, while Mohonk is 
southern Delawaie. 

Tlie Alinsi have left us, but on the cloud-capped 
mountains, in tlie smiling valley, b\' the gushing 
spring, they have perpetuated their language and left 
imperisliable records of th.eir existence. When gener- 
ations shall have passed away Tslohonk will still stand 
in its beauty and grandeur looking down upon tliC 
plains below, and pointing upward to the highest 
heaven ; Mumbakkus will mark the resting place of 
the heroes slain in battle. From the Shawangunk, 
74 



R^-Z'crend JVj/'hia W. Jones. 

"the place of the south water," >.\-iIl still flow the stream 
that washed the base of the bkifi upon which stood the 
stockaded Indiaa village and fort of 1663; from whence 
the white women and children were rescued from a 
three months c-^ptivic}'. The Es'.jpus will unite her 
voice with the S':'.it-a-inHck ([-ludson'), and the music of 
many waters shall peal the requiem of departed 
nations. 

The Reverend Xatiian W. Jones. 

THE REVEREND NATHAN IV. JONES. 

Those who are still living and were familiar with 
Ulster couiity two generations ago will recall the 
Reverend Nathan \W . Jones. He was a very valuable 
member of th.e Ulster Historical Society. A paper 
read before it is re-pubiislied in this issue of Olde 
Ulster. During his latter years he became well 
known about the coun.ty through liis eccentric tours in 
search of information. For this he spared no time or 
trouble. He was born in Maine about 1S20 and died 
in 1S72. We are indebted to Corv.dn's Manual for this 
sketch of him ; 

" He was eccentric in man\' ways; yet he was a per- 
fect storeliouse of knowledge. The Reverend Dr. E. 
W. Bentley [formerly of Elleirville] tells the story of 
his being present once at his house takii]g tea, with a 
missionary of the American Board. Tlie conversation 
turned upon the faith of the Persian Fire-worshippers, 
by whom the missionary had been surrounded in India. 
75 



Oldc Ulster 

The missionary- made an error in his statement, anJ 
Jones at once, in a deferential manner, set him right. 
The missionary, astonished at his full and accura.te 
knowledi^e of tlie subject, invited tiim to proceed, and 
acknowledg^ed tliat lie was the learner. But Jones 
never k lew how to handle his stores of knowledge for 
his own benefit. He was ready at an\- time to assort his 
stores of fact for anybod\- else's use. He became a 
sort of ecclesiastical tramp, v,-an,dering- up and down, 
preaching in school-houses or private dwellings, and 
never forgetting to pass around the hat. Stopping at 
a farmhouse one Saturd.iy night near Samsonville, 
New York, and expecting to preach in the school 
house the next day, he suddenly exoired at midnight." 



GRAHA?vI.— Wanted, the Ancestry of Elea- 
nor GkAHA.M who married llzy i, 1782. Alexander 
McCay (also spelled ?vIcXay and McCo}-j. He icwK-d 
two years in the Revolution under Col. Lamb, and v/as 
wounded at Fort Montgomer}- Oct. 6, ijy;. He died 
in Sept. 1794. His widov/ married 2d, Robert John- 
ston, v,-ho died March 13, 1831. Fromthe date of h is. 
deatli she received a pension as former v/idow of 
Alexander McCa}-. She died June i, 1845, ?^t the 
home of her daughter, Ann, at Shawangunk, Ulster 
Co. On Sept. 4, 1793, Alexander xMcCay and wife 
Eleanor, of Montgomier)', Ulster Co., deeded 42 acres 
of land in same town to Robert Ik-aty, of Newburgh. 
Byron Barnes II(jj;ton, 

Sheffield, Pa. 
76 




The Indian Deed 
to Thorn as CJiarnbers 



^^.HE Earliest Settler at "The Esopus" of 
I v.hom there is an\- record was Thomas 
Chambers. Definite knowledge as to who 
he was is lacking. John Romeyn Brodhead 
in liis " Histor}- of the State of New York," 
in V'ol. I., page 536, under date of 1652, says : 

•'Between Katskill and Zvlanhattan there 
were as yet few Euroijean inhabitants, and 
Thomas Chambers, v,-ho liad occupied a farm near what is 
now the city of Troy, renioving with some of his neighbors 
to ' Atkaikarton ' or Esopus, an ' exceeding beautiful land,' 
began the actual settlement of Ulster." 

Thomas Chambers first appears in the records on 
May 6, 1642. He is then described as an English 
carpenter who contracted to build a house in New 
Amsterdam for Jan Janse Schepmoes. The contract 
is worthy of preservation. It reads tliat the dimiCnsions 
of the house were to be twenty b}' thirty feet and 
continues : 

"It shall be inclosed all around and overhead with clap- 
boards tiglit against the rain, inside even as the mason's 
house, one partition, one bedstead and pantry, tv.-o dooss, 
one double and one single transom window. The carpenter 
shall deliver 500 clapboards for the house ; Schepmoes shall 
77 



aide Uls 



furnish the iiails, and tl:e food for tlie carpenter during con- 
struction, which commence^; this dav, and for eight weeks. 
when the house, accidents excepted, must be ready, and 
when the wliole shah be duly completed, Schepmoes shall 
pay to Thomas Ciiambers in addition to board, the sum ot 
one hundred and sixteen guilders (forty-six dollars and forty 
cents) computed as twenty sii'/ers the guilder, fv.ir the vdhch 
the carpenter and Schepn:ioes submir to all courts, provided 
the carpenter sliall hew the timber to the best of his ability." 

For some reason he was Icnown for years as " The 
Clabbort " and Goosen Gerritse thus calls him in the 
record of a purchase of a horse. The name may have 
come from the da}- when he contracted to cover the 
house of Schepmoes v/ith clapboards. Be this as it 
iriay, he next appears as a tenant farmer on the manor 
of Rensselaerwyck. His lease of a farm there begins 
thus: 

"In the Naml of the Lord, Amen: This day, 7th 
September, anno 1646, the presiding officers of the Colonic 
Rensselaerswyck on one side, and Thomas Chambers on the 
other, have agreed and consented about a certain parcel of 
land lying right opposite the Eouwerie called the Flatt (de 
Vlachte), on the east bank of the river, between the two kills. 
which land he, Thomas aforesaid, shall occupy as a bouwerie 
for the term of five successive years, commencing the 15th 
November, anno 1647, on the following conditions, etc." 

This farm was near Tro}' and lay betv.'een the 
Poesten Kill and the Wyiiants I-Iill. " De Vlachte" 
v/as leased the same year to Arendt Van Corlaer, the 
great friend of the Indians, v.diose fair dealings with 
thciTi led the Iroquois to call the governor of the 
colony of New York for more tiian one hundred years 
78 



Iiidiav. Dii.t <'o Titoiiias Ciia Dibers. 

'' Father Corlaer.'* The tarni of Corlaer was afterwards 
known as tlie Scini_\-Ier farm and here was built Fort 
Schu)'ler, at \Ve.-,t Tro\-. 

But Chambers could not agree with the Patroon, 
Van Rensselaer, and before his lease expired he had 
resolved to secure a landed possession for himself. He 
was a prudent and thrifty business man and set about 
accomplishing his project. The abundant fertility of 
the lowlands of the Esopus reached his ears. One 
day some Indians from tlds region appeared at Fort 
Orange u\lban\-j either at their own volition or b}' the 
contrivance of Chambers and he secured from them a 
deed for lands "in the Esopus." After it had been 
obtained the grantors claimed that they had not 
received their consideration. For many years this 
charge remained. J^ut seventeen }-ears after, upon 
the appointment of a commission by the then British 
authorities of the colony, it was discovered that the 
charge was false and the grant to Chambers was con- 
firmed. 

This old Indian deed is probably the oldest convey- 
ance of land between Xew York and Alban)-. It lias 
been known to have been in existence as late as the 
year 1800 and for some years after, but it disappeared 
many years ago. It is an unspeakable pleasure that it 
has reappeared in time to be gi\-en to the readers of 
Oldi-: Ul^TEK in fac-siviHe and in translation in this 
number. When found it was in an old en\-eIope and 
was worn through in every fold. This is plainly seen 
in the accompanying illustration. It has been mounted 
and can now be kept without further injur\'. The 
confirmatory certificate is also gi\'en here. This is 
79 



Old. U I s t c r 

endorsed on the b.ick and is iii En.^lish wliile the deed 
itself is in D;!tch. The dale ot tiie dcedi is juiie 5tli. 
1652, and that of the confirniation is September 2Sth, 
1669. 

7a\-/-A'.s7,. / 77c\A' 

/-;■(';;/ tJic Dutch of ai; hiniaii Dcwf for Lmid at 
llsopiis to T/ioiNois Cfiimliors. 



On tlhs 5th (.la\" of June. 16^2, a;ji~iearcd L>efore me 
joannis PNckinnn in 'die serxice of tiie lioni.nahle privileuod 
West India Company. Commissary and Vice Direetor of the 
fortress of OiariL^e : Kinvaehdiikan. and So\N"ap]:>ekat. iHitli 
aborigines of this rountry. h'\ing in tiie F'snpus. situated 
about and on tlie Nordi river in Xew Xetherkmd. and for 
tliem.selvcs as well as for Xaehomaet, Kranachkoos. Pronapa. 
Siaranieh, Sikamach. Awandaris. Quanaehha and \Varikap- 
pano, liaNing — as tliey declare — been empowered by the 
aforesaid persons, do grant and convey as they are doing b_\ 
the ]:iresent, to Tliomas Chambers, residing about the 
fortress of (Jrange. situated as above rmentioned). certain 
parcel of land situated in the Esopus abovenamed. extending 
Southwest and Northeast, n.amed Macl-i5ta])acick, Xachaine- 
koeck Sepeeckcoe Xarenma;>eth Wiwisowachkick. with a 
path from the said land to the river ; and the grantors 
declared to ha\"e been satisl'ied and paid for the same from 
the fir-t penn\- to the last wiiiiout they, the grantors, having 
now or at any other time an_\- more claim or right against and 
on the said land, but that said Th.omas Chambers, from now 
on. shall be entitled t(3 posse-s the same as a real and indi- 
vidual property the same as they, the grantors, had ownership 
in it heretofore ; witiiout — eitlierat precentor in the future — 
being at liberty to interfere with or claim anything further 
from the said Cliambers, as they acknov,-]edged to have been 
So 



hujuui /Av,/A' 77',';;.'. /.f Chai>:birs 



';r- 









/.:i3^M<^ ,r,;u.,,.o.r 



L.. 



^■t-,.V< - /(-. ?■ K.isTv ;/.:,<t; il_-/r v-^^-^-— . 
! -/.,^/ ^"rtv...w--.. t'-'^.-^-.-V lAvi^-^^- >-f.-/- ^D^ 

■ ..^r^^: t^-HV.^ f.,o.-< vi ,^ V.i.-v.7..v W.-W , 

■ -/ . .s. W-^„-^ S.^ >- .:-,> Ti-' .y^--•" <^ — .-'-- -"- -^ '^-*- -.■ 

'.-'{' ' /t.:-/, -7 ^•'^" ^ -, . /"^T-^/ '• ^ --' I 



■ ra> I (J t <a.H-'-''^-«^-''y>* '■ 



Indian Deed to Thomas Chambers 

Si 



O I a 



Vis 



' J,/;v-..^' 



^^-•^..^:>:.„, ; 






" '/V--'T'''"'l^'--^' ■' 



,■-'""■:■.' i'i-^.i /(<T- 'Z: 



T//C CcujiniuU"! y Ciri ijiiaii.- 

fully satisfied for the same. In witness whereof they, in the 
name of all ot them, have suhr,cribcd to tliis document, in 
the presence of the under-igned persons, burghers and resi- 
dents of the fortresr> ( )range and of Bevcrwyck. tuli\" convers- 
ant with tlie language of the savages. 

Done at Fortress Orange on the date above written. 
As witnesses : 'J'he mark made ^vith his own 

Jan" l.ABATiK hand {uuuk) b}- Ka\\achhikan. 



The mark made with his own 
hand {^!/!dyk) by Sowappekaet. 



A X I ) K I ES H F, R B ER-fS 

J AX Theunls 
Jan Dareth, 
Jacob Jansex Schermerhooren. — 

Which I certify lo have thu^ taken 
(St-ai) place f)efore me, and have sealed 

the same v.ith my usual signature. 

lOAXXIS DVCK>E\X. 

[^A correct franstaiioi. ] 

D. \'eR5TEEG. 

Septe.mb" 2S"', 1669. 

\Vhereas complaint was made to y^ Com"'"^"', then em- 

jiowered by his Hon "^ y^ Go\erno' to Regulate ami >ettle 

y*:' affaires of Iving:^ton. by one .\nckrup an Indyan called 

then in this Ihll of Sale Kawachliiikan tiiat Cajit 'I'iiomas 

82 



Iud:a:t Deed tc T/ionuis C':a;nbsrs 

Chambers never paid him for y^ within recited Lands, hce 
hath upon examinacon den.ved what was spccifyed in that 
Petition, and hath coni'cst the receipt of v.'hat was agreed for 
between 'J'hem, and IkuIi own'd his Name there and his 
Mark ; And the Commissioners have tiiought fitt to have it 
Endorsed on this Dill of Sale to p^ vent all further Molesta- 
tion. 

Kingston, y^ day and year abovesaid. 

]o. Clarke Cler Curia; Com. 



-^-©^ 



HOR.TON.— William Horton and his wife, 
Elizabeth Covert, removed from Somers (formerly 
Stephentown), Westchester Co., N. Y., to Colchester, 
in Old Ulster, about 17S9. His parents are said to 
have been Daniel nnd Esther (Lane) Horton, of 
Cortlandt Manor, Westchester Co, Wanted proof of 
Williani Horton's pareritage and ancestry. The 
Horton Genealogy, by C. F. Horton, 1S76, gives no 
authorities for its statement that William (5) was 
descended from Joseph (2) Horton of Rye, through 
David (3) and Daniel (4), and the public records of 
Westchester Co. fail to show positive proof of 
William's ancestry. It is thought that the desired 
facts may be found in Bible records, old letters and 
family papers of some of his descendants now living 
in Delaware, Sullivan and Ulster counties. Corre- 
spondence is solicited. 

By RON Barnes Horton, 

Sheffield, Pa. 



83 



O Id c Ulster 

I VI L L OF JEA N HA SBR UCK. 
Contributed by Chaplain R. R. Hoes, U.S.N. 



This will of one of the original New Paltz Patentees 
was written in tlie Dutch ]an_[^uage, and the present 
translation was made by Mr. B. Fernow, late Archivist 
of the State of New York, for Chaplain Hoes. It is 
not believed that it has ever before appeared iii print, 
arid its many qnaint passages as v.-ell as the light it 
throws upon the family history of one of the earliest 
settlers in " Old Ulster" is sufficient justification for 
offering it in unabridged form to the readers of this 
magazine. It is well to note that the residence of jean 
Hasbrouck, wliich bears the date of 1712, is the head- 
quarters and museum of the "New Paltz Huguenot 
I\Iemorial Society." 

In the name of the Lord, Amen. Be it hereby known 
to everybody that to-dn.}', the twenty-sixth day of August in 
the year of our Lord one thoiisand seven hundred and 
twelve, I the undersi-ned Jean Hasbro';ck of the New Paltz, 
County of Ulster, Province of Nev,- York in America, being 
iound in body, as I v,-alk and stand, and in full possession of 
my mind and memory, j^raised be tlie Lord for his mercy, 
considering the shortness and frailty of human life, the 
certainty of death and the uncertain hour thereof, and 
desiring to put everything in order, make this my last will 
and testament, hereb)' revoking, annulling, declaring null 
and void all such testament or testaments, will or v/ills, here- 
tofore made or executed, eifner verbally or in v.-riting, and 
fhis alone to be taken for my last will and testament and no 
other. Inprimus, I coi.'unend my soul to God Almighty, 
my Creator, and to Je-us Christ, my Redeemer, and to the 
Holy Ghost, my Sanctiner, and my body to the earth whence 
84 



The Wt'l of Juni Ha son 



il crane, to be liiuied in a Christian manner, and tliere to 
rest until my soiil and liody .-^hall be reunited on the Day of 
Judgment and enjoy tlie eternal gladness of immortalit}-, 
whiidi God by Iris grace has, by tlie sole merits of our Sa^■iour, 
piomised and prepared for all who sincerely believe in liim 
in tlicir hearts. Second, and concerni!ig such woildly estate 
of lands, houses, negroes, goods, houses, cattle, accounts, 
gold, silver, coined or uncoined, etc., a-, the Lord has fjcen 
pleased grant far above my merits, I order, gi\-e and dis- 
pose as follovis : 

jrd. It is my v.-ish and vail that all ni}- honest debts sh:ill 
in due time be paid. 

4t]i. I gi\e to my son Jacob Hasl)rouck and to his order 
or heirs all my land, l)ing within the boundaries of the 
patent of Xev,- Palt.-^, nothing excepted, with liouse, barn, 
and all ray other buildings thereon being and standing, also 
my wngons. -ploughs, harrows and ever}-thing tliereto belong- 
ing and also my two negroes named Gerrit and James ; 
further, the gun and v/hat belongs to it and the clothing of 
my deceased iow Isaac llasbrouck, and all my books except- 
ing three hereafter bequeathed to my daughter Elizabeth j 
also one ju.^t half of th.e balance oi my whole personal or 
movable e.-tate, exceptii:ig vvliat hereafter is bequeathed to 
my daughters Mary and Elizabeth, for which he shall turn 
over and ]jay as by these preseiits is hereafter directed, on 
condition that his oldest son shall irrst have for himself, his 
order or I'leirs, the piece of land lying between the land ot 
Abraham Didjois and my daughter Mary alor.g the Paltz on 
the South of it and at the north of the Paltz village. 

j//7. It is my will and wish that if my son Abraham 
Has!)rouck, who removed from tliis Province, should be 
alive and return here, then ni}- said son Jacob sliall deliver 
to him a good horse for his privilege of first-born and shall 
also give to in'm for hinrself, Ids order or heirs. Oiic just half 
of my whole real estate as it has above been devi,->ed to my 

85 



1. 



.said son Jacoh awA \\\\ said son Abraham shall iiave nor 
make any further cla.iin on my e^lale. 

6th. 1 give to my daughter Mary and to her order or heirs 
the sum of hfty-seven pounds current money of New York 
due me from Abraham Rutan according to bond f')rty-t\vo 
pounds and from Tieler Dubois according to bond fii'teen 
})Ounds. I also gi\-e to her all that she has heretofore had 
from me, and s'ne shall m:d-:e no further claims on my estate. 

jih. I give to Pieter Guimard, only son of \\\\ deceased 
daughter Hester, the sum of fifteen pounds current money 
of Neu' York, which m\' said son Jacob is to pay to said 
Pieter Guimard, vv-hon he marries or comes to be twenty- 
C)ne years old, but il'he should die before niarrying or reach- 
ing the age of twcnt}--one. m}- son Jacob shall be relieved 
from paying said sum of fifteen pounds. 

Sth. I give to my daughter Elizabeth, her order or heirs, 
the sum of sixt\- pounds current money of New York, 
v.hich I have nou' by me in cash and also \\\\ negro woman 
named Molly ; also three books, one Testament, the Prac- 
tice of De\-otion and a book of sermons written by Pieter 
Du Mollin and printed in th.e French Language ; also tlie just 
half of my whole {ler.-onal or mo\'able estate, e.\cei>ting what 
li.ereabove has been l)equeathed, on condition that ^■v•hen the 
negro w^oman ^fol!} bears children, Jacob sh,all have the first 
daughter, but he must leave her with the mother until bhe is 
one year old. 

gtli. It is my u'ish and will that if my son Jacob should 
die v/ithout a child or children lawfully begotten by him, all 
that is hereby given, to him shall go to my said two daughters 
Mary and Elizabeth, their order or heirs, to be divided 
between the two as follows : Elizabeth shall first have my 
house, barn, lot and the orchard behind the barn and the 
j->asture-land, lying between the pasture of Abraham Dubois 
and my said daughter Mary and all the rest they, ?s[ary and 
EHsabeth, shall sliare equally. 

86 



TJu Mill of Jean Hushroia 



loth. Il is my Avish and will tliat if my said danyhter 
Elizalffth should die without clvild or children, the sh.ire 
herewith devised and beiiueathcd to her shall go to my so)i 
Jacob and daughter Mary, their order or heirs, to be equally 
divided between them. 

/////. It is my wish and will that, should my son Jacob 
and my daughter Elizabeth both die without child or 
children, the shares hereabove devised and beijiieathed to 
them shall go to tlie tvro sons of my said daughter Mary, 
named Dariiel and Phillip, and to their order or lieirs, to be 
equally diAided betvreen thern. 

I2fh. I ajipoint as b^xecutors of this my last will and 
testament my said son Jacob Hasbrouck and my cousins 
Andre Lefe%re and Louys Dubois, demanding thai this my 
last will and testament may be obeyed and carried out in 
every part. Thus done at my house on the day and year 
as above. 

The mark of 

Jean I XI 13 Hasbrouck (i,. s.) 
Signed, sealed and declared 
by Jean Hasbrouck to be 
his last will & testament 
in our presence, 

Adkaha-M Hasbrouck, 

ROELOIF ElTINGE. 

Abraham Doyo, 

W. NoTTIXGiiAM. 

[Tins v/iLL WAS proved 14TH Aug. 1714J. 
— ^1^. — 

Our April number will contain the first install- 
ment of th.e baptismal records of the Dutch Church of 
Kingston, continuing the register from 1SC9, with 
vvhich year the nionumental v/ork of Cliaplain R. R.. 
Hoes, U. S. N., closed. 

87 



U Is i 



GRA VE-STOXE IXSCRIPTIOXS 

In Old H Hguenol B u r y i n (j - C r o in: a , Nczc Paliz. N . Y 
Cviiiiiiuuicaicd by CiiAPLAix R. R. IIOES, U. S. X. 

These inscriptions were copied, com!>ared and revisjd by ChapLuTi lloe 
on the iSth of Xov. i'^:'5, have never before been puhlisb.ed, and are arranaci 
by families in alphabetical order. Tliey are, in every inslauce, ex;ict copie 
of the original?, i.even the p'.;i!c'.natioii marks inclv.dedi, and reprc.-ent v.v. 
condiiio!". o: liic grave-stones at l!:e above date. 



^Memory of 
Gilt}' BogarJus, 
wife of ]o\\\\ l-)Ogardus, 
who departed tiiis life 
27 November 1 8 17, 
aged .?S )-edrs 4 nioiiths 
&■ 25 days. 
Our life liow short:, Our days how few, 
Ah Awful, Soiemn thought. 
In prime of life She's bid adieu, 
And resty wc hope \\-ith God. 



In 

memory of 

Doct. 

John Bogardus, 

Son of 

Evert ISogardus, 

who died 

Feb. 4, 1840, 

aged 54 y'rs. 2 mo. 

& 10 d's. 

The sweet remembrance of the just, 

Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

88 



Gratsyard iKsc^ifiions 



In 

mem or}- of 
Rachel Kiting, 

wife of 
Jolm Bogardus. 

wl\o died 
Dec. 27. JS31. 
aged 3vS years. 



In 

memory of 

Magdalen 

Brodhead 

who died 

June 10. 1S32, 

aged 16 years 

I mo & 19 d's. 



4. Died 

Jan. 27, 1S31, 

Gertrude 

daughter of 

John & 

Rachel Bogardus 

aged I )-car : 

& 16 days. 



5. John 

son of 

John &• 

Rachel 

Bogardus 

died 

Sept 23 1332 

aged 5 y'rs 

& 5 d's. 



7. In 

memory of 
Samuel Budd, 

who died 
April 5, 1S35, 
in the 67 year 

of his age. 

8. IMary 
Wife of 

Samuel Budd, 

died March 21 1S22, 

JE. 35. 



9- 



John T. 

Son of Samuel 

& Mary Budd, 

Died Feb. 21, 

1 82 1 

JE 25. 



89 



O Ide U I St e 



10. In 

memory of 
Hiram Budd, 

who died 

Feb. 1 8, 1837, 

^^gcd 33 y^S 7 mo 

6- 5 d's. 



In 

Memor^^ 

of 

Jonathan Clayton, 

who died Aug-. 30"' 181 1 

in the 23'^ year of his age 

Also Josiah D. Budd 
who died July 27'-'' 1804 
in the 4'^ year of his age. 



12. In 13- Benjamin D. 

memory of son of 

Fanny Deyo, Elias & 

wife of Eanny \jic\ Coe. 

EHas Coe, died 

who died Aug 17, 1821 

Nov. S9, 1S4S, aged 5 rno. 

J^ 46 y'rs & 6 mo. &" 5 ds. 



90 



LafKf/it oil DeatJt of Doviine Ma-'ci'us 

14. Died 15. Died 

Aug 29, 1S32 Sept. 5. 1S32, 

Benjamin D. Elizabeth, 

Son of daughter of 

Ehas & Elias &- 

Fanny Coc, Fann)- Coc. 

aged 4 y. aged ; y. 

6 mo. &■ 17 d. y mo. & 2 d. 

To be continued. 

— •■@(§^- — 

LAMENT ON THE DEATH OF DOMINE 
GEORGE WILHELMUS MANCIUS. 

Gemeynte huort wat droet>.eyt groot 

Komt oiis hier al te voren : 
En dat haes over tot de doot. 

Van onsen uyt verkoren. 
Heer Mancius di Hemel's tolck ; 
Die onder ons so Kingston volck — 

Syn leven heeft verslc-ten : 

Laten \vy hern niet vergetcn. 

1. O Church, do hear what sadness hath 

Us, one and all, affected ; 
And that by reason of the death 

Of him, our ov.n elected : 
Mancius, interpreter of Heaven, 
Hath us and Kingston's people given 

The life thai had been set him. 

So let us not forget him, 

91 



Aght en vyeftig JAren was hy. 

Als hem de Hecr knau-m halen ; 
Al in ?yn Ilemers koningkryk 

Daar is hy hecn gaan vaaren. 
Hy was een goeden predikaiu 
En rechte lerr.n'ir voor ons lant : 

Maar ogh hy is gestorven : 

En Jesus is syn borgen. 

2. When eight and tl;"t}- years of age 
He by the Lord was taken 
Out of his earthly pilgrimage 

To Heaven's Realm unshaken. 
He was an able preacher, and 
A real teacher for our land. 
Alas! he is deceased: 
But Jesus him released. 

O Gott! Het is een harden slag 

Die ons hier komt genaken ; 
Ogh! Laten wy doch sien dten dagh 

Dat wy weer vn'ogden smaken. 
Stall ons dogh v, eer een leraar voort, — 
Een trouwen herder so het behoort. 

O Gott ! V/ilt ons verbiyden ? 

O Heer 1 Vv'ilt ons gelyden? 

3. O God, it is a blow severe 

Tliat thus hath come upon us ! 
Oh ! may we :-ee the day draw near 

When joy again shall crown us : 
Another teacher let us see : 
A faithful shepherd may be ! 
O God, give us great joyance ! 
O Lord, give us Thy guidance 1 
92 



Lament .'U Dcaih of Doniine Mancius 



Svn .\ii;,n:.stis nam h)' syii afschcyt 

Ant iicerlyke woorden : — 
C)gh, viindeu ! Ncuit hel dogii in aclit 

iJocii wyiiera kstmacl huorden. 
Hy b;id so crJistelicli toV syn Godt, — 
(Jch, vrinden ! hoiuir doch Godl's gc^bol ; 

U'ik Godi den Hccre iuven. 

Dan krcy^lit gy prys van bovcn. 

4. In Augiisl spake he his farewell 

In \vord.s thai were heart-reaching ; 
O friends, had we but listened well 

When last we heard him preaching ! ■ 
To Gud so carncstl} he prayed : 
O friends, liad we In.U God obeyed 1 

J.et God, the I-ord, be praised ; 

So our praise will be raised. 

Derligh jaren beetl hy king 

Syn dier.st wel waar genonien. 
Als dcon hcest (lodt syn siel 

Van lighaani wcgh gcnomen. 
Al in syn Hernel's koningryck 
Daar hy langs was loeLereyt. 

AVie son h.et niei bcgeeven ! 

V\'ie sou hei niei begeeren ! 

5. For thirty years lie filled to full 
Tlie iniriistry he loved. 
Tlien from his body God his soul, 

Long well-prcjjared, remo\ ed 
To be v^iih him in hea\en above, 
And share the Kingdom of God's lo\e, 
Who would not \\\>\\ possessing 
Title to sucli a blessing? 
93 • 



01 de Ulster 



Ocli songheyt ' Ncnu hei doch in acht 1 

En wet het wel onthouwen ; 
lloe dat hy met ons dagh en naglit 

Cattekasatie heeft gehouden. 
Hy was ons leeraar verder voort, 
En stigten ons uyt Godt's woort, 

Al in Godt's Heylige Boeken. 

Sy hy. konneii v,-y bet soeken. 

6. O youth, do but consider well — 

It's v.orth the memorizing — 
What, da\' and night, he had to tell 

When he was catechizing. 
In adult years, our teacher too, 
Out of God's Word lie lessons drew. 
"In God's Holy Books, said he, 
" Truth is surely found to be." 

Och, vrinden .' Neerni het doch in acht. 

En wilt het nict ^■e^getten : 
Hoe dat van Hoevenbergh spraek ; — 

Dien hy hier dieu lyt precten. 
Hy spraek heerb, ke worden, fyrn, 
Bewaart u dogh voor \-alsche scheyn 

Voor kettersclie geleeren, 

Dat sprak hy ock veol legen. 

7. (J friends, do but consider how 

Van Hoevenberg exhorted, 
When he v/a^ i)reaching biere ere r.ow— 

It be TiOt unreijorted ! 
lie uttered glorious words, and said. 
" Guard \"0u against all counterleit. 
And heresies altc-ted." 
'Gainst these he (Mancinsj too protested 
94 



Lajiieni en Dcafh of Do:Kir:e Mancius 



8. Komi, laten wv tot Godt gaan 
In dees bcdrocfie dag en ; 

I'd roepen Hem van herten aen, 
Behoet ons voor veel pbgen. 

Vt'y syn, O Eeer, so niin als nict. 

A Is gy u bystant niet en biet, 
Niet v,-ert orn te spreken, — 
Wiens hert en sou niet brekeu. 



8. Come, let us now to God resort, 
These days of deep afliiction : 
Andcal! upon Him from the heart 

For his complete protection. 
We are as good as nothing, l>ord, 
If then Thy lielp dost not afford — 
Not worth to be heard speaking— 
Whose heart shouJd ikji be breaking ? 

!». Ik lieb dit nu by een ij,eljracht 

In het iaer Sesenlien liondert 
I'^n two en sestigh wilt \'erstan, 

Weest daar cm niet \erwondert. 
O God't ! geleydl ons al te saam, 
r.Kat v.-ij die piiortoi in riiogen gaan ; 

Oni daar met lierii te singen ; — 

Het liet der Heeniolsche Heer. 

i). 'J'hese tlioughts, which I have v.'ritten down. 
This year of seNeiiteen hundred 
And sixty-two. are too well known 

Not to be deejily pondered. 
O (iod. lead us in ever) state. 
So we nia)- enter through the gale, 
']'o join with him in singing 
Tlic i)r,u:-e HeaverjS Hosts are bringing ! 
.Sept. 6, 17G2. 

95 



O L, D ^^ Y L S T E R 



AN HISTORIC--- ^ GENLALGbJC- 



■IZIXi 



Publijhed Monthly, ai 143 ''''''''/' 
Street. K i n gft o n , -V. ): by 
BENJAMIN MYER BRINK. 



T i r HI s : — Tivo do!h-irs a )c\ir in riavaf!C. 
Copies, invent y-five cents. 



Sino-U 



We take pleasure \w presenting to our reaciers 
this month the Lament on tlie death of Domine Man- 
cius, both in the ori-ina! Dutch and in an English 
rendering by the accomphshed Dutch and PIngHsh 
schohir, the Reverend Henry Utterwick, who was th^e 
translator for the State of New York of tlie documents 
which have been incorporated in the later volumes of 
the Ecclesiastical Records of New Yorlc. This lament 
had been sought and advertised for all over Ulster 
county many years ago without success. It was 
thought to be forever lost. Domine Mancius was 
born in Nassau. Germany, in 1 7o6, and came from 
Amsterdam to America in 1730. lie took charge of 
the churcli of Katsbaan during that year. Me was in 
Schraalenberg, N. J., diuring the winter of 1731-2 and 
came the next spring to be the colleague at Kingston 
of Domine Vas, resumi;ig his charge of Katsbaan as 
well. He was a great organizer of churches in the 
valleys of the HudsMi, Wallkill and Rondout. It is 
largely due to his efforts that Ulster county to-day 
contains more Ref^Maied ciun-ches than any county in 
the United State.-.. Tiie int-rnal evidence of the poem 
shows that the unknown author was a member of the 
churcli at Katsbaan and not of the one at Kingston. 
96 



PICTURESQUE ULSTER 



BPICTOIIIAL WORK on Ulster County ; Roya^ 
Octavo in size: printed on liea\')' d'endered 
^ plate paper with special type. % % % % *»\ The 
complete book containing; over 2,000 copper 
plate engravini^'s of the choicest character, full)- iilustrat- 
ins; every secti )n of this nia-iiificent county with its won- 
derful and endless variety oi natural sceneiy. its city, 
towns, villages and handets, together wdth the mani- 
fold pursuits and various iiidustries of its iidiabitants. 
The literar\- matter accompanying and exijlanatory 
of the pictures is written frum an unbiased standpoint. 
I'icturescpie Ulster is published in two sections. North- 
ern and Southern Ulster. Jk^th sections are subdivided 
into towr.ships and deli\-ered to subscribers in ten parts 
of about tliirt\--two p.iges each as published, at 75 cents 
l^er pait. No subscription ta'cen for less than one sec- 
tion and no part sold separately. Price of complete 
work', $1^00. Price for either section, Sj-SO-'^a ^^ % 
Seven parts now ready, others in preparation. V^ V^ V^ 

P1CTURHSQ_UH PUBLISHING CO., 
SAUGFRTIHS, N. Y. 



'jTHE ])K. C O. SAULIUl SANITARIUM 

K/.VGSTO/V, X. v. 

A\ental z^n^ Nervous Disease?. 



c. '^ 



R. 15 A N T A'S 



Tiii: 



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In y"-' old"' D.itc'a toivn. All home-made goods. 



P O X 1) O l^ T 

^^ ^ Snv///crs Bank 






Assets - - 82^37159230 
Liabilities - - 25218,28545 

^^*p[u^^ "vl.s - 8153,637-62 

PVERETT .^- TREAD WELL lO. 

^ WHOLESALE GROCERS 

FLOUR, GRAIN and PROVISIONS. 

5_-,V and j;j;6 Br,-'^ui:.\iy. /2S\ /jo and /J2 Xon/i Fro)it 
Slrctt, i\i}v:^s:o)i, X. v. 

r\ L 1) >■• C O L O X I ^^ I- 

VAN BUREN HOUSE 

Corner Jo'ni aiu/ Lroz^wi S/re'r^'s. Kiugsfon, N. V. 
Table Jvjcird and Siiwle Men Is Served. 



OLD'-- VLSTER 

Will Giw Especial Attention to Lineaiie of 
Ulster Families 

QUESTIONS 

Of Lli-ibilir\- t<> the D A. R. -■- Like Societies 
Attended to 






V— i I- 






/ 



w '*' - -- - %i 



iD 



ii£^J.f-^^ 



'J- { Ji € Editor^ £ t nj a ni i n My € r B r i n 



:STRR CorxTY 
Sa7'///g-s 1 X ST i t u t i o x 



No. 218 Wai.i. Stri-.et 
KI^•(;^i■^>^■, Ni:\v York 



Depoiits, $3,000,000.00 

^^ALL^NTIX ]5URGE\'IX"S SONS 

0!d'^ Ulster'? Largest Florist; 
KLVGSTO.W X. Y. 



1/ I X G S T O X 



Savings B AX k 

No. 273 Wall Street 
KixcsToN. Nicw York 

OFFICERS: 

Luke Noone, Prcs C(l\^. IU'rhaxs. Tr^as 

Ja^ies a ]^ett<. I ,-,,. p Frwk Iohnstox, ^it-V 
MvRox Teller, r'"'"^-^"^ J. j. Lix^ox, t'.v///^.-/ 



C 11 O R T' S S 1" U D J O S. 

Xo.j2g l\\i// St., Kin-sf.:n, X. ]'., 

Xo. cj Jiast Strand, Roiuioitt, X. V. 

11 1 G H GRADE ARTISTIC VV O R K 

To ]'le;ise Y'o'i is .-Mir (Tain. 



cox TEXTS 

VuL. I . APRIL, lous No. 4 

The Esopus Settlors and tiie liuiiaiis 97 

Tlie Esopus as a Granai-y 1 16S3 > lOl 

]'ic>idciu Roosc\-ck\ Old Ulster .Aiiccstr)- lO:.' 

" The EsO[)US. a Land of .ALik and Lloncy " ( 1681) 104 

Thc New Pah<^ PatLDt ( lO;;) lO^ 

Accession of Cjeoii;e JIL Cclebi'ated 1 1701 ) 115 

Georc^e Washington to the ALisons (178--) 116 

Fairiil)- Vault of 'Phcinas Chambers 117 

Lihabitants ot the County of i^';>ter in 173S .... i iS 

Gravestone Li>ci iplions at New Paltz 119 

Kingston ILqitisnial Records after iSOQ 122 

Rall\-in_L,^ Song of tiie Tenth Legion (1861) 126 

Editorial Notes 128 

P O R S \' 'J^ 1 1 Cv D A \' I S 

Xo.^^o; WALL ST., A7X0S7VX 

Books, Stationery, 

Fine China, 

Bric-a-Brac, 
cr" Pi61ures 

Ariistic Wall Decjiatiuns, f^ictures Franicd 
to Order. 

ii 






Vol. I APRIL, 1905 No. 4 



7^/ie EsoUis Settlers 

J. 

and the Indians 



j®3.-1C 






SIDE from being the earliest settlement 

JVi % between New York and Albany "the 
Esopus was the most miportant spot m 
'v^'' the whole Hudson valley below the junction 

/ ' of the Hudson and the Mohawk rivers, 

i^>/; /I ^ven jn the days v/hen the Indian alone 
possessed the continent. Here converged 
three great valleys through each, of which 
flovv'cd a magnificent stream between wide 
and fertile lowlands. Here the Indian trails came 
together; here on these broad and open savannah.s 
were the corniields and gardens of the red men ; here 
in the forests was an abundance of game ; here in their 
season were the v/aters of the Hudson alive with shad 
and h.erring for their food supply. And these lowland 
meadows were far m.ore general!)- tilled by the Indians 
than is popularly supposed. The reports of Cregier's 
97 



O I d f V ' c / c r 



expedition of 1663 sliow hundreds of acres under culti- 
vation and pits for corn and beans containing hundreds 
of bushels. 

Here in the Esopus in 1652 v/as an Indian settle- 
ment wliich could muster about four hundred and fifty 
warriors and must have numbered from fifteen hundred 
to two thousand souls. 

The question naturally arises How did the settlers 
treat tliC Indians? It seems certain that the Indians 
welcomed the settlers. For fifty years previous to tin's 
it is evident that traders had been among them barter 
ing for their furs and, necessarily, wants had been 
developed on the part of the red men for the articles 
of trade which, to their mind were very conducive to 
their comfort and enjoyment. 

To the Indian land had no value. Their title to 
this thc}' were v/illing to convey for what was m.ore 
desirable and they welcomed the whites. It is on 
record that no land was wrested from the Indians in 
''the Esopus." It was all paid for at Wiltwyck, at 
Hurley, at the home of " the old sawyer " at Saugerties 
and at New Paltz. 

But when the settlers came to live as neighbors to 
the red men the usual troubles arose. Civilized and 
savage men have never yet lived as close neighbors 
and li\'cd at peace. Wlien there v/as an abundance 
with the Indians they feasted; when a scarcity they 
stai\ed. They v/cre very improvident. When they 
were in need they sav.' no reasoQ why the}' should not 
help themselves from the stores of provisions of tlie 
whites. This t!ie wliites resisted. Red men v/ere willing 
to share their abundance whciv there was a plenty. If 
98 



Esopus ScttUrs a7id the Indians 



his family were hungr}- v;hy should not a red man kill 
the Lit porker of liis v.hite neighbor which he found 
feasting upon the acorns in the forest? If that white 
neighbor were out of food would the Indian not throw 
into his white brother's door half of the deer which he 
had killed on his last hunt ? 

Besides the habits of tlie savages were filthy and 
lascivious. There is no evidence that any white woman 
ever suffered outrage from the Esopus savages even 
during the captivity of 1663. There is no evidence 
that the marital relations of these Indians were not 
comparatively pure according to their standards. But 
there was a universal immorality among the youth of 
both sexes among them. And this immorality of 
their savage neighbors was an occasion for offense. 

More than all as a disturbing element was the 
appetite of the red men for intoxicating drink. The 
cause of what are known as " The Esopus Indian 
Wars" was a drunken " kintecoy " over a keg of ten 
gallons of brandy. It was unlawful to sell liquor to 
an Indian. But then, as now, men v/ould violate this or 
any lav/ if it paid in money. So these savage children 
of the forest, primitive in their habits, with all the 
elemental passions of nature, v/ith no training in self- 
control obtained the brandy, becam.e drunk and in 
their craze fired a gun and killed Harmen Jacobs, who 
was standing on the yacht of William Moore in the 
Rondout creek. Others set fire to the houses of Jacob 
Adriance and Andries van der Sluys. The settlers 
appealed to Governor Stuyvesant who chastised the 
the savages. Had the irascible governor but had some 
of the tact with which Arendt Van Corlaer and Peter 
99 



OlJe Ulster 

Schuyler doalL \\\\.\\ the Inciuui? at .llbaii)* thiC vliolc 
iv.atter could liave been arranged. Tlie Indians were 
very desirous of living at peace and offered to pay for 
all damage done and claimed, it seems v,-i(,h truth, that 
Jacobs was sliot by a vagrant Indian of another tribe. 
But Stuyvesant would not listen to counsel or consider 
the justice of their claims and was determined to 
punish the trangressors and Ensign Sn:iit ^^'as sent with 
a force against the savages. His troops captured 
about twenty of th.e Indians and these the governor 
sent to the \\"cst Indies to be sold as sla\'es. This 
was the cause of an undying hatred of the " Sv.'an:>c- 
kins,"' as tliey called the wliite rnen of " the Esopus." 
And it was the origin of all the subsequent ills and 
outrages which Wiltwyck and Hurley suffered. It 
v/as the act of a hot-headed, obstinate and injudicious 
official, in which the settlers had no voice nor share 
but which brought a harvest of destruction and death 
to them, or a long captivity to their wives and children. 
It led to the Second Esopus War and massacre of 
1G63. There is nothing to show that the retribution 
of Stux'vesaiit was at all visited upon the Indians who 
had been guilty, — those who were sent into captivity 
and slavery being rncrel}- those whoiri tl'ic fortunes of 
war had thrown into the hands of the governor, so the 
retaliatory vengeance of the Indians v/as visited upon 
inrioccnt w orncn and children in tlie bloody summer 
of 1663 who suffered for the liot-headcd, impulsive, 
inconsiderate and injudicious acts of an energetic but 
obstinate executive. 



100 



Tl;c Esopi'.s as a Gj aiwry 



THE E SO PUS AS A GRANARY, 

Thomas Dongan became tlie Governor of New 
York in ]6S3. The folKnving yc:\x lie reported to the 
British Jiome governmeiit on the state of the province 
in these terms : 

"The principal Tov.tis witliin this Government are 
New York-, Albany and Kingston at Esopus. All the 
rest are country villages. The buildings in New York 
and Albany are generally of stone and brick. In the 
country the liouses are mostly new built, having two or 
three rooms on a floor. The Du.tch arc great improvers 
of land. New York and Albany live wholly upon 
trade with the Indians, England and the West Indies. 
The returns for England are generally beaver, peltry, 
oil and tobacco, v\-lien we can have it. To the West 
Indies we send flour, bread, pees, pork and sometimes 
horses. The return from thence, for tlie m.ost part, is 
rum, which pays the King a considerable excise; and 
some molasses, which serves the people to make drink 
and pays no custom." 

It follows that if New York and Albany lived 
wholly upon trade with the Indians and foreign com- 
merce that the Esopus must have fed the colony, 
v/hich was the case. The Governor continues: " Every 
town and Count}- are obliged to maintain their ov.-n 
poor, v.hich makes them bee soe careful tliat no vaga- 
bonds, beggars nor idle persons are suffered to live 
here." 



lOI 



Oldc Ulster 



PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT S OLD ULSTER 
ANCESTRY. 



Contributed by Chaplain R. 21 Hces, U, S. N. 



Nicholas Roosevelt, son of Claes [i. e. Nicho- 
las] Martenszen [Roosevelt], the first of the family in 
this country, -.vas baptized in the Dutch Church of 
New York City 2 Oct. 165S. He removed tu Kingston 
previous to 16S0, a;xl on the 26th of Dec. 1682 he 
married in New York Heyltje Jans Kunst, daugh.ter of 
Jan Barentscn Kunst. His first four children were 
baptized in Kingstoii, -—namely, Jannetje, 4 Nov. 16S3 ; 
Margarctta, 11 Oct. 16S5 ; NichoL-.s, 28 Aug. 16S7; and 
Johannes, ancestor of President Roosevelt, 3 IMarcli, 
1689. He subsequently removed to New York City, 
wliere he had six children baptized between 1691 and 
1701. He was an Alderman in Nev/ York from 169S 
through I70i,and also in 1715. He died in New York 
30 July 1742. His son, — 

Johannes Roosevelt married in Nev/ York 25 
Sep. 170S, Heyltje Sjoerts, daughter of Capt. Olfert 
Sjocrts. He v\'as assistant Alderman from 17 17 until 
1727, and Alderman from 1730 to 1733. His v.ife had 
eleven children (.-ix sons and five daughters) betv/een 
i7C9and 173 1, all 01 v;hom v/ere baptized in the Dutch 
Church in New York. One of these,— 

Jacolus [i, e. James] Roosevelt was baptized 9 
Aug. 1724, and married, 2 Dec. 1746, Annatje Bogert, 
and 14 July 1774 Helena Gibson. He was a private in 
102 



Rooseve/f's Old U/sfcr Af:crsi'ry. 

the State Colonial Troop?, under Captains Hadlock and 
Blauvelt in Hay's Regiment, and also in Yates' Ivegi- 
ment. He had eleven children b\- his first wife (four 
sons and seven daugh.ters), ail baptized in New York 
between 174S and 1767, and by h.is second wife a 
daughter, baptized in 1775. 

Jacobus, [i. e. James] Roosevelt, son of the last, 
was baptized in New York 25 Oct. 1759, and married 
in 1793 Maria Van Schaaclc. He died 13 Aug. 1S40 
in New York and his wife died in the same place 3 
Feb, 1S45. ^^^ '^'•'•^^~' " Commissary during the entire 
[Revolutionary] war, giving his services with.out re- 
v/ard.'' (Empire State S. A. R. Register, 1S99, page 
52S). Subsequent to tlie Revolution he became prom- 
inent in the hardware business. All his six children, 
five sons and one daughter, were baptized in the Dutch 
Church in New York. One of these, — 

Cornelius Van Schaack Roosevelt v/as born 
in Nev/ York 30 Jan. 1794, married Margaret Barnhill 
of Philadelphia, and died at Oyster Bay 17 July 1S71. 
His wife died 23 Jan. 1861. He v.-as a successful 
business man in New York for nearly half a century. 
He was one of the founders and a director of the cele- 
brated Chemical National Bank in New York. }Ie 
had six children, all sons, and all born in New York, 
one of whom, — 

Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York 22 

Sep. 1831, and was a prominent and successful business 

man in th.at city. He aided in raising and equipping 

regiments during the civil v.'ar and assisted in organ- 

i03 



O I d € U /sic 



\z'n\g tlic New York Union League Club, the Sanitary 
Commissloi'i, the Protective War Claims Association, 
the Soldiers' Employment Bureau, the OrthopcTidic 
Hospital in New York, the rvletropolitan ivluseum of 
Art and tlic Museum of Natural Histor}-. He was the 
Vice-President of the State Charities Aid Association, 
member of the Board of United Charities, President of 
the State Board of Charities, Trustee of the Children's 
Aid Society, and Collector of the Port of New York. 
He married 22 Dec. 1S53, ^^lartha Bulloch of Roswell, 
Georgia, and died in New York 9 Feb. iS;S. His wife 
died in the sanie place 12 Feb. 1S84, They had four 
children (two sons and two daughters), or.c of whoni, — 

Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United 
States, was born In New York 27 Oct. 1S5S. 



The third pastor of the old Dutch church of 
Kingston (16S1-16S7) was tlic Reverend Johannes 
Weecksteen. In a letter to the Chassis of Amsterdam 
written "In America, Kingston, in the Esopus, Anno 
l6Si» 27 October, O. S. 7 November, N. S." he thus 
describes his new home: "We find ourselves In a 
country where everybody but the utterly discontented, 
can obtain li^'s every desire — a land fiov/ing v.dth milk 
and honey. Here everything that can be wished for 
in the Fatherland, can be obtained." 






J 04 



The New Palt^ Patent 



"""^^.N the seventh da}- of June, 1663, Wiltwyck 
I %J % (I'^^i''Sston) and the Nieuv/ Dorp (Hurley) 
':aS33:K3rJ were burned by the Indians, inany of their 
.,,^_^ I inhabitants massacred and sixty-six women 
^.^C,^;'; and cliildren taken captive. Of these thirty. 
I V'''^, I four were soon reported as " found," leaving 
I v/ y still in the liands of t'le savages thirty-two. 
I <^^' % In the vreeks immediately succeeding some 
of these v>ere rescued, but the larger number 
v^'ere in captivity for three months, and a few for six 
months before they were restored to their families. 
The story of v;hat was knov/n as the First Esopus 
War and that of the Second Esopus War are among 
the most thrilling of the events in the history of the 
Esopus region. It v/as tlie only time vrhen the toma- 
hav.'k, the torcli and the horrors of Indian captivity 
were experienced in the peaceful infant settlements. 
Among the settlers in Hurley were a number of French 
Huguenots and among these captives were tlieir v,-ives 
and children. Husban.ds cind brothers accompanied 
the military force of Captain ?,Iartin Cregier on his 
expedition to the Indian '' Kew Fort," on the bluff in 
the present tovv-n of Shav/angunk overlooking Sha- 
wangunl: Kill. On their march there and on the return 
journey ^vith the tv/cjity-lliree captives v/hom they had 
released they passed througli the Wallkill valley and 
105 



Oldc Ulster 

over tb.e fertile lowlands beyond Rosendale, The 
beauty and fertility remiuned as vivid in their memo- 
ries as did thut of the lovely Genesee valley in the 
minds of the soldiers of Sullivan's expedition after his 
memorable campaign against the Iroquois in 1779, and 
deeper grew in one case as in the other the desire for 
homes upoti such prolific acres. 

It d.OQ:?- not seem that man}-, if any, of the settlers 
at New Paltz had located in Wiltwyck (Kingston) pre- 
ceding their settlement in the valley of the Walikiil 
They all seemed to have made their homes at Hurley, 
It is true that Louis Du Bois came afterv/ards to 
Kingston and engaged in business here until his death. 
One at least of the "Duzine," as the twelve Nev/ 
Paltz patentees were called, never made his home in 
New Paltz at all. Anthony Crispell lived and died in 
Hurley, Nevertheless he was, and remained, of those 
who will be always known as the founders of that cele- 
brated settlement which, despite the paucity of its 
numbers, in its inf.uence and conservative character 
has been one of the famous places in American history. 

Fourteen years passed between the disclosure of 
the Walikiil valley to the eyes of these Huguenot 
exiles and tlie realization of their hopes, their longings 
and their drcam<s. Mea::i\vhile the colony of New 
Netherland liad passed out of the possession of the 
Dutch into that of the English and had become New 
York, had bL,'en recovered by the Dutch and then 
finally ceded to the Englisli. Sir Edmond Andros 
was now the go\-ernor of the colony and it is said tliat 
Abraham Hasbrouck, one of the subsequent patentees, 
liad served witii Andros in the British army. What- 
ic6 



riic Xc:v Pj!/', /^,^ ;;,' 

ever be the truth of this upon llie 2S'Ji of April, 1677. 
a liceiisc was obtained from Sir Eclniond Aridro?. the 
British, governor, to purchase from th.e Indian proprie- 
tors their Lmds along the \\'ajlkiH for th,e future h.onie 
for these exiles. We are indebted to VOL. XIII of 
the Colonial History of New York for the translation 
of the agreement between the Indians and the 
patentees from the Dutch in which it was v/ritten. 
The language of tliis agreement and the terms upon 
which the Indian proprietors would convey the pro- 
posed tract are as follows : 

THE ARTICLE OF AGREEMENT 

1'o-day, tiie c6''' of May in the year 1677, an agree- 
ment was made by the hclow-named parties, pursuaiU to a 
license from the Hon'-''^ Governor Ed;:u>r.d Andres, dated 
the 28^''^ of April 1G77, with the undersigried Esopus Indians 
concerning the junchose of a certain tract of land ow the 
other side of the Rondrut Kil. 

Matsayay, 'NeJiakaicay, Jfa^-akaJwos, Assmarakan and 
Waijaivards acknowledge to have sold to Le^vis Dulois and 
his associates the land v.itlhn the following boundaries : 
Beginnning at the high hill called Mog-^oneck, thence South- 
east tov>'ards the Great ]\.iver to the ]<oint called JnffrouiA s 
IJocd: in the Loner Reach, by the Indians called Ma^^aat 
Rartis, tlience North along the river to the island, 1} ing in 
the Cntii: E!bo:u at the beginning of the Long Read., by the 
Indians called RapJioos, therjce \\"est to the high hiil at a 
place called JFardtii/i.zt-s and 7\-iZcciercfj.que, along ti:e In'gh 
hill southwest to ^[t^^o}lcck, including between these boui:- 
daries all contain.ed therein, hills, valleys, waters etc and a 
free passage to the Rcndout Kii :^:^ con-.enient, as it may be 
found. The In<uari£ i\r:<.\\ also have fully as much liberty 
107 



O Id c U 



and license to hunt z^\ kind of v.iM animal and to fish, as 
the Christians. I'liis land the Indians have engaged to sell 
fov the goods specified here helow ; 

40 Kettles, 10 large 30 small 100 kni\cs 
40 axes 4 ancres of 

wine 
40 addices 40 guns 

40 shirts Go duffels 

coats 
100 fathoms of v'hite v,-ampum 60 blankets 
3CXj '■'■ " black " 100 nails (?) 

60 pairs of socks, one half of 

thern small ones i schepel of 

100 bars of lead pipes 

AVinc has 
I kegofpov/der " been given 

for the 
horses 

The parties of either part herev/ith acknowledge to 
have agreed and have signed this with their hands. 

Signed :' 

LowiEs Du Boovs TvIatsayav X his mark 
Christian DeYoo x his mark WACirroxcK x mark 

Abraham Haeslroocq Sf.xkrakan x his mark 

Andries Lefeere :»*lAYAKAnoos'X liis mark 

Jan Eroocq Wawawamis x her mark 
PiKRE Dovo Witnesses : 

LowiE ]J IV ERIE Tan Elton 

Anthony CRRSPri. Jacomintje Slecht 

Abraham Uu iJoovs Jan Mattvsen 
Hug I Frere 

IsiACK Du Boovs Agrees with the original : 

SvMEON Lefedre De la Montagne Secy 



Av/c y^?//^ Patent 



THE INDTA:f DEED. 

Nothing further seems to have been done in the 
snattcr during the summer. In September, 1677, four 
months thereafter, the Indians having received their 
consideration, the following CGcd v/as executed: 

\\Q. the undersigned former joint-o^■^Tlers of the land sold 
to LciL'is Dubois and his associates acknovdedge to have 
received from tijem full sansfacuon according to the agree- 
niciit and therefore convey the said land vdth a free passage 
to them and theii heirs forever, relinquishing our right and 
title and freeing them from ah further claims : in %vitness 
wlicreof v.e liave signed this nirh tlie Justice, Sheriff, Magis. 
trates and others present on the 15-^' day of September 1677 
at Hurley. 



Signed 
Esopus Sachems 
Sf.wakaxamv X his mark 
Paxnf,re\vac"h X his mark 
.Mamaroch X her mark 

Ma HEN Y 

Haroman X his mark 
PAG0TAk.\MiN X his mark 
WiXGAWis X his mark 
Wessexach X lu's mark 
jMaccamossixgh X his mark 



Matsayay X his mark 
iVsSEN'ERAKAX X his mark 
Wachtonck X his mark 
Wavvamis X her mark 
^Machkahoos X his mark 
Wawesaska X his mark 
NamaS X his mark 
Taomchkapav X his mark 
Saagarowox X his mark 
Sav/oxgwis X his mark 
Machk.\ka:joca X his mark 



109 



Oldc Ulster 



Witnesses 

Jax Elton Thomas Chamt-eks 

RoELoi'K Hexuricks G. Hall 

Ja.v Walrl) A\'ls;~el Ten Ekoocq 

Jax Hakkls Dirck Sciiefmcos 

Allerut Jaxsex Hexdrick Jochemsen '; 

Gerret Cokxelessex Joust Adriexsex 
Lambert Huvsler'j sex 

Matsayay j.-uhlicl}' proclaimed before the sur- 
roundiiig Indians th.at tlie land liad been paid for, and 
they were all satisfied with it. 

Across the ton of this deed Sir Edniond Andros 
v.-rote the follow incj endorseiYient : " I do allow of the 
within Ikrgaine and shall Grant patents for y" Same 
when payments m.ade accordingly beefore mee or 
Magistrates of Esopus. 

An DROSS." 

THE PA TENT OE NEV/ PALTZ. 

Fourteen days after the above deed was executed 
Governor Andros, on the 29th of September, 1677, 
issued the patent^to Louis DuBois and his associates, 
K-nown as tlie " Duzine," or the " Twelve Patentees." 
This liistoric document bears tlie seal of James, Duke 
of York (afterwards James II. King of England) and 
the seal bears still, plaiidy legible, the motto " Hctii 
soit qv.i vial y fmse. (Evil to him who e\il thinks). 
About the bottom of the seal are the v.'ords in Latin 
" P-^crinc Nov Rboracuin " (I'roviiice of New York.) 

Among the ",'aluable docunier.ts present:.^! to " TI:e 
no 



Ulster Historical Socict)- "" in i860 was an ancient 
cop}-, transiated into French, of tiiis celebrated docu- 
Piient. It was given to the societ}- b\' James L. Has- 
bronck' and is still in the possession of W'iUiani Louns- 
bery, who is the custodian c>f w liat lemains of its 
archives. It is extremely gratif\-iig that Ol D1-: 
Ulster is able to la\- before its readers this month 
fac-sifnilcs of both the Indian d.Q^<i to New Paltz and 
of the charter of her existence. This patent is in 
English, written upon paichment and in an excellent 
state of preser\-ation. 

EDMUND AXDROS, RSQ^ , 

Seigrieur of Sansniarez, Lieu'. ^: Go^■ernour General! 
under his Royall Hiirhne.-^se JAMES Duke of ^orke Os: 
Albany cVc of all his lcrritor\es in Anierica. Whereas 
there is a certain piece of Land att Esoiius, the which b^• 
my approliacon and Consent, liath been purchased of the 
Indian Prij]>rietors, by Lewis Du Bois and Partners ; The 
said Land l\ir.g en the South side of tliC Redoute Creeke or 
Kill, beginning nom the PL'gh Hills called Mo(a:;oNCK, from 
thence stretching South East neare the Groat River, to a 
certain Point or Hookc called the Jluftrous Hoock^- l_\eing 
in the Long Rea<d'i named b}' the Lidyans ?\La.o.\a rRAMi-^. 
then North \\\) alongst the River to an Island in a Crouked 
Elbow in the Jteginning 01 the Long Reach called by the 
Indyans RAPr;oo>, and then West on to the High Hills, to a 
place called Waua iAi.Ar.> and TawarataijU'.- and so aloni^st 
the said High Hills S(.)uth \\'est to .NbioooxcK aforesaid : All 
which hath by tlie .Magistrates ot b^sojius been certified unto 
mce to liave been })ubli'Hieiy bouglit and jiaid k>x in their 
presence : As by the Return from thence duth and may 
appeare : KXOW YEh: that by \irtne of his ^L'i'.''^■^ Letters 
Patents, and the Commission and authority unto mee gi'.en 
III 




The Ifiaid}! Det.d to Sciv Paliz. 



i 










"W ^ 






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7- - 


' 


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■^ 






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, 


1 

{ 








J, 


, ' 


I 








X 


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--- 


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ii3 



Olde Ulster 



\)\ liis Royall Hiylmetibe, I liave given. Ratilycd, corifirmed 
and graunted, and by tliese presents doe hereby give, ratify, 
confirme& graimt unto the said Lewis Du J'-ois and I'artners; 
Tliatt is to say, Christian Do)o, Abraham Haesbroocq, 
Andries Lefevre, Jean Brooccj. Pierre Doyo, Laurens Biverie, 
Anthony Cresixdl, Abraham Du Bois, Hugo Lrere, Isaack 
Du Bois, and Syir^eon Le I'evre ; their heyres and Assignes, 
the afore recited piece of Laiid and premisses ; Together 
with all the Lands, Soyles, Woods, Hills, Dales, Meadowes, 
pastures, ALarshes, Lakes, "\\'aters. Rivers, fishing, Hawking, 
Hunting and fowling, and all other Proffitts, Comnioditys, and 
Emoluments whatsoever to the said piece of Land and prem- 
isses belonging, with their & every of tlieir appurtenances, & 
of every part and parcell thereof; TO HAVE AND TO 
HOLD the said piece of Land and premisses, with all and 
Singular the appurtenances unto the said Lewis Du Bois and 
partners their he}res and assigns to the proper use and 
behoofe of him the said Lewis Du Bois and partners their 
heyres and Assignes for ever. And that the plantacons which 
shall bee settled upon the said ])iece of Land bee a Township. 
and the Inhabitans to ha\e liberty to make a High ^^'ay 
between them and the Kedoute Creek or Kill for their Con- 
venience : Hee the said Lewis Ihi Bois and partners their 
heyres and Assignes, Returning due Surveys <S: making 
improvm-.'^ thereon according to Law ; and Yielding and 
paying therefore yearely and every yeare unto his Royal 
Highnesse use an acknowledgment or Quitt Kent att the 
Redout in F.sopus five Bushclls of good A\'inter Wheat unto 
such (Officer or Othcers as shall bee enijiowered to receive 
the same: CHd-.X inider my hand and Seak-d wV" y^: Seal 
of the Province in New York this 2^)^^ day of Septendjer in 
the 2(jV' yeare of his Ma^''-= Reign; Anno Domini 1677. 

An DROSS. 
Examined Ijy mee. 

MATTHIAS MCOLLS, Seer. 

114 



Ascessior. of Gcor£t: III. 

ACCESSION OF GEORGE III CELEBRATED 
EV KIXGSTOy {1761). 



Contributed by Chaplain R. R. Hocs, U. S. N. 



It is well that wlien the good people of Kingston 
were celebrating v-ith so much enthusiasm the acces- 
sion of George III. to the English throne they could 
not look forv.-ard to the i6th of October 177;', and see 
their beautiful town iri flames and totally destroyed 
by tlie emissaries of the sovereign v.liose virtues they 
were extolling vrith sincere affection and loyalty. 
Their foresiglit would ha\-e daniper.ed tlie ardor of 
many of Old Ulster's sons wlio subsequent]}- fought in 
the Revolution and regarded the English King as a 
tyrajit and despot. But at the festive occasion referred 
to they had a royal good timie, which is best described 
in its original quaintness in the following communica- 
tion to "The I\ev;-York Gazette" of the i6th of 
February 1761 : — 

KINGSTON, {UlsUr Ccirnfj) January 28, 1 761. 

'I'his Day our gracious and illustrious Sovereign King 
Gkorgk tiie Illd, Mas proclaimed here : In the afiernoon 
Abraiia/n Lev,-, Es'i ; High .Sheriff of this County, attended 
by all the Ofiicers of the Horse and Foot rvlilitia, the Ju.-:tice?, 
and 'J'rustoes of this Town-Cor} orate, and several of the 
princi; Ai Freeholders and Iiihaliitants of tlic County, rnc^rched 
in a regular Procession to the Court-House, where Flis most 
Ro\m1 iind Sacred Majesty v/as proclaimed, in t;;e Presence 
of a u'Uiieru'j.s Audience: of People, ^^ith all the Solemnity 

and jijyous Accl.-uiiations due r.pon such an Occasion. 

The Prucc-.-ion telnrned in Order to the House from -.vhence 
th'-v c-inie, wiiere the iollowing Toasts were comrnemora'ied, 
li ^ • 



O I .i c Ulst^ 



viz. His :^[;■Je^t\• King GKr^ReiE uie Tihrd ; after Wjiicli a 
Royal Salute followed fiora our Cannon ; — 'Y\\<i Princess 
Dowager of \Valks, and all the Royal Family, — v,-hen a Round 
followed fron) onrC'annon ;— I'he Ki>;c; of l^riissia. — another 
Round ; — ^Nlr. Rs it ; — Success to the Kxnedilion T'leet ; — 
Success to His Majesty's Arm^ l-}- Sea and R:ind ; — Ourwoiihy 
President ; — (icneral AMHi'.RST. — General Mukrav, — 
General Gage, — "fhe Ran.d we li\e in : — Witli many others, 
unnecessary to mention.— Afler wr.ich I'ollowed several other 
Rounds from our Cannon ; — .Vnd the Evening concluded 
v.-iihall the L^emonstralion.s andi Marks, of Loyalty and Joy — • 

u^>ual upon such an r^cra.-ion. 

N. B. This might ha\e liecii inserted in our last Week's 
Paper, if the Kingston >iaii h.ad )net with no Delay. \^A!id 
'iUi" /:;:o:o tw A'eason, :^'/i_y our Cusfcvners thcJ IVay should 
not he obliged 7V}th havi^:^ ihcir Loyally express" d in pnni, as 
ivell as others. ] 



a?m- 



Through the courtesy of Mr. Charles B. Saf- 
ford, of the City of Kir:gston, Olde ULSTER is 
enabled to lay before its readers the follov.'ing original 
letter written by George Washington : 

State of New York, 
Augt. lo^'^ 17S2. 
Gent'.^ 

The Masonick Ornarn':^ which accompanied your Brotherly 
Address of the 23^ of Jan>' last, tlio' elegant in themselves, 
were rendered more valuable by the liattering sentim.ents, 
and affeciionate manner, in ^, hich they were presented. 

Jf myeji-deavours to avert the Evil, witli which tiiis Country 
was ihieatened by a deliberate plan of Tyranny, should be 
crowned with the success thai is wished — the praise is due 
116 



Va:/// of Thc'ias C'utmbers 

:-. ::.r ■Jr:;\-a Architect of tiie Universe ; v/ho did not see 
.": ::, S-rftr his Sunerstructures and Justice, to be subjected 
tv \:.^ A — b:i;on of tlie Princes of this World, cr to the rod 
of -^>rt:-:;:n in the hands of aiiy po^ver upon Earth.— 

z '-Z >;•-:: anectioiiatc vows, permit me to be gratef'il ; 

zzA cff^r rr.ine for true Brethren in all parts of the V/orld ; 
£.'.'1 t: i;~.ure }ou of the sincerity with v/hich I am 

G? Washington. 

V'' A IS ox & CossoN 

East of Nantes. 

— ®a>^~- 
/':^^¥/z]' VAULT OF THOMAS CHAMBERS 
Contributed bf Robert L. Lcughran, M. D. 



When the late Jansen Hasbrouck erected his 
brick house on the site of the family vault of Thomas 
Chambers on the Strand at Readout, he removed the 
remains therein to Montrepose Cemetery where they 
v.'cre re-interred. These remains were tliose of 

Thomas Chambers, Lord of Foxhall I^.Ianor, died S 

Apr. 1694. 
Laurcntia Kellenaar, wife ist of the Rev. Lauren- 
tius Van Gaasbccck, 2nd of Thomas Chamibers 
and 3rd of Wessel Ten Brocck, 3 May, 1703. 
Abraham Gasbeek Chambers, aged about 80 }-ear3, 

28 Sep. 1759. 
Sarah Ikyard, wife of above Abraham, 13 Nov. 

117 



O I d e U i iter 

•Nicholas Hofirnan, a grandchild, 13 Nov. 1759. 
Laurence Van Gaasbec-k, aged one year, son of 

Abraham, i/OSe 
Thomas Van Gaasbeek, ?.geJ 45 years, son of 

Abraham, 1752. 
Thomas Van Gaasbeek, son of above Thomas (died 

in infancy) 1733. 
Peter Van Gaasbeek, aged 19 yr, 4 mo, 26 d. son 

of Abraham, 17 Dec. 1731. 
Abraham Van Gaasbeek, aged i yr, 2 mo, 10 d. son 

of Abraham, 1715. 
Abraham Van Gaasbeek, son of Thomas, died in 

infancy, 1750. 
Elizabeth Van Gaasbeek, aged 9 years, 1734. 
Sarah, a daughter of William Van Gaasbeek. 

- — \iii:ii^-~ 

A LIST OF THE NUMBER OF INHABITANTS 

Both Whites and Bhxcks Males and Females Each Sort 

Above and Under the Age of Ten Years in the 

County of Ulster, Anno, JjjS 

Whites Males above ten years old 1,1/5 

Whites Females above 10 years i,6Sl 

Whites Males under 10 54 ^ 

Whites Females under 10 601 

Totall of v.liites 3.99S 

Blacks TJalcs above 10 3/3 

Blacks ffemales above 10 260 

Blacks males under 10 124 

Blacks ffemales under 10 no 

Total of Blacks S72 

The number of the v.hole in the 

County Except yV high Lar.ds.. 4,870 
iiS 



Gra-; rsion ■: Jr. sc r ift ; 



GRAVESTONE INSCRIPTIONS 

In Old Hur u e n ot B u ry i w n . Cro und, New Pa It::, N. Y. 
Ccmrnunicated by Chatlain R. R. }I.ofs, U. S. X. 

These iiiscriptious v.-ere coricsl, compared anj revised ))y Chaplsin Hoes 
on t)ic lith of Nov. i^Pj, have never lieforc been published, atid are arranged 
by fsTiiilies iu p/.j-habetical order. Thev are, in every iijstance, exact copies 
of the oriyiualr, (even the punctuation marks included), and represent the 
condjilion oi the gravc-sloucs at the above date. 



Cov.tinued J'roni page gi. 

i6. Hampton, ly. In 

son of Elias & Memory of 

Fanny Coc, Hiram Dakln. 

died who died 

Sept. 29, 1S45, ^'^^'^y i^' ^851, 

yE. 7 mo's. •^. 4S y'j's II mo, 

& 26 d's 




19 



19. In 20. In 

rneraor}' of Memory 

Cap\ Abraliani Doyo, of 

who departed tliis life Simon De)'o ; 

September I2V'^ 1S05, who departed this life 

aged 69 )-ears 2 months the 26''v of Jul)' 1S09, 

and 15 days. ^ig"^^ 43 '^"^^"irs 2 ?vIonths 

& 2 Days. 



21. In 

mci-!iory of 
Benjamin II. Deyo 
Vvdio died 
April 6, 1S37, 
aged 61 y's. & 7 m 
My friends I bid you all adiei 
I leave you in God's care, 
And if I never more see you 
Go on i'll meet you there. 



22. 1731 X OCT 7 



A X D EOlS 

SVRVIVER 

OF 12 

PATTF^TEES 

120 



Gravestone Lisa 



21. In 

mem on- of 

Mariah wife of 

Benjamin H. De\-a [Deyo] 

who died 

Oct. 20. 1S34, 

aged 57 3-ears 
6 mo. 7 d's. 
Hear is tlic patience of the Saints Iiere 
Are they th.at keep the commandments 
Of God &■ the faith of Jesus. 
And I licard a voice from Heaven 
Saying unto me write blessed are 
the dead which die in th.e Lord 
from hence forth yea saith the 
spirit th.at may rest from there 
h\bours and their v.'orlcs do 
follow tliem. 



24. Sally, 25. died 

daughter of June 19 1832 

Benjamin & Cornelia 

I\Iary DeYo, daugliter of 

died April 10, iSiS Francis & 

aged 16 years Elizabeth Dcyo 

7 months & aged $ y'rs 

12 days. 9 mo. & 2 d's 

To be C07ii%m'.ed. 
121 



BAPTISMAL AND MARRIAGE REGISTERS 
Of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, X, Y. 

In 1891 Chaplain Roswell Randall Hoes, U. S. N, 
privately printed in a royal quarro volume of 797 pages 
the baptismal and niarriage registers of tJie Old Dutch 
Church of Kingston, Ulster Co., N. Y. from 1660 
through 1809, — one hundred and fifty 3'ears. With 
the exception of the records of the Dutch Church of 
New York, whicli were not published until after 
Chaplain Hoes* v/ork appeared, these Kingston Church 
registers present tlie largest single collection of material 
now extant for the elucidation of Dutch genealogy in 
this country. The immense size of the latter publi- 
cation rendered it impracticable to include the 
baptismal and marriage entries subsequent to tlie 
year 1809, and we therefore deem it wise to yield to 
urgent requests to continue tlieir publication from 
that date on the pages of Olde Ulster from time to 
time. 

NAMK OF CHir.D 
NAMDS OK PARENTS AND DATE; OF BAPTISM. 

Baptized by Rev. John Gosman. 
1810. 

1. Abraham Hasbrouck Jansen 
Helena Jansen 26 Feb. (b. Jan. 27) 

2. Phillip Follant Ann 
Sarah Smitli 5 Mar. (b. 4 Feb.) 

'^. Hczekiah Van Keuren Jonathan 

Sarfth Myers 5 Mar. (b. i Feb.) 

122 



Kii}gsfon Binptisrnai Register 



4. John Sauscr Beni.^min Demj^er 
Polly Deniyer 28 Jan. (b, 6 Nov. iSog) 

5. John V. II. Muyck Jane Arneh'a 
Clarissa Raclcliff II Mar. (b.. 4 Feb.) 

6. John Ten Broeck at ^ o'clock Ivlariame 
IMaria Durncnd il Mar. (b. 17 Jan.) 

7. Samuel Posi: Henrietta 
Scltje Van Vleit 18 Mar. (b. 23 Feb.) 

8. Abraham A. Masten Henry Keirstead 
Gertrude Keir.sted 24 Mar. (b, 20 Mar.) 

9. William Brink Sarah Ann 
Margaret Montgomery S April (b, 9 Mar.) 

\o. Cornelius Durnond Junr. Peter 

Gerritje Elniendorf 29 April (b. 4 Apr.) 

11. Samuel n. riiillips Catharine 
Eliza Tremper 3 I\Iay (b. 15 Dec. 1809) 

180S 

12. Samuel H. Pliillips Ann El!;^a 
Eliza Tremper 13 Dec. (b. 14 Oct. iSoS) 

1810 

13. John Staats Alexander 
Cornelia Winfield 27 May (b. 4 Apr.) 

14. Phillip Duniond Blandina Catharine 
Elizabeth Kiefier 17 June (b. 10 May) 

(The publicr,tion of baptism number 15 is omitted 
by request.) 

Baptized by Revd. P. Van Vlierden 

16. John Du Bois Washington 

Elizabeth Van Wagcnner 24 June (b. 27 May) 

123 



O I a c U I s t c 



Baptized ey Rev. Johx Gosman. 

17. Cornelius A Elmendorf Peter 
Elizabeth Sleiglii i July (b. 13 May) 

18. Zechariah Schoonmaker Sarah Catharine 
Cornelia .Marius Groen 2 July (b. 21 June) 

19. Truman Cowles Aflelaide 
Sarah Beardsley 18 July (b. 9 I\Ia)0 

20. John Ten Broeck Junr. John 
Islargaret Delamater 19 August (b. 19 Jun.) 

21. Benjamin S. Delamater Abraham Howard 
Rachel Snyder 22 Aug. (b. 1 Apr.) 

22. Abraham. Sn^ydor Junr. Arrietta 
Sarah Swarte 13 Sept. (b. 23 July) 

23. George Tanpen Sarali Harriet 
Ann Keirstead iS Sept. (b. 4 July) 

24. Christopher Tappen Jr. Theodore 
Cornelia Keirstead 18 Sept. (b. 25 Aug.) 

25. David Black Harriet Catharine 
Elsie Bennet 28 Sept. (b. 13 Apr. iSo5) 

26. David Black James Alexander 
Elsie Bennet 28 Sept. (b. 14 Aug. 1S08) 

27. David Black Jennet Adeline 
Elsie Bennet 28 Sept. (b. 7 Sept.) 

28. Benjamin Akerly Adam 
Deborah Nortli' 3 Oct. (b. 9 July) 



of jMiddletown, Delav/a 



re 



29. Garrit L Freer Maria 
Geritzc Van Vleet 14 Oct. (b. 17 Sept.) 

30. John Beekm^n Henry 
Catharine Keirstead 15 Oct, (b, 8 Sept.) 

17& 



Bciptisnial Rr^iistcr 



31. John ?^IcLcr.n Junr. Louisa 
Anri Tiemp.er iS Nov. (b. 16 Sept.) 

32. Stephen \'an Keuren James 
Catluirine ?J.asten 25 Nov. (b. 27 Oct.) 

33. Jolm Snyder Abraham Swart 
I\Iary Romme 25 Nov. (b. ) 

34. WiHiam Y-c-.n Beuren Eliza Helen 
Elizabeth Roosa 27 Nov. (b. 6 Nov.) 

35. Matthew C. Van Ketiren Catharine 
IMargaret W'hitaker 4 Dec. (b, 17 Oct.) 

36. Tliomas IT. Jansen Abraham 
Ann|Yan Gaasbeek 6 Dec. (b. 15 Oct.) 

37. William Biu-lians Ann 
Catiiarine Osterhotidt 10 Dec. (b. 2S Oct.) 

iSii 

38. Abraham Bezemer Jarnes Elsworth 
Kaclicl Elsworth 6 Jan. (b. 7 Dec. iSio) 

39. James Hamilton Junr. Ruwyma 
Alary Van Keuren 27 Jan. (b. 10 Dec. 1810} 

40. Joshua Van Keuren Corrielius Delamater 
Mary Delamater 2; Jait. (b. 27 Nov. 18 10) 

4 1. Anthony Freer Gardenier 
Catharine AIcLean 27 Jan. (b. 24 Jan, 1809) 

42. Anthonj' Freer Jeanette 
Catharine IIcLean 27 Jan. (b. 24 Jan. iSii) 

43. Phillip Van. Beuren Catharine 
Elizabeth Davis 26 Feb. (12 Jun. iSio) 

44. Abraham B. Sniedes Georgianna 
Joanna A. C.VanVlierden 10 Alar, (b. 23 Dec. 1810) 

125 



O I r: c U / s t 



4c;. Bcnianiin SchcjKT.oc.s Wiliian.i Edvard 

Elizabeth 11 ou-lUcling 17 Mar. (b. 14 Feb.) 

46. Mcniy Ilamiiton Charles 
Sarah Kealor i"] I\Iar. (b. 14 Nov. 1810) 

47. Stantor, S. Woods James ]\Iasten 
Estlicr Masteii 20 Ivlar. (b. 14 }-Iar.) 

48. Obadiah ilccimar.ce Cornelia 
Hannali Oakley 24 Mar. (b. 26 Feb.) 

49. Jolm Chipp Sidney 
Hannah Van Slcenbcrj:;h 26 Mar. (b. 51 Oct. 1810) 

To he ccitinued. 



RALLYING SONG OF THE TRNTLI LEGION. 

BV A. I). DUBOIS. 

We have come I'roni tiie niouniains — 
We have corne from the mountains — 
We have come from the mountains 

Of tlie old Em])ire State. 
With the Stars and Stripes above us, 
And the prayers of those that love us, 
Every single soldier of us 

Is prepared for any fate. 

We ha\'e left our cheerful qr.arters 

?>}■ the JIudscn's smiling waters, 

And our wives and sons and daughter.:. 

For the fierce and bloody fight. 
Eul they never need deplore us, 
A\'ith the foe encamped before us. 
For the God who watches o'er us 

Will Himself protect the right. 
126 



Ra.h'yu'.g Song of ihr TcKih Legion 



From the Delawore '>ve rally, 
From the "Mamakatine: Valley, 
And 10 combat forih v^e sally 

When our bleeding country calls. 
From tlie Shav/angunk Mountains hoaryj 
And the Minisink, whose story 
Tells wh.at recompense of glory 

Waits the soldier Vv-hen he tails. 

From old Sullivan we muster — 
She is loyal, we can trust her — 
And from Orange and from Ulster, 

And from bright Cochecton's banks ; 
And there's plenty in those regions 
For a dozeii more sucii Legions 
All as sturdy as Norwegians, 

And prepared to fill the ranks. 

Then whicne'er our Courilry needs us, 
And where'er our banner leads us, 
Never heeding what imjiedcs us, 

We will follow to the death ; 
For the patriot must not falter 
When his Countr}''s foes assault her, 
And profane her sacred altar 

With their pestilential breath. 

jMay our flag rloat on forever 
O'er a Union none can sever, 
And inay vile Secession never 

.Spread its ruin th.rough our land ; 
May our Country's wrongs be righted. 
And her children re-united, 
And lier flag no more be l)lighted 

By the loucli of tieason's hand. 
127 



O L D E V L S T E R 



AN HISTORIC-^ & GENEALOGIC^^ JA 


■IGAZINE 


PublifJ:cd Monihlv^ at / /j Green 
S'y,,t. K : n g ft on , X. J'., cv 
BESJAMIX 'JIYER BKIXK. 


T € r in s : — /"r^c' aoi'Inrs a year in Advance. 
Copies, ti'jenty-five ccnis. 


Single 


EtiU-red cs second class >K.::'.r c' th; ;^c:i o^ytcc at Xhijzs'.v 


>:, .V. }-. 



The most dreary of all slots in rural regions 
are the burial places on farms and in pastures in which 
are graves more than fift}" }'ears old. In many of 
these are lying Fi.e\"olutIonar}- soldiers. From some 
the stones are gone. Tlie people of Soutlicrn Ulster 
are engaged in a commendable effort to take care of 
and preserve such graves. 



The " Ralia'ixg Song of the Tenth Legion," 
from v.'hich v/e quoted in tlie January riumber, lias been 
reciucsted by many who remembered it. It was sung 
to the tune of *' The Old Granite State," a widely 
known song of the famous Hutchinson family whose 
concerts from 1S40 to 1S60 v/ere given all over the 
covmtry. When the " Tenth Legion," as tlie Fifty- 
sixth Rcgimeiit v/as called, retm-ned from tlie Civil 
War the}' sang their rallying song in the great review 
before President Johr.son in the streets of Washington. 
It was one of the features of the occasion. It is 
reprinted here from the Kiyigsion Democratic Journal 
of November 13th, 1S61. 

128 



\ JJAiri'Kl) XUAIHKK OK COPIES 
^^^ OV A[\KIUS SCflOOXMAKLR'S 

HIBTQH.Y OF KINQBT Q 11^ 

Can l)c i)i',:c!iascd of 11. I ). D.VRROW, 
K i II l;- s t o n , N c w Y < ■ i- Ic , at t h c 

y E L I F F & 1 ) i: I- O R R E ST. 

. IMPORTHRS OF MILLINHRY. 



;jo WALL ST., KLXGSTOX, X. V. 

Chas. H. S-df\')rd, Opiicvm, \:^.,::!Z v^ i:;;°'il<,u'! ::!'..!? 

^^JIE DR. C. O. S-VilLER SAXrrARlU.M 

LyYXGS'LOX, /V. V. 

/^\e>ital <Hr)^i Nervcusr Disease?- 



r^ E u '•• C O E O N I ^ ^■ 

VAN BUREN HOUSE 

Corner JoJin and Croze// Sfrtifs, KiiigstoJL X. Y. 
Tabic l^jai-d and Sinei'- Meal.s Served, 



O o X I ) o i; 1^ 



^ S(r7w'//o-s Ban I 



Assets - - S2.,57i, 9^3. 07 
Liabilities ~ - 2,218,28 :;. 4^ 

Surplus '^'^;;:„, - 8153,637.62 



OLD^- VLSTER 

Will Gi\'e Especial Attention ir> Linoa:ze of 
Ulster Fanviiics- 

QUESTIONS 

Of Eli.-;ibiii!y to the D. A. K. --^- Like Societies 
Attended to 



/-"^^ ^'' 



V 



r^ r'K 



",..--%. 



///. 



■^C\^^- 



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I— :a'.'>.- 






'■^, i. ; V, c i 









R. i^r .■?..;.-v 



u 



LSTER COUNTY 

S.'l J 7XCS Ijisfitution. 



No. 21 S Wall Stkket 
Kingston, Xlw York 



Depofits^ $3,000,000.00 



IZ I X G S T O ?< 

^ ^ SAVINGS BAXK 



No. 273 Wall Strekt 
Kingston. New York 

OFFICERS: 



Luke Noone, Prcs Chas Burhans, Treas 

Ja.mes a Retts, / y p Frank JOHNSTON, ^r7 
Myron Teller, ( ^'^-^"-^ j. j. Linson, Counsel 



"NT O A H WO L \' F X. 

A'-.;, ji-j WALL ST., KIXGSTOX. X. Y 
The Reliable Store Dress Goods and Silks 



CONTEXl^S 

Vol. 1 MAY. 1005 No. 5 

Pagf. 

Tlie First Disturbance at E.sopus (165S), 129 

Thomas Chambers to Go\-crnor Stu\-\-csant . .... 137 

Letter Confirming; the Ch.ambers Letter 139 

A P'arther Complaint of Thomas Cliambers 139 

Du Bois Tombstone Iiiscriptions at Fishkill .... 142 

Forests of Old Ulster in 1 73S 144 

Tlie Beginning- of Wilbur 1 i8o6i 144 

Tlie PateiU of tlie Kingston Comnions (16S7). . . 145 

Lineage of the Bevier }^"amil\- ........ .... 15 1 

A Kingston Bo},-'s Lament 159 

Editorial Notes .... 160 

P O R S \' T H & D A \^ I S 

BOOKSELLERS &- 
S T A T I OX ER S 

30 J WALL STREET, KLXGSTOX, N. Y. 
fJpE liave a lew copies of the ^ V, V;, r, 

/) // /c/i C 7/ // / r/i Lvi 'CO I '( /s 

that ue offer at a \'ei-)' low price. These tooks 
are inx-aluable in tracings tlie histor}- of Ulster County 
f.imilies and are becoming scarce. 

W'e also have a large iiiie of 

"^^ssr: Souvenir 'Post^^l Ce^rds ^^^^ 

showing local scenes, including the Revolutionary 
Ikiildings. 

ii 



OLDE 


VL 


STER 


Vol. I 


MAY, u; 


05 No. 5 








The Ftrsi 


- Dish 
^^ a t 


irhance 
Esopiis 



^^10 






!;iHE JMarch number of Olde ULSTER men- 
H tioned tiie visit of two representative Esopus 
!| Indians at Fort Orange (Albany) and their 
% sale of the lovlancs of the Esopus to 
g'g I Thomas Chan^bevs June 5th, 1652. This 
piHCiiase was very soon followed by others. 

t; ^/^ I The records of tliese transactions are very 
: Vo fi incomolete and scantv. But it is on recoid 
that Chvistcffel Davids bought land at the 
Strand of ll^.e creek (Rondout) almost immediately and 
that he purchased seventy-tv."o acres of tlie lowlands 
across the now-named Esopus creek opposite the land 
of Th.ornas C'l-ambers Scptend;er 25th, 1656, aiid that 
Jolianna de Laet, widow of Johan de Hulter, received 
upon the 2';\\\ of I^Iarch, 1C57, a paten.t for one thousand 
acres whicli had been, purciiised by her husband during 
Iiis lifetime. We also know that Jacob Jansen Stoll 
129 



OIJ^ U I S t f 7- 

was liviiig at the Esopus v.pon January 29th, 165S, 
when Cornells Teunissen con;pIained of him that he 
had been slaugliterhng cattle tliere without paying an 
excise tlierefor. To which complaint Stoli had filed 
an answer "that the inhabitants of Esopus are 
exempted from every excise for the time of 4 years 
more piarsuant to the ' Exemptions of New Kether- 
land,' but in case they ought to pay the excise the 
proceeds should be used for the benefit of their place, 
according to the orders of the Director-General and 
Council of New Nctherland." And it seems that 
Governor Peter Stuyvesant had become a large land- 
owner here. There is in existence a letter from StoJl 
to Governor Stuyvesant of the date April ictli, 1658, 
in which he states tliat he is therewith shipping to the 
governor 50 schepcls {i" and ^< bushels) of wlieat and 
ICO schepels (75 bushels) of oats v/ith the promise that 
within six v/eeks more will be sent. The records of 
most of the very early purchases of lands at the Esopus 
are lost. But it is knov.-n that land was sold within 
one year of Chambers' first purchase to Davis, Juriaen 
van Westphalen and Matthys Hendriclcse. 

In 1655 nearly all the Indian tribes of tlie lower 
Hudson valley made v/ar on the Dutch because of the 
unwise Indian polic\- of the last preceding Dutch 
governor, William Kieft. As soon as the settlers at 
Esopus heard that hostilities had begun they all fled 
from their homes. Each had built his dv/elling upon his 
farrii and these " bouweries " v.ere scattered over the 
loulands and were two and some of them tlnee miles 
from tlie river and Ciitirely v.-ithout protection. 
Abandoning tlieir houses, croi)s, stock and implcmcr.ts 



First Disturbance' ai Esot)us 



tliey left for p'accs of security. They did r.ot return 
until autumn of that year (1655) and found lliat much 
of their property had been appropriated or destroyed 
by their savage neiglibors. The experience should 
have taught the necessity for living in a protected 
village for defense. But the lesson was not yet 
learned. Savage neighbors v.-ere living all around 
them cultivating their own cornPields and bean patches. 
The hogs and cattle of the v/hites got into tliese and 
ate the crops and trampled dov/n much more. The 
squaws complained to their spouses and when these 
husbands v/ent to the whites v/ith their troubles they 
were met by counter charges that the Indians helped 
themselves freely to the growing crops of their v/hite 
neighbors v/hile the smaller cattle would often be 
found lying dead with an arrow piercing their sides. 
So tv.'o or three years passed. 

But more serious troubles v/ere close at hand. In 
the letter from StoII to his landlord, Governor Stuy- 
vesant, from which v/e have just quoted there Is a very 
significant paragraph : " Sir, please not to take it amiss 
if I ask v/hether the people of Fort Orange (Albany) 
have leave to sell openly brandy and distilled v.-aters 
to the savages, the barbarous people, as v.-e, not only 
I, but all the inhabitants of the Great Soopis see 
them daily drinking, while they say that they get it 
from there; no good can corne from it, but it m.ust 
tend to the ruin of the whole country. They have 
also caused great inconveniepices io Jacob Andriese/i on 
iho. Straiid \x\\\\<- they were intoxicated." In view of 
what followed v/ithin the next twenty days this para- 
graph is significant. In this number of Olde ULSTER 
131 



O I d c U I s t c r 



are given three letters froiij Tlionias Chambers and 
others to Governor Stuyvesant and the Council setting 
forth the origin of the tronbles and petitioning for 
assistance. 

As set forth in tliose papers the Indians obtained 
ten gallons of brand}-, held a " kiiiteco}'," or drunken 
frolic, and fired at and l-dlied Harmen Jacol^s who v/as 
standing on the deck of a yacht h'ing in the creek. 
Meanwliile others set fire to the houses of Jacob 
Adriance and Aridries van dcr Sluys. A panic spread 
through the settlement. From these letters to the 
authorities we learn that there were then living here 
from sixty to seventy people Vv-ho had gathered here 
after the disfjersion three )'ears before. 

The Council at New A.msterdam carefully consid- 
ered the matter. There seemed to be no reason for 
undue liaste. At the showing of the petitioners it was 
the result of a mere drunlcen carousal. It would not 
do to go to v;ar \x\i\\ tiie savages over tlie death of one 
man when trie Indians had offered to secure the m.ur- 
derer and had sent Vv-ord tliat they v.-anted peace. On 
the oliier liand tb.e younger and more irresponsible 
savages needed a lesson. Tliey desired trouble. They 
were aggressive and insulting in tlicir behavior to the 
whites. 

On the 2Sth of j\la}' tl:e Council decided upon 
action. Goveriior Stuyvesaiit v,-as directed to go to 
the Esopus ■' witli sixty to seventy nien to guard I;is 
person, and to do Vv'liat the i;iterests of tlie ccmpau)- 
demand." Me sailed immediately up the river in com- 
mand of more tnan ilfty soldiers taking with him 
Covert Loockermans. When jast below tlie mouth of 



F:?-Si p!St:c>i.-i>::i: at Rscpi^s 

the Rondoui creek l:e ordered ail to reriiafn behind 
while lie with the crew of liis own yacht went quietly 
withiin. The boat grounded on a saiid bar in tb.e creek 
and Loockermans was sent ashore in the long boat to 
speak v.'itli some Indians living in two huts near the 
kill at Ponc!:hockie. He soon returned with two 
natives and Thomas Chambers and Andries van der 
Sluys. Then tlie otlier }"achts came into the creek 
"v/ithout noise; " the party landed and, after sending 
the Indiaiis to ask their cliiefs to meet liim at the 
liouse of Jacob Jansen StolJ, tlie whole part}' marched 
to the farm of Thomas Chambers and encamped for 
the night. 

It was Wednesda}' when. Stuyvesant arrived. The 
follov.-ing day v/as Ascension Day v/hen religious ser- 
vices were ahvays held aniong the Dutch. As no 
church had yet been erected the house of StoU had 
been in use instead. Just where it stood has never 
been determined. Stuyvesant's description is "the 
bouwerie of Jacob Jar.sen Stoll, which is the nearest to 
most of the habitations and plantations of the savages, 
where we had appointed to meet the Sachems and 
where on Sundays and the other usual feasts the 
Scriptures are read." Stuyesant attended these 
Pinxter (Ascension Day) services with most of those 
who accompanied him and a notice was given that he 
desired the people to meet with him that afternoon. 

When the people assembled Stuyvesant addressed 
them. He said lie, v.-ith the soldiers, v/as here at their 
invitation ; that he did not tliink it v/ise or timely to 
involve the v/hole country in a general war on account 
of tiie murder of one man by drunken savages and of 



0/ar Ulster 



the burnip.g by them of two houses; that the threats 
said to have been made by the red men were no reasons 
for hasty action and more than all it was bej'ond the 
governor's pov/er to protect the settlers ^^'h.iIe they 
continued to live insecure upon their scattered farms. 
The settlers replied th.at they had spent all they had 
in putting up their necessary buildings and they liad 
nothing v.herewith to pay the cost of others in a pro- 
tected village, if they v;ere obliged to leave their 
property. 

Stuyvesrmt promised assistance if they would con- 
sent and insisted that otherwise they must remove to 
the Manhattans or Fort Orange v/ith their wives, chil- 
dren, cattle and miost easily moved property. 

The discussion was long and earnest. A good 
harvest v/as growing and close at hand. This harvest 
the settlers claimed v.-as their only provision against the 
coming winter. They conceded that they should con- 
centrate, but claimed tliat there v/asno time to remove 
buildings, etc., in ]\Iay or June and less still for the 
building of palisades around a stockaded village. They 
begged that tlie troops might remain until after the 
harvest was gathered. Then they asked for a day's 
consideration. This was granted. The next day they 
announced that they had unanimously acquiesced in 
the governor's plan. So the site of the proposed 
village v.'as chosen upon i\Iay 31st, 165S, and was the 
ridge of land projecting into the lowlands nov/ the 
part of the City of Kingston bounded by North Front, 
Green and T^Iain streets and Clinton avenue which 
nature had made readily defensible on three sides, with 
only the Main street side easily assailable. 



First Disiurlwiuc c! Rsvf-us 

Meanwhile negotiations proceeded witli the Indians. 
They were terrified by the comin;j of the sokh'ers as 
rumors had readied th-eni th.at nian\- more were to 
follow. The intermediary was Jacob Jan^cn Stoll and 
through liim Slu)'vesant upbraided the red men for 
their acts of aggression. He reminded them that they 
had been paid for every foot of land whicli th.e whites 
held at the Esopus and asked the plump question Why 
they did so? 

Oiie of the sachenis replied "It was boissc?i 
(brand}-) v.hich had done it." lie said that their 
young men were uncontrollable. They were spoiling 
for a fight ; that the murder had been committed by a 
Neversinlc sa\age who was now at Hax'erstroo (Haver- 
straw) and tliat the savage who had set fire to tlie 
houses liad run av.-ay. He said his people had no 
desire to fight, but the young men w^ere crazy to do so. 
Stuyvesant replied that those young men should step 
forward and he would match them v.-ith rnan to man, 
or tvv'enty to thirty or even forty and do so on the spot 
but it was not light to war upon farm.ers who had 
bought the land of them and paid for it; especially 
was it wrong to v,-ar upon the women and children. 
He then proposed to buy all the land about the Esopus 
and they could remove elsewhere. He reniinded them 
that they had before offered to do this of their own 
volition and had even besought him to buy all their 
land. 

On the next day (June 1st) the Indians asked 

through Stoll and Thomas Chambers that the gover- 

nor would promise not to make war on them. He 

accomrjanicd the delegation of chiefs to a meeting 

US 



U I a c L I s t /.' r 

with the tribe. I'resents were exchanged and tliey 
promised to sell th.e site for the proposed village, but 
refused to pa}- for the burned dwellings as a tribe, 
insisting that the parties at fault do so. 

The settlers, assisted by the soldiers began to 
fortify the village site on Tuonday, June 3rd. A moat 
was dug on three sides, trees v/ere cut for palisades 
and hauled to the spot and a place v/ith a circumfer- 
ence of 2,520 feet was marked out. As the sun was 
setting on the evening of the 4th forty to fifty Indians 
approached and work upon the stockade immediately 
ceased as all were apprehensive of further trouble. 
All hurried to tlie liouse of Stoll, tlie common rendez- 
vous. But the Indian delegation said their mission 
v/as peace. They announced that they had decided to 
offer the village site as a present " to grease the feet" 
of the governor because he had made so long a journey 
to come and see them, and they promised to live here- 
after v/ith the settlers 'Tike brothers." The governor 
replied to the representatives of the Indians in the 
same spirit. 

By the 12th tv/o sides of the stockade were com- 
pleted. On the iSth and 19th seven carpenters came 
from Alban}.' to assist in erecting buildings. On the 
20th the stockade was finislied and on the 25th the 
governor departed for New Amsterdam leaving Ser- 
geant Andries Lourensen with twenty- four men in 
charge. 

By this time the palisades v/ere all set ; the build- 
ings removed from the farms into the enclosure ; a 
bridge thrown over what has alwa\'s been known as 
"the Tannery brook" beyond the gate at tlie north- 
136 



C/u)i:tfrs t:> Governor Siuyrcsant 

west corner of tlie stockade on North Front street and 
tenipiorary barracks and a guard house built. 

This v/as tlie beginning of the vihage of Kingston. 
So far it had had no name. "The Esopus " was the 
distinctive term but this name was applied to an 
indeiinite region. Stuyvesant called the place Wilch 
wyck, or "Village of the wild,'' but the name never 
attained to universal acceptance. The inhabitants 
always spoke of the tov/n as " the 'Sopus " or " Grootc 
' Sopus " and to this day, v.-henever the old time Dutch 
language i.-. heard the speakers thus designate it. 



THOMAS CHAMBERS TO DIRECTOR PETRUS 
STUYVESAHT. 

Ve>y Nuble General FETRUS STUYVESANT and 

Honorable Gertlnnen of the CouKcil of Nciu Neilicrland, 

Greeting : 

To-day, the first of Alay, 165S, great trouble has arisen 
liere tlirouL^ii the fearful intoxication of tlie cruel barbarians 
ar.J I m}-seif witli or.e Fitter Dinkseii and Hendriek Cor- 
rielisiai came to-day to tliC tennis-court and saw that the 
savages had an ar.Lre (ten gallon keg) of brandy lying under 
a tree and have tailed uiyswh^that it was pure brandy, and 
according to all appearances they got madly intoxicated and 
about 'dusk they fir-d at arid killed Han/ier. Jacopsen, who 
was standiiig on tlie yxchi of IVillen Moer, and during the 
night tiiey j^et fire to the house oi Jacop Adrija?isef!, so that 
the people were cornpelled to fly ; therefore 1 request, that 
we should receive assistance of troops, tliat we may make 

137 



OJde in s 



some stronghold for our defence ; as we have been driven 
away once before and expelled frr.w onr proptrty ar.d it 
begins anew now, therefore, as long as we are under the 
jurisdiction of the Hon^^<^ AVest-India Company, it is proper. 
that we should as'; your Honor for assistance, so th.at this 
fine country might be retained and vre remain in our 
property, for this Acsof-us is a pla^e. which if well ])eopled 
could feed the whole oi N'c-zc-I\'£rheria>ui ^nd. it would be, so 
to say, a sin, wliich could be avoided, if we should h.ave to 
leave such splendid countr;,- : hence ue do not doubt, but 
your Honor will assist us speedily and I have informed 
myself among the savages, who or which savage liad killed 
the aforesaid Harmen and they have promised to deliver the 
said savage in bonds to nn'self and I shall then send him to 
your Honor, but ijlease to be careful and not begin tlie war 
too suddenly, so that we first may have a stronghold for our 
defence and as tliere is a good chance here, to inflict great 
damages to the savages, we hope your Honor will quickly 
assist us and not desert us in our need, for we here are also 
Christian people and it is everybody's duty to give help in 
time of distress. Closing herewith,! commend your honor 
with many good vri.-hes to the protection of God Almighty 
and am and remain 

Your Excy's servant 

Thomas Chambers. 
Great Aesopus 

the 2^^ of May An^ 165S. 

To the Noble Mr. J'e/rus Stuyvesani 
and th(j Hon.'''= Gentlemen of the Council 
oi Ne^V'Nutherlaudm tlie City ol 
Nen<-Anisierda7n. 



13^ 



Forthcr Cotiplaint of Chavihcr. 



A LETTER CGNFIRMhXG THE LETTER OF 

CHAMBERS. 

The Noble Honorable F^irus Stuyvcsant is hereby 
informed, tliat the f,a\-ages have used violence at the house 
oi Jacob Adrijavsen o\\ the first of May, 165S, v.hereby 1, 
Andries van dcr Sluvi, living in the family of tlie %-iSA Jacop, 
was coiripehed to Hy v/ith the said/.^r^'/. his wife and children 
to the yacht of IVilkr't Marten sen Moer towards evening, 
after the savages had killed Barmen Jaecpsen on the yacht 
of said J;Wr and tov>-ards midnight they set hrc to the hou?e 
and on tlie morning of the 2^ of?»Iaywe and the yacht of 
Louvjrens Lcmcrenscn left the Kil and reniained at its mouth 
and transferred the b!,>dy of the aforesaid A(^ct?^tA Harmen 
Jaeopsen to the yacht of the said Louicrens, that he should 
take it with him to the Mannatiians. V.'e, tlic undersigned, 
declare all this to be true and truthful and promise to con- 
firm it under oath and have therefore signed it with our own 
hands. 

Actum: 2 May: An^ 1G3S Great Aesopus. 
AxDF.iF.i; Vaxder Sluvs, 

AViLLEM MAUfF.XSEX FuERS (MoCl), 

ITar.mex Harmexskx Gaxsevort, 
Jacob Adrijaexsex, 
The mark of X Derrick Hexdricksex. 



A FARTHER COMPLAINT OF THOMAS 
CHAMBERS AND OTHERS. 

Honorable, Wise, Rigorous Gentlemen. 

Loyal Gexteemkx ! This is to inform your Honors, 
that we have rccc!'. cd your Honors' letter of the 4''^ of May 
and that we are pleased to learn of your Honors' airxiety 

139 



O I d e U I s : c r 

and great nficciion for us. \Ve nov/ has-e to report, that, 
although ^s■lJ liave done, our Lest to a|)prel'iend tlic murderer, 
we are mockincly refused by tlie bc^rbarians and as to the 
seller of tlie br;u,dy the savages refer us to no one, but to 
many nov.- Tefrr tlien Paulus. But it is evident, that not 
only for the sake of selling tlieir stock of bea^•eIS they all 
keep near Fori Oran<:^e, \vhere as the make of tlie brandy- 
keg proves, the coopers ha\-e hardly sufficient lime, to supply 
the demand by these people. The savages lla^■e, as we 
previously couvinunicated to your Honors, set lire to tlie 
cowshed, the pigsty and then tlie 'dwellinghouse of Jacob 
Adrijaenscn and not being satisfied compelled us here to 
plough for thctn, taking upon refusal a fire-brand and hold- 
ing it under the roofs of the houses, to set fire to them; 
they use great violence every day, which we are not capable 
to relate to your Honors, and derisi\-ely say th.at if tliey kill 
a Christian or more, they can pay for it in wampum and we 
have so far been ol)liged to carry out their v/islies ; further, 
your Honors are well acquainted with this fine country and 
know that there are gqo schepels of seed-grain in the ground, 
that our chvellinghouses and furniture are here also and that 
between 60 and 70 Christian people live here and attend 
divine service on all the p>roper days and that we maintain a 
reader at our ov,n expense ; therefore we believe, that your 
Honors would regret sincercl}-, if so many innocent souls 
should be so wretchedly murdered and driven away by the 
cruel barbarians and it looks very much like it, (v.-hich the 
Good and Almiglity God may prevent). We hope your 
Honors will con:;ider, that it is useless to cover the weh, 
after the calf has lieen drowned ; for the common rabble of 
the savages do not pay any attention to their chiefs now and 
the latter have no more authority o\'cr them and we are 
obliged to remain in our houses as the savages v.-ould imme- 
diately attack us as soon as we Ijcgan to stir about, and set 
everything on fire, so tliat v/e are in such a distress that we 

J 40 



Fariiur Co:'!f'ldini of (^'^U7i>/pc-rs 

<_laie net turn aloutor move. ■rhen.-forc we most hunil.ily 
request }-our lKinov.->, our failht'ul Masters. I'or helj) and a 
succor of about jij to ^..^ men. Christ did not desert us. 
but a>si>ted and saved us and gave his own blood for us, 
Christ has gatliered us in one sheeiisfold. tlierefore let us not 
desert each other, but rather help each other to alleviate our 
sulTeriiiLis and it" it nia,}- please your Honors, our laithl'ul 
?vla.-.ters, let S(.une of the Honorable Council come here 
qui(,:kly with tlie desired assistance, (but arrived here at the 
Strand, please to kee]* tlie men quiet and clo>e to the bank 
and infLirm us of the arrival) and take a look at the situation 
here ^nd if it does not seem advisable to \-our Honors and 
worth the trouble and expense, then we leave all at your 
Honors' discretion, ^^d"lile we exjiect }-our Honors' sj.'eed\' 
assistance i\ e commend tlie Honorable Council of JW-zc- 
Netherland to the rjrotection of God Almighty and remain 

I'he Honorable Council's o\ Xcj-Xitlwrlaiid 
obedient faithful servants 

Great Aeso/>!is Jacob jANsr:x Stoll, 

the iS^'^ofMay Thomas Cha\:lers, 

Ano 163S CoRNELis Baukxtsex Si.echt, 

The mark of X X Pieter Diecrsex, 
The mark of ;< Jax Eroersex, 
Jax J ax sex, 

AxDRiEs \'ax Der Seuvs, 
then present. 

To the \Vise, Prudent, 

]\igorLUis Cicntleiiien, 

the Council vi .WiL'-Xtfhtrlund 

in tlie City oi Aiiisttrdaui 

by the }achty,'?// Cv^piii, which God may guide. 



141 



r/5/r 



DUBOIS TOMBSTONE IXSCIUPTIONS LX 

YARD OF OLD DUTCH CHURCH IN 

FISH KILL, DUTCHESS CO., N. V. 



Contributed by Chaphun R. R. Hoes, U. S. N. 

1. PlETER D'BoiS, died 22 Jan. i/Sjs, aged 6^ years. 

[He was the son of Jacques DuBois, (brother of 
Louis DuBois, the New Paltz Patentee), and 
was born in Lejden, Holland, 17 March 1674. 
He married, 12 Oct. 1697, Jannetje Burhans, 
daughter of Jan Puirhans and Helena Traphagen. 
He settled near Fislikill, N. Y., in 1707. He 
was one of the elders and a leading member in 
the Dutch Chinch in that place. His will is 
dated 26 (?) March 1735]. 

2. CapT. Peter ]')uBnis, died 6 IMarch 17S1, aged 

83 years and 9 months. [UHio were his 
parents ?]. 

3. Jacob DuB'HS, died 4 June 17S3, aged 82 years. 

[He was bap'd 2G May 1701. Married i~t 
Rachel Schut; 2d., Antie Van Brummd. He 
was son of No. i, above]. 

4. GarJ;ETT Durois, died 10 Aug. 1S02, aged 32 

years, 10 months and 7 da)-s. [He was born 23 
Sep. 1769 and married 1, Dec. 1796, Hannah 
Cooper. He was son of Christian Dubois (born 
13 June 174G). who was son of Christian (bap- 
tized in Ivingston, N. Y., 15 Nov. 1702), v^ho 
was son of Picter, No. i, abo\'c]. 

5. Ha.WAII, wife of Garrett DURois, died 10 June 

1834, aged 75 \-ears, 6 months, and 4 da\-s. 
[Wife of No. 4, above]. 
142 



JJ:! I.CIS 






6. Adraiia:.! Dubois, died i.: I\Iay iS;;, a^ed 59 

)-cars, 13 month?, und 2 1 d?;y:5. ! He was born 
2! Jan. 1776, and died, un, married, 12 ?.Iay 1S33. 
Brother of I\o. 4, above]. 

7. Jacob Duj^OIS, born i Alay 1754; died 24 Nov. 

1705, aged 61 \-ear.s, 6 n^iCndiS, and 24 da}'.-^. 
S. Peter V. DuB'OI?, died 14 Ang. 1S14. aged 74 

}'e;:r.s, S mor.ths and 26 da\-s. 

9. Hanxaii. wife of Peter Dl'BOIS, died I ]\Iarch 1S13, 

aged 69 } ears. 10 months, and 26 days. 

10. ClIRISTIAX Dubois, di^d 17 Dec. 1S07, aged 61 
}-ears, 6 months arid 4 days. [He vras born 13 
June 1 7<.;.6, and inlierited the '-Old Homestead'' 
■:>\\ tlie wesi. side of Sprout Creek, near Fishkill, 
X. Y. lie was a prominent citizen and a men^- 
ber of the buicnng committee of the old Dutch 
Cimrch ipi Dishikill, v.liicli was buiPt in 1792. He 
niarried, 17 Nov. 1763. iMagdalcPia Van Voorhees, 
vvdio was bcnm 13 Ank 2744 and died 4 ilarch 
1826]. 

11. Samuel Dubois, son of Peter P. and Hannah 
Dubois, died 28 Dec. 1792, aged 7 years and 7 
moiiths. 

12. Jrj.HN DUBOIS; died 14 Xov. 1869, fgcd 99 years' 
S mop.thiS and 13 days. 

13. Rachel, wife of Jolm Duuvis, died 23 ?-Iarch 

1831, aged 79 years and 6 d,iys. 

14. Fkeelove Dubois, daughter of John and 

Rachel Dubois, died 22 Aug. iSiS, aged 2i years, 
II n'.ontjis a::d o da}-s. 

15. r.P-\RlA Dubois, daugkter of Jolin and Racliel 

143 



O I d £ U I s f c' r 

Dubois, died 9 Aug. 1S16, aged 23 years, G 
months and 20 days. 

16. Henry, son of Cliarles L. and Catherine DUBOIS, 

died 3 April 1S38, aged 3 \"ears and 6 months. 

17. Kaxnaii Dubois, died 5 Sep. iSoS, aged 74 
}'ears, 4 months, and 29 days. 

18. Beivjamin, Abraham and Anxa Dubois, 
children of Peter and Hannali Dubois, died 1770. 

ig. Elizabeth Dubois, died 12 Dec. 1S19, aged 40 
years, eight montlis and 24 da}-s. 



L\ Cadwallader Coldex's '"' Observations " 
in the year 1/33 occurs the following description of 
the timber of the primeval forest covering Old Ulster: 
" The Soutliern part of tlie Country, that is, from the 
sea on both sides of Hudson's Ri\'er to within 20 miles 
of Alban}', is generally covered u"ith oaks of several 
sorts, intermixed v.'ith W'allnuts, Chestnuts S: allmost 
all sorts of Timber, according to the Difference of the 
Soil in several parts," 



In "The Plebeian" of Friday, May 16, 1S06, is 
tliis announcement: " A^ nev.' store and landing has 
been lately erected upon the Rondout Kill, about a 
mile above V/illiam Sv.-art's, knov.m by the name of 
Tv.'aalfskill, one and a half miles from Kingston village, 
which landing is not onl)- to be preferred to either of 
the other Kingston landings, on account of its beiiig 
nearest to tlie village, but the road to it is so much 
better and easier as liardly to acm.it of comparison.' 
This seems to be the begi:;ning of Wilbur. 
144 



The Patent of the 

Kingston Cojiimoiis 




EFORE i63- the title to lands in "tlie 
Esopus " \'v-as acquired either from the 
Indian possessors or from tlie colonial 
authorities, or from both. The officials of 
the government had become chary of recog- 
nizing Indian titles almost from the begin- 
ning as tliere were great opportunities for 
fraud. They soon required that such pur- 
chases be confirmed b\- them. It was but 
a step to their next resolution to place the "-itle to the 
lands here in a body corporate from whom titles could 
be secured by individuals. 

On the 19th da}- of Tvlay, 16S7. Go\'ernor Thomas 
Dongan issued a patent for a large tract of land for the 
benefit of the freeholders and inhabitants of the town of 
Kingston. On the T;th of May, i683, it was approved 
by the council. This patent conveyed to a body 
corporate, consisting of tVsX-lve trustees therein named 
and their successors in office, who were to be chosen 
each )'ear on the first Tuesday in I^Iarch, all tliat tract 
of land in the count}- of Ulster " to begin at the bouiida 
of the County of Albany-, [marlred " I " on the map of 
Kingston Commons in tliis number of Olde UlS'J'ER] 
thence to ruji Southward along Hudson's river to Lit- 
tle Esopus Creelc, [marl-ced '2'] theuce on a west line 
to the bounds of Ilurle}-, [ ' 3 '] from tlience along tlie 
145 



O/.f.- [Wsf-r 



bounds of Hurl.;\- to a certain creek called lMolth:^r 
Crec]-:. ['4'] tlicnca Xornierl}' to anollier certain 
Creckc, Precniakcr's Crceke. [• 5 '] licence upon a l\ortli 
line tliree Eni;"li.sh }«Ii'es into the Woods, ['6'] thence 
the same Course as the iMountaiiis Range to the Bounds 
of Alban\- aforesaid. T' r '] and fron-; thence a;oi;g tiie 
said Bounds to Hudson's river: [t'-- ' S ' and tiien to 
[• I ']." A \n-ar!}- oa} n:!ent of one ];undred and four 
bushels of '• Good Swoett Alerchantabie Winter \\dieat 
en the five and S: twcntyth Day of the IMondi of 
j\Iarch alt the Citt}- of Xew Yorke in Liew oc Stead of 
all scr\dccs, Duitvcs ^c Demands \'diat^oever " v/as to 
be made. 

Tile patent the!i " Determir.es, Declares and 
Grants '■' '■' '■■ that the said iiihabitants oc f:r..e- 
holders, the ffreemej! of King;ston afi^^resaid Comnionly 
Called by the nauie of the freeholders £: Inhabitants 
of the To\vn of KinL;3ton or b\' vrhatever name or 
i;ames the}^ are called or Named ■S: their Successors 
forever henceforward are and shall be one Body Cor- 
porate & Pulitique in L-eed S: Nar,".e and by Name of 
the Trustees of the fireeholders and Comonality of the 
TovTiC of A7;'^aw"'i'.'V." This tract soon, became l:nov;n 
as "The Kiui^ston ComnKans" and will be so referred 
to in tin's nia^^azine. Full power vras given the trus- 
tees to hold and convey read! estate and personal prop- 
erty of e\'ery kdi-d, ai;d to sue and be sued. 

The graiit contains the further provision that the 
trustees miirht at an}- tiir.e, upon tlie issue of a surn- 
nnons by a iustice of th;e peace on the application of 
:hree freeliolders of tlie town '' nud.ce such acts and 
orders in writing for tlie niore orderly doing of the 
146 



The KiursU 



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Map of the Kir,:~slon Commons. 
^47 



o / 




I4S 



Tht 



prcniisi.ts os tlie said Trustees and their successors from 
time to time shall and niay thir^k conveiiierit, not 
repugnant to the lav/s of Englatui and of the Pro- 
vince." 

It also directed that out of tlie twelve trustees five 
should be commissioned and empov/ered "to liold 
pleas of debt and trespass " of whom three " v/ere to 
be a quorum to hold the court." 

In the \-ear 173S a question arose as to the north 
boundaries of tlie Kingston Commons. In the act 
dividing the Province of New York into cou.nties 
Albau}' couniy v/as to extend soutli to Saw^-er's Creek 
and ITlster from the Murderer's Creek (Cornwall') to 
the Sawyer's Creek. Was the source or the mouth of 
the creek meant? IMuch litigation resulted before the 
question was settled and itv/as decided that the source 
was iiitcnded. This was a heart sliaped rock over a 
spring and known as "SteeneHerte P'onteyne." An 
illustration is given with this article. Schoonmaker's 
" History of Kingston " tells this story of an ejectment 
suit wliere the question was involved and gives the 
following testimoiiy of one of the witnesses : 

"Margaret Snyder, the wife of Zachariah Snyder, 
being duly sworn deposeth and saith, that she is the 
daughter of Valentine (Felte) Ph'ero, ^" ■•• ^ that 
she v.-as born and brough.t up at lier father's, and after 
being married removed to near the ' Steene Herte,' 
and lived there until about twenty }-ears ago, When 
she v/as ten, twelve or thirteen )-ears of age her father 
turned the cattle (as she believes about the 25th April) 
in the woods near the Steene Jicrte Fonteyne where 
one of the cows was entangled in the morass. She 
149 



Old( Ulst 

went to see, and found a cow^ \\\\\z\\ she called her 
ov/n, just drawn out. "^■' ^ - 

" Her fatlier having cut a switch, took her to the 
north side of the Stcene Herte rock, and taking her by 
the hair told her he would give lier somefliing to 
remember, that thit side was Albany, showing her 
letters, and gave Iicr a smart vdiipping. After which 
he took her to the south side of soid rock and told her 
that side was Esopus, and pointed at letters on that 
side of the rock and giving her a second whipping told 
her to remember that he had been flag bearer, and 
Peter York and Nicholas Brandeu chain bearers on 
the survey, and that was the line between Albany and 
Esopus, etc." The rock and fountain are at the spot 
marked [8] on the map of Kingston Commons given 
in this number. ^ 

The present tov.-ns of Saugerties, Ulster, Kingston 
and most of the tov/n of Esopus v/ere covered by 
Kingston Commons. About the year 1S04 the 
trustees sold off or divided almost all of the unsold 
lands. Then dissensions arose among the trustees and 
complaints against them became very frequent. They 
finally and permanently dissolved December 13th, 
1816, after a corporate existence of one hundred and 
thirty years. The funds remaining in their hands 
were divided and assigned to the overseers of the poor 
of the towns of Saugerties, Kingston and Esopus, in 
wliich three towns the lands of tlie corporation lay. 

The map of Kingston Commons given herev.'ith 
was made in 1771 by General James Clinton, the 
father of the future Governor De Wilt Clinton of the 
State of New York. 

150 



Ldneage of the 

Bevicr Family 

Cpuiributfd by Gdicval Roeliff Br inker Jioff. 




^^"^HE Beviers are descended from Louis Bevier, 
f. H v.-?io was one of the twelve patentees of a 
large tract of land in Ulster county, N. Y., 
which they named >Jew Paltz, and upon 
v.-hich a colony of French Huguenots was 
located in 1677, a few years after they were 
driven from their native country by 
religious persecution. 

These Huguenots after leaving France 
settled for a number of years in Germany at a place 
known as the Palatinate or Paltz, as they pronounced 
it. They all seem to have applied themselves to the 
industrial pursuits to which they had been accustomed 
at home, and thus became a valuable clement among 
the people with whom they were sojourning. 

The Huguenots driven out of France, numbered, 
altogether, probably, nearly a million, and of these 
many thousands came to America, and they settled all 
along the Atlantic seaboard from Boston to Florida. 
In South Carolina a majority of th.e early settlers were 
Huguenots, but Charleston w^as their favorite restin.g 
place, where there were at one time as many as i6,0'DO. 
Here they added wliole streets to the city, and here, 
151 



o / 



c\cn : 

the o 



ne pre sell 
iiai ritual. 



a}-, ti;ere is a church following 
\ hirge proportion of the most 
distiiiguishcd names in South Caroh'na are of Kugueiiot 
origin. 

No class of eirii\jro.:ts in proportion to their num- 
bers, ]ia,3 coriLiibutcd a greater slnare to tiie |v-osperit\', 



intellectual pr- gre 
States, tlian tliese 
exception persons 



•A'.d refinen:en.t of the Uiiited 
s. Tliey were almost Avitliout 
perior social standir^gand good 
education, and ^-et accustomed by reverses to labor. 
Wherever the}- settled iliey v/erc noted for severe 
iiioralit}' and great cb.arit)-, and for politen.ess and 
elegance of manners far superior to tliose of tlie inhab- 
itants of English origin., but v.hicli has had a marked 
effect ori the character of their joiuit descendants. 

Of seven presidents Vvho directed th.e deliberations 
of tlie Congress of Philadelphia', during the Revolution, 
three, lienry Laurens, Jolm Ja}', and Elias Boudinot, 
were of hlugueriot parentage. 

In the city of Mew York, all tlirough its liistor}' 
down to the present time, a large proportion of its 
most en:iincnt eitizen.s liave been, of liugueriot descent. 

In tlic state of Xev.- York, outside of the city, there 
were Hugu.enot settlements at New Roclielle, in W'est- 
che.-ter count)', New P;dtz, in Ulster county, and 
Statcn Island ; of those the most important, probabl)-, 
was til at of Nev.- I'altz. 

This Cedori}-, at its beginning con.sisted of twelve 
families, the heads Cl v.-hichi vrere Louis DuBois, Jean 
Hasbroucl:, Clirisiiani l)e\'0, Abraham Masbrou.ck. 
Lou's Bevier, Simon and Andi'e Le Fe\'re, Anthony 
Chrispel, Abraham and Isaac DuBois, and Pierre Dcyo. 

152 • 



Lineage of the Bcvicr Family 

These men, under the leadership of LouJs DuBois, 
in 1677 secured from Governor Andros a patent for a 
tract of land in Ulster county, and in 167S, v/ith their 
famih'es, proceeded to occupy it, and build shelters for 
their families, on a village site, ^vhich by general con- 
sent they named New Paltz, in fond remembrance of 
their first place of rest in exile from their native land. 
Now the task of clearing and improving the land was 
begun v/hile tlie title was held in common, and no 
general division v.-as made until 1705. The fact that 
no misunderstanding arose during nearly a quarter of 
a century of such joint occupancy, should redound to 
the credit o{ this amiable and peace-loving community. 

These settlers organized a church at New Paltz in 
16S3, with Louis DuBois as elder, and Hugo Freer as 
deacon, and having Rev. Pierre Daille as minister until 
1G96, 



LOUIS BEVIER. 

Louis Bevier, one of tlic twelve patentees above 
named, was born in Lille, France, about 1648, and 
remained t'nere until he was driven into exile, and with 
other li uguenct refugees settled in the Palatinate, near 
P'rankenthal, in v;hich vicinity he remained until 1675. 
In 1673 he married IJarie Le Blanc, a member of a 
family of Huguenot refugees from his native place. 

After coming to Nev/ York Louis Bevier remained 
with relatives until 1677 v.hen he united v/ith the 
other patci;tees in purchasing from the Lidians the 
land for v.-hich tliey afterv/ard obtained a patent from 
Governor Aiuiros. 

153 



Oldc Cist 



From the spring of i6;S. lie with his fellow 
patentees, reniained in New Paltz without any marked 
change, and his children were born and reared in the 
faith of their parents, all of them being active in the 
maintenance of the Protestant church, first in New 
Paltz and later in the several commum'ties where they 
afterwards seti'icd. 

In 1710, his wife being dead, Louis Ikvier pro- 
ceeded to London and procisred his "denization" 
papers, quahiying him as an Ej'glish citizen. He then 
went to France, wliere as tradition reports, he met 
with a rough reception, but notwithstanding this, it is 
highly probable that his business was in part satis- 
factorily adjusted, and that he recovered at least some 
of liis property. 

Coming home again to Ne\v Paltz, he bouglit l/mds 
in Wawarsing, upon which his sons, Jean and Abraham 
settled, and he likewise bought the land at Marbletown, 
upon which his son Louis settled, and which has 
remained in his family ever since, and is still owned 
and occupied by a Louis Bevicr, of the sixth generation. 
Louis Bevicr himself remained upon his lands at 
Nev.' Paltz, Vvith his son, Samuel. His other son, 
Andries, being in some manner disabled, also remained 
v.'ith him, and his only living daughter married Jacob 
Masbrouck aiid settled in Nev/ Paltz. 

Louis jk-vier died in June, 1720, and was buried at 
New Paltz. 

Louis Bevier had eight children, the births of all of 
whom are recorded in the old French Bible nov/ov,-ned 
by Louis Bevier of Marbletown, N, Y., wliich 1 have 
seen and examined. 

154 



Lineage of tl:e Bcz'itr Family 



I. LOUiS BEVIER. Married in 1673, IMarle Le 

Bkmc atul had 8 cViildren. 

Second Generation, 

Marie, Born July 19, 1674, died in infancy. 

Jean, born Jan. 29, 1676, settled at Wawarsing, died 
1745. r.Iarricd April 14, 1712 Catharine Montanye. 

Abraham, born Jan. 20. 167S. settled at Wawarsing, 
died 1774. Married Feb. 18, 1707, Rachel Vernooy. 

Samuel, born Jan. 21, 16S0, settled at New Paltz, 
died 1746. Married Magdalena Blanshan, daughter of 
Matthese Blanshan. 

Andries, born July 12, 16S2, unmarried, settled at 
New Paltz. Died 1768. 

Louis, born Nov. 6, i68.i, settled at Marbletown, 
died Feb. 10, 1753. Married Elizabeth Hasbrouck 
daughter of Jean. May 6. 171 3, who was born Feb. 25, 
1685, died June 10, 1760. ^ 

Esther, born Nov. 16, i636, nnarried Nov. 7, I7I4» 
Jacob Hasbrouck, son of Jean. 

Solomon, born July 12, 1689, died young. 

The Bcviers of Cayuga county, N. Y., and of this 
section of Oliio, are descended from Abraham, the 
second son of Louis, and the following is an outline of 
descent to the seventh generation, to which I belong. 

2, ABRAHAM BEVIER, eldest son of Louis 
Bevier. ^Married Rachel Vernooy. 
Third Generation. 
Louis, born 1708, unmarried, died in 1750. 
Anna, born ?.Iay 7, 17 10, died in infancy. 
Cornelius, born Jan. 20, 17 12, unmarried, died in 
1770. 

Samuel, born Aug. 28, 1715- i^Earried Sarah 
i55 



U L 



LeFcvre, daughter of Andrics, June lO, 1739, settled 
at Wawai'sing, died 1774. 

Jacob, born Sept. 29, 1716, married Feb. 23, 1751, 
settled at Wawarsing, died iSoo. Anna Vernooy. 

Abraham, born Jan. 10, 1720, died aged 19 (see 
will). 

Maria, born Jan. 21, 1722, married June 20, 174=;, 
Benjamin DuBois, son of Daniel, settled at New Paltz. 

Johannes, born April 26, 1724, married first Aug. 9, 
1747, second vScpt. iS, 1764. Wawarsing, died 1797. 
First Rachel LeFevre, daughter of Andries, born June 
23, 1728. Second, Elizabetli Van Vliet, 7i£e Gonzales. 

Benjamin, born May 7, 1727, married Dec. 13, 1760, 
died 1803, Elizabeth Van Keuren, born July 29, 1726, 
daughter of Tjerck Matthysen and Maria Ten Eyck. 

Daniel, unmarried, died 17S6. 

3. SAMUEL BEVIER, second son of Abraham. 

Married So rah LeFevre. 

Fourth Generation. 

Andries, born April i^, 1742, married June 21, 
1764, settled at Vv^av.'arsing, died 1800. Jacomyntie 
DuBois, born April 21, 1745, daughter of Cornelius 
DuBois. 

Abraham, Jr., born Nov. 1 8, 1746, settled at Sha- 
v.-angunk, married IMarie DuBois, born April 20, 1746, 
daugliter of Jonathan. 

Maria, born Oct. 17, 1750, married April 23, 1772. 
Cornelius G, Vernooy, liochester. 

Rachel, born Oct. 17, 1750, married April 19, 1776, 
Johannes DeWitt, Rochester. 

I\Iaria and Rachel were twins. 

Matthew, borji 1744, married Dec. 2, 1769, Shav/an- 
156 



Li>:ta-e cf the Bevur F.v^dly 

gunk, JaconiyLie ]:;e\-;cr, born Sept. 2S, 1744, daugliter 
of Abraliam S. 

Elizabeth, boni Feb. 18, 1753, married Arthur 
Morris, Rocliester. 

CorDelia. born. Jan. 21, 1755, married first Dec. 9. 
1774, IMatthew Newkirk, Hurley. Second, Peter 
Btvier, Cheiiango. 

4. AN DRIES BEVIER, eldest son of Samuel 

Bevier. IMarried Jacomytie DuBois, 
Fifth Generation, 

Sara, wlio died unmarried. 

Samuel, (my grandfather) vlio had seven children. 

CorneliuSj v.-ho had eight children. 

Wilhelminus (father of Rev. J. FI. Bevier) had 
seven cldldren. 

Josiah, (father of Dr. Roeliff Bevier, Plymouth) had 
ten children. 

Louis, v.'ho had six children. 

'Margaret, v.-lio died unm.arrled. 

Rachel, (mother of Judge Jacob Brinkerhoff,) hai! 
6 children. 

5. SAMUEL BEVIER, eldest son of Andries Bevier, 

jiad sevcji children. 
Sixth Generation. 
Jacorayntie iy^.y motlier) -vvas born at Napanoch, 
April 24, 1794, arid died in Ov/a.-co, N. Y., July 4, 1S30. 
I\Liry, married Phdlip Bevier, and lived many years, 
until slie died, on the farm now owned and occupied 
by Thomas Wiiiett, in Plymouth township. Siie left 
no children. 

Andries, wlio liad twelve children, and died in 
157 



O I (f i' Uisttr 

Plymouth township in 1S46, and some of his descend- 
ants are licrc to-da\-. 

Sarah, \vlio died unmarried in Pl)-i"iiout]i. 

Abraliani DuBois, wh.o l^ad four children, 

LTargaret; unmarried, who died in Ph-moutii. 

Rachel, v/lio married Charles Conklin, and lived 
and died in. Plymouth, leaving five children. 

The Be\-ier famii}', from the time it settled in Xcv/ 
Paltz, 227 years ago, has preserved an honorable record, 
and am.ong its members there liave been many dis- 
tinguished men and woro.en in all the avocations of 
life, and it v.-ould seem ver)' desirable tliat their gene- 
alogy and histor}- should be preser\'ed for the inspira- 
tion of those who come after them. 

Louis Bc\':cr, of Alarbletown, N. Y., knov/s more of 
its genealog}- than any one else, and I understand he 
prepared a chapter u[)on the Bevier family, for a book 
entitled, "The History of New Paltz and Its Old 
Families," which has been published by Ralph 
LcP'^evre, editor of the Nev/ Paltz Independent. 
Everyone interested in the Bevier family ought to 
have a cop)', v.dtich can be procured by v.'riting to Mr. 
LeFevre. 

There ought, h.owever, to be a book by itself, upon 
the Bevier famihr, which will afford room for historical 
and biographical details, and any one who v.'ill under- 
take it ought to be encouraged by the necessar\- j.iecu- 
niary backing. 

I had hoped tliat Louis Bevier, Jr., son of Louis 
Bevier of Marbletown. would undertake it. He is 
Professor of Greek iti Rutgers College, Kev/ Jersey, 
and is amply equipped for the work, but whether he 
has any inclinations that Vvay I do not know. 

Mansfield, Ohio. 

158 



A Kiu^sfcn Bey's Luv::i:t 
A KIXGSrOX BOY^S LA ME XT. 



Come tune your voices, Kingston boys, and stand up in a 

row, 
And sing of liiin wlio from our town is now about to go. 
We'll start a tr.iic that's lull of grief and melanchob- v/oe, 
And sigli o'er reminiscences of biiily Hamblin's, Oh. 

Oh, ]]0\v we'll miss the little tO)-s v,-hat used to stand, you 

know, 
V/ithin the vrindows — dogs, and birds, and dolls— all in a 

row ; 
And strings of be:ids, and v;ooden carts, Oh ! v,-hal a motley 

show 
Used to delight th.e children's eyes at Billy Hamblin's, Oh ! 

And if perchance you cast your eyes \\ithin the o])eii door, 
How many sorts of charming tliings Avere jdled about the 

store 
To tempt the peni'iies from the boys Avh.en going to and fro ; 
'Twas hard for boys to pass that shop of Billy Hamblin's, Oh. 

The oranges of golden hue, the apples polished briglit, 
The peanuts and the cocoanuts, the candies red and white ; 
And best of al! that could be found in all that goodly show, 
I, with a sigh, recall the/Zd- at l^iUy Hamblin's.'Oh \ 

Without the door each summer night, since ages long ago. 
The boys would ^it and smoke cigars and talk all in a row ; 
]]ut, oh ! there never v,-as a joy but had an end, you know ; 
No more they'll sit and swing their heels at Billv Hamblin's, 
Oh. 

No more they'll stand arouP-Q the stove upon a wintrv night, 
Vvhile Uncle IViAy rubs his liands full of a rnild delight : 
Now, when the bitter wind doth howl, and drifts the failing 

snow, 
Alas ! no more 'tis snu.g and warm at Billy Hamblin's, Oh. 

No more within In's open door, with smile serene and bland. 

O'erHowing with brnevolence will I'ncle Billy stand. — 

No more with hymn-book in his hand will he pass to and 

fro : 
Alas ! we oft will think with grief of Billy Hainbhn, Oh. 
159 



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TE 



A N HIS TCRIC^' ' & GEXRA J. L 



'^MAGAZINE 



Fiibliuud MontJsiv, al / ./ v Green 

Street, K i i' ^: 1 1 <> n , -^^ r., bv 

BENJAMiy I^IYER BRISK. 



Copies, t-ii'Oity-jlrc cc-.iis. 



Sinzle 



Till:: rUBLICAlIo:: of the New Paltz insci-;ptions 
and the Kingston baptismal reccrcls will be icsurned in 
a future number. 

The DEMOLiTiux of the building on the corner 
of iMain and Fair streets, King^.ton, N. Y., opposite 
the County Clerk's office, recalls its occupant of a gen- 
eration ago, William xl. lianiblin, and all his character- 
istics. No man iii the cOvnUy was better known th.arx 
he. From the nies of the local papers we have copied 
"A Kingston Foy's Lament " which graphically pre- 
sents to this generation " Uncle Billy Hamblin." 

The first number of this magazine was 
issued o\\ January iSth of the current year. In the 
three montlis \;\vx\\ liave elapsed Olde Ul.STER has 
gor.e to subscribers in nearly every state and territory 
of th.e Ui-.ion, and even to one home in Holland of a 
family bearing an Iionored Ulster county name. Nine- 
tenths of the nan^ses upon the subscription books are 
those of families Vvliich have been prominent through 
all the county lii.-to;)'. 

160 



A LTMITFJ) NUMIMLR OF COPIRS 
^~i- OF MARIUS SC 1 1 00 X MAKER'S 

HimrOKY OF KlItiQmTO m 

Can be puixha.sed of U. D. DARROW. 
K i n g s t o 11 . N c \\' Y o r k- , at the 



O X I ) OUT 

S.IIVA^GS BJXK 



Assets " - ^^2^3715923 07 
Liabilities - » 25218^285.45 



Surplus ^\^:i,,, » $153,637.62 

^"HE DR. C O. SAHLER SANITARIUM 

KIXGSTO.V, N. V. 

^\ental ar;d Nervous Disea^es^. 

\\T \\ . RID E R 

PIANO WAREROOMS, 

No. J04 Wall Street, Kingston, N. Y. 



1/^ A LENTI NjUJ RG EVl N 'S SON S 

OLiy J'LSTER'S . 
LARGEST FLORISTS 

KLXGSTON, N. Y. 



\AriLLIA:vl F. DEURICK, 

^^ p*HaR/^\aci5T ^4- 

joS WALL ST., KIXGSTOX, X. Y. 

Agent for Moore's Pure Hoube Paints. Msde with pure I.in-^ceil Oil 



OLD^^ VLSTER 

Will Give Especial Attention to Linea.2:e of 
Ulster Families 

QL'ESTIONS 

Of Eligibility to the D. A. R. i^ Like Societies 
Attended to 



.y A 



y/%^^.^:\ 



.-. .--.-} ^-. o 



;■; :~r v^ 7 ■': -"; =^ 



u 



LSTER County 

S^4 IVA^GS Institution 



No. 2iS Wall Street 
Klnx^ston, New York 



Depofits, $3,000,000.00 



1/ I i\ G S T O X 

SAVINGS BANK 



i ^ Q ] 1/ T \r r Q D .1 AT l^ 



No. 273 Wall STiacET 
Kingston, New York 



OFFICERS 



James A. Betts. Prrs Chas. Burhans, Treas 

"Myron Teller,'/ ... p Frank Johnston, ^^7 
John E. Kraft, )' .' '''-^' ' J. I. Linson. Counsel 



NT O A H \V O L V E N, 

No. 323 WALL ST., KLVGSTOX .V. Y. 

The Reliable Store Dress Goods and Silks 



CONTENTS 



Vol. I JUNE, 1905 No. 6 

Vagk 

Indian Troubles Become More Acute 161 

" For Sale — A Young Negro Man " 169 

The Line lJi\'iuino Ulster and Orange 169 

The Purchase o!" the Dutch Ciuiich I'ell i;o 

The H<.norai)le Charles G. DeWitt 176 

Washington Riding to 'lake Command 177 

The Severe Winter of 1780 17S 

The Kingston Cliurch Beakers 179 

Population of Kingston in 16S1 180 

Uzal Knapp and Washington's Guard 181 

Specimen of Dutch Hunior 183 

Original Name of the Wallkill 183 

Proclamation of Clinton as Governor 184 

A Wynkoop Family Bible Record 185 

Gravestone Inscriptions at New Paltz . . 1 88 

In the Ravines of the Catskills 190 

Editorial Notes 192 

P O R S Y T II & DAVIS 

Booksellers ana Sfaiioiurs 

jc/ WALL STREET, KINGSTON, N. Y. 
JTP.E have a few copies of the V^ % V_, i?^ 

^^ Dutch Cliurcli Records 

that we offer at a very low price. These books 
are invaluable in tracing the history of Ulster County 
families and are becoming scarce. 

We also have a large line of SouYenir Postal Cards show- 
ing local scenes, including the Revolutionary Buildings. 

ii 



OLD^ VLSTER 



Vol. I JUNE, 1905 No. 6 



Indian Trotibles ^^ .^ 
Become More Acute 



■'"''UTUAL distrust of each other and a faikire 
1 fih/ I on both sides to fulfil the promises made 
r--tV'- - 1 hcpt the reLitions between the Esopus set- 
. , tiers and the Esopus Indians strained. 

' ; ^. _, This mutual distrust occasioned each side 

L-^;Vv.- , j to suspect even the siniplest acts of the 
\ Ky'%A o^^her if they were at all out of the common, 
F ^^ V^ To this v.-as added the strange nec^lect of 
Director Stuyvesant to give the red men 
tlie presents he had promised. In short he lacked the 
tact of Arendt van Corlaer and Peter Schuyler. Had 
he had it the Esopus v/ould have been as secure against 
Indian attack as Fort Orange (Albany). 

Ever since the beginning of tlie settlement which 

follov/cd Chambers' purchase from the Indians of the 

loulands in 1652 the house of Stoll had been used for 

religious services, at v/hich the Scriptures had been 

161 



Olde Ulster 



read with books of devotion. By 1658 the settlement 
had about seventy-five inhabitants and supported a 
voorleser (lay reader) at its own expense. This was 
Andries van der Slug's, whose house had been burned 
by the Indians on May ist, 165S. 

On the 17th of August, 1659, Hermanus Blom, the 
first nninister in the Esopus, visited the settlement and 
held services that day. He pleased the people so 
much that they sent him to Holland to be ordained 
and become their pastor on his return. Two years 
before (in 1657) the Reverend Johannis Megapolensis, 
the celebrated Dutch missionary among the Iroquois, 
had visited the Esopus and held the first regular ser- 
vice. He was a man who had exercised a remarkable 
influence over the Indians and this influence had been 
exerted even in rescuing Jesuit French priests from the 
Mohawks in time to save them from burning at the 
stake. This had been remarkably successful in so 
saving the life of the celebrated Father Jogues, who 
was a warm friend of Megapolensis. At a later date 
Father Jogues ventured there again and sufTered that 
death before Megapolensis could reach him. But this 
service of Megapolensis at the Esopus had so far been 
the only regular religious service here. 

This one of Blom was held, in all probability, at 
the usual place, the house of Stoll within the stockade. 
As the congregation was dispersing a party of Indians 
appeared at the stockade gate. The minister went 
with Ensign Smit, Chambers and Stoll to confer with 
them. Tke conference was held somewhere near the 
junction of Albany and Clinton avenues. Christopher 
Davis (universally knov/n as " Kit Davis") was the 
162 



Indiun Troubles Bt'ccvne Mere AcuU' 

interpreter. The powwow was opened hy one of the 
sachems who began : 

"We do not harbor any evil intentions against you, and 
\>hat is reported is untrue, ^^'e patiently submit to the blov.s 
each of you intlicts on u.s. We sutTered your people to take 
a-.vay from us four fields oi corn. So many times (holding 
up seventeen sticks) has your nation struck and injured us at 
different places, ^^'e wish to live in pe?.ce. V>'e pass many 
things by in silence for we are not inclined to trouble. We 
expect your sachem [Stuyvesant] to I'uhil his promises; for 
so long as he does not we understand he is not inclined to 
peace." 

The sachems were told that Stuyvesant would be 
here soon and they departed. But the governor did 
not come, nor did the Indians receive the presents 
which had been promised them. 

On the 4th of September ninety-six Indians appeared 
at the same stockade gate. Another conference was 
held with Davis as interpreter. He had long lived the 
roving life of a hunter and trapper among the sons of 
the forest and they had grown very fond of " Kit." 

The delegation of the natives seated themselves on 
the ground in a semi-circle and an old chief stated the 
object of their coming in these terms : 

"Brothers: We met yesterday in one of our council- 
houses and took counsel. We resolved upon every point 
that was good. To place this beyond doubt we come now 
^nth our wives and children without arms. Now you can 
not misconstrue our acts, or report unfavorable suspicions 
about us. 

"Brothers: A Minqua, a Seneca and a sachem from the 
163 



O I d c U 1 s t c r 

South River, \\!\;: jorne otlicr Indi.ir.s. lurv-e been among us 
and advised us lo be reruneiled ar.d m.ike i^eace with the 
Chvisiiajis. Thev said we oi'.g'nt ro be asliamcd to act so 
against tliem. 'With tliese objects v/e are now come. 

" Ilrot'ners: \\'hen. about three summers ago, the inva- 
sion of Manliattan look place, it is true we entered Ki(T;ii:s. 
but we did r,(U h'lrt an}' person in any maiiner, as the Dutch 
can attest. ^Ve jK-rmitted the Christians to take possession 
of their property again, al'ter ^^ hich we conchided a perpet- 
ual peace with them and the Ma.juas (Iroquois), in contirm- 
ation of wl-iich v/e locked our arms in an iron chain and 
said ' Who breaks the first link, against him v."ar shall be 
declared. ' 

"Brothers: We are inclined to peace, and have no mis- 
chief ill our lieans. We shnll nov,- go at v/ork with a fire 
burning between us, around v.-l-;ich we of both sides will lay 
down to rest. Otlier savoges tell us tliat the Dutch will slay 
us while we sleep, but we will not listen to such, prattle. 

"Brothers: We can not conceive why yc>u built a fort. 
It would have been better had each man remained on his 
own land. Xowliere can you get better corn. Xow it is 
swept away by the v.-ater. Your bridge is gone. You can 
not reach your maize to drive away tl:e crows. 

"Brothers: ^\'e ■i\-ere greatly surprised you did not plow, 
therefore a[)prehei-;dir.g that you were brooding mischief. 
You ought to plov,-, for }-ou have nothing to fear tVoni us. 
It does not ple:i-e us we can no longer use the path by the 
guard-house. It is fortunate indeed you beat those sachems 
who would make use of it, f >r had tliey been common people 
a terriijle figlit wou.ld liave ensued. 

"Brothers: T!:e horses aJid hogs of Jacob Jansen Stol 
destroyed a wliole })lantation. When v.-e drove tlic creatures 
out a horse fell on a slump. Had it been killed by a tree or 
arrow it could easily have been noticed. We think it died 
from starvation. 

164 



Lidaiii Troubles Becoiic Mcr< 



" liroi'neis: Here are fort)- failiuiiis sewan for the horse 
we shot and killed. 

" Brothers: This is for the hogs of Jacob Jansen that we 
killed. (Ten fathoms.) 

" Ih'others: This is for taking four Christian prisoners." 
(Three fatlumis. 

Then the speaker presented five fathoms more and 
said : 

= ' Brothers: This is to pacify you entirely; and this (hand- 
ing over five fathoms more) that your warriors may not beat 
ns in the future. For the labor we Y.'ill pay in sewan." 

This was certainly a frank and g-enerous proposal. 
It was unfortunate that there was in authority here no 
one with the tact of Arendt van Corlaer to meet the 
chiefs half way and with the abihty to meet their gifts 
with presents of the bright colored goods so dear to 
the Indian eye and trie copper kettles po prized by 
them. Thomas Ch<?inbers, Jacob Jansen Stoll and 
Andries Laurensen felt this but could only reply that 
nothing could be done until tlie coming of Director 
Stuyvcsant. This answer irritated the red men. IMonth 
after month had they been given this reply to every 
overture they had made. .Stuyvesant did not under- 
stand Indian character and palavering and took no 
pains to {y.\(\ out, Thomas Chambers and " Kit" Davis 
did. Had they been granted the power of dealing with 
the sachems of the tribe at this golden moment a last- 
ing peace would, in all probabilit)', liave resulted. A 
few gtrnerous gifts at tliis moment and a treaty with 
the Esopus might have been as lasting and as effective 
as "The Silver Covenant Chain" which bound the 
165 



O I .^ c Ulster 

Dutcli, arid tlieir successors, the Eiiglish, ivith tlie 
Five Nations of the Iroquois for one hundred and 
fifty years. But the opportunity had knocked at the 
door, v;as not seized, and it passed. 

Chambers saw it. Tlie Indians were ready and 
asked to be confided in. He v/as doing so. He ]iad 
not moved ii^.to the stockaded vilLage. He v/as h'ving 
upon the farm whicli v/as to be made into " Foxhall 
Manor" in after years. He kept at peace with the 
savages. He put in his crops and reaped them practi- 
cally undisturbed. If some of them were injured by 
natives unaccustomed to the regukations of civiHzation 
Chambers knew liow to conveniently not notice it 
This method of dealing succeeded and Chambers had 
surplus crops to sell every year. 

On the night of the i6th of September two Catskill 
Indians v/ere witli a party of eight of the Esopus tribe. 
These had been at Fox Hall all day husking corn for 
Chambers. They asked him for some brandy. He 
told them "When it is dark." After evening com- 
pelled tiie buskers to suspend he gave them a big 
bottle. They courteously told him "We thank you 
very much." One of the party proposed that they go 
down to the brook and have a spree. This was assent- 
ed to and a frre was built there and around its blaze 
against the darkness of the night they began a v.-ild 
dance and racket. By midnight they h.ad emptied the 
bottle. They returned to Chambers and offered sewan 
(wampum money made out of clam shells; for more 
brandy. They did r.ot succeed vnth him but had it 
filled without cost by one of the soldiers. The drink- 
ing and carousing v.-as resumed uiitil the party became 
i66 



ludiai:. Tr.uib^s Br:.';;:c- JL^;r Ar^;/r 

very !5oi5.y aral hair pulling, bo-.vlinj and fiL^iuin.g filled 
the air with tlicir noise. In the midst oi t!ie tnniidt a 
savage discharged his gun. One of the party, n^ore 
sober tlian the rest, then proposed to go home as he 
imagined that tlie cause of th.e din woiud be investi- 
gated. The others jeered liirn and said "We have not 
harmed the Dutch; v/hy should the\' l;ill usr" But 
the noise was heard at tlie stockade and Ensign Smit 
detailed Sergeant Laurense;! and ten men to go over 
and investigate. They v.'ere given strict injunctions 
to harm r.o one. I'he sergear.t soon sent word that it 
was a mere drunken frolic. Had the m^itter been 
aliov/ed to rest here peace v/oukl soon liave r-cigned as 
the savages were ahead}' stretching thennselves around 
the fire to sleep off their dissipation. 

The lack of a head of affairs in the settlement was 
nov/ manifest. The civilians were not under the con- 
trol of the Ensign and refused to obey. Jacob Jansen 
StoU determined tliat there was d.tnger from the Indi- 
ans and called for volunteers for an attack upon them 
v/hich lie would lead. There v/as an immediate response 
from Jacob Jansen van Stouteiiburgh, Thome's Higgins, 
Gysbert Phillipsen van. \'elthuysen, Evert Pels, Jan 
Arentsen, Bareiit Harmensen, Martin Moffman, Gilles 
de Meeker, Abel Diicksen and Jacobus IMetselaer. 
These bra\-e defenders of their honies and firesides all 
situated v.itlun a higli stockade guarded b)' soldiers 
boldly marched out in the small hours of the morning 
and over to the brool: below Fox Hall and fired a volley 
of musketry into a circle of drunken savages who 
lay quietly s!ecT)ing off their debauchery' around the 
expiring fire. One of tlie late carousers v/as knocked 
167 



O hi c Ulster 

in the lica;! \:\U\ a:i axe and left for dead, but he re\'ived 
and cra'A'led intuthe bushes and escaped ; one ^vas made 
a prisoner; another was slashed by a cutlass in the hands 
of one of the \-alian.t attacking part}-. The attacic aroused 
all the drunken savages and they dashed out into the 
darkness and escaped. 

Ensign Smit Icnew but too well v.diat would be the 
result of all this. He set about an investigation. But 
the party led by Stoll cast all the blame upon the 
Indians a!id claimed that the sleepin.g savages had 
frred on them first. As the Ensign saw that nothing 
could be done to control the hot-headed element 
among the settlers he resolved to avail himisclf of an 
order of Director Stu)'vesant arid return to Manhattan. 
Me announced tliat lie Vvxiuld leave the next day. Tlie 
whole country was immediately throv/n into excite- 
ment. What would the settlement do v.dthout troops 
to defend it? The}- implored him to remain. But he 
v/ould not be n':oved. To prevent his return, and the 
withdrawal of the troops Tliomas Chambers and Stoll 
shrewdly resorted to a scheme v.diich the}' immediately 
put in operation. Every boat on tlie creek was hired 
of its owner and liidden. The bafilcd commander was 
compelled to send the interpreter, " Kit" Davis, to 
Manhattan with a canoe to report to Stuyvesant the 
condition of affairs at the Esopus, Tlie m.essenger 
v.-as escorted to tiie Strand b}' Sergeant Laurensen and 
eight soldiers. Ten citizens accom.panied the detach- 
ment. Oa their return the\' were am.buscaded near 
the present City Kail an.d surrourided. The sergeant 
and thirteen men surrendered witliout firing a shot. 
The rest escaped and reached the gate of the stockade 
i63 



Tiic Lim of ISIsitr awd Orr.ugf 

in safet}-. Five or six hundred liu-iaiis immediately 
surrounded tlie st.oc;:ade and the First Esopus Indian 
War v/asi opened. TFis investmciit of the stockade 
v.-as made on the 2 1st of September, 1659. 

"The Plebeian "of may 16, iSg6, contains the 
following notice: "For Sale, — A smart, liealthy, 
young Negro Man v.eli acquainted v.'ith farming busi- 

TiCSS Apply to 

THE PRINTER." 



"Whereas the line dividing the counties of 
Ulster and Orange Jias never been run and marked 
further westward than to the east side of tlie Shawan^ 
gunl: ?:Iountains, and for want of a Continuance of 
that Line to the l^elaware River, the Jurisdiction of 
those parts of tlie said Counties l\'ing west of tire said 
rJonntains is uncertain and the Iniiabitants thereof 
are frequently taxed and compelled to perform Publick 
Duties \w both of the said Counties ; To remedy which 
Evils, 

Fe it enacted etc. That the said Line shall be 
continued, run out and marked as soon as conven- 
iently m;iy be. from the East Side of the Shav/angunk 
Mountaii'S aforesaid to the Dekuvare River on a course 
of Soutl) ei';^hty-nine Degrees and fifty m.inutes Avcst as 
the Magndic needle nov/ points." [Lav/s of New 
York, i7;4.] 



169 



The 



PiLJxJiasc 



Dn/c/i 



of the 



Church Bell 




FTER the G';.'J:s and Vandals of the British 
army had buuit th.e village of Kingston. 
October i6th, 1777, our ancestors rebuilt 
their dcsolatie dwellings and put the church 
in a suitable cop.dition for Christian v/orship 
as soon as circumstances would permit. 
r\Iany worthy citizens with their families 
from tlie metropohs liad been indebted to 
tlieir hospitality during tlie war and these, 
on the Evacuation of New York in I7S^ 
returned with grateful feelings to tlieir old homes. 
They were happy or,ce more, as we ma)^ well imagine, 
amid the bustle of the city, but tliey could not easily 
forget ICingston. Among other tijken.s of respect fur 
the pious zeal of those v.'ho had gi\-cn them slielter in 
the hour of need, Colonel Henry Rutgers [v, hose i:ame 
is given to Rutgers College] prestmted them with a 
ship's bell to hang 'w\ their steeple — the old or.e ha\-ing 
been destro}^ed during th.e conflagration. But the 
conscript fatliers of th.e \-illage sliook their lieads at 
the sound of it. It would not do; there was nothing 
solemn in it; it reminded tliem of the profane tolling 
of the bell aboard th.e King's riit-K-cf-zcar that whilom 
frequented the h.arbor of ^-lew York. A new one 
must therefore be procm'cd at adl events; tlie ch.urch 
v/as rich and could easily aiTord it. But where v/as it 
I/O 



P-jr chase of f'-c Dutch Church Bell 

to be got? In America? Out upon the thought! 
What! Iinport tlie Domine from the Vaterlandt and 
not the bell ? So, after several pipes had been smoked 
upon tl'ic subject, orders were transmitted to dc Hccreii 
Jacob Le Roy & Son, merchiants of New York, to 
negotiate a treaty iov one of orthodox tone with a 
founder in Amsterdam. 

Now, it would be unfair to tax the patience of the 
reader with a detail of the liopes and fears and daily 
discussions that enrrossed the attention of the villagers 
during the period that intervened between the trans- 
mission of the order and the arrival of the bell. Sui= 
fice it to say that it formed the prominent topic of 
conversation at every club that m.et, v.-hether male or 
female. At length, to tlie great joy of the whole pop- 
ulation, the consecrated instrun'ient made its entree, 
carefully pac]>:ed in a conical cask made on purpose, 
accompanied by a leather strap sev/ed thickly like a 
trace to buckle the clapper on. But the greatest 
wonder of all was the following letter from IMynheer 
Kuk, the procurator of tlie business in Holland. 

"\Vel Eerwarde Heeren! 

"Op u Edelens verzoek aan rnyne Vrienden, de Heerea 
Jacob Le Roy & Zoon le Xen* York, en door hun Edele 
voor uwel'dens aan my gedaan, orn een Kerk Klok met een 
Klepelvoor de gemeente van I. C. te Kingston, myne rnede- 
broedereri; zoo reeken ik't my geen geringe Eer dit vtrzoek 
te mogen ontvangen, maar tevens by deezen in staat te /:yn 
cm aan't zeive te kunnen, en te niogen obedieeren of vol- 
doen — en zende de zelve geassurt-erd per Capt. Gilcrist The 
Minerva, lioope »S: v.-ensche dat z}- behouden mag arriveer- 
en, — 

" Ini dat de zeh-e aan't waare oogmerk moge voldoeR. 
171 



Ol<^e Ulst 



van als z_v ovi den rust qi'l; luiare Stem l.-;at Hooren, de 
gemteTue ^l}■liJ; nioogc on Komen in't H'"-'? Gods, om zyn 
woord met vnicht te Hooren en daar van't noodige gebruyk 
uiaaken. 

" Deeze Klok is met al zyn lo-ebechoore!:) binnen deeze 
Stad pegoten. duseen verital'ile Hollandse Amsterdamse Kick. 
Ik heb die eenige daagen gekayden in prezentie A-an my iN: 
myn oiidste zoon kiaten probereen; de zeb/e Klank is van na 
by zeer goed. Ik tvryfel geen sints v.-anneer in de Hoogte 
hangt, of zal nog meer voldoen. 

" M'aar uweb-dens gefieve den directeur te onderrechten 
by de opb.angeng der zelve, dog wel toe te zien dat tc zelve 
wel recht Perpendicidair, dat is te zeggen, aan alle zyden 
eveneens recht op & neder hangt; ^^■ant gedraaid of te veei 
na cen zyde over'nanger.de, lonpt men gevaar somtyds te 
bersten, en dit kan met rnaarzigtigheyd voorkomen -vvorden; 
met zyn strop wel te plaatzen. 

" De inkoop reekening heb ik aan de Heeren lb. Le 
Roy & Zoon gezonden, en b.oa Ed: voor die prys gedebit- 
teerd; zullcnde uwelidens met nun dit v,-el vinden. Xa my 
in U^VEDS. gunste en Liefde, aes een medebroeder \z:X\ 
onzen Hervorraden Gereformeerden Godsdienst aan be- 
voolen te liebben, zoo reeken ik het my Eer, met waar- 
eachtig en A'riendelyke Grote. aan uwlds. en de v.arde 
Broedercn en Zustereii my te noemen. 
" Wel Eer.varde Heere i ! 

"UWEWD »S: DW Dienaar 
" &: Medebroeder 

" Paulus Kuk. 

"Amsterdam, Den lo Mey. 1794." 

\_7yav.sIation.'\ 

''Right Honorable Sirs: 

"Upon your v/or^hipf-:! request to ray Friends the 
Heeren Jacob Le Roy i5c Son of New York, and througli 
172 



Purchase of the DittcJi Church Bell 



their worsliips i^resented to me, on your beh-Uf. about a 
Church BcU with a Clapper fcr tlie congregation of Tesns 
Christ at Kingston, my brethren; so I reckon it no small 
honor to me to have received tins re.]iie.>t, but at onct by 
these to be in a conditi-jn to know arid to obey or fubal it ; 
and I send the same, insmed, by Capt. Gilcrist of the 
Minora, lioping and wishing that it may arrive sale, and 
may fulfil its true design, so that when on tlie day of rest she 
lets her voice be heard, th.e congregation rnay diligently come 
up to the House of tb.e Lurd to hear his word with profit 
and to make needful use of it. 

"This bell, wilh all its apparafcs, v.-as cast within this 
City, thus it is a genuine Holland Amsterdam Bell. I have 
toll'd it several days in the jnesence of myself and my eldest 
son to try it, and the sourid of it closely is very good, I 
have not doubled since but that when it comes to be hung 
on high it will give more satisfaction. 

'' But you will please to instruct the manager at the hang* 
ing up of the same to mark well that it hangs exactly perpen- 
dicular, that is to say, on all sides alike straight up and 
down; for if it is turned or hung over too much on one side 
a body runs the risk sometimes of cracking it — and this can 
with caution lie pre\-ented by fixing the strap to the right 
yjlace. 

" The account of the cost I have sent to the Heeren lb. 
Le Roy o: Son, and debited their \\'orships for the price. 
This you will well find wilh them. Next to having myself 
felt for in vour Worshir/s favor and love as a brother of our 
new-modelled Reformed Religion, so I reckon it my honor, 
Nvith true and friendly greeting, to n.ame niyself to you and 
the dear Brothers and Si-ters, 

''Right Honorable Sirs, 

"Your Dear and Dutiful 
*'Ser\ant and Brother, 

" Paull's Kuk.. 

"Amsterdam, the loth May, 1794." 



This affectionate letter, of course, drew forth 
iiuitual congratulations froni the villagers of King-ton, 
and preparations were at onc*^ made to haiig the belL 
Great and solemn care was taken in the unpacking and 
elevating of it to its air\' seat. It happened about 
tliis time that one of tlie ancients died, and it was 
announced that the new bell v, ould toll his knell. So 
at the hour when he was to be gathered to his fathers 
every ear in the village was turned up, as Sir Pertinax 
says, "like a duck's in thunder." to hear the sound. 
The Bell, after an age of suspense, at length tolled — 
but alas, v.diat a disappointment ! — Every head shook 
in the negative — pipes were knocked out and filled — 
sighs as heav}' as millstones were drawn — in short, it 
would not do. The bell, though it came from the 
Vadtrlavuit — from the Paradise of ex'ery Dutchman — 
was good for nothing. Ivlynlieer Kuk, (oh horrible 
thought) with all his pious professions, was a hypo- 
crite; and, for filthy lucre's sake, he had taken them 
in. An old shovel, or a bar of iron would sound as 
well. 

In the midst of this consternation the conscript 
fathers assembled to hold a consultation. What \vas 
to be done? Was there a rerned}-? After smoking a 
great deal of tobacco upon it tlie \-illage blacksmith, 
Jan Haalcn, gravely suggested that the difficulty lay 
in the leather strap. There were some v,-lio thought 
tliat thi\- saw inio Jan's sclieme to cut awa\' the strap 
and weld a hoolx but Jan insisted that it was the first 
time in his life that he had seen the clapper of a bell 
fastened on with a leather strap. But it was e\-ident 
to the village fathers' minds that Jan had not probed 
1/4 



Puf'i^a^c of the Dutch Church Bell 

the matter to the bo'itorn. The)' had no faith in the 
preposterous idea that the mere abstraction of a leather 
strap would remedy the defect: and one of the fathers 
went so far as to tell Jan phimply to his face "you 
!iave heard the beli ring but do not know iioio the 
chopper hung-." "Surely Mynheer Kulr is not such a 
fool, he would not ernplo}' any material tliat •■.vould be 
of detriment to the bell. He knows well that the 
friction of an iron hook upon the staple will in time 
wear it out, while if the strap be leather it would wear 
and could be easily replaced." 

At last the council broke up, after passing a resolu- 
tion to refer the v/hole matter to the Domine and abide 
by liis decision : He was well acquainted with the Vader- 
landt, and might; perhaps, contrive a way to bring the 
bell to a sense of its duty. But the Domine at once 
cut short their hopes by declaring his utter inability 
to cure it of its obstinacy, addinjr in a jocular way, that 
he had enough to do to cure their souls;— so, in utter 
despair, an humble address was transmitted to the 
Hcer Colonel Rutgers, of New York, desiring him to 
engage a return passage for the bell to Amsterdam. 

Colonel Rutgers, with the benevolence of heart 
which has ever distinguii^hed him, promptly replied to 
the address and assured the village fathers that they 
must be mistaken. It could not be that I'.Iynheer Kuk 
had sent them a bad bell. There was something wrong, 
perhaps, about the construction of the m.achinery v/here- 
with they had hung it. Was it hung In tb.e old-fash- 
ioned way uj>on a straight axis? If yea, the mystery 
was at once solved; for bellr» of that size mast ahvays 
be hung upon a crooked axis. 

i;5 



Olde Ulster 

It was evciT so. The bell cl^J haiig; upon a straight 
axis, with a stick of wood niortiscd into the top Hke 
the poke of a vicious bullock ; and though the ringing' 
of it caused the sweat to roll h'ke rafn drops, the clap- 
per after all could not be made to vibrate with suffi- 
cient force. But when a crook had been introduced, 
whereby the apex became elevated midway above the 
horizontal part of the axis, and Jan Haalen had a little 
lengthened the clapper, our fathers discovered, what 
the world has since acknowledged, that the}- had one 
of the best, if not the best bell in America. Its sound 
is clear, distinct and sonorous, and has been heard at 
the distance of seven miles. In fine 

"Abetter bell 
Ne'er told a knell." 

Upon the circumference near the middle it bears 
the following inscription in one continuous line 

"C : en I : 5eest Arastelodami Anno 1794. ^^^ Fecit." 

The Honora];le Charles G. De Witt. 



The Honorable Charles G. DeWitt v.-as a son 
of the Revolutionary patriot the Honorable Charles 
DeWitt who represented Ulster county in the Con- 
tinental Congress. The son was elected representa- 
tive in Congress from the Ulster district in 1S2S, and 
after his term, v.-as appointed by President Andrew- 
Jackson Minister to Guatemala and was continued 
there by President Martin Van Buren. He establish- 
ed the Ulster ScrJinel in 1S26 and was its editor for 
many years. He died April 12th, 1839. 
176 



Uii'icto'i Kf't;!!:^ /J .iss::;':r Co^umarid 



WASHIXGTOX RIDIXG TO TAKE COMMAND 

On TH5C i^Til of Jul}-, i;75. iJie celebrated battle 
Bunker Hill was fouglit. Or, tlie same day the Con- 
tiner.lal Congress, assembled in Pliiladelphia, appointed 
Georcjc Washington to tlie command of the arm.ies of 
the colonies as General and Commander-in-chief. 
Among the ?.Iajor Generals appointed that da)' were 
Charles Lee and Fhilip Schuyler. As soon as Wash- 
ington could arrange liis persop.al affairs he started foi 
Boston. This was almost immcdiatel}'. When he 
reached New York he heard of tlie battle of Bunker 
Hill. He hurried ou and arrived at Cambridge on the 
second of July. Here he assumed the command two 
days after, on the 4th, just one year before the 
in-imortal Declaration of Independence was signed. 
Olde Ulsteii is able to pubb'sl) in this issue a letter 
written by a resident of Kingston, Gilbert Livingston, 
who was in New York when Washington and his party 
rode through on their way to Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. It is addressed to Dr. Peter Tappen : 

"New York, 29th June 1775. 
Dear Brother : 

You vdll see by the warrants v.-ho are 
nominated ofilcers for }-or.r county. It is very hkely v,-e 
shall raise an addilionnl number of troops beside t!ic three 
thousand now raised. We expect all diligence v.il] be used 
in Recruiting tiir.t the regiments rnay be formed immediately. 
Last Saturday, aboiit two o'clock, the Gens. Washington, 
Lee and Schuyler ;irrived here. 'I'hey crossed the river at 
Hoback [Hoboken], and landed at Col. I.ispenard's. There 
were 8 or 10 compar>ies under anns, all in uniform, who 
marched out to Lispcnard's. The procession began froui 
177 



O I u e U I s t e r 

there Ihiis : The companies first, Congress' next ; t-.\o of 
Continental Congress next; general ofiicers next; nnd a 
company of liorse from FhiL"delphia who canie with the 
General brought up the rear. 

In the evening Gov. Tryon landed. I walked ^vitli 
my friend, Cieorge Clinton, all the way to Lispenard's who 
is now gone home. I am very well. Plope all friends are 
so. 'Tories,' Caty vrnte-s, * are as violent as ever. ' Poor 
insignificant souh; ! v,ho think lliernselves of great importance. 

The times will soon shov/, I fancy, that thev must quit 
their wicked tenets, at least in pretence, and show fair. Let 
their hearts be as black as Hell. Go on, be spirited, and I 
doubt not success will crown our honest endeavours for the 
support of our just rights and privileges." 

— '©@— 

The winter of 17S0 v/as the most severe on 
record. Long Island sound was fro;ren over In the 
v'idest pares and people passed over from Long Island 
to Norwalk, Connecticut, in sleighs. The New York 
Legislature then met in Albany and could not con- 
vene January 4Lh becpuse the roads all over the State 
were impassable ihrouc^h the drifts. The heaviest of 
cannon were taken over from Ncv/ York to Paulus 
Hook (Jersey City) on. the ice. Provisions were trans- 
ported to Staten Island from New York in sleighs and 
a detachment of cavalt}' drove across New York bay 
to Staten Island. An old diary of that day kxpt in 
Saugcrties has this entry '* Och Gott J hct is cen hedrci'fte 
lijt'" (O God ! it is a dreadful time.) Sleighs crossed 
the river on the iz's. at Saugerties that i^pring as late as 
April rSth. 



KihXS' 




Tht Old Kingston Church Beakers 

■ THE OLD KIXGSTOX CHURCH BEAKERS 

These old silver beakers have been used in the 
communion service of iliis church for many g:enerations 
and are sliU in constant ser\-ice. Each is se\-cn and 
one-half inclies ii\ lieight. Tiie older one bears this 
inscription ; " Etii teckeii van Etfden en wacrJiyi tot a'e 
kercke acn Kinsfonn A'^ i^Sf TA token of love and 
truth to the chuich of Kingston, Anno, 1683). 

The inscriptictn upon the other varies a little and is : 
^' Een tekcn r'.?;/ lief den en veaarJiydt Tot de kercke van 
179 



01 de Ulster 



Kinsioiot Ario- I'/ii. 21 novt'tncer z^ (A token ot love 
and truth to the church of Kingston Ano J7ii 21 
Noveiriber). 

The older beaker has one mark " I. B." It is riclily 
engraved with three ovals containing figures supported 
by birds, fruits and ilowers. Above are bands thrice 
in-terlaced. The other beaker has also one mark 
M ^v * K 
* B - " 
\\\ a heart-shaped shield. It is engraved h'ke the first. 
In each of the ovals is a design. One is that of a 
woman standing \\\ front of a church at her left. She 
bears a cross. Tlie secoi-d oval contains the figure of 
a woman with a chikl at her breast and ?.nother child 
at her side who carries a tray and cup. There is a 
church at the right. The third oval has a woman with 
a church at her Itil. A bird, seemingly a falcon, rests 
upon the palm of her open right liaud. These designs 
\w the ovals are alike upon both beakers except that 
the child at the side of the woman in the second oval 
Upon the earlier beaker does not carry a tray and cup. 

Among the translations of the papers of the Kings- 
ton church in the ofrice of the Clerk of Ulster county 
Is the following entry: "To a silver beaker, G. 260, 
Nov. 16, ! 71 I." 

A Hint as to the I'upulation of Kingston 
hi 16S1 is given in a letter of the Reverend Casparus 
van Zuuren, of Midwoud, Long Island, to the Chassis 
of Amsterdam dated October 30, He writes that tlicre 
are in Esopiis two hundred members of the church 
whicl) shows a population approaching one thousand, 
180 



JVas Uzal Knc^^ M-inhr ?f Was!iiyi::,ivn s Bcdy-Guara 



JFAS UZylL KXAPPA MEMBER OF WASHING- 
TON'S BODY-GUARD f 

The follo-.ving is taken from " The Commander-iii 
Chief's Guard" Revolutionary War,, by Charles E. 
Godfrty, V\ . D., Wasliingtovi, 1904, page 14; 

" In course of my research niy attention has fre- 
quently been directed to numerous men alleged to 
have had service in the Corrim.asiderin-Cliief'b Guard. 
In every instance their military records were inquired 
into with the possibility of perfecting tlie rolls of the 
Guard in the campaign of 1776. Almost invariabi}' 
th.ese allegations could not be verified. It is true, 
however, that after Captain Lewis's Troop of Cavalry 
Guards rejoined their regimerit September 26, 177S, 
small squads of cavalrymen were thereafter occasionally 
detailed for brief periods to escort Washington upon 
long journeys, or to serve as an au>d;iary guard of his 
person in times of action, though while in the perform- 
ance of these special duties they were in ;,-t-7<;//j^ what 
ever considered as a part of his regular Guard. 

" I can readily understand the motive which prompts 
the descendants of these Revolutionar}- sires to con- 
nect their ancestor's service with, this famous command 
if possible, but I fail to ccniprehcr.d wh)- numerous 
unsup[;orted pretensions should be m.ade un.less they 
are deliberate!}' done with the knowledge that tlic 
records of the Guard ha\'e heretofore been regarded as 
a sealed bool:, or by a perversion of tlie facts comniuni 
cated to them b}' tradition or otlserwise. A conspicu 
ous cxamjjlc of the rnan.ner in which these abuses have 
iSi 



Olde Uisi 

arisen is manifested in the case of Uzal Knapp, w'.iosc 
allegec' service in the corps is noticed and conflrnicd as 
a fact by eminent" authors, ulio liave emblazed liis 
portrait and autograph upon the p.'^.gcs of liistory for 
all time as the Jasl survi\-ing member of the Com- 
mander-in-Chief's Guard (Los^ing's Field Book of the 
Rev., vol I, 687. Root's Chapter Sketches of the 
Conn. Daughters of the Am. Re\'. , 441.) It is related 
that Sergeant Knapp was transferred to the Guard at 
Morristov\-n in tlie winter of 17S0, with which com- 
mand he continued to serve until his discharge in June 
1783, and after his death, v.-hich. occurred at Xev/ 
Windsor, New York, January !i, 1S36, his bod)* v/as 
laid \\\ .state in the reception room of the Hasbrouck 
House at Ne\vburgh, v/lien it v/as appropriately 
interred with military honors the follov.-ing Wednesday 
at the foot of the flag-staff in tb.e lawn before the 
former headquarters of V.'ashington, which he had 
previously so faitrJulIy guarded. (Curtis' Recollections 
of Washington, 262-3.) At an earlier date, neverthe- 
less Dr. Lossing admits that the narrative of Sergeant 
Knap}")'s public life -was obtained in the lifetime of the 
latter through another person. (Lossing's Field Book 
of the Revolution, vol. I., (^'^'i^j As a matter of fact 
the records show tiiat Uzal Ivnapp enlisted for the v.-ar 
at Stamford, CoiiUecticut, TJa}' i, 1777, in Captain 
Stephen Butt's Co:npan\'-, Second Connecticut Regi- 
ment, and after being successively pronioted a corporal 
and a sergeant he was honorably discharged from liis 
regiment June 8, 17^-3 ; and subsequently died at 2^ev.' 
Windsor, Nev/ Yorh:, July 10, 1856. In his application 
for pension he negatives any service in tb.e Comman- 
182 



JS>.v/7//<77 of Du'ai Ifuuirr 

der-in-Cliief s Guard, which is suppo3.-ttrd by the rolls of 
the oigauiz.atiou." 

What are the facts of the case? Has anyone 
records \vh:'ch corroborate or disprove the above state- 
ments of Dr. Godfrey ? 

TUE EARLY Dutch of Ulster county did not scruple 
to use hyperbole. They knew the humorous effects 
vvliich could be obtained by a sudden Inversion of the 
sublime into the ridiculous. Here is an example: 
*' Ach! had ik traanen kun ik schreijen; 
De smart knaagt mij hot leven af; 
Neen wanhoop spargoen folte singen, — 
De valsch Ivlaria doen mij pyp uit." 
This ma)- thus be rendered into English: 
*' Ah! had I tears, so fa=;t they'd spring; 

The stinging pains my life v^'ould wipe out; 
And black despair nov\' racks my singing, — 
The false Maria 's put my pipe out." 

The original name of the Wallkili river seems 
to have been "Ashdisch." Upon the coming of the 
Huguenots it v.-as first spoken of by them as "the 
Paliz river" and tlie name " Waalkiii " v/as not applied 
until some time after the settlement of the region. 
Whether it is called after the Waal, a branch of the 
ri\-er Rliine v/hich fiov.'s tlirough the Palatinate (Old 
Paltz); whether it took its name from Walloon, as 
Louis Du Bois, tlie pat nitee v.-as often called " Louis 
the Walloon," or whether its origin was in real, a forti- 
fication, arid given because of the precipitous cliffs of 
the Shawangunks wliicli skirt its banks will always 
remain a mooted question. 



o / 

PR c LA :ja T I n 
Of George Qinton's Eic-ciiui'i as Gover:ior in 1777 

In Council of Safety 

For tlic 

State of New York^ 

July 30TH, 1777. 



A PROCLAMA PION. 

Whereas, his Excellcnc}-, GEORGE CLINTON, Esq., 
lias been duly elected Gc)\-cri-or of the State of New 
Yorlc, and liatli tliis Day qualified himself for tlie 
Execution of his Ott^»ce b\- taking in this Council the 
Oaths required b\' tlie C'jiistitution of this State, to 
enable him to exercise his said Office ; tliis Council 
dotli therefore, liereb)' iri tlie Name and by the Au- 
thority of the good People ci tliis State, Proclaim and 
Declare the said Geoi-ge Clinton, Esq., Governor, 
General and Cornn:andcr-in-Chief of all the Militia, 
aiid Admiral of the Na\-\- cf this State, to v.diom the 
good People of this State are to pay all due Obedience, 
according to the Laws and Cor.stitution tiiereof. 

By order of tlve Council of Safct)-. 

PlELKE WvN CORTLANDT, President. 

God Save the People, 

Kl>-GSTu;s : !•; inif-i \>\ Jon;-: Iiult, I'rir.ler to iht; Stat;-: of Xkw York:. 

IS4; "■ 



A Wynkcop Faviily Bibh Record 



A WYNKOOP FAMILY BIBLE RECORD 



Miss Sra'ah B. Reynolds, of the City of Kingston, 
has courteously permitted Olde Ur.STER to publish 
the following family record in th.e Dutch Bible of an 
ancestor Cornelius A\''yiil;oop ; which translated from 
the Dutcli is as follows: 

' I, Cornelius Wynkoon, born in the year of our 
Lord and blessed Jesus Christ one thousand, six hun- 
dred and eighty-eight, the thirtieth day of May in 
Kingston, Ulster coiinty. 

" At tiic age of iS or 19 )-ears had T the inclination 
to (go and see oth.cr lands o\-er tiie sea. So that I, th.e 
28th day of I^.Iay, 170S, went out of my father's house 
to intend to go to Karson, ar.d on tlie 31st came to 
New York. The iSth of June I sailed from l\ew York 
v/itli skipper Phillip Sloo, and cam.e that day just out- 
side the Highlands, and the 22nd ditto, in the morning 
at sunrise, under convoy with five vessels and with a 
stiff west wind, the 13th of July passed by the line of 
the tropics, and on the 22nd ditto, in the morning we 
had a cape in sight from v/hence a French privateer 
came out of a corner and took us in sight of the island, 
of Karson's, Pi;d we with our skipper, and also one of 
our men went on his vessel. The 26th, ditto, we came 
to San Domingo, a Spani-h city on tlie island of His- 
paniola. Tlie 18th of August sailed out from San 
Doniingo and passed the island Saboona Moona, in 
Porto Rico, an.d came the 2!st to St. Thomas. In the 
i6th of September sailed from there with the Bermuda 
skipper namtrd Joseph Faester aiid arri\'ed October 4th 
185 



:u;a!n in New Yor]:. And on the I iih ditto I am again 
in Escpas by my paicTits a!id friends. 

"On the I4lh of December, 1711, \vas I confirmed 
in the blessed state [of marriac;e"l by Domir.e Vas with 
Hendrica Xukerck, tir-i.giiter of Arien Gerretsen, born 
7 I\ovcn:iber, 1692. Following this is a leaf under- 
written. [This is lost.] 

"On the :^2 of Av.gust, 1712, on Friday evening 
about 9 o'clock a daugl;ter was born to us and on the 
31st of August she was baptized by Domine Fetrus 
Vas and named J ud'ck'je, and my father and mother 
werr: witnesses to tlie baptism. 

"On the 31st of December, 1714, another daugh/ier 
was born to us on Friday about S o'clock in the morn- 
iijg and on the 9th of Jauuar}- baptized by Domine 
Yas and named Elizabeth, — the witnesses were Arian 
Gcrretson and his wife. 

"On the I5ih or March, 1717, another daughter 
was born to us on r\londay about o o'clock in the 
morning, and on the 17th was baptized by Don';ine 
Vas and named Cornelia ; witnesses were Jacob Ten 
Broeck and his wife. 

" On tlie 19th day of August, 1719, on Tuesday 
about 3 o'clock in the afternoon was born to us a son 
and baptized on the lOtli by Domine Vas and named 
Johanis. Tlie witnesses were Tliomas Beekman and 
his wife. 

" On the 6iii of Februar}', 1722, a daughter was 
born to us on Tuesday about 3 o'clock in tlie after- 
noon.. On the iSth. was baptized by Domine \''a3 and 
r:amrd Cathrina. Witr.esses Dirck Wynkoop and 
Arricnantje Xewkirk. 

186 



"On tr:e 24th of ?.Iay, 1724, on Suiuiay night at II 
o'clock another daughter was born to us, and on the 
•:;ist was baptized b)' lOonrhie Vas and named Leah. 
The witnesses were Jacob Rutsen, Jr., and his wife 
Leah. 

" 1726 about n-nchiiglit between the 2Stli and 29th. 
of J.muary our daughter Leali went to her rest in the 
Lord after she liad been ver}' sick on tlie same day. 

" 1726 on llie 14th of August, about i o'clock in 
the afternoon^ on Sunday a son was born to us and bap- 
tized on tlie 21st by Doaiine Vas and named Adrien, 
The -witnesses were Jan Newkirkand Rebecca Hansee 
the second wife of Arian Garretson. 

" 1726. 21 October, Friday afternoon, isour }'ounger 
son named Adrien asleep in tlie Lord, after that lie 
about two days less than ten v.-eel:s was out and had 
no health thereafter so long as he v/as in the world. 

" 1727, 29th September, Frida\', 10 hours in the 
morning is again a daughter born and the 7th January 
was baptized by Domino Vas and named Leah. Wit- 
nesses Gerrit Nukerck and liis wife. 

"1730, 5 April, Sunday, three hours after dinner is 
my one son born and on the 19th, ditto, baptized by 
Domine Vas and named /\drien. Witnesses Cornelius 
Nukerck and his sister Leah. 



/o- 



of da}' is niy ^v•ife in travail of a son and is the day 
after, the 51I1, baptized by Domine Mancius and named 
Cornelius. Witnesses, Johannes Lametter and his 
wife, my sister Christina. 

" 1734, 20th December, Friday evening, is my wife 
in travail of twins. On the 22nd a daughter was bap- 
187 



VI 



tizcd b\' Domine Mancius and riap/ied Maria ; \\'it'i-ies- 
SC5 my brother Joliannes \V)Ti]coop and his v.-ifc Td'aria 
and tlie sou \% named Petrus, witnesses Jacobus 
Elsncndorf and .Margriet Cole,' wife of my brother 
Dircl: Wynkoop." 

GRAVE-STOXE INSCRIPTIONS 

In Old Huguenot B u ry i ng ^ Ground , Nciu Pa!t~, N. Y 
Conmiunicaicd by Chaplain* R. R. Hoes, U. S. X. 

Tliese inscriptions were copied, compared and revised by Chjpl.iin Hoes 
on Uie iSth of Nov., 1S95, have never before bcjii published, and are arranged 
by families in alphabetical order. They are, in every instance, esact copies 
of the originals, (even the punctuation marks included), and represent the 

condition of the grave-stones at the above date. 



Co]iti)ii(cd froii! pOK^c 1 2 1. 

26. Rebecca Deyo 

daughter ol 

Benjamin H. & 

Mary Deyo, 

died Nov. 16, 1825, 

JE 15 yrs. S rno. 

&" 1', ds. 



27. D D B 

1752 

21 My 
[The three letters DDE are in form of monogram 
in the original inscription]. 

18S 



luSc 



28. 



Ill 

I\Iemor)- of 
DtiTiiel Dubois, 

wb.o died 
Marcl-A 2S, 1S17, 
iged 6(S years 6 mo. 
d^iys. 



^■^ 



\C). I n 

l\Iemor}' 01 

Isaac Dubois 

who died Ju!\' ia}^'' 1823 

aged 70 years 8 nio ci/ 

12 days 



Died 

5V. S. : 

Rebecca v;ife of 

Isaac Dubois, 

aged 74 years &, 

8 mo. 



In 

memory of 

Josefih Du Bois 

v;ho died 

Feb. 2, 1S20 

/E. 56 yrs. ■ 

<S" 1 1 mo. 



33 



30. 



In 

Memor}' of 
Daniel Dubois 

\\\-\o died 

March 15, 1852. 

^■E. 56 y'rs 8 mo. 

& 2 d's 



In 

Mem or)- of 

I\lagdalen Hasbrouck 

wife of 

Daniel Dubois, 

who died 

Jan. 13, 1 858, 

yE. 61 )''rs 7 mo. 

& 1 8 d's 



1 89 



Oldt 



Amelia, 

daughter of 

Daniel & 

Magdalen Dubois 

died Sept. 12, iSr2 

aged 13 y'rs & 24 d's 

For what is )'OL:r Life! it is 

even a vapour that appeareth 

for a little time and then 

vanisheth away. 

To be continued. 



IN THE RA VINES GF THE CA TSKILLS 

Through mo^s-grown rifts, along the clifcs, 
The wild surge leaps in silvery splendor; 

And sl-iceny sprays melt in the rays 
Of Autumn sunlights, sadly tender, 

While high above, the tremulous murmurs fly, 

And lift their liquid music to the sky. 

Far up the crag the waters ilag, 

And pool in hollow caverns under, 

Then break, and dasli, in noisy crash, 
Aduwn the dizz}- deeps like thunder, 

Till, faintly falling in the depths below, 

In dying laughter they forever fiov,-. 

'J'he daisies pi ink the plashv brink, 

And from tlie rocks and licheris hoary, 

The golden-rod, with mimic nod, 

Torch-like, blooms in its silent glory; 

'I'he trenilJung aster lifts its starry eye, 

To take its purple-violet from the sky. 
190 



iJic CaiskHh. 



Dull Oiiors iU:a;. o"cr icn ana iivnt, 

Or Avinds that £ii;h throiich I'iny tresses; 

V\'riite A-apors fall, and mantle ail 

To melt again in drcaiu-likc Tieeces, 

A radiance gilds the aznre dome of light, 

^^'ith rarer beauty through the cliasmed lieight. 

The eagle sweeps across th.e steeps 

Uncliallenged by the Iraunts of mortals; 

Tlie birdlings fling their caroling 

Through many hidden sylvan portals; 

And airy love revives in dov^-ny breasts. 

To wing its songs beneath tlie frowning crests. 

Dusk twilight falls o'er towering wails, 
That Nature reared in scarred ledges, 

Whose sullen deeps and donjon-keeps 

Are v.TOught with wreaths of ferny hedges, 

"Where covert Solitude, serene, has slept, 

'Mid battling storms that, ages long, have swept 

And over all tlie sere leaves fall, 

Mute emblems of a d}ing beauty, 
Yet over all tl:e sweet thoughts call 

The heart to realms of holier duty. 
Till in the mountain glow of Autinim breath 
The spirit dreams be}'ond the sigh of death. 

O Eden sjuings, whose freshness brings 

Elysian promises of hea\-en; 
Wliose lone defiles and siiadowy aisles, 

To waiting souls, are visions given, — 
As paths of U]iper air, v.-hose wavs, if trod, 
Divinely lead from nature up to Ciod! 

STEniFN Hlnkv 'JhlAVE; 



191 



O L D - V [. S T E R 



ANJIJSrORIC-'- & GEXEA L OG/C-'^- MA GAZINE 



Fublifhcd Monihix. at isj Grcc, 
Sfrrf, Kin g /' i o >; . N. )\.. b 
BENIAMIN ArVKR BRINK 



T c r 111 s :-—TiJO dollars a yccrr in AdvaKce. S i ng I i 
Copies, tvcciity-five cents. 



The July Number of Olde Ulster will contain 
an account of the Indian massacre i'l Shawangunk dur- 
ing tlie Ivevolution. Bevier's story of the massacre 
in the town of Wawarsing, which was published in 
1846, mentions the Shawangunk attack, but says that 
the writer had never been able to find a copy of the 
account, which was written about i S20. Olde ULSTER 
has secured it for publication in tlie Juh- number. 



With thls Number of Olde Ulster one-half 
of the first volume is issued. The publication of the 
magazine is a labor of love to the editor and he is grate- 
ful to all wlio are supportir:g him in the work. An 
effort on the part of ever)' one who reads the numbers 
to increase the subscription li.-t v.-ill not only bring the 
publisher other remuneration than the pleasure of 
bringing out the monthl}' issues, but v/ill enable him 
to secure n'loj-e and better illustrations. The income 
of the magazine should be such that the expense of 
illustrations could be met from its receipts. 
192 



% T T r 

V 1 ' 






X^ 



■4 






Genealco-icai Mao-azine 



w-^. -^ '"■ 



^ r ; ;? e 



::l^" ;;V iVr-jsj. ^i;j^.r>v/», // Y 



LSTER County 

S\irLVGS Ijisiiiutiofi 



No, 2;S Wall Stulet 
Kingston, Nlw York 



Depofits, $3,000,000,00 



I X G S T O X 

SAVINGS BANK 



No. 273 Wall Street 
KiNGSJ'ON, New York 



Ol'FICERS: 
James A. Betts, Frcs Chas IIurhans, Trcas 

MVRON TiTT.ER, ( yr- p FRANI; Jt iHNSTON, ^!r7 

John E. Kraft, ) '''■^''' j. j. Linson, Counsel 

^Ilf: DR. C. O. SAHLEK SANITARIUM 

KIXGSTOX. X. Y 

t\^v)\^\ 2\r7d Nervous Di^e2\SQS 



cox TEXTS 

Vmi.. I ]V\X'. U.OS ^''- 7 

Tiic Vt\>{. iLso[!Us Iiuiiaii War ' 1G59) 193 

liiLlian Gi-ax'f^ in l^nsoii'laie 201 

Jiulian 1 i!Cursir)',i inlci SS-aw inLiuiik 11780,1 202 

First I'aj.or Tubli-^Iicd in U l>tcr Count)- ( i 777) .. . 2x1 

F\\->i I'atciU ].-MicJ. in LtrancTL- Count)- (1697).... 213 

Lineage of the KiL-r^tctl I'\imi!)- 214 

Polling Places iri Ul-ter Count)- in 1777 2x8 

Kingston ] Kij)tisinxii Records 219 

The Old Stone House 223 

F-Liitorial Notes 224 



P O K S \' T 1 1 ^c I) A \' 1 S 

BOOKSELLERS & 
S T El T 10 X E R S 

JO J WALL STRTT.T, AVXGSTOX, N. V. 



70 F liave a few cnoies of tlie V^ V' V V\ 
111 ' .... 

Dutch 0/n//r/i RccoiEs 

ihat we olY'. r at ,l vcxy K'W price. These bool^s 
a:e iiu'.dual'ie in tracing the histor\- of Ul>ter Count)' 
fan;i:ie^ arM.l are bccomiiig scarce. 

We a!-o inive a large line of 

•^^ 5ouvei7ir p-'ost^.l Card sssr. 

-howii'g local scer.cs, ir,cluding tlie Revolutionary 
liaiklings. . . , ■ 

ii 






V L^^ i ili\ 



Vol. I 



JULY. 1905 



No. 7 



rst 



The Ft- 

^^ Indian 



SOpifS 



JV^ 



ar 



% 



LUNDER after blunder had marked the poh'cy 
of tlic authorities in dealing with the Esopus 
Iiidiaris accompanied by a constant suspicion, 
and this was met by the savages by a distrust 
of the intentions and promises of the whites. 
Tlic stoclcadc v;as invested by about five ]iun- 
dred warriors on the evening of the 2ist of 
Y-p' September, 1659. All night long amid the 
^ yell from savage th.roats which frontier fami- 

lies so often heard until hearts v/crc paralyzed 
v.'ith fear the stoclcade was attacked. The red men 
liad as yet but few fire-arnis. But arrov.s fiew like hail. 
To some weie attached firebrands. These set fire to 
the house of Jacob Sebcrs and it was consumed. Many 
barns and stacks of hay and straw and barracks con- 
taining like products were also destroyed. Under the 
excitement from these devastations the savage assault- 
193 



aide Ulst 

crs made a despej-atc attack upon the defences and 
nearly carried theni. Providentially, the hres from the 
burninji; buildings did not spread tlirough the enclosed 
village and the defenders devoted their efforts to 
repelling the assault. Only one man was killed and 
two wounded. 

When morning was coine the beseigers resorted to 
other tactics. In their haste to secure trtemselves from 
the foe the settlers had abandoned all their possessions 
which happened to be outside the stockade and these 
the Indians proceeded to destroy, particularly the 
horses, cattle and hogs. They then returned to a close 
investment of the place. For seventeen days an unin- 
termitting siege was maintained with all the savage 
accompanin-ients of noise and the frequent discharge 
of showers of arrows ar.d firebrands. 

In their rage at their want of success they vented 
their anger upon the prisoners. They had attacked the 
escort v.-hich had gone with " Kit" Davis to the Strsnd 
v/hen lie was sent to convey the report to Director 
Stuyvesant. From this party they had captured four- 
teen, of whom somie v.'crc civilians. Thomas Cham- 
bers had been one of them. lie had been taken by a 
party of six warriors dov/n the Esopus for safe keeping 
because of his prominence and because the Indians were 
on the best of terms v.ith him personally. As night 
came on he had managed to get a tomahawk and brain 
five of his guards while they v/ere asleep, while the 
sixtli escaped. Another of the prisoners escaped and 
Peter Laurentsen and Peter Uillebrants were ransomed. 
A son of Evert Pels, who v/as a youth, was adopted 
into the tribe and given an Indian maiden to wife, 
194 



TiU First J'.sc'f'us J>;Ji.r>: H'^rr 

Whcvi the captives who survived wero ransoincd the 
attempt- was made to obtain his returr.. Kacllcop, the 
Indian chief, returned this ansvvrr: " He is in one of 
our villages where he has taken a wife who became 
pregnant, and she is unwilling to i)art with him and 
he with her. rie wishes to stay with his squaw as he 
ought to do." 

But the blow fell upon Jacob Janscn van Stcuten- 
burgh, Abraham Vosburg, a son of Cornelis B. Slecht 
and six others. They were compelled to run the gaunt- 
let, after which they were tied to the stake v.here they 
were beaten and cut barbarously. Then they v/ere 
burned alive. One at least of these, Jacob Jansen 
van Stoutenburgh, had been of the party who had 
gone out against the protest of Ensign Smit on the 
evening of the i6th of September and fired into the 
crowd of drur.ken Indians who had celebrated the 
husking of the corn of Chambers. This had occa- 
sioned the war and the savages were nov/ revenging 
themso-lves unon tho-e who were responsible. 

The news carried by " Kit" Davis to New Anister- 
dam caused consternation. " Fear seized the souls of 
the whole colony." The farmers about abandoned 
their homes and crops and fled to Long Island. The 
settlement of New Amsterdam was already devastated 
by fever and even Director Stuyvesant was ill. Other 
diseases were prevalent. In the garrison there v.as but 
a handful of soldiers, many of whom were sick. .Stuy- 
vesant arose from liis sick bed and by beat of drum 
went through New Amsterdam and all the neighboring 
villages encouraging the timid and urging them to 
stockade the towns and go to the assistance of Esopus. 
I9S 



O I d r V I s t <■ r 

He convened tlie local officirtls. They urged volunteers 
to go and told tlicrn, against the protest oi Stuyvesant, 
that captured Indians would be good '-prizes." But 
only six or seven men enlisted. He ther; sent Captain 
Newton and Lieutenant Stillwell to the English towns 
on Long Island for help. He wrote to Fort Orange 
(Albany) for assistance. The rcc^uest reached Fort 
Orange just as commissioners were returning from a 
conference with the L'-oquois in the Mohawk Valle)^ 
The news of the troubles at Esopus had reached the 
Iroquois during its sessions. The Mohawks had 
remarked if the emissaries of the Esopus Indians 
approached them for assistance tliat they v>'ould return 
this message: "Av/ayv-Jlh you, }'e beasts, ye sv/ine ! 
We v.-iil have notliing to do with ye !" And it is worthy 
of note that in all these Indian troubles the other tribes 
would have nothing to do with the Esopus Indians. 
As for the Iroquois they had been the firm allies of 
the Dutch since i6iS and actively assisted them tlirough 
the First and Second Esojius Indian Wars. And when- 
ever a treaty was niade liere between tlie authorities 
and the Indians a representative of the Five Nations 
was always present to consent and subscribe. 

Meanwhile StuyvesasU did not cease his attempts 
to secure troops. He might lack tact, conciliation or 
good judgment. He never knew fear ; he never lacked 
energy. Difficulties alv/aj's aroused Ids determination. 
If he could not get volunteers he could secure conscripts. 
He not only ordered out every soldier but every servant 
in the Company's employ ; every man in the Company's 
breweries; every clerk in the service. The people of 
New Amsterdam denied his right to compel thenr to 
196 



T'ir J':y,f Eso/us T^uuo'; War 

fight s:iV3f;es, He crdered a paiacie of the city militia, 
lie appealeti to tjK'ir sense of ho!K>r and duty and asked 
that volunteers "step out." Only about twenty-five 
responded. Stuyvesant was mortified and ordered a 
draft. He remarked " if any are \veak-hearted or afraid 
let them furnish a substitute or pay fifty guilders.'' 
This silenced the timid. He then directed the force to 
be ready after the Sunday evening service. 

At noon, of Monday, October 6th, 1659, he set sail 
for the Esopus with a force of one ramdred citizens; a 
few officers and clerks : twenty-four men from the Eng- 
lish settlements on Long Island and twenty Long Lsland 
Indians. He readied the Esopus on Wednesday at 
noon. He could not get into the Rondout creek, so 
he made a landing one-fourth of a mile below. When 
the force reached the stockaded village it was found 
that the Indians had become weary of their unsuccess- 
ful assaults and had departed early the morning of the 
day before after an assault v/hich liad lasted all night. 
They had left for their liomes. A hea\-y rain had set 
in and a freshet had covered the lowlands to the depth 
of five feet. As this rendered pursuit impossible Stuy- 
vesant returned dov.m the river v;ith his force. Its 
character was shown as it embarked to return v/hen a 
dog barked at a sentinel who fired at the animal and 
the whole force was thrown into a panic at what they 
thought v.-as an attack of the savages. 

But he first strengthened the garrison under Smit. 
The force under this brave and prudent officer though 
small was able to give a good account of themselves. 
The director could rely upon them and return his val- 
iant command to their civil occupations. 
197 



O / ci r U I s 

III tlie ineaiilinie the :;utlioritic.s at Fort Oraiic^e 
undertoolc a scUknun'tt of the troubles throug-hi iIn; 
Iroquois. They sent Uvo Pkloliawk chieftains and a 
Mohican to the Esopus. After a five da}-s' stay they 
negotiaucd a truce. This was to be ended at the option 
of Stuyvcsani. Q^n tlie cStli of NoveiiVocr he returned 
to the Esopus lioijing- to conclude a permanent peace. 
But tiic Esopus Indians ^vouId not come to meet him. 
They were both afraid to do so and lacked confidence 
in him. Presents v/e'-e exchanged but neither side 
trusted t]\c other. 

Such conditions were too humihating for the impa- 
tient vStuyvesant. He could not bear to be opposed 
by a liandful of nalcecl sa\ages. He resolved to declare 
war. PTis secretary van Ruj'ven opposed it. But v.ar 
was resolved upon. In the interval, and before hostil- 
ities were resumed, Goetchels, the chief of tlie Wap- 
pingers, appeared at Manhattan asking for jieace in 
the names of Pegh-pegli-quanock, Pcnimyrameck, Pi cu- 
wamack, and See-Avecham-incc, cliicfs of the Esopus. 
They said, "The Esopus Indians ha\-e been afraid that 
the v.-ar would be resumed all winter. They ha\-e the 
scwan and beaver all ready to make peace. They 
\YOuld have come tliemseKcs but arc full of fear." But 
Stuyvesant had no confiderice in all these protestations. 
He importuned the Directors of the West India Com- 
pany in Amsterdam for troops and at last obtained 
them. 

Meanwhile the energetic Smit was pursuing the 

dispersed savages. On the 15th of March he marched 

with forty men about eight or nine miles into the 

interior and ran upon sixty of the enemy who fied. 

19S 



The Dutch fircf! into tlieni aiui killed three or four 
:ivx\ took twelve prisoners. S:iiit discovered tlieir fort 
and destroyed it, and captured a quantit)' of maize, 
beans and peas. He ahso foiii'd there man)' peltries. 
Tlic fort was called " W'iltmeel" and was situated sorne- 
wlierc in the Ron.doiit valley in the vieinit)' of Rosen- 
dale. 

Stuyvesant arrived at the mouth of the cede on 
the iSth of x-larch. He came up to the village to meet 
the red men. Rut they would not come to meet him. 
He was angrj- and resolved to declare war. He ordered 
the savages driven he)-ond the Catsl-cill mountains and 
sent the phmder and prisoners to iVianhattan and sailed 
for Albany. Here on I\Larch 25th he issued a formal 
declaration of v/ar. The I\Iol!a\\'kie, the Katsldlls, the 
IMohicans and the tribes down the Hudson interceded 
without avail. Tliey u'ere tohl the}' would not be 
molested if they remained quiet but war \vith the Eso- 
pus Indians was resolved upon. 

Oil the 25th of May Stu)vesant committed his 
greatest blur;der. As a mearis of striking terror into 
the hearts of the Indians he sent twenty of the captives 
to the West Indies into slavery. This act rankled in 
the bosoms of the savages for years and occasioned 
the massacre of 1663. It was a very impolitic measure 
and the consummation of tlie unwise attempts to bring 
about a peimanent peace in these fertile \-alleys. 

Tv/o da\-s after the banifhmcrit Smit set out to 
begin operations. With sevenly-fi\'e men he went up 
the valley of the Rondout. Near Rock Lock, iri the 
present tov.m of Rosendale, he sav/ a few Indians plant- 
ing. He u'as told that more had concentrated about 
199 



nine miles farther up the stream, lie tried to surprise 
them but the barking of tlieir dogs diicloi^ed the invad- 
ers and the Indians fled. TJiey left behind old Prey- 
maker, the oldest and best of tlieir cl'.iefs, He was tlie 
father of their g\iide. He was bent wlih years but a 
warrior stili. Armed v.itii a gun, six kn.ives and a 
tomahawk lie haughtii)- called out "What are ye doing 
here, ye dogs?" He \\'as disarmed and put in charge 
of a guard. The troops destroyed all they found and 
as the old man v.as unable to v/alk he n'as killed the 
next day b}' a blow from his own tomahawk. His 
name sur\'ives in " Pie^^malver's creek.' The party was 
attacked as it returned and one man wounded. 

While this was going on tlie other Indian tribes 
were laboring for peace. Deputation after deputation 
visited New Amsterdam in tlieir interest, and at last 
the council sent Stuyvesant, I\Iartin Cregier and Oloff 
van Cortlandt to the Esopus. They reached the stock- 
aded \'illage the loth of July. Daj's passed and tire 
Esopus chieftains did not come. Stuyvesant became 
indignant. At last on. the I5tli of ]n\y, 1660, the Eso- 
pus sachems appeared. On the green outside of "the 
Strand gate,'/ or about at the intersection of the present 
Albany and Clinton avenues " under the blue sky of 
heaven" they met aiul with them was a large delega- 
tion from the Iroquois, A\'ith Indians from th,e Katskiil 
tribe; th.e Moldcans ; the Mirdsinks ; the Wappingers ; 
the Hackensacks and Indians from Staten Island. 
Am.ong the v.'hites was Arendt \'an Coilaer, so rever- 
enced by the powerful Iroquois that they called the 
Governor of New York for oiie liundred and fifty years 
"Father Corlacr" whenever they addressed him. All 
200 



The First Escf'us Indian War. 



the asscnibled chieftains conc'cnmcd the Escpus Indians 
for making war in the first phce and advised them to 
accept Stuyvesaiit's terms of peace. At last this was 
agreed upon and all promised "to bury the hatchet," 
forgive and forget all injuries, ransom the prisoners 
from each other and live at peace. The Indians asked 
back their sons and brothers from slavery in Ih.c West 
Indies but could not secure the promise of Sluyvesant 
lo this. He avoided committing himself. When he 
visited Albany shortly after the Senecas there advised 
him to grant their request but the headstrong Director 
refused. The rankling wound would not heal and the 
peace v/as of short duration. 

On Saturday, the ;tii of I\Iav, 1904, two Indian 
graves were disclosed while excavating on the farm of 
Dr. H. C. Keator near Lawrcnceville, in the town of 
Rosendale. The skulls and collar-bones of the buried 
red men were secured, but in a crumbling condition. 
The skeletons %vcre in a sitting posture. In one of the 
graves a curious glass bottle was found. Unfortunately 
the neck v/as broken off as it v/as struck by a tool in 
the excavating. In shape the bottle resembles the 
common water bottle. It can be plainly seen that two 
varieties of glass were used in its manufacture. The 
bottom of the bottle has the usual conical raised base. 
This is highly gilded showing tliat the bottle v.ms once 
covered v/ith gilt. Mow came this bottle in the Indian 
grave ? Was it received by some Indian sachem in 
payment for lands at " the Esopus" in the early days 
of the settlement ? 

201 



The Indian Incursion 

In to S h a w a iiP"u n k 



f^^^^m the northwestern part of the town of Sha- 
ll ^f;^f % ^ 
I M I wangunk there runs a long and narro^v tract 

flisais^jl of land, nearly in a direction from east to 
I r^^ i west — skirted on one side by the deep and 
I '^■^'? i gloomy forest which clothes the southern 
\ \-:0-^ % side of the mountain, and on the other by 
i '^^ i ^" extensive range of woodland, which sep- 
I ^P i arates it from the compact part of the oop- 
^sw^^5^^^ ulation. The soil o( this tract being ex- 
tremely fertile, and v.x-il adapted to the purposes of 
agriculture, at an early period of the eighteenth centu- 
ry it attracted tlic attention of two enterprising pio- 
neers by the names of Thomas and Johannis Jansen ; 
who soon thereafter transferred their families to the 
spot, and erected for themselves comfortable dwellings 
of stone at the distance of tv.'o miles from each other. 
From their remote and secluded situation during that 
sanguinaiy contest which terminated in the independ- 
ence of America the homesteads of these worthy Whigs 
were eminently exposed to the savage horrors of the 
tomahav/k and scalping Icnife. 

It was the fortune of johar.nis Jansen, at an early 
jDcriod of the Revolution, to be selected by the Conven- 
tion of New Yoil: for the oftice of colonel of a militia 
regiment : and we need not v/onder, therefore, that he 

202 



Indian lKCiirsi:n Ik1o Shaivarg^cnk 

became at once, not only on account of his warm clevc- 
tion lo the cause of his country, hut also on account 
01 his conspicuous station as a military officer, a pecu- 
liar object of vengeance to the prowling Indians and 
Tories that lurked in the forests of the neighboring 
mountain. Being fully warned of his danger by the 
many horrible massacres that were occurring in the 
various parts of the country the colonel deemed it 
prudent to secure himself from the worst ; and accord- 
ingly, having provided suitable bars and bolts, he 
prepared for the defense. Here he dwelt secure and, 
notwithstanding their strong desire for the acquisition 
of his scalp, the colonel was not molested by Indians 
or Tories until near the conclusion of the war, when 
the savage tribes had retired to the lakes and the 
danger was supposed to have vanished. 

It was on a pleasant evening of a Sabbath day in 
17S0, that Thomas Jansen saddled his horse and rode 
over to the seat of the colonel, in order to obtain the 
loan of a team from him in ploughing. After spend- 
ing an hour or tv.-o in conversation Thomas Jansen 
returned and tlie colonel, after escorting him as far as 
the gate, retired with liis family to rest, unconscious of 
the blood-thirsty wretches that then actually infested 
his premises, and without the most distant idea of the 
frightful scene which awaited him in tlie niorning. 

Supposing tliat all the savages had retired to the 
great lakes the colonel had removed the bolts and 
strong bars. His buildings were all erected on the 
gentle declivity of an eminence, rising on one side from 
the southern border of the tract of land before alluded 
to, and bounded on the other by the range of wood- 



Oldt' Ulsttr 

land, ll'.e barn stocd nearly opposite to the ^vcstern 
gable of tlie I\ouf.e and distarit about lift)' }-ards, and 
about midway between the lioiise and barn was a bar- 
rack for the storage of grain. 

The next morrdng Coioncl Jan.sen arose at dayh'ght 
and, repairing to tlu: barn, ordered Ids negroes to clean 
some wl'.eat then lying upon the floor in readiness to 
be carried to mill. In a few minutes he returned to 
the house. By this tinie the sun liad just risen to the 
tops of the trees ar.d the female s'aves rook their pails 
and went to the cowyard to miljc. Tlie cows scerited 
strongly towards a thicket of alders standing outside 
the yard fence on the woodland side and, at length, 
became so terrified tliat they absolutcl)' refused to stand 
still long enougii to be millced. One of tlie s]a\-es tlien 
remarked to her companion that tliere m.ust certainly 
be something extraordinary behind the alder buslies 
and proposed going home. The other assented and 
they returned to tlu; house. l\Ieantime th.e colonel 
recollecled that he had engaged to furnish Thomas 
Jansen with a plough arid went out again in liis slippers 
as far as the barrack to put it in order. Accidentally 
casting his eye towards the cov.-yard he saw sometliing 
moving upon the top of the fence but the sun shining 
in his eyes it was impossible to sec clearly what it \vas. 
Another look showed an Indian, arnied with a musket, 
in the act of climbing the fence. The colonel raised 
the cry of " IMurdcr !'' and set off at full speed toward 
tlie hou.se. lie had scarcel}' proceeded five paces, 
however, before another Indian rushed from his hiding 
place near the barracl: and soon came so near the object 
of his exertions tliat; several times, he stretclied forth 
204 



his hands to gra-^p hirn. This was distinctly seen from 
a Avind'iw of th.e bedroom over the kitchen, b}- Miss 
Rachel Ilardenbcrgli, a relati\-e of the colonel who. on 
hearing tlie cry of ))iiirdi}\ ran to the window to dis- 
cover the cause. The colonel had just entered the 
porch and closed the door behind h.im when the savage 
came up and witli all his strength endeavored to force 
the door, Tlie colonel succeeded in preventing this 
and v/hen the infuriated Indian found that b)' mere 
physical strength he could not obtain admittance he 
cast his e\-es about him and, as ill luck would have it, 
he espied the colonel's broadaxe l}'ing upon one of tlie 
seats oi the porch. Taking this he struck four distinct 
blows with the head of it against the door, which 
rebounded at each blov,- ; vdiile the colonel successfully 
opposed his entran.ce by pressing his head against the 
door and at length frightened him awa\- by calling 
loudly to his wife for his musket and pistols. (The 
four impressions made b)- the axe remain visible on. 
the door to this day. One of tlie panels was also 
broken, tlie rent of v.hich ma}- be plainly perceived.) 

As soon as the sa\'age had left the porch the colonel, 
under the torment of a most excruciating headache, 
occasioned by the blovv's agai;i?t the door, took his 
situation in the entry with Ids musket aud pistols, 
resolved at all hazards to prevent any one from enter- 
ing. His v.-ife remained for the most part in the family 
room, between the entry and the kitchen. PIa\'ing 
opened the window shutters at an early hour in the 
morning she deemed it prudent to close them. In 
doing this, however, she imprudently exposed lierself, 
for no sooner had she raised the sash than a fiendish 
205 



O I cl 



n-ionstc!\ painted in all the he.nor:- cf a savage costume, 
])ointeiJ his musket at her and ch-ove her liasti;\' v.'ithin. 
She then ascended into the garret and had just screamed 
" Murder" from a sn-iall window in the eastern gable, 
when the same monster agaiii appeared at tiie corner 
of tlie house and threatened to slioot her unless she 
instantly desisted. Then she recognized, b}- orie infal- 
lible feature, that this inhunian v/rctch was not an Indian 
but a v.'hite man in disguise, for, on his loolving up to 
take aim at her u'ith his musket, slie plainly percei\'ed 
that his eyes were a light azure blue. 

]\Iiss Hardenbergh had lost her presence of mind \\\ 
the first agon}' of her terror and fled to her room above 
but neglected to lock her door. This one of tlie female 
slaves did, after which !Miss Hardenbergh eiideax'ored 
to climb the chimne}'. But as this would have been 
ineffective she threv." herself behind a large chest and 
covered herself with a feather bed. 

The party consisted of four Indians and one Tor\-, 
each armed witli a musket, tomahawk and scalping 
knife. The leader seemed to be an Indian \\\\o was 
called Shank's Ben, v/ho had s])e;it his }"ounger }'ears 
in the iieighborliood of Colonel Jansen and labored fur 
liim man}' times on his farn:i. This fellow v,-as well 
acquainted with ever}' part of the county C'f Ulster, 
and was cliiefl)- noted f'jr his peculiar atrocities in tinie 
of war. It is related cf liim ti\'it, during tlie Revolu- 
tion, he had frequently taken infants from their 
mother's breast and, holding tliem b}- their heels, had 
dashed out their brains against a tree. lie is said to 
have been a brax-e soldier and to liave f( jght with 
desperation on t];e side of the I!r'tish color.ies during 
206 



f?:diiif! i):cuTs:cn Into SIu 



:^-a}igU!i> 



the whole of tiie war with Ihe French in Canada, He 
was n.t this time about forty years of age. In person 
he v/as tall, slender and ath.lctic ; rds h.airwas jet black 
and clubbed behind ; his forehead high and wrinkled; 
his eyes of a fiery brown color and deep sunk in their 
sockets ; hiy nose poiiited atid aquih')ic ; his front tcelh 
remarkably broad, prominent and white; his cheeks 
hollow and furrowed — in a word Shank's Ben, wlien 
arrayed in all the warlike habiliments of his nation, 
represented one of the most frightful specimens of 
human nature that the eye could rest upon. Like tiie 
others of his party he now wore a coarse wagoner's 
frock of a greyish color with a red handkerchief bound 
closely around his head, and carried his musket care- 
les-^ly on the elbow of his right arm. V/hile his com- 
rades, like hungry wolves, were overhauling the chests 
of the slaves and sharing the luxuries of the cellar he 
marched as a sentinel in front of the house. One of 
these female slaves, as the party v.-ithin the house were 
ransacking the effects of the servants, recognized the 
features of their leader on guard and addressed him in 
Dutch inquiring if he had come there to frighten peo- 
ple? He evaded an answer and said that there v.-ere 
several parties in the neighborhood besides the one 
under his charge. He denied that he was Shank's Ben 
but one of the party m the kitchen acknowledged that 
he was that Indian. 

At this monient a negro of Thomas Jansen came 
and walked among those of Colonel Jansen without 
suspecting trouble. All the negroes were then placed 
under the charge of Shank's Ben. 

There was residing with Colonel Jansen at th.is time 
207 



') Li 



H yovjig man. named Scott and lie hcd gone down to the 
brook at thai e.-.il\- hoar to batiiO. While doin;^ so he 
heard the cry of " IMurder" from the colonel and ru.-h- 
\v.<g up the ban.k he hid in the currant bushes. When 
all seemed quiet lie v.-all-zed leisurely tov/ards the house. 
He was hardly h.alf v.-ay there v.hen he encountered 
Shank's Ben. He retreated towards the brook as fast 
as his legs could carry liim. Meanwh.ile a young woman 
named Hannah Goetschius, who had been visiting her 
uncle, Christopher P-.Ientz, a neighbor of the colonel, at 
the bt;ginning of the war and who liad been turned back 
by the British troops as she attempted to pass throiigh 
their lines to herhonie in New York on her return had 
come back to her uncle's to live. She came in at that 
moment, and despite her protestations and screams was 
coiripellcd to take iicr place among the captive negroes. 
At this moment I\Irs. Janscn called from the garret ask- 
ing what was become of Scott. She was answered that 
he had gone to a neighbor's. At thds the marauders 
fled taking with them the negroes and the white girl, 
Hannali, but not taking the female slaves. 

A son of Christoplier I\Ientz named John had been 
a sohiicr in the service of the patriots arid been. Jionor- 
ably discharged. He had married a daughter of a man 
named John I\Iack living across th.e mountain in tlie 
Rondout valley. Indian raids there had alarmed the 
Macks and for safe k-eeping they had brough.t over tl^eir 
clothing not in use to be u^,ore secure with their daugh- 
ter, the wife of John "slentz, on the south side of the 
mountain. On this fateful morning they weie return- 
ing, INIack and his daughter Elsie, with tlieir winter 
clothing, to their home on the north side of the Sha- 
208 



I-tdiaj: Incursio'fi Lite S.iauraiiirinik 



wangunk range, hi tlie svig:;cbtion of his father John 
P'.Ientz. h.ad accompanied then; wii'; his horse v>art way. 
Ihit the fath-cr hail laughed John cut of his proposal 
to take along his musket. He had assisted Mack and 
Elsie up the mountain and had turned back on the 
summit when tlie two horses of the party scented 
danger. Job.n sav/ the savages the next minute and 
knew their leader. He knew tlie only safct}- was in 
flight. He sprang off his horse, which he could not 
ride rapidly down the steep mountain trail, and ran 
along its siJc using the animal as a shield until he 
could abandon it and escape. He liad proceeded about 
one hundred yards when lie ran upon anotlier savage. 
He tlien turned and to his horror he savv' Ids sister-indaw 
approacliing. It is probable that she too liad run upon 
Indians as she descended the other side of tlie moun- 
tain and had fied upon her backward course, John 
attempted to v.-arn her of her danger but there v/as no 
opportunity and he continued his flight with the sav- 
ages in ])ursuit. In a few ndnutcs the scream of the 
girl told that she was discovered. John ran for more 
than two miles and escaped. He sprained his ankle 
and v/as otherwise injured, but managed to elude Ids 
pursuers ai'id reached the ho;ise of Thomas Jansen, 

?\IearAvhile Colon.el Jansen Iiad alarmed the neigh- 
bors and gathered a foice for pj.rsuit. To them John 
told his story and then v.-ent to Ids father's and retold 
it. Altliough in acute pain from Ids sv/ollen ankle ho 
lieaded the pursuing party up th-: ^.ath to the m.ountain 
top. Wiicn tiiey readied the r t where the Indians 
had surpri-ed John tlie bundle r f clothing was found. 
Pursuing the trail they came ur.on the bodies of Elsie 
209 



O i d c Ulster 

and l\er father, both sclped and dead. The father liad 
liad a fearful struijgle aiicl the iriarks of it v/cre visible. 

Tiie next day the scarcliiug party was led by a dog 
to a lonely field where the body of Hannah was found, 
also scalped in a gliastly manner but, like Elsie's, v.'ith 
clothing decently arranged. The spot where ?,Iack and 
Elsie were murdered was marked and the blazed tree 
long remained a monument of their terrible fate. 

In r.lay of this year (1780) these same Indians, one 
of whom was Shanlc's Ben and another was named 
Runnip. had made a raid into the town of Saugerties 
and captured Captain Jeremiah Snyder and his son 
Elias under the Catskills near the present J31ue I*.Ioun- 
tain church and taken them to Fort Niagara. On their 
way there Runnip had frequently boasted that he was 
going after liighcr game to Shawangunk. He was after 
the Jansens, he said, one of whom was a colonel and 
one a major. In July other Indians brought in more 
prisoners from one of whom Captain Snyder learned 
that on the journey to Niagara he had met Runnip in 
the Genesee valley with a band of Indians on the way 
to Shav/angunk. A year afterwards, while Captain 
Snyder was confined near Montreal, Captain Anthony 
Abeel, of Catskili, was also brought there a prisoner. 
He informed Captain Snyder that he had met Shank's 
Ben, by whom he had been told that they had been 
unsuccessful in getting the Jansens, but had seized 
their negroes; that on the march through the wilder- 
ness the negroes had risen upon tlicir captors, put 
some of them to death, among whom was Runnip, and 
made their escape. As they were never heard from 
again they must have perished from starvation. 
210 



THE FIRST PAPER PUPEISHED TV [.VASTER 

Tlie Aiiii?-:ca>: Ilisiorical Record for September, 
iS;2, edited Ijv Ijenson J. Lix-^sing, thus speaks of the 
first newspaper e\-er piibHshed in Ulster count)-, which 
was th.e first ever ])u'olished iu th^e cohDuy of New York 
and, excepting tlie Boston Xc-os. Letter, the Boston 
Gazette and tiie Xeio EitglaJid Cov.rant, the first paper 
pubHshed in America. We quote: 

"• Walliam I^radford conimenced the New York 
Gazette in October, 1725. It was printed on a half 
sheet of foolscap, with a large and almost w^orn out 
type. ■■■ ■" ■" The advertisements do not average 
more than three or four a week, and the)- arc mo>tly 
of runaway negroes. The ship news was diminutive 
cPiOug': — now and then a sliip, and some half do/:en 
sloops arri\-!ng in the course of the week. Such v,-as 
the newspaper published in the com.mercial nietropolis 
of America one hundred and fort)--one 3-earsago (before 
1872). - - - 

" Soon after the relinquisliment of his paper b)' 
l^radford, it was resumed b)- J.anes Parl:er, under the 
double title of the Nciv York Ga:;ttte and IVeekiy Post 
Boy. In 1753, ten )-ears afterwards, Parker took a 
partner by the n.ame of \Vil]i,:,m \\'e)-man. •■" '-^ In 
1766 John Holt establislied ti.e Xezo York Journal, or 
Genera/ Ad-oertiser,\x\\\ch. in -L^^e course of the \-(-:ir v/as 
united with Parker's Gaz.ettc, iV.c JonrKal being printed 
as a separate paper. Holt edited tlie first Whig news- 
paper published in tlie city of Xew York. In 1774, 
he discarded tlie King'.s Anr. -■ from the title of his 
paper, substituting in the place of it a serpent cut in 

21 I 



Old- I 



- > '' " ' 




■ - ' / 


1 


^y. 




' 


^ '^ , 


: '. " - 


' ' 


,<;e-— " ~: 




/p::? ■ ' 


'• '•74 


y) r '~' _-'^ 


\ , \ \ 4 


' - ' - - >^ ^ 


■ i ■ '• 


; ' y~ r r 


,...y 


- 





pieces, with the expressive motto, ' Ufiite or die.' In 
January, 1775, the snake was united and coiled with 
the tail in his niouth forming; a double ring. On the 
body of the snake, beginning at the head, were the 
following lines : 

'United now, alive and free— 

Firm on this basis. Liberty shall stand 
And tluis supported ever Me>s our land 
1'iil 'I'ime becomes El;ernit^■. ' 



''The designs both of 1774 and 1775 were excellent 
—the first by a visible illustration showing the disjoint- 
ed state of the colonies; and the second presenting an 
emblem of their strength when united. Holt main- 
tained his integrity to the last. When the British 
212 



First Paficr Ful':ishid :;s I'/sttr Civ:?!ty 

took posscssiori of New York lie removed to Esopus, 
now Kingston, and ie\ived his paper. On tkie bianiiu;- 
of that village by the enemy in 1777, he removed to 
Poug-hkeepsie, and published the Journal there until 
the peace of 1783, v. lien he rcLun'icd to New Yorl-c and 
resumed his paper under the title of the Lidtf'Ciident 
Ga::.eite, or the Nezu York Journal Revived. He fell a 
victim to the yeilov/ fever in 170S. The paper was 
continued by his v, idow for a little v/hile, but ultimately 
fell into the Iiands of the celebrated political gladiator, 
James Clicetham." 

Page 184 of Olde Ulster contains the proclama- 
tion of George Clinton as Governor of the State of 
New York upon the institution of the new State as a 
free and independent government. At the bottom of 
this proclamation \\\\\ be noticed the imprint of John 
Holt, " Printer of the State of Nev/ York," It was his 
reward for inserting tlie call upon Americans to " Unite 
or (S\t' three years before in the expressive illustration 
which had been copied through the length and breadth 
of tlic colonies. We present herev/ith reproductions 
of both of his emblems. 



The first Patent issued in the present Orange 
county was the Ivlinisink Patent iii 1697. The next 
was tlie Wavvayanda Patent of 1703. These nearl}' 
covered that part of the county wliich was set off from 
Ulster to Orange when the present boundary line was 
established in 1798, 

213 ' 



Lineage of the 

Kiersfed Family 

Conirihnted by Robert Z. LougJ-ran, M. D. 



■^R. HAMS KIERSTEDE (I.\ one of the 



fiJ 



earliest and foreiriOst surgeons of New 
1 Amsterdam, came to t'liis country along 
i with Governor Wilh'am Kieft from I\Iaeg- 
P) 'v ■ '^ denburg (probably ^Magdeburg, the capital 
' -'" ', i of Saxony) in r^Iarcb., 16^8. He married 
I '. ^ }\ Sakaii Roeloffse Jaxse, daughter of 
^/*.<l- A"< Roebff janse and Aurientie Webber, in tlie 
Dutch Church of New Amsterdam, June 
29, 1642. He died Oct. i, 1671, Children — 

(2) Hans, bap. N. Y. Sept. 21, 1644. Married Feb. 12, 

1667, Jannetje Eoockcrmans, daug. of Govert 
Loockermai'S and Ariatitje Janse. 

(3) Roeliff, ba;'. X. Y. Jan. i, lo.]/. r^Iarried, abt. 1670, 

Eyl:e Aldertse Roosa, daug. of Albert Hey- 
mans ar.d Wyntje Ariens. 

(4) Anna, bai). N. Y. April 23, 165 1. 

(5) Blandina, bap. N. Y. June 8, 1653. Died, 1702. 

Married Nov. 2S, 1674, Peter Ba)'ard. 

(6) Jockcm, bap. N. Y. Oct. 24, 1655. 

(7) Eucas, bap. N. Y. Sept. 23, 1657. Ivlanled July iS, 

1683, Rachel Kip, daug. of Jacob Kip and 
Maiia dc la Montague. 
214 



Li^u<r^y <'f the Kirrsted Fc.ir.ily 

(8) Catherine, bap. Jan. 4, 1660. Married Sept. 4, 

i63i, Johannes Kip. 

(9) Jacobus, bpp. June 4, 1662. 

(10) jacobus, bap. Nov. 28, 1663. JNIarried Anna 

Thoorit:5 (Holmes) May 22. 1691. 
(u) Rachael, bap. N. Y. Sept. 13, 1665. I\Iarncd Nov. 

19, 16S6, William Teller. 

(III.) ROELirr, bap. N. Y. Jan. i, 1647. Married 
about 1670, Eyke Aldertse Roosa, daug. of Albert 
Heyrnans and Wyntje Ariens. Children — 

(12) Sarah, bap, April 12, 1671. Married Hendrick 

Traphaf!;en. 

(13) Wyntje, bap, Mch. 25, 1673, I\Iarried Jst Jan 

deWit. 2Tid, Derrick Roosekrans, Sept. 6, 
1702. 

(14) Antje, bap. Kingston, N. Y., April iS, 1675. 

Married Evert Wynkoop. 

(15) Johanncs,bap. Aug. 4, 1677. Born June 17, 1677. 

Died Feb. 30, 1759. Married Nov. 9, 1701, 

Ariantje Tappen, daug. of Urian Tappen and 

Arriantje Jacobse. 
(iG) Lucas, bap. K. Dec. 24, 1679. 
(17) Blandina, bap. Jan. 8, 16S2. Married Cociiradt 

Elmendorf, Nov, 25, 1704. 
(iS) Eyke, Islarried Van Akcn. 

(19) Aldert, bap. K. Aug. 16, 1684. 

(20) Aldert, bap. K. Nov. 16, 16S5. Married Ariaant- 

je Delanualer, Oct. 26, 1714. 

(XV.) Johannes, born. Juni. 17, 1677, in Kingston. 
Bap. Aug. 4, 1677, in New York. Died Feb. 20, 1759. 
'Married ARIANTJE Tapfen, Nov. 9, 1701, in Kingston. 



She borii ii! Albany. Din! March 28, lyGi. Dauc;. of 
Uri;ui K'jcor;jc) T.ipi)i.Mi aiivl Auriantjc Jacobsc. Chil- 
dren — 

(21) RoelilT. bap. K. Jan. 24, 1703, Died in New York 

1750. IMarrio-J Nov. 5, )/j2, Ann WZcin (Yc 
Zens). 

(22) Sarah, bap. K. Sept. 8, 1704, IMarried Jan. 3. 

I73''>, Hcndrilais Sle^lit. 

(23) CIiristoiTel, bap. K. Jan. 24, 1707. 

(24) Anna, br4.i. K. Feb. 11, 1709. Married Isaac 

Koning, Ma)' 18, 1734. 

(25) Catliarine, bap. K. Feb. ii, 1709, Married Tctrus 

R)-kcman, July 6, 1734. 

(26) Helena, bap, K. Nov. .p. 171 1. Married Petru.s 

Louv.-, ^Ia\- (3, 17.19. 

(27) ChiistolTel, bap. K. Jan. 24, T714. IMarried Cath- 

arine De Meyer, No\-. 26, 1741. 

(28) Cornelia, bap. K. July 22, 1716. IMarried the 

Reverend George Wiihclmus ?Jancius, April 25, 
173S. 

(29) Mans, bap. K. Aug. 24, 171S. 

(30) Arriatitjc, bap. K. Oct. 15, 1721. Married Abra- 

ham Louv.', Nov. I, 1759. 

(XXI.) RoKLiri", bap. Jan. 24. 1703, in Kingston. 
IMarried Nov. 5, 1732, AxN Vi: Zkin. datig. of Jean Vc 
Zeip. and ^Vnne Rezeau. Children — 

(31) Jolin, bap. French Church N. Y. May 22, 1734. 

(32) Chri.;topher, born /vug. 25, 173'', in Nev/ Yorl:. 

Died IMareh 23, 1791, in Saugertics. IMarried, 
1st, Ariaantje Tappen, Dec. 2, 1764, in Kings- 
ton ; 2nd, Lea DuBois, April iS, 1773. 
21G 



(33) J '^15!!, born Jan. 27, J 739- Married Naricy riacciis. 

(34) Luke, born Feb. 20, 1743. Married Eliza Ann 

Srnede.s, May 20, 1767. 

(35) Arriantje, born May 29. 174S. Married John 13. 

Moore, May 23, 1769. 

(36) Ann, born A].uil 11, 1741. Died Sept. 24, 1S04. 

(XXXII.) CUKISTOPIIEK, born Aug. 25, 1736, in 
New Yorl:, i\Iarried, 1st, AriaaPilje Tai^pen, daul^ of 
George Tappen, Dec. 2, 1764, in Kirigston ; 2nd, Leah 
Du BOIS, April 18, 1773, daug. of Hendrikus Du l^ois 
and Jannetje Hooghteling. RIoved to Saugcrties, N. Y., 
in 1773, and practiced medicine there, purchasing the 
David DuBois farrri on Main Street, All his children 
were born in Saugerties and baptized at the Katsbaan 
Churcli. He died in Saugerties Marcli 23, 1791. 
Children, by first \vife — 

(37) Roeliff, bap. Dec. 29, 1765. Married Christina 

Cockburn, Marcli 2S, 1793. Died April 15, 
1796, and is buried in the Finger Burying 
Ground opposite the Piattekill Church, in town 
of Saugerties. 
Children, b)- second v/ife — 

(38) Ann, born Sept. 3, 1774. x^Larried Alexander 

Cockburn in 1S03. 

(39) ] Jciny, born May 6, 1777. Died June 2, 1777. 
(^o) Jane, born April 7, 177S. ]\Iarrietl Jacob Trum- 

bour, Jr., J;in. 12, iSco. Died June 12, 1S25. 

(41) Luke, born Sc[>t. 29, 17S0. Married Jane Myer, 

Jan. 30, iSoS. Died June 1, 1861. 

(42) Ilcnr)', born Nov. 15, 1783. ^-Larried Pegg}' Van 

Valkenburg in 18 12. 
217 



(.1.31 ]r.h\), horn Feb, 24, i;?6. IMarricd Nelly Wyn- 

koop. Jan, 19, 181 1. 
(44) Christoi^hcr, born April 4, 17S9. Married Ivlarga- 

ret Gale, iSio. 

(XLI.) I.UKi:, born Sept. 29. 17S0, in San.gerties, 
Married Jan. 30, iSoS, Janp: Myer, daug. of Ilen- 
diilais M)-er and Neeltjen Ilcrrnaficc. Was a lieutcn- 
ai;t of Rangers from iSoS to 1811 in Sauoertics. 
i\li_>ved to Diirliain, Greene Co., N. Y., in iSii,and 
spent the reniainJer of hi-, life there. Died June i, 
1861. Children — 

(.[5) Christopher, born lsr-<v. \2, 1 KoS. Died April 28, 
1 S09. 

(46) John Henr)-, born April 30, iSiO. Married, 1st, 

Maria Puodliead ; 2nd, Anjey Fitch. Died 
Jan. 30, iS?3. 

(47) Christopher Fnke, born March 31, 1812. Married 

Elizabeth i'alen, Oct. 21, 1S39. i^i^^^' Feb. 7, 

iSSo. 
(•IS) Alexander, boj'n Dec. 25, 1813. Married Drusilla 

B. Beach, June i. 184S. Died Jan. 20, 1890. 

Lyj) Nelly Maria, born Feb. 25, iSio. Died July 21, 

1S40. 

To be continued. 

At the first Election for State Officers in 
the State oi New York in June, •777, the electors of 
Ul.-^ter couiUy voted at tliree polling jjlaces. These 
were the Court House in Kingston, " the widow Ann 
Smith's" in New Faltz and Mrs. Sarah Hill's house in 
Hanover Piecinct, now in Orange county. 
218 



J]u/>>:,?;:<i/ ie^-vVr. 



BAPTISMAL AND MARRIAGE REGISTERS 
Of the Old Dutch Church of Khi^ston, X. Y. 



Coictiiiucdfyoiii piigc J 26, 



Baptizei- by Ri:v. Juhn Gosmax. 

NAME Ol" CHILU 

NAMKS O)' I'ARKNTS. AND DATK OF BAPTISM. 
iSlI. 

30. liezekiah Van Kourcn Hc/.ekiah 

Sarah JMyer 7 Apr. (b, 9 Mar.) 

51. James Fine Margaret Scl.enck 
IMargaret Scliur.ck 14 Apr. (b. I Oct. iSio) 

52. John T. Scliepnioes Jacob 
Elizabelh I'urhans 21 Apr. (b. 24 Mar.) 

53. JJaniel iMoaclhcad Jr. John Moore 
Eh'/.a Moore 19 1^1:1}'' ^^- ^S Apr.) 

54. James Gir:cs})ic Alexander Hamilton 
"Marger}' Patterson 2S May (b. 1 1 Feb.) 

55. C(.,>enrad E. Rlmendorf Sudani 
Catharine Tremj)er 31 IMay ib. 2S Aug. iSio) 

56. William B. I'^eltcn John 
Elizabeth Sw^rt 2 June (b. 7 Apr.) 

57. Abraham Ileermance Cornelia 
Mary VanSieenber<;h 2 Jui^e (b. 8. j\Iar.) 

58. Henry Tcri ]iroeck Sarah 
Margaret l-^eiten 9 June (b. 27 l\lar.) 

59. Henry Mycr James 
r\Iaiy Persen 14 June (,b. 31 May) 

60. J Mm ?iL Yati Keuren Gertrude Marten Vn-:b-;rgh 
" 23 June (b. 27 May) 

219 



6t. 

02. 

64. 

65- 
66. 

67. 
6S. 
69. 



73- 
74- 
75- 
76. 



Z a r 1 ! a r ', , I i 1 S c I ; '. ' u rn ; > 1 1< t r 
C>-)i iiclia I'.I,ii ill ' (h L cii 

James r. RadclilT 
Luc in da Roliiiii-uii 

TlioiP_as C. Van G.ia:.bcLk 
Margaict Follant 

Pclcr Builians 

IIclciKi Follant 

rhilliji Y.iv\ Ivcuten Jr. 
Elizabeth Ouniioc\' 

Willieli.inis Tremper 
Catliariiic Dclanjaler 

Jolin E. Mastcn 
Raclicl School J maker 

Abraliani A. ?vl;;>te!i 
G e r t r u cl e K i e r s t e a ci 

Charles Dubois Junr. 
Cadiarine Hendrics 

An d r ie s E ! m en d r f 
I\Iagdalen Elting 

Henr\' T. Jansen 
Lena Elmcndorf 

I on al ban Kroni 
J oar: n a Uegraaf 

Abraham A. Post 
Phcbe Lero)' 

SainncI Tecrpi.-ir.diig- 
Suhannah \'ar,e\Ty 

Jae.d; France Jer.r. 
jemima I leerrnance 

Jacob Email 
Elizabeth Moughteling 

220 



Marius 
25 June (b. 24 Apn!) 

Willi.^m 
7 July (b. 14 Feb.) 

I\Iagdalen 
14 July (b. ) 

Cornelius 

21 Jul}' (b. 6 Jul)-) 

Cyrus 
28 July (b. 3 July) 

GetM'ge 
6 Aug. (b. 2e') Jan.) 

Eliza 
6 Aug. (b. ; ) 

Anna lUaria 
14 Aug. (b. 21 Jul}-) 

Arrictta 
27 Aug. (b. 9 Aug.) 

]^daiidina 
SSept. (b. 23 Aug.) 

Marg.irct Dubois 
S Sept. lb. 8 Aug.) 

Garret Dl- V/itt 
9 Now ( b. 16 Sept.) 

I\rary Ann 
10 Nov. (b. 19 Aug.) 

Ar.na I\L;ria 
25 Nov. (b. 5 Oct.) 

Deborah I\Iaria 
25 Nov. (b. 18 Sept.) 

James 
3 Dec. (b. 29" Oct.) 



K:':^;s'on hapfH- 



77. Samuel Copp Catharine 
Maria McLea!) 8 Dec. (b. 24 Sept.) 

78. Peter \''an Gaasbeek Jr. Edgar 
Catharine Chipp 17 Dec. (b. c.j Oct.) 

79. Lucas Van Keuren John Gosman 
Maria Depuy 17 Dec. (b. 10 Nov.) 

1 8 12, 

80. Phillip Fo ! la nt Peter 
Sail}' Smitii 5 Jan. (b. q Dec. iSii) 

81. Abraliam Ehnendorf Peter Edmund 
Elizabeth Ivlisner 26 Jan. (b. 10 Dec. 181 1) 

82. Christoplier Van Gaasbeek Eliza Helen 
Catliarine Ousterhout 28 Jan. (b. 24 Dec. iSii) 

S3. William Ousterhout William Peter 

Sara'ii Fiero 2 Feb. (b. 28 Dec. iSii) 

84. Coenrad C. Elmendoif Jr. Edmund 
iMartha Steward 4 Feb. (b. 3 Nov. iSii) 

85. Samuel 11. Post Edward Bruyn 
Seltjie Van Vleet i Mar. {h. 22 Feb.) 

86. Thomas Van Gaasbeek Jr. Abraham 
Catharine Mornbeeke 5 Mar. (b. 26 Apr, 1811) 

87. Francis Post Sally Maria 
Rachel Hoaf 20 Mar. (b. 3 Mar.) 

88. Edward Green Cynthia 
Margaret Murdoch 5 Apr. (b. 14 July iSii) 

89. Edward 1. Elmendorf Catharine Jones 
Sarali Swart 25 Apr. (b. 14 Apr.) 

90. Henry Dubois John 
Jane Myer 26 Apr. (b. 28 IMar.) 

91. Henry .Semnn Abraham Valkenburgh 
Catharine Valkenburgh 7 May (b. 20 Feb.) 

221, 



02. 


john Staats 
Coniclia WiiificIJ 


Andrew 
lo ^.lay (b. 2 1 ]\Iar,) 


93- 


Jacob IMaslei^ 
Cornelia Whitaker 


Cyrus 
23 May (b. II Jan. iSii) 


94- 


Tobias IIasbrouc]<: 
jane Eckert 


Rachel Cathai ine 
24 May (b. 5 IMay) 


95- 


John De M)-er 

Alida Sniilh 


William 
24 May (b. 22 Apr.) 


96. 


John J. Delamater 

IMagdalen Hudlcr 


Abraham 
24 M"ay (b. 29 Dec. 181 1) 


97- 


Samuel H. Phillips 
Eliza Trcniper 


Delia 
24 May (b. 23 Mar.) 


98. 


Abraham Hasbrouck 
Helena Jansen 


Islaria 
31 May (b. 19 Mar.) 


99- 


Robert Jolmson 
l^landina Kcifier 


Wa5hini;tori 
31 May (b. 8 Id ay) 


lOO. 


Cornelius Van Bcuren 
Elizabeth rersen 


Ilenr)' 

7 June (b. 31 May) 



104. 
105. 
106. 
107. 



Cornelius Winne 
Elizabeth Bush 

John Ten Brocck 
Maria Duinond 

John Crisiicll 
Jane Hasbrouck 

Simon Kent 
ARirgnret h'rancc 

Johannis Jer. Dubois 
Elizabeth \'an Waggenen 

Daniel l^roadhead Jr. 
Eliza Moore 

James Cockburn 
Elizabeth Keirstead 



John 

14 June (b. I May) 

Asenath 

14 June (b. 21 Apr.) 

Sarah Catliarine 

15 July (b. 24 June) 

Eliza Catherine Hasbrouck 
2 Aug. (b. 26 June) 

Blandina 
9 Aug. (b. 19 July) 

Daniel Elmcndorf 
9 Aug. (b. 17 June) 

Alexander 
19 Aug. (b. I Aug.) 



loS. WilJiam P. Raocliff Miram 

Ilaimali ^lasteii 30 Aug, (b. i IMar. 1804) 

109. William P. P.adcliff Catharine Ann 

Hannah Mastcn 30 Aug. (b. 2 War. 1S06) 

To he coviiviued. 
THE OLD STONE HOUSE 



Dear old stone hon;e, that gave me rest owhilel 
I close its door mid. closing, sadly smile; 
Then, turning lliere, I leave the dear old pile. 

Its massive walls stand out against the sky 
And setting sun — a poem to my eye; 
And so J softly s.iv my last •' Good-bye." 

Wliat stories could they tell, the>e solid walls. 
Of hghts and terror^ and wild, sliri.king calls; 
Of helpless womeii, and of funeral palL^.' 

Through Indian and ihrougli Ihili-h seorchin.g fire 
Tliey Inavcly sti^'C'd in ^pite of hate ^vA ire; 
And still stood on. but only to grow higher. 

Then aller all the struggle and the strite 

With whiiJi our country's early }ears v.cre rife, 

A^diat ph nty and what peace soon llhed the life 

Of those that lived within that sacred spot; 
It must be that .-weet rest btc.mie their lot, 
Fcir sight, or soui-d. or sen»e of else is nut. 

And so I leave it, wlhle tlie suri'srays fall, 

And slee[iy bu'rils to one anotaer call, 

When restful niglit shades soon v/ii! cover all. 

Kiiigst.n, Ncii.' ib;'.l'. 

CAiaaj; ThaciiEr Gkxet. 
223 



O L D ^ V L S T E R. 

AN IIJSTOKIC^'- &■ GEXEALOGIC-'- MA GAZINE 



PubliiJud Mc^i(h!\\ ot / / ^ Grc^n 

bemamj:^'' .myer brisk. 



T e r VI s : — Ti-.-o chuWu-s a yea?- i)i Aciiorice. S i fig le 
C p I c s . t-i 'Lit t] ~jl: 'c Lt-)iis, 



Enirrc-c uS i^ccnd ila^s ;.;;:';•>,■■ c: ihc fa;! c^ffice ai A'/r-slO':, jV. >'. 



The ^■EXT Numi;l,r or Olde UesterwiH contain 
an article on " English Ecrjivalcn-ts of DutcJi Cliristian 
Names," written at the request of a nun":ber of sub- 
scribers. 



Charles G. DeWitt should have been called the 
grandson of Charles DcWitt, tlic Revolutionary patriot, 
on page V/6 of Oldl Ulster, and not his son. Charles 
G. was tlie son of Ganct, who was the son of Charles. 



Through the th-oughteul Kindness of :.Ir. 
DeWitt Ivoosa. the executor of the estate of the late 
l\Irs. PJargarct E. Hess, tlic Kingston City Library lias 
bet n pit.;-,ente(l v.-ith a bound file of tlic Ulster Scniiiicl 
from iS:6 to 1S30, the first four }-ears of its publica- 
tion. I~)'.ir:ng ihese years it was edited by the Honor, 
able Cluirlcs G. DeWitt. 

224 



--^ ^l,— ,.—, ^- 












^-\^ 



1 -i 



.C.-..^i..._ 



■.j..:i. L y : He r-a LLC r. r- .- nj a :7z^ ; - ^.i y i r l> r 



u 



LSTER County 

SJ FLVGS InsiUution 



No. 27 8 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 



Depoiits, $3,000,000.00 



I N G S T O N 

SAVINGS BANK 



No. 273 Wall Street 
Kingston, Neav York 



OFFICERS: 

James A. Betts. Prcs Chas. Buriians, Treas 

Myron Teller, ) .r.- , n^,, Frank Johnston, Act 
John E. Kraft, \ ^'"-"^'^^ j. J. Linson, Counsel 



l-IIE DR. C. O. SAHLER SANITARIUM 

KINGSTON, N. Y 

/^^otal ^.tA Nervous Di^e^s^-s 



CONTENTS 



Vol. i AUGUST. loo^ N* 



Page 

Lull in tlie Conflict at the Esopus 225 

Cultivation of Strawberries at the Esopus (1G64). 230 

English P3quivalent.> of Dutch Christian Names .. 231 

Various Versions of "TriiJ a Trop a Troontjcs". . 234 

The Village School at Wildwyclc in iG^S 237 

Lieutenant Daniel Ta\-!or, the Bri;!.-!i Si)y 23S 

Status of the Indians in New York (1679) 245 

Gravestone Tnscrij/Lioiis at Nevr Pallz 246 

Fighting under Ensign Smit no Ch.ild's Play . . . . 252 

Last of the Esopus Indians 253 

A Jarnd\'ce-Jarnd}'ce Case 254 

Beneath the Overlook 255 

Editorial Notes 2^6 



P O R S Y T H & DAVIS 

BOOKSELLERS & 
SEA ELOEERS 




7?pE have a few copies of the % •.', 

^ Dutch Church Records 

that we offer at a very low price. These books 
,f.e invaduable in tracing the hdstor\- of Ulster County 
families and arc becoming scarce. 

Ve also have a large line of 

'^ss 5ouver/ir Postal Card ^^s^ 

siiowir.g locad scenes, including tiie Revolutionary 
Buildings. 



OLDE VLSTER 



Vol. I 



AUGUST. 1005 



No. 8 



LtUlil Conflict 

At the Eso/yiis 






■Ensign DIRCK SMIT. the brave, ener-etic 
^v^ i ^"^ level-headed commander of the Dutch 
forces of the Esopus, did not long survive 
I the signing of the treaty of peace. He 
became ill and v.'itliin a few week;, the v/hole 
commiUnity was mourning over its loss. As 
Stuyvesant said of him "he died before 
the year 1660 clo:,ed to our great regret 
after great and faithful services." 
The settlement v/ith the Indians v^diich had brouglit 
to a close the hirst Esopus War was very welcome to 
the settlers but there was on every side a convictic!i 
that the peace would be short. The s-nding of their 
brethren into slavery in the West Indies rankled in 
the bosoms of th.e red mm. Wiien that treaty v.-as 
signed Stuyvesant visited Albany and held a grand 
council with tr.e Senecas. These faithful allies told 



Oldc Uist 



the Director plainly " Set now at liberty the savages 
ye have taken prisoners. We are sometimes obliged 
to pass by their path." Still Stuyvesant would not 
consent. 

The matter did not rest here. The authorities at 
Fort Orange advised the same course. The Esopus 
Indians constantly begged their release. The settlers 
became more and more av/akc to the injustice of the 
action. At last the Director gave way in part. On 
the i6th of the following April ((C6i) he v/rote to the 
Vice-Director on the West Indian island of Curagao 
"As the Esopus savages have kept quiet and behaved 
well since the peace lately made, they suggest that 
we would still more oblige them and show our good 
will and favor if we would release now and then one of 
their transported friends. Your Honor will therefore 
please to send two of them, of the better sort, hither 
by this or the first opportunity hereafter and with 
proper treatment give them hope that if they behave 
well the others too shall be released and sent back in 
due time." As there was no claim that the captives 
were personally guilty of anything more than being 
prisoners of war it did not remove the bitterness in the 
breasts of the Indians with whom Stuyvesant had made 
a treaty of peace. 

It has been pointed out in a preceding paper that 
the peace with the Esopus Indians was the work of 
the Iroquois, the fast friends of the Dutch. The Eso- 
pus Indians were resentful over this. In January fol- 
lowing (1661) a delegation of the Iroquois was about 
to go through " the Esopus" on its way to the Dela- 
wares. There were rumors that the Esopus Indians 
226 



Lull in tlie Confiict at the Esopus 

had declared that they would kill the envoys, as they 
passed through their country. On the 22nd of that 
month the Iroquois embassadors visited Albany and 
exchanged their usual greetings with the authorities. 
They were told of the threat. They replied " the cov- 
enant chain by which we and you arc held together in 
brotherly friendship shall not be broken by the Esopus 
Indians." There was no probability of this. For more 
than one hundred and fifty years the French of Canada 
unsuccessfully tried to break "The Silver Covenant 
Chain," as the Iroquois called it, and what the powerful 
French found too great for their power the feeble 
Esopus could not effect. The Dutch authorities 
thanked the Iroquois chieftains for their call and the 
assurance, as well as for "their good fellowship," and 
presented them with five pounds of powder, five staves 
of lead, a dozen knives, a number of awls and a roll of 
tobacco. The delegation then sent a notice to the 
Esopus tribe " we will take you in hand unless you 
keep your tongues in check." They were v/ise enough 
to take the hint. 

The treaty had provided that the Indians should 
not visit the Esopus settlement except in small parties. 
But they did not show a desire to do so. They held 
aloof and acted in strong contrast with their former 
friendliness. In the following June Claes Jansen Ruy- 
ter, the interpreter, was sent to their village to ascer- 
tain how the savages were behaving. He reported 
that they would not permit him to approach their 
village but had come out to meet him. They informed 
him " Since we promised you when we buried the tom- 
ahawk with you under the blue sky of heaven, that we 
227 



Olde Ulster 



wouia forget that we had b.ad a v/ar and fought you 
we have done so. It is peace but we want our friends 
back. We want to ?ee if your heart is good." They 
then informed Ruyter that they sent a commissioner 
to meet the promised two captives on their return from 
captivity and asked that they be delivered to him. His 
name was Oratam, a chieftain of the Hackensac'ks. 
Tliere is noth.ing <vn record in the matter after this. 

At this time (1661) there were at the Esopus fifteen. 
farms under cultivation. These were supplied with 
laborers from among the adventurous young men who 
had resorted to the province, most of whom were 
unmarried, and v/ho were disposed to lltrow off reblraint. 
To tliern were added discharged soldiers whose terms 
of enlistment had expired. These were indisposed to 
settle down to hard labor on farms with tlie primitive 
methods of that day in vogue. Tiie old court records 
show a succession of arrests and prosecutions as results 
of drunken frolics at tlie tap-huis or tavern during these 
years. In time these young roisterers settled down 
into peaceful, law-abiding citizens. But at thig early 
day the amount of " wild oats" sown by them was 
entirely disproportionate to their numbers and a boun- 
tiful crop Vv-as gathered from the seed very soon. 

The records do not locate the du'ellings of the set- 
tlers within the stockade with such defmiteness that 
their situation, can be determined at this late day. Of 
these there v/ere about thirty-five. Nearly every one 
was built of logs, plastered with mud and thatched with 
straw or reeds. Over some were slabs from the sawed 
timber. The barns and barracks were covered v.'i'ch 
straw ruitil a number caught fire and burned and the 
22S 



Lull in the Conflict at liie Esopus 

authorilies forbade the custom. The reeds grew in 
great abundance along tlie Esopus creek and to a great 
length. 

Besides the thirty-nve dwellings there were the 
parsonage, the churcli, the barns and the barracks for 
grain. The soldiers were quartered upon private fam- 
ilies. The log houses were one story hiigh with a chim- 
ney buih: on the outside of stones. Above the lov;er 
story was the loft whicli was the place of storage for 
grain and provisions. 

The church occupied the corner of Wall and Main 
streets v/ithin tlie present churcliyard. Wall street 
was then called Divaars siraat (Cross street). The 
present "Tannery Brook" furnished tlie motive pov/er 
by v.'hich the v.'ants of the village were supplied. The 
grist mill v.-as on tlie present North Front street along 
the brook. Pieter, dc vtuclcnaar (Peter, the miller) 
was \x\ clfargc. On th.e south side of the mill gate of 
the stockade v/as the brewery of Slecht. For more 
than one lumdrcd and ilfty years the beer of Esopus 
had a great reputation. Jan, de backer (John the baker) 
was another indispensable member of the community 
gathered v;ithin the stockade. 

I Troublous as the young roisterers were at times in 
the stockaded village there v.'as another spot where 
greater liberties v.x-re taken with the peace. This was 
at dc ro}iduit, the little fort on the Strand. Here Evert 
Pels had a trading house which \vas a great resort, 
especially for boatmen of the river. A rough clement 
was drav/n licre who indulged in intoxication and pro- 
voked many quarrels and fights. In these man.y stroll- 
ing Indians became involved and v/ere severely dealt 
229 



0!df Ul^t^-r 

with to tlic incrc:i:-e of the alreaLl}' ominous enmity of 
of the sullen savages about the settlement. " Kit" 
Davis had his cabin across the Rondout creek. Ke 
was one of those independent spirits who would never 
subnn'ttothe restraints of civilized life. He was greatly 
liked by the Indiaiis who admired Ins courage, resource- 
fulness and good nature. He was usually their inter- 
preter as he bccauic proficient in their language from 
living among them and intercourse with thcrn. It was 
often the work of '' Kit'' to cros.s over to the Strand to 
reconcile fighting and quarreling disputants in those 
boisterous days. But the gathering storm was lo wait 
two years before it broke. 



■C'^ 



The Cultivation of the StkaVv-berrv is not an 
enterprise of the nineteenth century as is supposed by 
many. The Schout's Court of the village of Wildwyck 
as far back as May 6th, 1664, had before it a case 
involving tlie possession of a " strawberry patch situate 
outside the curtains of the stockade." Aert Otters- 
poor was a gardener and claimed the piece of ground 
under a grant of the Director, Peter Stuyvesant, and 
one Aert Jacobsen disputed it. Tlie Court decided that 
inasmuch as Ottcrspoor could not show title he should 
be allowed to gather the crop and then remove the 
palings. 



230 



liquivaleiiti of Dutch- CItristian Navies 



ENGLISH EQ.UIVALENTS OF DUTCH NAMES. 



Difficulty is sometimes experienced in the exami- 
natioTi of church records in this reo;ion (and the same 
occurs in the records in family Bibles and hiscriptions 
on tombstones) by the want of familiarity with Dutch 
nomenclature. Olde Ulster has been requested to 
assist the inexperienced in such matters. Tlie follow- 
ing list gives the English equivalent of many of the 
more puzzling- of Dutch Christian names. The final 
"je" in which so many Dutch names ^wA bears the 
same relation to them which the " ie" of the English 
names does to the English. It is a diminutive and 
applied as a pet name. It is pronounced ye. It is 
usually applied to v/omen's names but often to tho.se 
of boys. There are many instances in v^d^ich it is 
applied to men. 

It v*-as no iiiore common for the Dutch to call Anna 
"Antje" than for the English to call it "Annie," A 
familiar instance of the diminutive f;iven to men is yet 
to be found in this county in the modification of the 
name Cornelius. It is still common to call Cornelius 
"Case." This is a corruption. The diminutive \^ cor- 
rectly given in the list as " Keesje." These im^tances 
sufncc to c^r.plain the equivalent and the usage. 
Aaltjc, Alice. Alyd, Adeua. 

Aart, Arthur. Andreas, Andrew. 

Aetje, Eve. Anneken, or Annelje, cr Ant- 

Agnietje, Agnes. je, Anna. 

Adelheyd, Adelaide or Ado- Arendt, Aaron. 

line. Arriaantje, Harriet or Arri- 

Alberick, Aubrey. etta. 

Alta, Alida. Barent, Bernard. 

231 



O I d f U I s t e 



Eadelorh, r.e.Uiice 

Bastiaan, Seb:ist,ian. 

Betje, Elizabeth. 

Boudewyn, Baldwin. 

Bram, Abrab.am. 

Bregje, Bridget. 

Caspar, Jasper. 

Catrijn, Catbarine. 

Chrisloffel or Stoffel, Chris- 
topher. 

Chri5t)-ntje, Cliristina. 

Coenraadt, Conrad, 

Daatje, Alice. 

Derrick, Tlieodorick. 

Dientje, Diana, 

Dirkje, Dorothy. 

Doris, Theodore. 

Elsje, Elsie. 

Enimetje, Erarna. 

Engehje, An-elica. 

Epje, Egbert. 

Evert, Ever 3rd. 

Femmetje, Phoebe. 

Fletje, Sophia. 

Floris, Florence, 

Francyntje or Fransje, Fran- 
ces. 

Freek, Frederick. 

Frem, Ephraim. 

Geert or Genit or Garrett, 
Gerard. 

Geertje or Geertrui or Gecrt- 
ruyd or Geertruy, Gert- 
rude. 

Gerritje, Geraldine. 



Gijs, Gilbert. 

Godfried, Jeffrey, 

Govert, Godfrey. 

Griet or Grietje, Margaret. 

Guido, Guy. 

Gysbert, Gilbert. 

Hansje, Joan. 

Hein, Henry. 

Heintje, Henrietta. 

Hendrik, Henry. 

Hendrikje, Henrietta. 

Heyltje, Helena. 

Hieronimus, Jerome. 

HiUegond, Huldah. 

Hiskia, Hezekiah. 

Hilletje, M'aria. 

Huybert, Hubert, 

Jaantje, Jane. 

Jaap or Jacobus, James, 

Jacoba or Ja^:oinyntje, Jemi- 
ma. 

Jaapje or Janneije or Jansje, 
Jane. 

Jan, John. 

Jcronirnus, Jerome. 

Johannes, John. 

Jochem, Joachinr. 

Joost, Justus. 

Joris or Jury or Ury, George. 

Josyntje, ] ustina. 

Jurian, George. 

Kaatje, Cathralne or F.^ate. 

Kareltje, Caroline. 

Katryne or Tryne, Catharins, 

Keetje, Corn^dia. 



233 



Eqi'.ii'o.IcyJs 



Di: Ilk Ch n's t ia u I\\ i •,):cs 



Kees or Keesje, Corneliu?. 
Kersten or Christiaan or 

Shaan, Christian. 
Klaar or Klaartje, Clara. 
Klaas or Clans, Nicholas. 
Klaasjc, Claris--a. 
Kobus, Jacob or James. 
Koenrnadt, Conrad. 
Koosje, Jaqueline. 
Krelis, Corneliu.s. 
Krisje, Cliristiana. 
Lambiechl, Lambert. 
Leen, Leonard. 
Leentje, Eleanor or Helen. 
Letjc, Letifia, 
Lezart, Elisha. 
LijsjCj Elizabeth. 
Lodewyk, Louis. 
Lotje, Charlotte. 
Lor.w, Lav,'rence. 
Ludovicus, Louis. 
Lu) tje, Li'.cy or Lucia. 
Lys, Eli;^abet!!. 
Maartje, Maria or J.iary. 
Maarten, Martin. 
Machiel, :\Iichael. 
Macht-J.d, Matilda. 
Planus, Herman. 
Margaretha, -dargaret. 
Margrietje, Margaret. 
Marytje, Maria or IvLary. 
Malje, :*daHlda. 
Matthy.s, Matthew. 
Meewes, Bartholomew. 
Micljc, ^4aiy. 



Mijnlje, ^^'iihcl!rlin^. 

Naatje, Anna. 

Neeltje, Cornelia. 

Nikolaa?, Nicholas. 

Niesje, Agnes. 

Pietje, Peter. 

Pietje, Petri.)nel]a. 

Reinderi, Reginald. 

Rip (Rijpevt), Rupert. 

Roelof, Ralpii. 

Rolfe, Ralpli. 

Rutger, Roger. 

Rykaard, Richard. 

Saani, Samuel. 

Saartje, Sarah. 

Sannertje, Susan. 

Seletje, Celia. 

Skiaa, Hezekiah. 

Staats, Eustace. 

Stans, Constance. 

Stijntje, Christina. 

Stoffel, Christopher. 

Taatje, Sarali. 

Tanneken, Ann. 

Teeuwis, Matthew. 

Teunis, Anthony. 

Teuntje, Antonia. 

Tiebout, I'heobald. 

Tientje. Albertina. 

Tijnien, Timothy. 

Tijs, ^Lat1hia?. 

Tjaatje (Cha -chee), Charity. 

Tjerck (Charick), Theodorick 

Toon, Anthony. 

Tree>je, 'I'lieresa. 



233 



'JVui ur Truiijo, GerliiiJc. ^''^"}'ntjc, Lavinia. 

Trijn or I'ryntjc, (^latlurine. Ydtjc, Ida. 

Urseltjc, UisuIpw Vzaak, Isaak. 

ValeiUyn or Feltc, \"alenliii'j. Zannckc. Sus;an. 
^Voutcr, \\'3itcr. 



VARIOUS VERS/O.VS OF " T^R/P A TROP A 
TROOXTJES" 

In 33rink's " Early Misiory of Sauf:;crt)e3," whicli 
was published in 1902, llicre was a collection of tlic 
ballarls, nursery rJn-mcs, riddles and folk song-s in tlic 
Dutch language which were current \n Ulster county 
until within the memory of the present generation. 
The place of honor was given to the old nursery rhyme 
which every one of Dutch extraction remembered, tlie 
familiar " Trip a trop a troontjes." As there given tlie 
rhyme was : 

Trip a trop a troontjes. 
De ^-arkens in de boontjes, 
Dc koetjes in de kla^■er, 
De paarden in de haver, 
De cenjcs in de vater-plas, 
De kalf in dc bng grrss; 
So groot rnijn kleine poppetje was. 

This was rendered into En^jhsh in this manner': 

Trip a trop a troontjes, 
The pies are in the bean-vines, 
The cows aie in the clover bloorns, 
The horses in the oat fields, 
■'54 



Ft^rsio/is of " Trip a Ttcp ,7 Trocntjts' 

The ducks are in the water-pond, 
The c;ilf is in tlie long grass; — 
So tall my little baby was! 

A gentleman in Saugcrties submitted the lines to a 
friend in Zaandam, Iloliand, who wrote from there that 
it had been knov/n in that country for seven hundred 
years but his acquaintance \s-a3 with a different version 
which ran thus : 

Troetje, troetje, troontje, 
Vankentjes in de boontjes, 
Koetjes in l:et havergras, 
Eendjes in de water plas, 
Paardjes staan op stal, 
Kuikentjes haantje cm huis, 
Ook do bond kornt niet aanblafilen. 

To give the English of the Zaandam version we 
would have something like the follov/ing ; 

Darling's, darling's throne, — (father's knee), — 
The pigs are in the beans, 
The cows arc in the oat grass, 
The ducks are in tlie water-pond, 
The horses stand in the stall, 
The little ioosters are about the house, 
And the dog does not couie a-barking. 

A subscriber to Olde Ulster has received from a 
relative in Arnhem, in Holland, v/ho is also fi subscriber 
to this magazine, a third version which is cunent in 
Gelderland where his residence is: 

Tikke, takke, toonen — 
De varkentje in de boonen; 
235 



O i d c U I & t e r 



De paardje in de haver; 

De schaapje in net gvoena gias; 

De eendje in de waterplas; 

De vischje in hci netje; 

De kindje v/ipt iii't bedje. 

He furnislics tlie following translation: 

Tikke, takke, tone, — 
Little pig in the beans; 
Little horse in the oats; 
Little sheep in the green grass; 
Little duck in the plash; 
Little fish in the net; 
Little child skips in his bed. 

The gentlcraan last referred to furnishes another 
current rhyme which is : 

Koene kranen; 

Witte swanen; 
Wie v.il mee naar Engeland voeren? 

Engeland is gcololen,— 

De sleutel is gebroken, — 
In Engeland daar s'.euft het sand, 

Daar lui den de kiokjes van boera! 

He thus renders it: 

Eokl cranes; 
White swans; 
Who goes with us sailing to England? 
England is locked, — 
The key is broken, — 
In England the sand makes dust, 
There the little bells ring ''Boom!" 
236 



Those Y.-h(^ have the collecti'Mi oi rh}'n'ie3 first 
referred to will notice some siniilarit}- in this to some 
lines given in the liistory of Saugerlies. We reproduce 
them ; 

Wij will mee naar Engolaiui vare, 
Voor Van 'J'romp doet Engeland zeer. 

England is opsluiten; 

r^e sluitel is verbrekcn. 
Z^varte bedelaar, v/at doeu gij hier? 

The reference to \ \\\ Tromp is, without doubt, to 
his great naval victories over the British, after \vliich 
the Dutch admiral sailed up the English channel with 
z. broom at his i.nast-b.ead. The translation is: 

We Nvill also 10 England :sail, 

For Van Tromp does England sore. 

England is locked up (blockaded); 

The ke}- is broken. 
Black bet^ear, what do vou here.'* 



Cornelius HooGEBOo>r petitioned the Court 
OF THE Village of ^VILD^vvcK on November 17th, 
166S, that he be permitted to keep an evening school. 
His request v/as denied "because "Wilhelmus La I^.Ion- 
tagne lias been appointed, and he does it winter and 
summier, and petitioner is unv/illing to ao it in summer, 
therefore nobody else will be permitted to keep school 
in winter." In another place it is stated that the school 
of J. a Montagna is a da\^ and evenine school. 



Daniel Taylor^ 

T/ic British Spy 



Ra 









IE cxpecliiion of ]>uigo)'ne b}- the \va\' of 
L;\ke Chan^iplain and the upper Hiidscn to 
Albany and that of St. Leger b\' the way of 
Lake On.tario and the Aluhawk to tlie same 
poirit, to be met b}- Sir Heiir)' CHnton up tlie 
Hudson from New York", was tlie great strat- 
egetic de\-iceof the llri:).-,!! ministry to reduce 
the rebehious colonists in jVnierica to subjec- 
tion lo thie Crown. This v/as the work for 
the season of 1777. 

On the 7th of October Forts Clinton and Llont- 
gomer)-, the defenses of liie Highlands of the Hudson, 
Y/erc captured by the Isritish and Sir Henry Clinton 
immediatel)' organized another expedition to proceed 
up the Hudson. This was not to assist Burgoyne as 
has been often said. The plans of tlie British Ministry 
intended tliis. Bi;t in some unaccountable manner 
orders to effect such a junction had never been sent 
Sir I.^enry. His present purpose was of liis own de\ds- 
ing <--nd it was to harass the patriot^ and so far as this 
to make a di\-ersion in Burgoyne's favor. Accordingly 
the expedition which buined Kingston was planned 
and messengers were sent to Burgoyne with dispatches 
informing liim of Sii Henrj-'s doings. 

One of these nne.-r-engers was IJaniel Taj'lor, a first 
23S 



:nant Domu Taylor, tJu- British Sfy 

lieutenant in Caplain Stewart's company of the Nir.th 
Regiment of the Royal Army. He proceeded up the 
west side of the Hudson until he readied Little Britain, 
Ulster (now Orange) county. Here on the next day 
(9th) he ran upon, a picket guard of Colonel Webb's 
regiment, under tJie command of Lijutenant Hoive. 
The poverty of tlie patriotic authorities interfered with 
a suitable clollnng of the forces in the field anti sonic 
of the soldiers under Lieutenant Kowe were clad in 
red uf.ii'orms of the British, which had been recently 
captured iii a British transport. Some of tJiese had 
been dyed blue l^llic regimental uniform) but tliere had 
not been time to effect the change with all of tliesn and 
miany were still of the sanguinary original color. 

As Taylor surrendered he was taken to the com- 
mander, Governor and General George Clinton, and 
he found that tlic Clintoji in command was not his 
superior, Sir Henry, but th.e goverPior of the same 
name. The hand of liie captive immediately went to 
his mouth, but the keen eye of ClintoJi saw it. The 
Governor tells the stor}'' in a letter to the Council of 
Safety written at "Mrs. Falls, nth October, ly/yl' 
Li this he says : 

" The letter from Clinton to Durgoyne, taken from Daniel 
Taylor, was inclosed in a sinall siher ball of an oval form, 
about the size of a fu:x-e bulict, arid shut with a screw in the 
middle. When he Avas taken and brought before rnc he 
swaliov.-eu it. I rui^liusttd this to be ti)e case, from inform- 
ation I received, jnj auminibti.rLd to liini a very strong 
emetic calciiliited to act eillier way. This had the de.ared 
effect; it brought it from hiu); but though close wat'ched, he 
liad the art to conceal it the second time, 

239 



O / .!' r U/s( 



"I made liim believe 1 hau taken one Captain Campbell, 
another nK':vi,nj:er vrho wab out on the tame business; that I 
learned from liim all I wanted to l;now, and demanded the 
ball on pain of being \mu-^ np instantly and cut open to search 
for it. Tliis brouylit il forth.-" 

As tlie bullet vas uiiscrc\ved Governor Clinton read 
as follows : 

"For.T 3>Iontgo:^;luv, October Sth, i;;;, 
" jYous y 7-o!\-i. and nothin- now between us l>ut Gates. 
I sincerely h.ope thi:; little success of ours may facilitate your 
operations. L' answer to your letter of the roth Sept., by 
C. C. , I shall only saj-. I cannot presume to order, or even 
advise, for reasons obvious. I heartily vosh you success. 
" Faithfully yours, 
"Gen. 3;uRGovxE. " H. Clintox." 

The C. C. mentioned in the dispatch was the Cap- 
tain Campbell tiie governor speaks of above. He v,'as 
another spy of Sir Henry vlio v/as mote fortunate and 
reached Burgoyne on the ioth of October, the day that 
Kingston was burned. 

The bullet and tlic dispatch are still in existence 
and are in the possession of the family of Governor 
Clinton. Olde Ulster takes pleasure \n presenting 
illustrations of them v/ith this. 

The record of the trial of the spy .s given at large 
in tlie Clinton Papers from v.'hich it i.; here reproduced : 

"At a general Court IVIartial held at the heights of New 
Windsor the i.jtii October, 17;;, by order of Lri-adicr Gen- 
eral George Ciintori ^vhereof Colonel Lewis Duboyse v/as 
President. 



Luutcuaui Daniel Taylor, the British Spy 



Jvlajor Bradlbrd, Capt. Galcspic, 

Major Huntington, Capt. Conklin, 

Capt. Savage, Capt. Wood, 

Capt. Watson, Capt. Hamtramk, 

Capt. V/yllis, Capt. Lee, 

Capt. Ellis, Capt. Hueslo-d. 

"Daniel Taylor, charged with lurking about the camp as 
a spy from the enemy, confined hy order of General Clinton, 
',vas brought befoie said court, and to the above crime the 
prisoner pleaded not guilty. But confessed his being an 
Express from General Clinton to General Burgo}-nc, when 
taken. And that lie had bee)i employed as an Express also 
from General Burgoyne to General Clinton, and v.-as taken 
in the Camp of the Army of the United Slates near New 
Windsor, by Eient, llov.-e. Tj.ylor likev.-ise confessed his 
being first Lieutenant in Captain Stewart's Company in the 
9th Regiment of the British Troops, and but on.e man in 
company when taken. The prisoner plead that he was not 
employed as a spy, but on the contrary was charged both by 
General Clir.ton and Burgoyne not to come near our camp; 
but meeting accidentally with some of our troops, in British 
Uniform, he v,-as thereby deceived and discovered himself to 
them. 

"The Court after considering the case, were of opinion 
that the prisoner is guilty of the charge lirought against him, 
and adjudged liim to suffer death, to be hanged at such time 
and place as the General shall direct. 

"A true copy of the proceedings: Test. 

" Lkv.'is Dubovs, Col., 

" President.'''' 

The confession Taylor made, v/hen captured is also 
given in the Cliriton Pajjcrs and is: 

" I left Fort Montgomery yesterday evening with a charge 
from Gcneia! Clinton to go to General Burgoyne and acquaint 
241 



O^df Ulster 

him that he had landed about nvc rniles belov,- the Fort, clam- 
bered over the mountains, and stormed uith small arms the 
back part of the Fort, which he carried with the loss of L*^ 
Col" Grant, of E.eg' Volunteers, Tvlajor Campbell, Major 
Sela, {Sill) a number other otticers and about 300 lank and 
file, that the obstructions in the river were now nearly removed 
and tliat he, Gen^ Burgoyne, might now move forward or go 
back, and to acquaint him thot Gen' Howe was near Phila- 
delphia, and had defeated the Rebels: and that the Frigates 
belonging to the Rebels in the River were both burnt. 

'•'A Cap* Campbell had come from Gen^ Eurgr))ne to 
Gen'- Clinton with dispatches, and set off on his return, on 
Tuesday morning ye 7th inst. 

" I left Gen' Burgoyne 6 mile abo^e Fort Edwaid the 
last of July, wit!) orders to acquaint the commanding Officer 
in Nevv- York, that the Roads were so broke up it was extremely 
difficult, but so soon as he could clear the way he should 
advance. 

"I was likewise to inform Gen' Burgoyne that they had 
now tlie Key of America fsay the passes thio' tlie Fi ighlarids 
of Fludson's River.)" 

As Governor Clinton was hturysng to the relief of 
Kingston he took no action in the matter for the 
moment. King.ston v.-as burned on the afternoon of 
the i6tli. The patriot troops arrived too late and 
marched to Hurley. The governor seems to have 
passed on to North Marbletown and the same evening 
issued the following order: 

" Flead Quarters at Marble Town, i6t]i October, 1777. 

"The Sentence of the General Court Martial whereol 
Colo. Du FJois was president against tlie within named iJaniel 
Ta}lor is approved i^c Ordered to be carried into Execution 

242 



UcuicJiant Daniel Tayicr, t!;c Briiish Spy 



i 



L\ 



■'\/^: 



/J J ^»^ 



;•] 






W_-- 



77/rf 5"//t'^r Bullet and Dispatch 



when the Troops are paraded &. before they march tomorrow 

morning. 

"Gko. Clixt'jn", Y,. Gen, 

Cotilineuial Army. 

But the sentence was not executed on the i;tli, 
for the morning report of John Ellis, officer of the 
guard, made at '• Hurly Oci'r iSth, 17:7," still con- 
tains the name of '• Daniel Taylor, taken up as a spy." 
But the report of October iQlh has the name of Taylor 
243 



OId< Vlstc 



crossetl out. There were too nian\- important matters 
pending on that " next da}-" to attend to a sp}' whose 
errand had proved aborti\-e. 

In a MS. journal ]:ept b\- a person in Clinton's force, 
probably a chaj-lain, is thn's entr}*: "October iSth, Sat- 
urd.u-. I\Ir. Tti}-lor, a spy taken in Little Britain, was 
hung here. Mr. Romain and m\-self attended him 
yesterday, and I have spent the morning in discours- 
ing to him, and attended him at the gallows. He did 
not appear to be cither a political or gospel penitent." 

The execution took place from the limb of an apple 
tree at Ilurie}-. Its exact site was fort}'-tv,-o and one- 
tenth feet from the south corner of the Van Sickle 
house at ;). point sixt}- and two-tenths feet from the 
north-west corner of the kitchen. Here a long iron 
bar has been driven deep into the ground, its top being 
left even with the surface. It is the purpose to have 
a lasting memorial erected. The body of the spy ^vas 
buried in a grave about ten feet in front of the flag- 
stone in front of the front door of the Vaii Slclde 
house. 

Tlie tree stood until a fev,- )-ears after 1840, and bore 
a sweet, red apple. There are still a few residents of 
Old Hurle}' who have eaten of its fruit. From the 
trunlc [)rojected towards tlie west a large limb about 
ten. fret above the ground. To this the noose v/as 
all ached. 

The IIonoral:»le Charles G. De V/itt, v/hilc editor of 
the Lister ScvJinel, took pains to interview persons v/lio 
liad had an\' connection with the Revolutionary events 
in this count)', and v.'ho v^-ere still living. In the issue 
of tluit j)aper for Sej^tember 26th, 1S27, he printed an 
244 



Lieutenant D.if-Ul Tar!c}\ tJic Britisii 



account of the execution of Taylor from which this 
passage is quoted : 

"He had a long, thin rope aro'.ind his neck, which was 
coiled and carried after him by a soldier. On haUing at 
Maibletown he was led into the church, then used as a depot, 
and being seated near the pulpit the poor wretch bent him- 
self forward to hide his face, and the rope was then coiled 
upon his back. At Hurley, three miles from the smoking 
ruins of Kingston, Taylor was hung on the bougli of an apple 
tree in a by street, not far from the village. The contrivance 
for liis exit into eternity exemplified the rude expedients of 
the times. A hog.-l:ead was placed under the bough, the 
culprit mounted vipon it, and the rope being fastened above, 
the executioner kicked the hog-"head over. He fainted, 
however, before the fatal kick was given, and tlius had an 
apparently easy death. Jack JCetch, on this occasion, was 
performed by a soldier, who received, as per agreement, the 
dead man's boots for his reward." 



The Status of the Indians in the Province of 
New York was defined at a " Counccll held in Nev/ 
Yorcke December 5tl 1679" v/lieri it was 

" Resolved, That all Indyans here are free & not 
slaves, nor can bee forct to bee servants, Except such 
as have beene formerly brought from the Bay of Cam- 
pechio & other foreign parts, but if any shall bee brought 
hereafter v/ithin the space of six months, they are to bee 
dispose of as soone as may bee out of the Government, 
but after the Experacon of shx months, all that shall 
bee brought here from those parts shall bee free." 
245 



OId£ VI 



GRA VR-STOXE INSCRIPTIONS 

In Old Hugucfiof. Bury ing • G round , Ne-u Fallz, N. Y 
Communicated by Chaplain R. R. Hoks, U. S. N. 

These inscriptions were copiea, compared aud revised by Cl'.aplain Hoes 
on the isth of Nov., r-gv, have never liofoie been publislied, and are anaiiged 
by families in alphabetical order. They are, in everj' instance, exact copies 
of the originals, (even the punctuation ninrk* included), and represent the 
condition of the c:r,ive-!;toiie3 at the al>ove date. 



Cont'uuicd front f'nge igo. 



In 37. In memory of 

memoi}' of Elizabeth Hasbrouck 

Elizabetli L. wife of 

wife of Josiah Dubois 

Andris Dubois^ who departed tjiis life 

who died June 9*';' 1815 

March 2, 1S33 aged 29 years, 

aged 58 y'rs 7 rno 3 montlis & 21 days. 
& 23 day.';. 



36. In 38. In 

memory of memory of 

Sarah, Mary Hardenbiirgh 

daughter of wife of 

Andri.s & Josepli Du Bois 

FJizabeth Dubois who died 

who died May 24, 1845, 

Aug, 10, 1835 aged 74 y'rs, 

aged 30 )•. & 'J A. II mo. & iC d's. 

246 



39- 



41. 



In 42. Dice! 

memory of Nov. 2, 1S2S, 

Jonathan Dubois Isaac sou of 

who died Joseph Duboise 

May II, 1832, ag^ I ye' 4 mo. & 



aged 67 y'ls 
&' 7 mo. 



Andris Dubois 
Vv'ho died 



22 da. 



^S 



43. In 

40. In Memory of 

Memory of D^^xutl Dubois 



/lio died 



May 13, 1855, 



March 3, 1849- yE. 22 Y'rs 10 Mo. 

/E 74 y'rs 8 mo's 6- 15 d's. 



&■ II d's. 



44. Josephine 

In . daughter of 

Memory of Zacharlas F. & 

Simon II. Dubois, Jane I\I. Dunn 

who died Died 

Sept. 28. 1S61, Sept. 15, 1854, 

JE. 49. ^. 3 ""^o. ^ ^ I Q's- 
247 



1 



U Is t e r 



45. In 

Memory of 

Noali Elting Esq. v/ho 

departed this Life Sep' 

27'.^ 1773 aged 57 years. 

and Tacomintje his 

spouse who departed 

this Life August 27^''^ 

1790 aged 75 years. 



46. In 

Memory ot 

Roeiof I. Eltlnge, 

who died the 2is^July 1795 

Aged 58 Years 

6 Months & 4 Days. 



48. In 

Memory 

of 

Jos'ah Elthige. 

who died May 15th. 

1813, aged 52 years 

9 MoL cr 20 days : 



49. 



In 

Memory of 

Hester Broadhead 

wife of 

Josiah Elting, 

who died 

Oct. II, Y84S, 

M. 86 )''rs. 10 mo. 

6' 28 d's. 



47 



In 

Tuemory 

of 

Mary Louw,, 

wife of R, L Eking, who 

departed this Hfe, 

August 24''' 1800: 

aged 62 years 

&- 7 days. 



50 



Ann, 
daughter of 

Roelof & 
Dina Eltinge, 

died 

March 2, 1819, 

aged 5 mo. 

15 da. 



24S 



Grnvestc}:e luscriplion: 

51. Ill memory'' of 

Roelof Eltlng, 

Died 

Jan. 16, 1S25: -rE, $0 yesrs 

5 r-.Ionths 6^ 21 da, 

Sorow not even as others which 

have no hope, i, The.5. 4. 13. 



^ 



Roelof son of 53. Cathrirlae M. 
Roelof 6- daugiiter of 

Dhiah Elting ^^^^^^^ ^ j^^^j^^ 

died Feb. 2. 1825 



Hardenbergh, 
died Jan 9, 1819^ 



aged 1 1 ds. 
In the morning it flo- 
wrisheth. In the evening ^S^d 4 years 

It is cut down & wither- n rno. 21 da. 

eth. Ps. 90. 6, 



54. Here I.yes The Body of Joseph Hosbr,^'-^^^ 
Escf : Aged 40 years 3 Months and iS 
Days Deceased Janu-iiy the 28'" : 172^ f^ 

[He was baptized in New Paltz, 23 Oct. 76?-i, 
end was a son of Abram, the Patentee], 



249 



O I J .- 



I s t e r 



55- Here Lies Intered the 

Body of Elsje Hasbrouck 

"Wid'T of loseph Hasbrouck 

Esq": Dec^ y^. 27. Day of 

July. 1764: Aged ' "jZ ' Years 

8 • Months And ' s • Davs 



56, 



In 

Memorj' 

of 

David Hasbrouck 

who died March 12-^ 

1806, aged td years. 



[Nos. 56 ?.o 6: are enclosed 
in & separate lot. ] 



58. In 

memory of 

Elizabeth Wcscbrook 

beloved v/ife of 

Isaiah Hasbrouck 

who died July 2, 1S64, 

aged 73 y'rs 3 mo. 

& 12 d's 



57. In 

memory of 

Isaiah Hasbrouck 

v/ho died April 20, 182S 

sgetl 55 yt?.. S mo. 

& 5 d's. 



59. In 

memory of 

Daniel I. Hasbrouck 

who died 

Jan. 30, J.S08, 

-'gc'^ 37 years 

8 mo. &• 23 ds. 



250 



Gravestone Imrriptions 



Co. In 

memorj/ of 

Margaret 

Schoonmaker, 

wife of 

Daniel J. Ilasbronck 

who died 

Aug. n, 1852, 

Aged 81 y'tE. 10 ds. 



63- 



In 

memory oC 

Noah Hasbrouck 

who died 

March 7, 1856, 

M, 67 y'ts 3 mo." 

& 15 d's 



61. In 

Memory of 

Jonas D. B. Hasbrouck 

who departed this 

Life July ?Sth. 1S06 

aged 4 ycn.rs 7 mo« 

& 13 d:;ys. 



64. 



Margaret H, 

daughter of 

Mary 6' 

Noah Hiisbrouck 

died 

Oct. 13, 1S33 

aged 6 years 



62. In 

Memory 

of 

Daniel J. Hasbrouck, 

who departed this life 

Jan. 31st 1808, aged 37 

Years, 8 iVlos &■ 23 days 

[This stone is broken through 
the middle.] 



65. 



Jessie E 
Jaruslia C. 

Son 6" daughter 
of Noah cr' 

Mary J Tasbrouck 
died 

March. i.^„ 1834 

aged II irionths. 



2'. I 



O I d i' U I s t (' r 

66. In 

Memor>' of 
Margeret Hardenbergh 
wife of Jacob J. Kasbrouck 
who was borr. the 12*-^} April 
1776 and departed this Life 
7^? July 1796 aged 20 years 
2 rnoniiis and 25 dcvys. 



6;. In 68. In 

rriemory o? 
Mv.zy Dakin, 
wife of 



111 Cillery of 

Peter R. Johnson 

who died 



Nicholas Jacacks 

who died J^"- 23» 1837, 

Dec. 2. 1834. agecl 56 y'rs 5 m 

aged 33 years. & 4 d'.s. 

To he ccntinued. 



The Fighting under Ensign Smit during the 
First Esopus War v/as no child's play. There is till 
in evidence a bill of the surgeon, Gysbert van Imbroch, 
for his services in attending upon oiic Doniinicus, a 
soldier of the Honorable West India Company who 
had received eighteen different v.-ounds. The matter 
was investigated and he v,'as paid fifty guilders va beav- 
ers. This was about twenty-one dollars. 
252 



Lcdt of iJit Esopus 



LAST OF THE ESOPUS hVDIANS 

About the year 1S45 a squaw and her two sons 
made their appearance for a season on the E'.sopus 
shore of the Rondout, living for months in a hut they 
built in the woods of that rugged region. They came 
fion"! Lake George. The sons v.'ere athletic young 
fellows and cunning fishers and trappers, v.-hilc the 
motlier was expert in herbs and simples, and all three 
were adroit basket makers. But both lads had a pas- 
sion for intoxicating drink, especially the elder. When 
under the influence of ardent spirits he became a fiend. 
One summer evening the reprobate, v/ho had become 
a terror to his r.?ighbors, tlireatened tlie life of his 
family. He was taken by his mother and brother in 
a canoe down the Rondout and out into the river and 
apparently across towards Rhinecliff. The next day 
the mother and younger son returned alone. When 
questioned ivhere the other was they invariably replied, 
as they pointed north, that he had gone home. He 
v/as never seen again. The others returned for a num- 
ber of years until one autumn they departed as usual 
and were never seen in this vicinity thereafter. These 
Indians were the last of the Esopus tribe who ever 
seemed to claim anything like a heritage in the lands 
of their fathers during the latter half of the nineteenth 
century. The last Indian to reside permanently on 
the banks of the Rondout creek is said to have been 
an old man who lingered until about 1S30, and died 
on the Esopus shore, and v/as buried by the side of 
his hut v/hich stood at a point jutting out opposite the 
west end of the island below Eddyville. 

2S3 



Oldf 



A J A RND \ XR~JA RND VCE CA SE 



One of the most celebrated Cases ever in 
litigation i)i Ulster county was a suit between the 
Honorable Lucas Elmenciorf, for the three terms 
between 1797 and 1S03 the representative of the Ulster 
district in Conr^ress, and Jan Freer, of Wagendaai in 
tlie town of Rosendale. This suit vs'as beguii in 1790 
and ran through all the courts of this State for more 
than fifty-two years. Joseph Addison had been coun- 
sel in it ; Aaron Burr had tried his shrewd hand at it; 
Ai.Iexander Hamilton liad argued it ; John Sudarn had 
given it a test; Charles H. Rug>.des had struggled v/ith 
it v.'hen ultiniatcl}' it fell into the h.ands of the Honor- 
able Marius Schoonmaker who, in 1S43, obtained a 
decree in Chancery ordering a foreclosure of the prop- 
erty in dispute. This did not satisfy Elmendorf. He 
determined to move for a rc-argument and started for 
Saratoga to make a moticju before the Chancellor to 
revive the old suit. While he and Schoonmaker, his 
opponent, v/ere stopping over night in Albany they sat 
conversing v.'hile av/aiting supper. Elmendorf seemed 
lost for a word which Schoonmaker supplied. As 
Elmendorf suddenk/ ceased the conversation Scl'Oon- 
maker went to liirn arid noticed that something v.'as 
the matter. He laid his hand on his licad and found 
his old friend was dead. The interminable case was 
ended, 

•—©3. — 



254 



BfKcaih the Overlook 

BENEATH THE OVERLOOK 

Didst thou commune with thy Creator on that morn 
When joyous planets sprang to orbits wide? 

Didst thy voice harmonize when worlds were born? , 

Didst thy face flush wlien tlrst the sun would ride? 

What v>-ere the secrets of that natal day 

When first void Chaos donned the beauteous robe ? 
Who led the chorus of the vaulting skies 

When diapasons shook this nascent globe ? 

I bow before tiiy presence, massive mount! 

Thou knowest, but revealest not to men — 
Fellow with the Eternal! ^'\'ithin thy breast 

Is graven the tale by His recording pen. 

We knov,' not why thy brow is raised on high; — 
We knou- thou converse hast v.itli Heaven's Ihrone, 

We know that thou art first to greet the morn 
Whose purple radiance is thine alone. 

Upon thy bosom bared a fountain springs; 

Beside the fountain basks a blossoming tree; 
Around the blossoming bough, with honeyed wings, 

The courier from a liive sings merrily. 

I ask not that the meaniug thou shouldst tell; 

Or v,-hat this sight or sound to me conveys; — 
From peak, from fount, from tree, from bee would swell 

One chorus of the great Creator's praise. 

Intrepid thy majestic brow has gazed 

Down mighty a;ons of the tinie now sped; 

Thou ineetcst frowuing skies with dauntless face, 
And terrors wither round thy fearless head. 

Oh, niountain! let me reach th}' calm surcease ; 

Beneath tliinc awful front repose and re^t; — 
A scope of ages to sercnest peace ; 

My head, too, laid on the trernal breast, 
255 



O L D E y I S T E R 



A .V /IIS TORIC-'- '- & GENE A L O GIC-^ ^ MA GA ZINE 



Pubiifhed Monthly, at i.f.3 Green 
Street, King ft on, N. F., by 
BENTA?riN MYER BRINK. 



T e r in s : — Tzco dollars a year in Advance. Single 
Copies, iwoiiy-five cc7its. 

Entered as secor..z claiz v.ctiir at if^f tcii cr^.r? ct Kin-i:;tOK, A'. >'. 



Some interesting documents relating to the 
Palatines who settled at Newburgh under Kctherthal 
in 170S and at West Camp, in the town of Sann;erties 
in a large toiony in i^'io, have come into the posses- 
sion of the editor of Olde Ulster and will appear 
in an early number. It is the hope of the editor that 
the Scotch-Irisli settlement in the southern part of 
Old Ulster may receive attention soon. 



■M^^ 



The Dutch records long lost from the olTiCe of 
the Clerk of Ulster Count}-, which were so rn}-steri- 
ously returned a few years ago and wliich were 
translated by Pur. D. Versteeg for the Board of 
Supervisors, are a mine of interesting information. 
They sliould be published by the State as an addi- 
tional volume in the series of " Documents relating to 
the Colonial History of Nev/ York " and a good index 
of the contents made. ' , 



250 



Of n^ 






.^f .^^.--. 



^ 



>. 






,/■-'/ ^"—'\\ 






:^ 



'^m^ . :^ 



^T^-" •-'='- 



^/-V-ife-' <;^,^.^^ 









n jf 



u 



LSTER County 

SA VINGS Institution 



No. 27S Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 



Depofits^ $3,000,000.00 



,^ I N G S T O N 

SAVINGS BANK 



No. 273 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 



OFFICERS 



James A. Betts, Prcs Chas. Burhans, Treas 

Myron Teller, ] 7.^. „ Frank Johnston, /i^7 
JO]iN E. Kraet, \ '-^"^-^^^■^ J. J. LiNSON, Counsel 



n~^HP: DR. C. O. SAHLER SANITARIUM 

KINGSTON, N. Y. 

/*\^r)tal and NervoUF Di^eas^s 



CONTENTS 



C 



Vol. I 



SEPTEMBER. 1905 



iNO. 9 



Foundiiig" of the Nieuw i')orp, cir Huile}' 257 

Tlie '•: Cheese Mines" of Old H url.y ^63 

The Name of Kingston and its Predecessors. ... 266 

An Ulster County Br>y iri tb.e P^ex'olution 270 

Kingstoii Paptismal P^egister 279 

Gravestone Inscriptions at New I'.dtz 2S1 

The Sch^ pen's Court Could not Deed Land 

Molionk Lake .... .... 

Editorial Note- 



F 



O 11 S Y T Id & i) A \^ I S 



BOOKSELLERS & 
SEE ELOEEES 



JO- J FALL STREET. KINGSTON. 



SE have a icw copies <■.[ the ^ % ^ ^, 

Eulcli Church lEcords 

that we oiTe'- ;:t a \-ery low price. TJvj-e honks 
are invaluable in tracing the h-;-.^or\- of Ulster County 
families arid are becoming scarce. 

We also have a larg'.: line '-{ 

.shou'ing local scenc-s, including the Revolution.aiy 
Buildings. 

ii 



/ #-. f 



OLD^ VLSTER 



Vol. I SEPTE?>IBER, U)0^ No. 



The Foujidiiig of the 
NietLW Dorp^ or Hurley 



r-^'TT'^-^'OTWITHSTANDING lliat the settlers were 
I [; \ \ cop.fidcnt tb.at the peace witli the Esopus 
'^^■^^r^^k Indians would be of but short duration tbe}- 
I f" ? p set about developin.g the land tlicy had 
y ^ <» H purchased froni tb.e savages. Stringent rcg- 
1 f '; y ulations had been made by the local author- 
!; ^ ,'•? % \'i\^-^ to prevent any one from laborinr^- upon 
S \5 i^ the fields without a guard, but it was done 
X^-.,,^,^ every day. Tb.e records of the local court 
arc full of complaints of tlu's and of fines imposed 
without breaking up the practice. 

And neu^ lands v/cre taken. The ricli and produc- 
tive lowlands at what is now Old Hurley were very 
inviting. They had not yet l;ecn apportioticd but 
settlers v/ere going upon them. Petitions were pre- 
257 



O IJc U is t <■ 



seiitcd to the council at New Amsterdam asking that 
they be allowed to settle there. 

Iue:;n while tlte older sottleiiient at the Esopus was 
to talce upon itself the character of a permanent com- 
munity. On the i6th day of May, 1661, the Director 
General, Petrus Stuyvesant, granted a charter to the 
village under the name of Wiltwyck. A court of jus- 
tice was establislied wit'n the Sellout (sh.crifi) as presid- 
ing justice and three sciiepens as associates, who were 
to have jurisdiction in all cases except criminal, wdiich 
were to be referred directly to the authorities at New 
Amsterdam. Tlie right of appeal to the same author- 
ities was also given in tliis charter. We give the order 
of Stuyvesant directing the naming of the village, which 
is : 

"Anno, 1G61, Den 16 May. 

"Man roL';ent, en Generacl Directuur Petrus Stuyvesant, 
was gelast endc gcaulb.orisecrt, tot alle Saken van Directie, 
valende tut gemeene beste van alle landen, \ai\ Nieuw-Nede- 
lant, ende alles uyt macht. en last, van de edele heeren 
bewint hcbbcrei:i, der Geoctroycerde ^Vcit India Coin.siny. 

"Uyt v^-elccke oorzaecke. den voorge nielaen vruomen, 
Directuur, Generacl Petrus Stuyvesant, ziende den staet 
ende gelegentheyt van cenen Plaetz gcnacmt de Esoonesnu, 
ses, a, seven, Jarerj bewoont, ende gesticht Door deu Selven. 

" HccU acngesien den staet, ende ])upelatie van den 
Selven, .tclt ens plaetz tot een Dorp, en vereert den nacni 
van Wiltwyck, waer mee het van nu voortaen sal benaernt 
worden. "' 

This, rendered isito English, is: 

" Governor and Direclor-General Petrus Stuyvesant, 
commissioned and authurizcd in tlie control of all affairs 



The Founding of t/u' Xinnv Dorp, c- Hurley 

falling to the public good of all the country of New Nether- 
land, and all by power and permission of the Honorable 
Lords, the Directors of tlie Privileged West India Company; 

" Therf.forf,, the aforesaid valiant ]3irector-General 
Pelrus Stnyvcsant, observing the situation and condition of 
a place named 'the Esopus, ' nov/ inhabited six or seven 
years, and pleased thereat, hath, in consideration of the state 
and population of the same, erected our li'ace into a village, 
and honored it v.-itli tlie name of ^'ultv.'vck, by v.'hich it shall 
be called riow henceforth," 

On the 6th of April, 166.'^, Philip Piertersen Schuy- 
ler, \''olcl:crt J".nscn, Goose Gerritseii van Schaick, 
Jan Thomas and Andries Herbersen ''inhabitants of 
the village of Jjeverv/yck near Fort Orange," petitioned 
the Director and Council setting forth "that it is evi- 
dent that the prosperity of this province of New Neth- 
erlands rests principally upon a^fricidture and com- 
merce; th.crcfore the petitioners are very desirous to 
establish, witli many more people a ncv/ village at the 
Great Esopus, where a great deal of uncultivated land 
lies," an.d requested the authorities to stirvey and lay 
out a nevv' village of as many farms as the land might 
make so that from forty to fifty morgens of land (eighty 
to one liundrcd acres) might be contained in each farm. 
The petitioners promised to enter upon the lands 
immediately to cultivate it and erect necessary buikl- 
ings and fences should their request be granted. The 
council determined to " lay out tiie new settlement and 
grant their request.'' 

The 4th of th.e succeeding May leases were made 
and recorded for these lands under v/liich the lessees 
were to have theni free of rent for one j'ear and the 
259 



Oleic U 



lessors were to deliver free of charge at the landing 
on the Strand the necessary boards for houses, barns, 
stacks, and fences around the land and for a bridge 
across the Kill (I£sopus creek, at Hurley) and to stock 
the land with the necessary horses, cattle, swine, and 
fowls. They were also to furnish a plow and cart and 
all tilings belonging to it except a plow-chain. The 
lessees were to have the use of the land for four con- 
secutive years from 1st May 1663 to ist T.Iay 1667. 
A number of these were made but most of the lessees 
purchased the lands leased as soon as these leases 
expired, as v/e find on record the following land grants 
at Hurley that year: To Nicholas Varlet and Thomas 
Hall, April 35, 1667, two lots at Hurley; to Philip 
Pictcrse Scliuyler, April 27, 1667, land at Hurley; to 
Matthew Blanchan, June iS, 1667, a lot at Hurley: to 
Cornelius "VVynkoop, June, 1667, twenty-four acres at 
Hurley; to Lambert Huyberts Brink, Augnst 5th, 
1667, eighteen acres at Hurley; to the same there has 
been granted April 23, 1667, sixty-eight acres at Hur- 
ley; to Rocloff Swart wont July 23, 1667, land at Hur- 
ley ; to Jan Tommassen April 29, 1667, sixty-six acres 
at liurley; to Cornelius Wynkoop June 28, 1667, land 
at Hurley; to Antony Crespel June 17, 1667, sixteen 
acres at Hurley; to Louis Du Bois May 7, 1667, forty 
acres at Hurley; to Jan Yolckert May 2, 1667, forty- 
eight acres at Hurley; to Gooscn Gerritse April 25, 
1667, sixty-six acres and a lot at Hurley; to Thomas 
Hall & Company April 15, 1667, ten acres at Hurley; 
and to Nicholas Varlett & Company April 15, 1667, 
land at Hurley. AIT these are on record during the 
spring and sum.mer of 1667, the year the leases expired. 
2(>0 



The Foi'Hdi);o of the ^Jtfuzc Di^y/\ or H-urhy 

In the years immediately succeeding tliere are many 
otlicrs recorded as securing propcrt)' upon these rich 
botion'is. As soon as they were taken u[.i settlers llocked 
to Uic aHuvial lowlands farther up th.e Esopus valley 
into Marbletown and within a year or two over the low 
divide between tlie valleys of the Esopus and the Ron- 
dout and claimed the bottoms of Rocl'iester and Wawar- 
sing. 

But sufficien.t care liad not been taken in locating 
these grants, and bou.nds were indefinite and more than 
one party were found to have title to the same parcel 
of land. In 1669 a commission v/as appointed by Gov- 
ernor Francis Lovelace to enquire into all disputed 
matters at tlie Esopus, the members of which were 
Ralph Whitfield, Captain John Manning, Captain 
Thomas Chambers, William Beeckman, Christoplier 
Berrisford and Henry Pauling. This commission met 
on September i/th at " Aesopus" and "The Com" 
then adjourned till y^ next day at 8 of y*^ clock in 
y*^ fforenoone and v/ent to View the Villages and nam'd 
the further Village rJarblcion according to liis Hon'^s 
directions. Three places of Rendevouz v/ere appoint- 
ed for safegard of the villages, vizt. the first in y° mid- 
dle of MarbUtoii, the second at Halfe way ground, the 
third in Hurley, which is the Village next to Esopus 
and then so named by them." 

On September 20th the Court examined all the 
patents but three and the entry in their proceedings 
states that the Court "finde in theni nothing named 
concerning tl^.e 2'- S!yck or peece, either by D:tich 
patcn.t or English." 

On the 23rd of September " ?J.r. Poiiu li n Vf3.s vottd 
261 



Olde Ulster 

to be y^ Ofiicer to whom y^ Indyans should repaire for 
Redress of Injiuyes In Kivgaion, Hurhy o>' 2iTarbIe(on 
and that hee take care noe stranger Indyans come 
among them, Mr. Beresfordis chosen Chief Magistrate 
of Marbleton & Hurley to bee above a High Constable 
& short of a Justice of tlie Peace & two Overseers in 
in eacli Towne to be chosen." (This is the first lime 
the Esopus vv-as called Kingston as tlie name v%'a3 not 
given to it uiUll the session of this court on Septem- 
ber 25th, two days later.) 

The next day the Court took up the matter of the 
Hurley lands. Tliey directed tliat all persons who hy 
" former Groundbriefs or Patents claim Lotts or pro- 
portions of Land in Hurley & have neglected their 
Settlements there," shall settle the same by the first 
day of April, 1670. 

The next day has the foUov/ing on record: "On 
this day (viz^ 25-^>) the Tov-tic formerly called Sopcz 
was named Kingston" 

On the moniing of the next day, September 27th, 
1669, is the following entry : " Ankrnp, an Indyan, peti- 
cond again Cant. Chambers j:) ^tending hee v/as not paid 
for certain Lotts of Lands. It was referred to y'^ncxt 
morning. — Ser^tbr, 2S-^- Ankr^ip the Indyan appearing, 
Capt. Chavibcrs produced the Bill of Sale & y«^ Indyan 
then owned his marke & full satisfaction for the land; 
the coni"'-^'' then caused that Acknov,iedg;nent to be 
Endurs'd on llie Bill of Sale ; And they took care that 
unjust Complair.ts from y Indyans in tljat nature 
slioukl be puuisli!.." (This rcfcrs_ to tiic Indian deed 
of 1652 to Thomas Chambers v.'liich is given on pages 



The Founding of tJu Kieinv LK^rp, or riurlt:y 

80-83 o[ Olde Ulster in which an endorsement con- 
firmatory made on the deed is shown.) 

On tlie 17th of I\Iarch, 1670, Governor Lovelace 
determined to thoroughly survey the lands in Kings- 
ton, Hurley and Marbletown. To this end he appoiiit- 
ed his brother, Captain Dudley Lovelace, Captain 
Jacques Cortileau, William Beeckman, Christopher 
Beresfo'd and Kcnry Pawling a corntnission to survey 
and establish the lines. They v/ere instructed to lay out 
the lines of Kingston first, then those of Hurley and 
then Marbletown. The iimi?:s of the last tov/n v/ere 
" to be sett out as farr as that extends towards the 
Indyans, w'-" beare as I suppose South." One of the 
instructions says "There Is a Tract of Land by y* Cah 
Bergi, which I piurpose to improve for a ffeeding ground, 
which I would have you to survey & give mee an acco*^ 
of it, it is called the Buiier field ,—Wx Paivling will 
direct you." 

It was found thai there was not as much land in 
Marbletown as the various grants called for and on 
PJarch 30th, 1670, Thomas Delavall, Lambert Huy- 
bertsen (Brink), Roeloff Sv,-artv/out, Lewis de Boys. 
John Joesten, Cornells Vvyncoop, Matthias Blanchan, 
Garrett Fokar, and Albert Hey mens (R.oosa) signed 
the following " Transport." " Wee the Inhabit*- of y^ 
Towne of Hurhy in the Esopus, wiiose names are under- 
written, doe remitt a. sett over unto his Hon^ Coll. 
Francis Lovelace, the Governor, the several parts and 
parcells of Land contained in a schedule annexed to 
dispose of it for the better provision of Marblcton." 

After the bounds of the various individual grants 
were satisfactorily established Cortilyou proceeded to 
263 



aide Ulster 



define the bounds between the three towns of Kings- 
ton, Hurley and Marbletown. The laying out of the 
lan.ds promi^cd to the soldiers caused the lands allotted 
at Hurley to fall sliort and a distribution of part of the 
Washniakcr tract was ordered to make good. The 
lands distributed to the soldiers v/ere drawn by lot on 
the sixth of April by w clnld from two Jiats. On the 
nth of April, iGro, tlic Court was dissolved alter a 
visit from Calcop, tlic sachem of the Esopus Indians, 
accompanied by ids young son and another Indian, 
who appeared, lo confirm the treaty they had made 
v;ith Governor Nicholls. They Vv^erc admonished to 
continue trie custom yearly. Then the president 
" took horse to depart for New Yorke." 

Tliese creek bottoms v^'cre cavarnahs, as were those 
three miles below upon the same stream on which 
Thomas Chambers and Ids companions had settled ten 
years before, and were easily made ready for the plough. 
It was proposed that the settlers locate in a village and 
that this be stockaded for defense. The project met 
Vv'ith opposition and nothing v/as done. The settlers 
were living as far apart as ilie foot of the Hurley 
mountain, where Lambert Huybcrtse (Brink) located, 
and the house of Albert Heyraanse (Roosa), whose 
land was on the east side of the village v;hiic th.e others 
v.'cre scattered aloiig what is now Hurley street. Th.is 
indifference to danger from the savages was to sow 
trouble for a bloody harvest v.diich would be gathered 
the follov.ing year. Tdeanwhile, the autumn of 1662 
passed tpuietly and nothing disturbed the succeeding 
winter and spring. 



264 



Ttic " Ciu.sc Jliucs " of 



THE ''CHEESE. JIUNES " OF OLD HURLEY 

From the earliest settlement of the Nieuw Dorp, 
as Old Hurley v/as called, widen v/as made in 1662, the 
lowlands oC Old Hurle;' became famous for prolific 
crops. When the British burned Kingbton in 1777 its 
fugitive inliabitants were fed there as were the troops 
of Governor Clinton, tr.e members of the State govern- 
ment and hosts of other homeless ones. It has always 
been a standing joke in Ulster county that Hurley lias 
cheese mines. Nowhere is this more admirably set 
forth than in a Dutch jingle of questions and answers 
v/hich Olde Ulster is permitted to lay before its 
readers : 

Wat zullen wij met die wittebrood doen ? 

Eet het met die kaas van Horley. 
Wat zullen wij met die paimckoeken doen ? 

Doop lict met die stroop van Horley. 
Wat zullen wij met die maismeel doen 

Dat kwam van die buurt op Horley ? 
Jannekoek bakken zoete bruin 

Met groeii roorr.kaas von Horley. 

[\Vhat bhall we villi llie wheat bread do? 

Eat it with the clieese froui Hr.rley. 
Wliat shall we vilh the pancakes do ? 

Dip them in ti',e syrup (majde syrup) of Hurley. 
What shall we wiih tlic cornmeal do 

Tluit comes irom the ircighborhuod of Hurley? 
Johunycake bake, sweet and brown, 

AVith green creamcheese from Hurley.] 



265 



O Ide Ulster 



THE NAME OF KINGSTON AND IIS 

PREDECESSORS 



When Europeans first came to this region a tribe 
of native aborigines was found residing here of Algon- 
quin stock wlio called themselves Waronawonkongs, 
but who soon caine to be known as the Esopus Indi- 
ans. Their council house seems to have been near the 
junction of the Vernooy Kill and the Rondout in the 
present town of Wawarsing but the chief settlement 
was at the converging of the Esopus. Rondout and 
Wallkill valle}'.s upon tlic Alharhacton or " Great 
Lleadows" as they designated llie treeless lowlands 
along the Esopus winch spread in a savannah for miles 
to the north and south. This name was soon modified 
into Atkarkarton. But until 1661 the locality did not 
bear a distinctive name. It v/as invariably called " The 
Esopus". From v;liat the name is derived has been a 
mooted question. The most of authorities agree that^ 
its root is in a ladical found in many of tlie Indian 
tongues from v/hich many streams derive their names. 
This radical is s^cpus. It is the root of the word Mis- 
sissippi as v/ell as Esopus and its application here is 
"place of small rivers." 

The word is first found upon a map which was dis- 
covered in the Netherlands, at the Hague, upon the 
28th of June, 1S41. There was no mark or memoran- 
dum upon it by which its date could be definitely deter- 
mined. But the government experts decided that it 
was the map referred to in " tne octroy of tlic States 
General dated i Uh October, 1614.". On this day their 
266 



TJie N'.'unc of Kijiv^ton atui :'/s Predtxesscrs 



High P^lightiiiesses granted to Gerrit Jacob Witsen, 
former busgomaster of tlic city of Amsterdam, and his 
twch'e associates the right to visit and trade with the 
lands between the Dela'.vare and the Connecticut rivers 
for three years from January ist, 1615. They consti- 
tuted themselves '''The United New Netherland Com- 
pany." 

Upon this map there are but tv/o settlements desig- 
nated, namely ; AlanhatUs (New York) and Nassau 
(Albany). The location of the Indian tribes along the 
Hudson river is shown. The IVaronawanka are placed 
on the \vesfc side of the river v.-here Ulster County now 
is, 'and the Woraiiecks on the eastern shore opposite. 
Under this name, Woranecks, on the eastern shore, is 
the W'ord " Efopus", as if it were another name for the 
same tribe. 

The different Iioecks (capes) and racks (reaches) of 
the river arc designated and thus KinderJioeck (chil- 
dren's cape) and C*v«.'^r^7<:",'l' (clover-reach) appear among 
others. 

Upon the granting of tlie charter to the settlement 
by Director General Petrus Stuyvesant in 1661, which is 
described elsewhere in this issue, he navies the village 
Wildwyck or Wiltwycl:, the " village of the wild." 

With the surrender of the province to the English 
September 6th, 1664, a military force was placed here. 
But the place was still called "the Esopus" although 
officially known as Wiltwyck. Indeed the old name of 
Esopus or more frequently " Grootc Rscpus' remained 
until the disappearance of the Dutch language within 
the memory of the present generation. As stated in 
the article on " Tlie Founding of t-hc Kieuw Dorp, or 
267 



Oldc Ulster 



Hurley," the local court at its sittir.g of September 
25th, i66vi, directed that the "Town formerly called 
Sopez be named Kinrston." No reason is gived for 
the ch.angebut it is said to be named after Kingston-up- 
on-Thamcs, in England, because of lan.dcd estates there 
of the family of the then Governor General Lord Love- 
lace under His Highness, the Duke of York. The Court 
also ve-named the Nieuv/ Dorp Horley, after a village 
in the same vicinity. Kingston^upon-Thames derives its 
name from the coronation stone upon which no less 
than seven of the Saxon kings of England were crov.=ned. 
A great council was held there in S3S, under Egbert of 
Wessex and Elhehvolf of Kent and the coronation of 
the kings continued to be there until the Norman con- 
quest. This stone was called " The King's Stone'' and 
is still standing along one of its streets enclosed by a 
railing. We are privileged to present an illustration 
of it v/ith this. 

On the 2nd of November, 1673, the Esopus passed 
once mere under Dutch control. Anthony Colve was' 
made governor and one of his first acts was to re-name 
the place Swacnenbergh. The Dutch domination last- 
ed but one .short year and on the 20th of November, 
1674, abetter arrived from the Royal Governor, Edmund 
Andros, releasing the people from tiieir allegiance to 
the States General and re-instating the English officers 
whom Colve had deposed one year before. Officially 
the name of Kingston was resumed and has continued 
to this day while, actually, the name of Swaenenbergh 
was unkn.own except in a few documents and Kingston 
had rcmahncd the official name v/hile every one used 
the name of Esopus in con\-ersation. 
26S 



The Xauic of Kingston and ::s Prt-(L-L<.-sscrs 






iS&sit-'-'^sacr'- 






,-.-._ :j^^>ss»~~ 



t.., l 






\: '-- 



^^.j^r 



?69 



A. 11 Ulster County Boy 
In the Rev oh U ion 




and won li 



R-ICtIXALLY the county of Ulster extended 
or, tlie south to r-.Iurderer's creel: at the 
Hi;;;lilands. Here on !Monda}'. January 
3th., 1^56, was born to John and Deborah 
van Arsdale a son v/liom the\- named John 
after liis father. The elder John was a 
niillwriglit by trade and ^^•hile employed 
to build a grist mill on that stream b}' 
Teunis van Pelt fell in love with, wooed 
daughter Deborah, and the\' were married 
in 1744. He associated in business with his father-in- 
law and the}' built up a large ti'ade as millers. He 
was a public-spirited mail and there is still in existence 
a commission as lieutenant in which he is st}-led " of 
Ulster Count}-, Gentleman.'' A vessel, laden with tlour 
and consigned to Central America, ov.'ned b}- them was 
lost in the Ba\' of Honduras aivd ruined them. It had 
been expected that the flour :\-ould be sufficient to 
purchase a return cargo of logwood and the proceeds 
of this would make it a ^•ery profitable adventu.re. 
The misfortune compelled them to give up their mill 
and rt-movc to New Yorlc. 

John, the }''ounger and the subject of this article, 
was born on the banks of r\l urdercr's creek. At the 
beginning of the Revolutio!i the father was the owner 
270 



of a schooner enc;ag-cd in the trade of the Iludson 
river. His son assisted him. Tlie j'oui.ger John was 
with Arnold upon the il]-fated expedition to Quebec 
aiKl on Ids retiirn assisted his fatlier if, sinking the 
cJtcvav.x-Ji-fri:ze in the Hudson, opposite Fort Wash- 
ington. Idic day the British took possession of New 
York City th.ey ccnve}-ed tlieir family a;id all the refu- 
gees they cordd carry up tlie Hudson to their old home 
at Murderer's creek and the father made Ids home here 
until his death in 179S. 

On tlie 25th of August, 1775, }'oung van Arsdale 
-enlisted under Captain Jacobus Wynlcoop in the Fourth 
New York Ivegiment of which James Holmes was the 
colonel and Philip van Cortlandt was lieutenant-colo- 
nel. They immediately proceeded to Canada b\- the 
way of Lalres George and Champlain and took part in 
the assault upon Quebec in v.-hich th.e brave I\Iont- 
gomery \vas killed. Rut the attempt was not success- 
ful, as before stated, and tlie bitter sufferings of tbie 
troops amid the ice ami sn.ow on that terrible expedi- 
tion never eritirely passed from, those who experienced 
them. 

Hanover Precinct, as that part of Ulster county 
was then called, organi;;ed four militia companies dur- 
ing the wiTiter of lyjS-'/ which were placed under the 
command, respectively, of Captains Matthew P~"elter, 
James I\Iillil:en, Plendrick van Keuren and James 
McBride. These were attached to a regiment com- 
manded b\' Colonel Janies IMcClaugliry, of Little Brit- 
ain, Vv'ho n;arried a sister of Governor George and Gen- 
eral James Clinton, 

On the v/est side of tlie Hudson, opposite Anthony's 



Oldc Ulster 

Nose, is the military defense of tlie river. Here the 
river is narrow, easily obstnjcted and from the eleva- 
tion it can be commanded both up and down the stream. 
Here Forts Clinton and IMontgomery were begun in 
I775- '^oxl Clinton wa-s below Fort Montgomery only 
about six hundred yards, the Poplopen Kill running 
between them through a deep ravine. Fort Clinton 
was small, but more complete than Fort Montgomery 
and stood at a greater elevation, being twenty-three 
feet the higher, and one hundred and twenty-three feet 
above the river. These posts were distant from the 
Clinton mansion at Little Britain about sixteen miles 
to the south-east. 

The construction of lliese forts contemplated their 
defense by a force of no less than one thousand men. 
But they never had v/ithin their limits more than a 
handful of troops. During the above mentioned win- 
ter {iTj^^-I) ^ sn^-3-^i {oxz& had occupied them under 
General Jarnes Clinton. But the time of these militia 
expired on the last day of March, 1777= Then Colo- 
nel Lev/is DuBois v.-as sent there to relieve them with 
the Fifth Nev/ York Regiment and he occupied Fort 
jMontgoniery. 

A meeting of the field ofrtcers of the Ulster regi- 
ments (then inclusive of northern Orange) was called 
at the house of Mrs. Falls in Little Britain for that 
March day at v.'hich it was determined to call from 
each of the regiments of m.ilitia in the county one- 
third of the enrolled men to the number of tv/elve 
hundred, and to form, tliem into three regiments, of 
which two should be sent to garrison Fort Montgom- 
ery under command of Colonels Johannis Snyder and 
272 



An U/sii-y C^:-Hty Boy in t'lt Rcvorutio/i 

Levi Pa\vlirig. Tliese Vv'ere to serve until August ist 
"and receive continental pay and rations." 

Among these soldiers was John van Arsdale, and 
early in April he proceeded to Fort Montgomery with 
the old and trusty musket of his brother on his shoul- 
der, lie had received the experience and drill of that 
campaign in Canada under the indefatigable, daring 
and tliorough. Arnold and had a knowledge of tactics. 
He v.-as immediately chosen corporal, a tlattering posi- 
tion to a boy of twenty-one. But he was of a resolute, 
active temperament, had an aptness to command, a 
good education and was an excellent penman. His 
command soon became well drilled and he knew no 
idle moment?. 

On the 2nd of July General Jam.es Clinton received 
a hint from Washington that Lord Howe, with the 
idea of helping Burgoj-ne, would probably try to seize 
the passes of the Highlands. He immediately came 
to Fort Montgomery, sending orders to Colonels I\Ic- 
Claughry, William Allison, Jesse WoodhuU and Jona- 
than Hasbrouck to hasten thither. The militia respond- 
ed v/ith great alacrity. Then ensued a period of impa- 
tient v.-aiting. Da}' after day parties journc\-ed to and 
climbed the Donderbergn and gazed long and earnest- 
ly down the Hudson for the approaching vessels of the 
British. No sail on the broad expanse of the lower 
river rewarded their vigil. The men became discour- 
aged and then disgusted with themselves and their life. 
They had left their farms at this busy season to r.ght 
for their country but not to sit here on the mountain 
top in idleness v/hile the harvest was wasting that tiiey 
should be gathering. They asked to return home to 
273 



cV 



secure their crops. Th.e\- were not regular soldiers any- 
vray to whom v.ar was a profession and sliould not be 
detained v.'hen there was nothing for them to do. The 
commander allowed their arguments and permitted 
them to go in the expectation that tlic}' would hasten 
back \vhcn tlie}- were wanted. So the summer passed 
away and the date of tlieir th.ree moriths' ser\-ice. 

On tlie 3.cth of July General George Clinton was 
sworn in as Governor of tiie new State of Kev; York at 
Kingston ar.d the next da}" he called on the respective 
regiments, " b}' ballot or other equitable mode," to 
mjake up eigl;t companies and to march with due expe- 
dition to Fort Mon.tgomer}'. But as no immediate 
danger was appreliended tlie militia did not respond 
ver)' prompth' an.d the garrison continued \-e;-}- small. 
On thie 5th of August Clinton was informed by Wash- 
ington that the enemy was preparing to march up the 
Hudson. KotwithiSlanding this the n:iilitia did not 
respond and the d',';ay was fatal. The inonths of 
August and Septeniber passed \vith no better success 
aiid but a handful of troops liad readied the two forts 
b}' October 1st. Jolm van Arsdale had re-enlisted and 
Vs^as there in his old position as corporal. 

At this date Forts [Montgomery and Ciip.ton mount- 
ed thirty- two cannon and tliese v/ere rated from six to 
thirty-two poi'.iiders. It was now Sunday evening, 
October 5th, 1777, and Governor George Clinton luid 
just arri\'ed and taken conimand at Fort I^Iontgornery 
and h.id committed Fort Clinton's defense to Iv's 
brother, General James. The Governor immediatcK' 
detailed one hundred men under r\Iajor Samuel Logan, 
of the regiment of Du Bois, to go to the Dondcrbcrgh 
274 



An Ulster Coiaity Boy in tiic Rerobutioii 

and watch for the enem}'. The}' returned in the morn- 
ing and reported about fortyboats full of British troops 
had landed south of the Donderbergh. Passing- to the 
west these troops assaulted the forts in the rear. But 
five hundred men comprised the garrison and most of 
these raw militia. Besides the rude forts had been 
constructed to defend the Highlands from an approach 
up the river by vessels and were almost defenseless in 
the rear. The attack from that side soon succeeded 
and then the enemy, who numbered four thousand, 
were in possession. The conflict continued until after 
dark'. Among the last to leave Fort Clinton was Colo- 
nel James Clinton, who was severely wounded by the 
thrust of a ba}-onc;t, while his servant at his side was 
killed. He then r-lid down a declivity one hundred 
feet to the stream which separated the two forts and 
fell into the stream and the cold water staunched the 
f^ow of blood. When morning came he found a horse 
and reached his home in Little Britain. 

Meanwhile Gox'ernor George Clinton continued the 
fight at Fort Montgomery until after dark. The garri- 
son was asked to surrender but refused and retreated 
across the gully to the north ; wliile those who could 
not thus escape fought their way to the south breast- 
work, clambered over it and slid down to tlie river. 
Among these v/as the governor. Under the darkness 
they crawled across the river on the boom. 

All were not so fortunate. Among the troops that 
day were John van x^rsdale and his brother Teunis. 
Durng the fighting in the darkness this brother had 
been driven up against the wall. At his side an Eng- 
glish soldier had bayoneted a j)atriot militiaman against 
275 



O I d e U I s i 



the wall. Seeing a chance of escape Tennis had dodged 
between the legs of the Briton and succeeded. John 
was not so forUmate. He was among the last to cease 
firing. He managed to get from the fort but was then 
seized. The soldier who wrenched his gun from him 
found it so hot from frequent firing that he ruthlessly 
broke it over the rocks. 

Corporal John van. Arsdale, with his colonel, Mc- 
Claughry, and forty-four men of that regi-ment were 
prisoners. McClaughry was wounded seven times, while 
John van Arsdale liad received a severe wound in the 
calf of his leg. They were taken to New York and 
van Arsdale suiTcret.1 from confinement in tlie terrible 
" Sugar House" where so many patriots were immured, 
and neglected, and died. After a captivity of nine and 
one-half months he was cxciianged. 

Released he went back to the army. The Indian 
massacres at I^Iinnisink, Cherry Valley, Wyoming and 
elsewhere determined Washington to break the power 
of the Iroquois and the task was committed to General 
Sullivan, to be assisted by General James Clinton. The 
former v ent to Pennsylvania to pass up the Susque- 
hanna, and the latter was to proceed from the J^Iohawk 
to meet him at Tioga Point. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Albert Pawling was to proceed by way of Lackawacl-: 
and Sh.andaken to the same destination. They left 
Shandaken on the loth of August. They had been 
detained by the seizing of Stony Point by the J^ritish 
and other events and reached Tioga Point two days 
too late. Clinton had sent a part}' to see if any tidings 
of them could be obtained, but had marched on as they 
were not found. Arnorig this force under Pawling was 
276 



Ulslcr Cc-urJy Boy in tlie Revolution 



John van Arsdale. It was u great disappointment to 
him and his fello'.v soldier:^. They were returned to the 
Hudson and disbanded at Christmas. 

The 2nd of the following May van Arsdale re-enlist- 
cd. He was sent to Fort Montgomery. On the first 
of August Washington gave orders for the formation 
of a corps of Light Infantry to be commanded by La 
Fayette! To this corps the regiment of van Arsdale 
was assigned. After the treason of Arnold and the 
capture of Andre the Light Infantry wa? at Tappan 
v/here the execution of the spy took place. On Decem- 
ber 4th he was mustered out at Albany, but the next 
spring found him again in the service, this lime under 
Colonel Albert Pawling. He was now a sergeant and 
stationed on the frontiers of Ulster county. Discharged 
on December 19th, iTSi.he enlisted again on the 27th 
of April, i;82, and was orderly at the magazine of pro- 
visions at Marbletown. On Decem.ber 2Sth, 17R2, he 
received his final discharge. During the last three 
campaigns he and his fellow soldiers had received no 
pay. Afterwards the State was just to its defenders 
and compensated them. But it was hard to fight and 
suffer and receive no pay for years. 

On the i6th of June, 1783, he married Mary Cra\v- 
ford and became part own.er of the Black Prince, a vessel 
used as a gunboat during the war, and was its captain. 
While thus engaged van Arsdale was the hero of wb.at 
has made him famous in American history. 

The last act in the long war Avas the evacuation of 
New York by the British on Tuesday, the 25th of Nov- 
ember, 1783. It was a cold morning and a north-west 
wind was blowing fresh. ]3y agreement the British 
277 



Oldc Ulster 



were to retire at one in the afternoon and as they retired 
the Americans were to advance. On Bowline; Green, 
near the Bittt-r)-, stood the flagstaff from which for 
more th.an six years liad iiown the British ensign. 
During the interval of more than a year of truce it had 
been an C;'e;n^re and the day of the evacuatioii was 
eagerly awaited to see it come down and the stars and 
stripes arise. The Ameiican troops led b\' General 
Washdngton and Go\'c.-nor George CliiUon liad niarched 
down and been saluted but over their heads still floated 
the Isated banner. It had been nailed to the staff, the 
>ia!ynrds removed and ilic pole covered wit In a coating 
of grease. Indignation knew no bounds. One after 
another attempted to ch'nib the staff hy "shinning" 
but it was impossible. No ladder could be found. 
The crowd liad become almost a mob Vvdien joh.n van 
Arsdale stepped up. It needed but one trial to find 
that it could not be "shir.ncd." But he liad been a 
sailor. He ordered a man to run to Peter Goelct's 
hardware store in Hanover Square for a saw, hatchet, 
and nails. He went for a board, cleats v/ere sawed off 
and nailed to the staff until he could get above the 
grease and then John van Arsdale " sliinned" hand 
over hand to tlie top v.-itli the halyards in his teeth. 
It was a moment's work to tear down the flaunting red 
banner aiid iig the ])al}ards, and but anotlier monicnt 
to float Old Glory amid tlie shouts of tlie crowd and 
the booming of cannon. 

For more th.an flfty j-ears it was Ids unquestioned 
privilege to raise the flag at Bowling Gieen ever}' 
Evacuation Day until liis death in, 1S36. 



278 



BAPTIS^fAL AND MARRIAGE REGISTERS 
Of the Old Dutch Church of Kingstcn, II. Y. 

Cont in ufd f) ovi page 22 j . 



Baptized by Rev. John Gosman. 

NAMES OP rAKKNfS. S \m', OF CHILD 

AND ilATIi Ol- CAPTISM. 

ISJ2. 

110. On confession Ruth Amelia Smith 

of her faith 13 Sept. (b, 12 Aug. 1794) 

111. Oil confession Clarissa Parsons 

of lit.r faith 13 Sept. (b. 10 Jan. 1797) 

112. i^hilh'p Duniond Alexander 
Elizabeth Keiffer 13 Sept. (b. iS Mar.) 

113. William Keiffer John 
Rachel Roosa 13 Sept. (b. 7 Aug.) 

114. Epjjcrt I. Sclioonrnukcr Maria Catharine 
Mary Brouwer 13 Sept, (b. 30 July) 

115. jolm Ten Broeck jr. Vvesscl 
Margaret Dclaniater 13 Sept. (b. 11 Mar.) 

116. Benjamin Myer Jr. Jane 
Saiah Snyder 20 Sept. (b. 31 Aug.) 

117. Hezckiah Van Keuren Sarah y\nn 
Saraii r.lyers 25 Oct. (b. 7 Oct.) 

118. Abraham J. Van GRSbbcek 33cekmaii 
Catharine Ikekman 7 Nov. (b. 7 Sept.) 

119 Jolm Van Stecnbcrgh Harriet 

Eiizabetli Van Steenbergh 7 Nov. (b. 5 Mar. iSoS) 

120. John r.IcLean Jr. Lawrence Tremper 
Aiin I'rempcr 16 Nov. (b. ) 

121. Abrahain A. Post William 
Phebe Lcroy 29 Nov. (b. 21. Oct.) 

279 



Oldc Vlsicr 



122. Davicl J. Schoonmaker Jf^'^^^i Davis 
Sarah Davis 13 Dec. (b. 6 Aug. iSio) 

123. David J. Schoonmaker EL,^bert John 
SaraJi Davis 1.3 Dec. (b. 10 Nov. 1S12) 

124. C(;onrad Crook Jr. Peter 
Sarah i:Lsworth 20 Dec (b. i Dec) 

125. Stcph.en Van Keurcn Helena 
Catharine Masten 27 Dec. (b, 5 Dec.) 

1B13. 

126. Jolm T. Schepmoes Wiliiam Tuick 
Elizabetli Burhans 10 Jan, (b. 11 Dec. 1S12) 

127. jobin Chipp Howard 
Hannah \'aM Stccnbcrgh 10 Jan. (b. 2,j Oct. 1812) 

128. Jolm Ticmp^er, Jr. Jacob Henry 
Corn eh" a Tost 7 Feb. (b. 10 Dec. 1S12) 

129. John T. HerMderson WilHani 
Jane Houghtchng 14 Feb, (b. 6 Jaii) 

130. AbralMni A. IMasten Aima P.Iaria 
Gertrude Kierstcd 16 Alar. (b. 10 Jan.) 

131. Henry Hamilton Jesse 
Sarah Keator 4 Apr. (b. 4 Mar.) 

13.;. "ik'iijaniin Schepmoes Teunis HouL,dil.eh"ng 

Elizabetli .Houghteling 11 Apr. (b. 9 ?.Iar.) 

133. Teuni.s Swarl, Jr. Eliza Catliarijie 
Kelly rd\-sner II Apr. (b. 28 Mar.) 

134. ^Martin Crook Aaron Burr 
Islary Kealor ir Apr. (b. 29 Auij. 1S12) 

135. Abraliam I. Delaniater Sarali 
Hannali Radclilf 25 Apr. (b. 10 Nov. 1 8 to) 

136. Abraham L Dvdamater Caroline 
Hannah Radcliff 25 Apr. (b. 17 Jan.^ 

To he coniinutd. 
280 



his.- 



GRA VE-STOXE IXSCRfPTIONS 

In Old H 11 g u cnoi B v. ry i ng - C r o u n d , Nctc Pall:;, A\ Y 
Conmunicated by Chaflaix R. R. Hons, U. S. N. 

Tiiesc inscriptions were copied, coini):^n^rt and revised by Clwplain IIocs 
on the iNth of Nov., i^yj, have never befoie been publislied, and are arranged 
by families, in alpbaVie'iical order. They are. in everj' instance, exact copies 
of the orit'.inals, (even the punctuation marks included), and repvtsem Die 
condition ol*ihe grave-stones at the above date. 



Coviinucd frofi pcgc 2j2. 

6q> in 71. In 

Memory oi memory of 

Ebenezer Kilby 

who died 
Feb. 16, 18.15, 
FcicrR. Johnson aged 68 y Vs. 



70. 



.-.f 



v/ho died g mo. & 24 d's 

Auf^. 4, 1856, 

M. 'JO y's II mo. ^^ 

& 25 d's 

72. Tirzah 

wife of Ebenezer Kilby 

£S died Apr, 19. 

1822 

Tirzrdi Jane ^' 4^ ^'. ^o ^'''h 

daughter of 

Benjamin & "~^ 

Su.san Joi'inson 

,. , 73. Died 

tiled i/r -^ r^x n r 

March i6th 1S26, 
Mar. 13, 1833, Jonathan A Lattin 

aged 2 y'rs 3 m in the 34th year of 

& 13 d's. ]ii3 age. 

281 



74- 



Olde Ulster 

Died 78. I" 

Jan, 24, 1S29 memory of 

Johnathan L. Simeosi Low. 

Sonof Johnaihan Born 25^!' Dec';. 1/4^ 

^- ^;^^''^ 'f ^'" DiedS-ofAugt ISIS 
^^ 3 ye. & 4. 

months. ArccI 69 Years 

7 Months ar,d 14 days 



75- 



L F 



77. Hannah 

Maria 



CiiCU 



79- 



In 

memory of 
76. Andn.Lefever Quistina 



wife cf 



died >.ov. 23. ISU. 
aged 71 years 

3 mo. c^ 10 da. Simon Low, 

. . v/ho died 

His wife Jan. 25, 1S33, 

Magdalanah ^.,^j g^ y-^,, 

diedDec.i6. 1813, 3 ^o. c^ 24 d's. 

aged 09 years 
6 mo. o' 3 da. 



80. In 

Memory of 



daughter of Marcia Baker 
David & wife of 

Ann Eliza Jacob Low Js- 
Lockwood ^,,|,^ ^l,.j 

April 15, i£S7. 
yE. 63 y'rs 5 mo. 



Apr. S. 1S42, 
aged I year 
10 mo. & 20 d's . '^-' 3 t^s 

282 





Gyai-cstoa 


c Ins. 


-np::ons 


8i. 


In 


82 


Catharine P. 




memory of 




daughter of 




Mary Dubois 




John B. & 




wife of 

Moses Saxion, 

who died 




C. Pauline Steele 
died 




Feb. 26, 1842, 




June 30, iS^i, 




aged 51 y'ls 6 m 




/'E. 7 mo's & 10 d's. 




6-21 d's. 







84. 



Jonathan Ven Wagoner 

Died April 15, iSiS. 

aged y/ years i month 

& 12 days. 

He's b:'d this wearied v.-orld farewell 

We hope, in heaven, with Christ to d^-tll. 



died June 13. 1S05, 
aged 3S years. 

Cornelia Markel 
his wife died 

March 21, 1S19, 
aged 42 years 
5 mo & 20 da. 



01 de Ulster 

85. Jane. 86. Catliaiine 

daugliier of wife of 

Lucas & Bciijaiiiin VanV/agcncn 

Cornelia Van Wagonen died 

died Feb. 19. iSiS, Nov. 1, 1S56, 

aged 16 years /iged 61 Years. 
10 mo &' 14 da. 



87. Benjatnin VanWagoncn 

died 

July 4. 1848, 

■^Ir'^cl 51 yrs, 7 mo, 

& 29 d's 



88. In 89. In 

Memory of memory of 

Ann Weslcrvelt James K. Webb 

daughter of who died 

Benjamin IMarch 5. 1846, 

Van Wagencn, aged 4S yrs 7 mo, 

€f Catharine & 2^ d's. 

Dubois 

who died "^ 

J'-^"- ^^"^^ ^^3^. ' ^o. SC[orG] 

Aged 2 yrs j-^^ ^,^_, ^. ^,1 j ^<^r)nc, scl low in the 

& II mo ground.] 
2S4 



91. Cornelius 13. 

Son of 

James K. & 

Elizabeth Webb 

died Jan. 23, 1S25 

Al. 7 m. 13 d. 

Be ready you who see 
This monumental stone 
For soon your days w iil fiee 
Like mine forexer c'one. 



92. In 94. In 
Memory of Memory of 

Elizabeth George Wirtz M. D. 

v/ife of wlio departed this life 

James K. Webb April 20'!" 1802 

who died Aged 55 Years 5 months 

Feb. 4, 1S52, c^ 6 days. 
yE. 49 y'rs 4 nio. 

& 6 d's. ^ 

^ 95. In 

memory of 

93. In T- • . • -f r 

^■^ .„ , Irnitjc, wife of 
Memory of 

r- r T> \x'- \ \ Jacob Wurts, 

Corn eh us 13. \\ ebb •* ' 

who died ^'^'O died 

April 23, JS54, April 9, 1817, 

yE. 22 y'rs JO mo. aged 38 yrs. 4 mo, 

^' I day. 5. I ^^y^ 

285 



0/dr Ulster 



cjG. 



In 

nlcmory of 

Esther daugViter of Maj. 

Jacob riasbrouck relict 

of floct Georj^e Wirtr, died 

June 4^'.' 1S20 aged OS )-cari 

.1 mnnlhs & 26 da)'5 



In 

rneiDory of 

Doct. Jacob Wurts 

wlio died 

April 1 8, 1S46, 

/E 69 y'rs 6 mo. 

&• \() d's. 

Give him of the fruit of lii-^, hands and 
let his own works praise liim in the gate- 



08. 



MD I 
1 74 1 



99, 



E B D B 

[Very ulJ.] 



MART 
27 



2S6 



Moho):k Lake 



Ui'OXTHi: Re(^uest of Jax Joosten for a deed 
of a piece of woodland at Wildwyck on the 26tli of 
October, 1666, the Scliout's Court referred the pelilion 
to the Honorable Lord Governor of th.e rrovincc as 
"the hon, court does not deem itseh^ qualified to deed 
away any land." This continued to be the case until 
the patcn.t was given cons.tituting the corporation known 
for more than a centuiy and a quarter as "The Kings- 
ton Commons." This patent wa.s granted the icjlh o; 
May, i6S>\ 

---©© — 
MO HONK LAKE 



Exquisite gem iri an emerald setting I 
'I'eardrop of clouds in a chalice of agcsl 

Etlicr conlluent, in liquid begetting! 

Mirror of cloudland in fixture uml;rageousl 

High, high on the mountain thy bright facets glisten! 

Deeji, deci> in tlie chalice diou riiq^lcst in tears! 
And clear in ihiin^ eiher, unlainlcd and pristiiie, 

'J'he jirocess diurnal of heaven apj^ears. 

Ijcncath thee are ah tlic distractioiis of mortals; 

'Jlry deeps ne'er descended to tiie passions of men: 
Only nature's convulsions e'er knocked at thy portals 

C)r planets, proceeding, passed under tliy ken. 

Eat ill needs a last allar — let Sky Toj) then be one; 

Here, here be ^^'ar's passions forever courposcd; 
Thine ras been Uie peace of Eternity's a^ons; 

13y thee let the ten;ple of Janus be closed. 
2S7 



O L D '■■ V L S T_E R 

AN inSTORIC--'- 3' GENEALOGIC-'-'- MAGAZINE 



Piihlifhcd Moni'rJv, at 2/3 (^>^'cn 
Street. K i n g j t o n , A'. Y . ^ by 
BENIAMIN MYER BRI.\K. 



Terms :—Ti-jo dAlLirs a year tit /. 

Copies , twenty -fi^c cents. 



at the t'Oit o_:/:Le ai /finzston, -V. 



Are any SoaT^s in French remembered, v.-]iich 
were brought to Ulster county by tlie Huguenots:' 



Olde Ulster has received from a subscriber in 
Holland a volume of ''Baker en KindcrrijiKcn' and 
would ackriov.ledge the khiduess and courtesy of the 
sender. When the editor was writing his history of 
Saugerties he was requested to collect and include the 
old Dutch! ballade, rhymes and folh'. songs current in 
this county, and v;hich arc almost forgotten. He did 
so. This Holland friend has shov/n him that most of 
these are still known in the old home, althoush they 
may vary not only from the American version but from, 
versions in other parts of tlie Netherlands. The volume 
received contains the music of many of the old songs. 
Wc would add that there are still in existence many 
fugitive bits of old Dutch rliymes v.diich Olde UestER 
would like to obtain. There is said to be more of tlie 
Hurlvy cheese song than is given in this issue. We 
would lik-e to sccuie the remainder. ' 
288 



I O N D O U T 

S^iy/A'GS BANK 



Assets - - $2,439,685.51 
Liabilities -■ - 2,282.995 1 7 



Surplus •'{>;;„, - 8156,69034 
What 'Makes 



A G (3 Ojo Y I A NO 

Good viatLrial, skill, k)iozclid(^L\ care and a 
lot of utile things you don' t siw — all cost 
i;/o;itj\--/'ay as inncli as yon can Jl'nat- 
C7'cr yon pay as, yon are snre of a Good 
Pia)io ai-d a saving of froj:i $2y to t;;ioo. 

JV. H. RIDER, 
J 04 IVa/i St.. Kijigsfoii, N. Y\ 

r I N D \l \-l :\ E W M A N A G K M E N T 

CLINTON HOUSE 

Cor. foir av.d NiO'th Front Sts , Kingston, X. 
COliA VAX BURKX, 
Former]}- of Van I'.r.rey House, Pn j-riL-lress 
This hor.se li.'^. , been thorouglily renovated 
iii 



WALENTIN BURGEVIN'S SOI\S 

OLD" VLSTERS 
LARGEST FLORISTS 

KINGSTON, N. Y. 



OLD^^ VLSTER 



Will Give Especial Attention to Lineage of 
Ulster Families 



QUESTIONS 



Of Eligibility to the D. A. R. & Like Societies 
Attended to • 



u 



LSTER County 

S^'I I'VA^GS Institittion 



No. 2;8 Wall Strket 
Kingston, Nevv' York 



Depofits^ $3,000,000.00 



I N G S T O N 

SAVINGS BANK 



No. 273 Wall Street 
Klngston, New York 

Ol'FlCERS: 

James A. Betis, Pres Chas. Burllxns, Trcas 

IMvRON Teller,] t/- p Frank Johnston, ^^^7 
John E. Kraft, f ^^ ^^^■^'''■'^ |. j. linson, Con>iscl 



'"THE DR. C. O. .SAHLER SANITARIUM 

KINGSTON, N. Y. 

t\^t)izx\ Evod Nervous? Diseases 



CONTENTS 



Vol. ] OCTOBER, 1905 No. 10 

Page 

The Secoiul Rs opus Indian War ... 289 

Fire Insurance in \\'ilu\'}-ck in 1670 297 

Old Ulster Adjurino- tlie Pretender (1715) 29S 

Old Ulster's Unmarked Graves 304 

Genealogical Information Wai^.ted 30S 

Savage Hearts r^ull of Love (1673) 309 

Will of Hugo Frere, tlie Patentee 310 

Lineage of the Y)i: Witt P^amily . 313 

The Wallkill I^ivcr at Walden 317 

Editorial Notes 320 



P O R S Y T H .& DAVIS 

BOOKSELLERS & 
SEA E 10 N ERS 

J 07 WALL STREET, LUNGS TON, iV. V. 
E have a fev.- copies of the */^ "^^ 'ifj % 

Didcli Chuixli Records 

that we offer at a very low price. These book's 
are invaluable in tracing the histor\' of Ulster County 
families and are becoming scarce. 

We also h.ave a large line of 

•^s^ ^ouveoir FostsJ Cards ^^^ 

showing local scenes, including the Revolutionary 






/ '< 



Vol.. I 



OCTOBER, 1905 



No. 10 



7T 



Secona i^sopits 

Indian War 





-.^rs^-j^- \DER the blue sky of heaven," as the old 
treaty reads, the belligerent Indians and 
the settlers at the Esopus agreed on the 
i'")th of Jul}-, 1663, to "bury the hatchet,' 
settle their diffieulties, forget all injuries 
Kln^o!n the prisoners and live at peace 
" V\'e vant o;u' sons back" v/as the ph'iin 
tp.-e demand to Stuyvcsant. Bu.t aside 
fi jni the orders to release two of these 
there is no record of any compliance with the request. 
The injustice rankled in the bosoms of the tribe 
despite tlie apparent peace. 

Other differences arose. The Indin.ns complained 
that they had not been paid for a large tract of the 
land at tiie Nieuv Dorp, and as the village v/as rapidly 
settling the land vas soon taken possession of. The 
justice of tliis clain-i -was adrriitted. On April 7th, 
1663, Albert Heymanse Roosa, Jan. Joosten and Jan 
289 



Olde Ulster 



Gerritsen, the Overseers of the Nicuw Dorp, petition- 
ed the Director General and the Council that the 
Indians be satisfied for the second styck or tract of 
land. This was characteristic of the dealings of the 
Dutch with the Indians. The}- never settled on their 
lands without compensating them. This was one of 
the reasons for the firm friendship between the Dutch 
and the Iroquois. 

On the loth of May, 1663, the Council at Fort 
Amsterdam acted upon the petition and directed that 
"at the first opportunity three or four pieces of 
duffels, some muskets, powder and lead and some 
mercers or Nurembergh wares" be paid to the 
savages. This was only tv/enty-eight days before 
hostilities broke out. 

Back of all the dif^culti-es was the mutual distrust. 
The settlers at the Nieuw Dorp were constantly plead- 
ing with the authorities that the village be stockaded 
as was the village of Wiltwyck. The Indians notified 
them that they would consent that necessary dwellings 
be built but that the erection of fortifications would 
show evil intentions on the part of the whites and 
could not be permitted. 

Besides this the Esopus Indians had been hurt in 
their pride. They resented the negotiation of the 
peace, which had been brought about by the haughty 
Iroquois. Soon after a delegation of these proud 
warriors had passed through the Esopus on its way to 
the tribes southward and had not stopped, nor even 
condescended to look at the Esopus Indians as they 
passed through their village. The latter complained 
to the Dutch who gave them no satisfaction. So the 
290 



Second E sop us Indian War 



opening of June, 1663, found a train laid for an 
explosion. 

During the fall of 1662 great numbers of savages 
had met in the vicinity of Esopus. The attempts to 
find out the object of their assembling had been futile. 
Stringent rules to regulate trading with the red men 
were laid down, but were constantly evaded, especially 
in the sale of liquor to them. This was so extensively 
done at the Nieuw Dorp that drunken Indians lay 
around the place and even quarreled with each other 
and threw each other into the fire. Efforts to stop 
the traffic were constantly made but, as now, it was 
difficult to restrain or control the sale of intoxicating 
drink. 

As usual, Stuyvesant could not be brought to see 
the necessity for a prompt and frank agreement with 
the savages, and a faithful performance of promises. 
The Court at the Esopus, the authorities at Fort 
Orange and Captain Thomas Chambers urged Stuy- 
vesant to attend to the grievances. But all in vain. 

On the 5th of June the Indians met the local court. 
Stuyvesant had at last been prevailed upon to make 
the Indians a present which had arrived on May 30th; 
so when they met the court they spoke kindly to the 
whites; traded with them and romped with the chil- 
dren. The weather v.-as beautiful, clear and warm, 
and trouble was the last thing the unsuspecting vil- 
lagers had reason to expect. It was the season when 
the farmers of these villages were scattered over the 
the prolific lowlands cultivating their fields of corn and 
the gates of the stockade were neglected and everyone 
off his guard. 

291 



O I d 6' Ulster 

Tlie Indians were notified that Director Stuyvcsant 
would visit them in a few da}-s. They would then 
receive the promised coinpensation and presents and 
rene\\' tlie peace. As they had been told this before 
they distrusted the information. When it was com- 
municated to thern by Thomas Chambers they replied : 
"If peace is to be rcnevv'cd with us tlie Director 
should, v/ith unarnied persons, sit in the open field 
without tlie gate as it is our custom to meet unarjiied 
v/hen renewing peace or in other negotiations." 

TliU.rsday, the seventh of June, 1663, was a warm 
cloudless day. Over the settlement at Wiltwyck and 
llic Nieuvv- Dorp peace reigned. The liusbandmen 
went to the fields to their V'.'ork suspecting nothing and 
only i-itent upon taking advantage of the fine weather 
with their corn. The gates into tlie stocI:ade were 
open and left unguarded. A little after eleven o'clock 
in tlie forenoon Indian.s began dropping througli all 
the gates in small bands wh.ich immediatel)' divided 
and dispersed 

"Among all the hoi^ses and dwellings in a friendly manner, 
having with them a little maize and some few beans to sell to 
our in.haliitants, by wliich nieans they kept them within tlieir 
houses, and t]n.is went f;-om place to place as spies to disco^"cr 
our strength in men. After they had been a short quarter 
of an hour within this place, some people on horseback rush- 
ed through lliC ^bll gale [corner of North Front and Green 
streets] from the New A'iilage crying out ' I'he Indians have 
destroyed the New .Village ! ' And with these words the 
Indians licre in tliis village immediately fired a sliot and made 
a general attnek on our vilhige from tlie rear, murdering our 
people in their houses v.itlr tlicir axes and tomaliawks and 
firing on them vdth guns and pistols,; they seized whatever 
292 



Sscond E sop us htdian War 



women and children they could catch and carried them pris- 
oners outside the gates, ]ilundered the liouscs and set the 
village on fire to windv/ard, it blowing at the time from the 
South. The remainiiig Indians commanded all the streets, 
firing from the corner houses which they occupied and 
through the curtains outside along the highways, so tliat some 
of our inhabitants, on their way to their lionses to get their 
arins, v/cre wounvled and slain. V\'hen ihe fiames were at 
Lheir height the v~,-ind changed to the west, were it not for 
which the fire v.'ould have been much more destructive. So 
rapidly and .silently did 'AFurder do his work th.at those in 
different parts of the ^-illage were not aware of it until those 
vrho had been wounded happened to meet each other, in 
which way the most of the otliers also had warning. The 
greater portion of our men were abroad at their field labors, 
and but few in the village. Near the mill gate were All'cri 
Gysberfsen with two servants, and Tjcrck C'ucsen de Wit ; at 
the Sheriff's he himself with two carpenters, two clerks and 
one thresher ; at Cornelius Bareiiisen Slc.^hf s, him.self and 
his son ; at tire Dcmine's liimself and two carpenters and one 
laboring man; at the guard house a few soldiers; at the 
gate towards the river" Hcnarick Joihcnisai and Jacob, the 
Brev/er, l)ut lienJrick Joclwrnsen wds very severely wounded 
in his house by two shots at an e.-uly hour. B)- tiiese afore- 
said men, most of vdiom had neither guns nor side arms, M-ere 
the Indians, through God's mercy, chased and put to flight 
on the alarm bet:ig given by tlie Sheriff. Captain Thomas 
Cluurd-crs, v>-ho was wounded on coming in from without, 
issued immediate orders (vdth the Sheriff and Commissaries) 
to secure the gates; to clear the gwn and to drive out the 
savages, who were still about half an hour in the village aim- 
ing at tlieir persons, which was accordingly done." -> '^ -f- 
" They have burned twelve houses in our village, murdered 
eighteen persons, men, v/omcn and children and carried away 
as prisoners ten persons more. The nev/ village has been 



Olde Ul. 



burned to the ground and its inhabitants are mostly taken 
prisoners or killed, only a few of them have come safely to 
this place, so that we find about sixty-five persons to be 
missing in general, either killed or captured, besides these 
nine persons in our village are severely wounded. ' ' ^= =i^ -i'- 
"After these few men had been collected against the barba- 
rians, by degrees tlie others arrived who, it has been stated 
were abroad at their field labors, and we found ourselves 
when mustered in the evening, including tl^ose from the new 
village who took refuge amongst us, in number sixty-nine 
efficient men, both qualified and unqualified. The burnt 
palisades were immediately replaced by new ones, and the 
people distributed, during the night, along the bastions and 
curtains to ]:eep watch. 

'•On the loth ten horsemen were commanded to ride 
down to the Redoubt and to exaniine its cunditioii. They 
returned with word that the soldiers at the Redoubt had not 
seen any Indians." ^i^ -^ ■> -'.^ * ''Onthei6th, 
towards evening. Sergeant Christiaen Nicsscn went with a 
troop of soldiers, sent us by your Honors, being forty-two 
men, and three wagons, to the Redoubt with letters for the 
Manhaiians and to bring up ammunition. On their return 
the Indians made an attempt at tlie first liill to take the 
ammunition from the troops. The Sergean^t having divided 
his men into separate bodies, evinced great courage against 
the Indians, skirmishing with them from tlie first to past the 
second hill and defending the wagons so well that th.ey arrived 
in safety at the vilkige. He had, however, one killed and 
six wounded. The dead man was brought in next morning, 
having l^een stripped naked, and having had diis right hand 
cut off by tlie Indians. Some of the Indian.-, were also killed, 
but the nun-iber of those is not known. The skirmishing 
having been heard in tlie village, a reinlorcemcnt of liorse 
and foot was immediately ordered out, but liefore they arrived 
294 



Second lisopus J-ndir.n \Va7- 

the Indians had been put to flight by the above named 
Sergeant. ' ' 

Dornlne Blom wrote to the Classis of Amsterdam 
an account of the attack and massacre in which he 
graphically describes the scene; 

''They intended to destroy this church altogether, and to 
devour it alive, iiad not the Lord our God wonderfully pro- 
tected it, and tliey fied. having taken a fright in their heart, 
v/lien no person drove them av.-aV; so that we escaped vdth 
the most part of the inhabitants and have still retained the 
place. Tlie Lord be tharjked therefor, not men, for men's 
help Vv-as hjr frorn us, for the soldiers v,-hom "\ve h.^d before 
were discharged and sent to RoUand. There lay the burnt 
and slaughtered bodies, together vrith those wounded by 
bullets and axes, 

"The last agonies and groans and lamentations of many 
were dreadful to hear. I have been in their midst and have 
gone into the houses and along the roads to speak a ^Yord in 
season, and that not vitliout danger of being shot by the 
Indians ; but I v\'ent on m)- mission and considered not my 
life mine ov/n." ■•- * ••"' "The burnt bodies were roost 
frightful to beliold. A v/ornan lay bur;it v.ith her child at her 
side, as if ;-he were just delivered, of v/hich I v,-as a living v.'it» 
ness. Other women lay al.-o burnt in their houses, and one 
corpse with her fruit still in her womb nrost cruelly murdered 
in their dweDing vdth her husband and another child. The 
houses v/ere converted into heaps of stones so that I might 
say witl\ Micaa 'We are made desolate,' and vdth Jeremiali 
' A piteous wail rno.y go forth in his dis'.ress.' " 

The jist of the sufferers v/as: 

"Of men Barent Gerretsen, n.'urdered in front of Ins 
house; J.-m Alberts, nnudered in his hcuse; Lichten Derrick, 
murdered on the farm; V.'illem Jansen Sebaj murdered before 
205 



O Id c Ulster 



his door; Vvillera Jansen Hap, inuvdered in Picler Van Hael's 
house; Jan, tlie smith, murdered in his house; llendrick Jan- 
sen Looman, murdered on his farm; TJiomas Chambers' 
negro, murdered on the farm; Hey Oherts, murdered in the 
gunner' s house. Three soldiers Idlled: Hendrick Martensen, 
Dominicus and Christiaen Andriesen. Wonien killed: Licht- 
en Derrick's wife burnt with her lost fruit behind Barent Ger- 
ritsen's house; :Matty3 Capito's wife killed and burnt in the 
house; Jan Albertsen's wife, big with child, killed in front of 
her house; Fieter van Hael's wife, shot and burnt in her 
house; Jan Albert's litde giil murdered with her mutlier and 
Willem Hap's child burnt alive in the house. 

"The prisoners taken at VViUv.-yck were I^Iaster Gysbert's 
(van Imbroch) wife; Hester Uouwes and daughter Sara; 
Grietje, Domraelaer's wife and Femmelje, recently married to 
Joost Ariaens. Also the olJest daughter of Tjerck Claesen 
de Witt; Domraelaer's child; Ariaen Gerritsen's daughter 
and two httle boys of Maliys Roeloffsen, 

In the Kieuw Dorp (Hurley) the killed were : 

''ISIartin Harmensen, found dead and stripped naked 
behind the wagon; Jacques Tyssen, beside Barent' s house; 
Derrick Ariacnsen, shot on his horse. 

-'The prisoners at the Nieuv; Dorp were jan Gerrilsen; 
Louwis du bois' wife and three children; Matlheu blanchan's 
tv/o children; Antoni Crupel's wife and one child; Lambert 
Huybertsen's (Brink) v/ife and three children; I\Iarten Har- 
mensen' s wife and four children; Jan Joosien's wile and two 
children; Bareut Harmensen' s vrife and one child; Grietje 
Westercamp and tiiree children; Jan Barent' s wife and one 
child; two ch-ildren of Michicl Ferre; one diild of Hendrick 
Jochenrsen (Schoonmaker); one child of Hendrick Ivlarten- 
sen; t'-.YO children of Albert Hcymans (Roosa). 

'<The new village was entirely destroyed except a new 
uncovered barn, one rick and a little stack of reed." 
296 



Scavid I:so.''Us Indian War 



The a'liack had been carefully planned and ever\'- 
thing carefully adjusted to ward off any suspicion. 
TJirough some Providential interposition tlie enemy 
attacked the Nieuv/ Dorp too soon and allowed a rider 
to race the three miles to warn the inhabitaiUs of Wilt- 
wyci: bcfc-re the Indians in the older settlement were 
quite prepared. This disarranged their plans ar.d led 
to the attack. It v.-ill be noticed that there was but 
little loss of life at Hurley. While tlie men were in 
the fields the women and children were seized and no 
effort was made to seize the men there. Nor was any 
attempt made to capture tlie men on the fields at Vvilt- 
wyck. Had their plans not miscarried it seems evident 
they would have captured the women and children here 
while the m.cn v\-ere av/ay and set fire to the place and 
departed. And although many of these women and 
children v/cre three months in captivity not one of 
them was maltreated nor misused. There can be but 
one explanation — the Indians v/ere attempting to 
secure hostages and prisoners wherewith to compel a 
return of the enslaved lads Avho had been sent to the 
West Indies. The criminal folly of tliis proceeding 
was now made evident to everybody. 



The settlers at Wjetwyck must have had 
among their numbers the insuran.ce agent for we read 
in the records of the Schout's Court of March 22nd, 
1670, that "The Court directs tliat Rocloff .Swartwout 
insure his barn acjainst fire or other accidents because 



297 



aide Ulster 

OLD ULSTER ABJURLNG THE PRLiTENDER 

Jn English hif.tory "The Oath of Abjuration" is 
the name used to describe the oath which the Jacob- 
ites were compelled to take in allegiance to the present 
House of Hanover and against the Pretender, the son 
of James the Second. It may not be known that that 
oath was prescribed here in Ulster county upon the 
accession of George I. m 17 14. 

The government- of N':^;.7 Nctherland passed from 
the possession of the Dutch into the hands of the 
English on 27th of August, 1654. Previous to that 
date, on the 121b day of ivlarch of that year Charles 
the Second, King of Great Britain, granted to his 
brother^ James, the Duke of York, by a royal patent, 
Long Island and all the islands in its neighborhood, 
and all the lands arid rivers from the vv'est side of the 
Connecticut river to the east side of the Dela\,src bay. 
Thus James became the proprietor of the colony of 
New York. In P^ebruary, 16S5, Charles 11. died and 
Jam.es ascended the throne under the title of James II. 
Thus his proprietary realm became merged into his 
royal possessions. The tyranny and duplicity of James 
led to the Revolution of j6S3 when he was dri\'en from 
the throne and William and I\Iary succeeded him. 
Mary died in 1694 and William followed her in 1702 
aiid Anne, the sis'-.or of Mary, succeeded to the throne. 
She had borne seventeen children to her husband, 
Prince George of Donm.ark, but at her death in 1714 
she was childless. Great Britain was convulsed by the 
conflicting claims to the throne of the son of James the 
Second and George of Hanover, as keir of liib mother 
29S 



Old Vlsiir Abjurir.g utc Pretendc 



Sophia, who was a granddaughter of James the First. 
George wa.? sealed upon the throne, but a sen of 
James 11., born in the year of his abdication (r688) 
immediately claimed the throne and is known in 
English histoiy as "The Elder Pretender." With the 
troubles in England and the claimants Olde UI-STER 
has nothing to do. But the colony of Nev/ York had 
been in possession of James, the Duke of York; who 
Vv'as the father of the pretender to the throne and 
within its borders, especially in Ulster courdy v/ith Its 
people, most of whom were of Kolland, Fiavice and 
the Palatinate, were a large number who were natives 
of lands where England had no sway. As the support- 
ers of the Pretenaer and the money by whach lie carried 
on his attempt upon the throne came largely from Con- 
tinental Europe it became a wise precaution to secure 
the allegiance of all not born English subjects. 

Some year? ago there was found in tliis city the 
paicliment docun^-ent which was this oath. It is 
beautifull)' eiigrosscd and contains the names of all 
then resident within the county v.'ho Vv'cre not natives 
of it or of Great Britain or its possessions. It possesses 
the greatest of historical interest as it is not only an 
oath of allegiance to King George but an oath of abju- 
ration of the Pretender and all his claims. It is a 
matter of especial interest that the people of Ulster 
county of other than English birth, or birth in lands 
wltere England did not rule, were compelled to abjure 
the claims of the Pretender in manner similar to the 
English Jacobites. Besides the oath it required that 
the party taking it " disclose, reveal and make known 
all Treasons, and Traitorous Plots which I shall know 
299 



u ir ('. e u I s t c y 

against his (King George's) Person or Soverei^jnty." 
The document is given in fac-siniilevAiix this article 
and is as follows : 

County of ) 

v ss. 
Ulster j 

Records of the Names of Persons of Forrcii^n Birtli who 
are made his r\Iajeslies Natural born Subjects pursuant to 
the Directions of an Act of Gen-ral Assembly of this Colony 
made in the first year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George by tlie Grace of God King of Great Britain France 
and Ireland Defender of the faith &c Entitnled an Act 
Declaring tlial all persons of forreign birth heretofore Inhabit- 
ing within this Colony and dying Seized of any Lands Tene- 
ments or Kereditaments shall be forever hereafter Deemed 
taken and Esteemed to have been Naturalized and for Nat- 
uralizing all Protestants of Forreign birth now hihabiting 
%Yithin this Colony taken at a Court of Record Held at Kings- 
ton in the County of Ulster called the Court of Common 
Pleas held for the said County v.-hich Persons Respectively 
hereafter named and subscribed did in the Court of Record 
above mentioned take the oatlis by Law appointed to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allcigance and Suprem.acy sub- 
scribe the Test and make repeat and swear. 
I A D 

do truly 
and Sincerely Acknowledge Profess Testify and declare in 
my Conscience before God and the world that our Sovereign 
Lord King George is Lav.-full and Rightfjll King of this 
realm and of all other his Majesties Dominions and Couri- 
tries thereunto belonging and I do Solemnly arid Sincerely 
declare that I do believe in rny Conscience that the Person 
Pretended to be Prince of Wales during the life rj the late 
King James and since his decease Pretending to be and 
taking upon himself the Stile and Title of King of England 
by the Name of Jarnes the third hath not any right or Title 
300 



Olii L'/si'(-r Ahiu7i)!T the Prderuii 



■ yi.^^^my^s^wrn^rsm^"-" 



« H 



( 






The Oath of /Objuration 



30 1 



O I d c I ■ I s t 



^\■h:ltsoever to the Crown of tliis Realm or any other the 
I'oiTiinions hereunto belonging and do Renounce, Release 
and Abjure any alleigance or obedience to him and do s^-ear 
that I -will bear faith and true alleigance to his Maje>t_\- King 
George and I will defend to the utmost of my Power against 
all and any Conspiracies and attempts whatsoever which shall 
be n^iade against hi^ Person or Sovereignty and 1 will >}iO my 
utmost to disclose reveal and make known to his Majesty and 
Successors all Treasons and Traitoruus Plots which I shall 
know against his Person or Sovereignty and I d<.) faitlit'ully 
promise to the utniosr of m}- power to support maint.iin and 
defend the rights oi the Crown against all other Persons 
whatsoever as the same by an Act Intituled an Act tor the 
farther Limitation of thic Crov.ai and better Securing the 
Pri\-ilege3 of the Subject is and Staiids Limittcd to the 
Princes Sophia Electress and Dutchess Dowager of IIano\'cr 
and the Heirs of her Pody being Protestants and all these 
things I do plainly and Sincerely Acknowledge and Swear 
according to the express weirds by me spoken and according 
to the plain and Ct:)mrno;n Sence and understanding o{ the 
same words witlion.t any Equivocation Mental Evasion or 
Secret Reservation whats-jever and do make this Recognition 
Acknowledgement Abjuration Renunciation and i^romise 
Heartill)- willingly and truly ui'on the true faith of a Christian, 
SO HELP ME GOD. 
September Sth, 171 5. 

Tlie act of the General Assembl}' of the Coloin' of 
New York referred to u'as passed Jul}' 5Lh, 17 15, and 
naturalized all Protestants of foreign birth in the colony, 
but there is notlnng in the act reqiiiring an abjuration 
or renunciation of the Pretender. Was this inserted 
in the oath by Go\-crnor Hunter and, if so, \vh\- '. 

To this oath, of allegiance to King George and 
abjuration of the Pretender arc subscribed the names 
302 



of luuidrccis of the residents of Ulster county. TI\c 
names of those of the Dutch are relatively few. "Willi 
the passing under Englisli. control in 1664 Dutch iiiinii- 
gration ceased. This was fifty-one years before 17 15 
and those born in Holland had almost passed away. 
Their sons were born English subjects. And mar.y of 
the old men rernaining had taken the oath of alle- 
giance. The French liuguenots had come later arid 
some of tl'iese appear. Besides these had come from 
France whose king was furnishiiig the Pretender with 
the money to prosecute his claims. The larger number 
were Palatines. 'I liese Rhineland Germans were recent 
comers. The earliest of these \vere tliose who had 
come to Newburgli in 1708 and the large colony v/liich 
arrived at West Camp in 1710. One of the most 
distinct and prominent of the signatures is that of the 
Reverend Petrus Vas, the pastor of the Dutch Church 
of Kingston, who came from Holland in the latter year. 
There is one sentence in this oath of allegiance and 
abjuration that is remiarkable. It is that the act refer- 
red to is for "the further limitation of the Crown and 
better securing the privileges of the Subject." The 
principal reason for the hatred of the House of Stuart 
and its overthrow v/as its tyrann.y and contempt for 
the rights of the people. It is significant that this is 
given as a reason why tliose here wlio had fled from 
tyranny across the seas should have the oaths thus 
presented to them. Olde ULSTER will contain an 
article in some future number upon the fight for and 
development of iibert}- within its borders. The above 
oath is a not unimportant event in t!ie long conflict. 



303 




Old Ulster s^^ 
Unmarked Graves 



^u^'^-'QlY rnany a homily has been v.-ntten and 

^r?^i J preached upon the "Vanity of Human 

Wishes" both before and since the day of 

Samuel Jolinson's famous poem. It is not 

needed that 

" Observation, with extensive view, 
Survey mavikind from Chine, to Peru," 

to learn the truth that the v>'orld cares little 
for its benefactors; that those v/ho toil hard to leave 
behind them a permanent rnemaOrial of their achieve- 
ments sometimes most 5;ignally fail. This truth is 
taught here in Old Ulster in the utter neglect of the 
graves of three of her most celebrated sons, each of 
v.-honi lies in a spot unmarked by a line to show who 
slumbers beneath. 

The first permanent settler in Old Ulster v/as 
Thomas Ciiambers. He had lived in and about Fort 
Orange (Albany), and the v.'ide domains of the van 
Rcnsselaers and the Scliu\-!ers had av/akened in him 
the desire to possess a K'u'gc landed estate of his own. 
He came to the Esopus in 1652 and then, and in the 
years succeeding, accumulated acres upon acres of fertile 
bottom lands which he persuaded tlie colonial author- 
ities to erect into a manor. Having no children, he 
adopted the son of his wife by a formicr husband, com- 
304 



Old Visiers Unmarked Graves 



pe]li)jg liim to assume his iKiine, and left to him his 
estate, after entailing it. The children of that adopted 
son broke the entail, divided the estate, and resumed 
their own fannly name. "The Ivlanor of Foxhall " is 
but a dim remembrance of t1)e distant past to-day. No 
one can dcnne its bounds ; no ivio persons agree as to 
the site of its manor-house. 

Thomas Chambers deserved a better fate. He was 
a true democrat. He led the people in their first 
battle in this county for civil rights and, when fined, 
paid his fine and became security for tiic payment of 
the fuses of his fellow-petitioners. Not only is he prac- 
tically forgotten but few know where he was buried. 
Page 117 of Olde Ulster tells of the removal of his 
remains to Montrepose Cemetery, but a stranger in 
those grounds could not find his tomb, which is under 
a plain blucstonc slab lying on the ground without a 
word inscribed thereon to tell the inquirer who lies 
beneath. The grave of the leader in the petition for 
civil rights for the people of Ulster county in 1684 
deserves a memorial stone to tell the passer-by who 
reposes there. The fust citizen of the infant settle- 
ment, the commander of its militia, the earliest local 
magistrate, the man most trusted by his savage neigh- 
bors of all the whites should have at least a graven 
line to say "Here lies all that Is mortal of Thomas 
Cliambers." 

Before the death of Tliomas Chambers in 1694 

another name was becoming noted in Old Ulster. 

This was Jacob Rutsen. He loo came hither from 

Albany. About the year 36;o he is found in Kingston 

305 



witli r»laria llansen Bergen, liis wife, ^vli;re lie engaged 
ill business. He soon acquired a large property and 
became tlie owner of an cxLensi\'e landed estate along 
the Roridout creek, reachin[j from Jvock Lock to Cox- 
ing. To this was added many fertile tracts in Ulster 
county and lie, and his son-in-law, Colonel Johannis 
Hardenbcrgh. became tlie possessors of a domain 
greater in extent than many of the Grand Duchies of 
Germany. Rutsen soon became the. leader in Old 
Ulster of the peopic in their nr^lit against privilege. 
He sided with Jacob Lei.-ler in his contest for popular 
rights about 1690, and aroused the v/rath of Dominc 
Niicella, and the followers of Livingston, Bayard and 
the aristocratic factioii of Albany. But the people 
fought wit))- liim and under his lead. They chose him 
to repres'';nt them in the Colonial Assem.bly in 1699, 
1700 and 1 701 and again each year from 17 13 to 1726. 
He was successively captain, major and colonel of the 
miilitia, a local magistrate and acti\'e in the cluirch oi 
Kingston and prominent in its consistory. Until his 
death in 1730 he was the most eminciit leader in Ulster 
county. He lived after 1700 upon liis estate at Rosen- 
dale in the residence still standing, and nov/ Icnov/n as 
the Cornell place and, dying that year, was buried upon 
the crown of tlie knoll in the little burial place near the 
house. A large red-cedar tree was dressed dov.-n to 
the solid red lieart and set as a marker at his grave. 
This still stands as his sole monument with no lin.e of 
inscription, no gra\-en word to tell v/hose ashes it guards 
or v.diat the sleeper there did for the land he loved or 
the people he led. One lumdred and seventy-five years 
of storm and frost have beaten in vain upon that cedar 
306 



heart. It is still sound and true; it is still undecaycd. 
It v,-ill last down the ages to bid tlie passer-by walk 
gently for one to whom Ulster county owes much is 
sleeping here. But it seems that Colonel Jacob Rut- 
sen deserves a graven line to tell who he was and what 
he did to those who know not of it. 



When Colonel Rutsen died a little lad was living 
near the Rondout, a short distance dov/n tliC stream, 
who v.-as to become the patriot leader of the following 
generation. He too v.-as to serve for years in the Col- 
onial Assembly ; v.-as to be a member of the Provincial 
Congress; of the Comailttec of Safety during the 
Revolution ; of the State Assembl}' and of the Conti- 
nental Congress. He was to be the colleague of George 
Clinton in the debates v/hich preceded the Revolution, 
and Iniown lil:e him as "a fiery young Radical," with 
ardent spirits sucli as Samuel and Joim Adams in 
l\Iassachusetts and Thomas Jefferson ajid Patrick 
Henry in Virginia. This was Charles De Witt, of 
Greenkill. In the contest for liberty and popular rights 
he was in the foreground. He became a colonel of the 
Minute ATen in the dark houi's immediatel)- preceding 
the Revolution. He bccanie tlie trusted counsellor 
and leader in "the times that tried men's souls." He 
was the first of four of his name v/ho became Ulster's 
Rcpresentati'/cs in Congress and the first of eight or 
nine of that name who have represented this county in 
the State Legislature. Honored by his people he went 
to Ins final rest in 1787 and was buried beside his wife, 
I51andina Du Bois, in the old cemetery in Old Hurley. 
His wife had preceded liim and conjugal love had 
307 



OlJc vis 



erected a stone at her grave to testif)- of her \vorth. 
But no stode has ever marked the grave of Charles De 
Witt, tlie patr'ot, wlio repo.-es at her side. Would one 
\s\\o L'nows \vliat he did for the Land and cause he 
loved visit the spot where a patriot fatlier sleeps he 
must needs press through a tangled mass of briars, 
vines and brush to the resting-place to find the spot 
solely by means of his tribute to a bek-)ved v/ife; or 
because it lies at tiie side of a stone reared to the 
memory of an honored grandson. Does not Old 
Ulster ovve enough to Charles De Witt to mark his 
grave and clear the approach to it from briars? 

Patriotic societies abound and they strive to incul- 
cate patriotism. But could patriotic piety be taught 
in more graphic language than in a line upon the monu- 
ment a patriotic society might place upon the neglect- 
ed grave of a forgotten patriot, v.-hiich might tell of the 
patrimony lie v/on for succeeding generations of Amer- 
icans ? 

Wanted: — Information of Hannah — , wife of 

Leonard Levis; daughter Rebecca Lewis married 
Stephen Roe on April i6, 17S4 ; born Feb. 19. 1767; 
died Jan. 8, 1S54. Who was Hannah? Wh.ose son 
was Leonard Lev.-is? The family is of Huguenot 
origin and lived in Lev/isborough. Steplien Roe was 
a Soldier of the Revolution ; er;;;^ted in Esopus i 775-6. 

Benjamin Wooisey (son of Richard Woolsey and 
Sarah Fowler of 15-dford, Westciiester count\\ Xev.' 
York) married Margaret Teller of Fishkill. Tiie dale 
and place of marriage wanted. 

Henry Woolsey (son of Richard Woolsey and Sarah 
30S 



Su-jag-^ Hearts Full of Lcve 

Fowicr) married Abigail -. What v/as Abigail's 

family name and when and where were they married ? 
Their children were : Richard, Daniel, Sarah and John. 

John married Dcborati — . What was Deborah's 

family name? When and where v/ere they married? 
Their children were : John, born in Newbnrgh ; Wright, 
Thomas, Elijah, Joharma (niiirrlcd John Shav.-), Rebec- 
ca, Cliloe and Sarah. 

— -'©@'~~- 

On January 12th, 1673, some savage sachems 
appeared before the magistrates at Wildwyck and they 
were asked " v/hether tlu-v did not know tliat by virtue 
of the concli^ded peace they are obliged to give warn- 
ing when tlie savages are restless ; and also whether 
any of the Christians has offended them. If any body 
has offended them they shall give notice of it and they 
shall be satisfied." 

The savages answered and said that " our hearts are 
as free from any evil as the earl}- morning and likevv'Ise 
as full of love Uiejfclycf:) as sweet spring (or spring in 
its sweetness)." 

Again having been asked v/hetlier any body has 
offended them they answer that no one in tlie three 
villages (Kingston, Hurley and Alarbletown) has offend- 
ed them. 

l^uit they say that the pigs have eaten their maize, 
being twelve in number, and they at first chased them 
three times away and they agreed (to settle) for twelve 
cans of wine and a piece of cloth, but have received 
nothing. Having been asked if they have any more to 
say they answer " No." \Fro;n Court Records.'] 



309 



U I 



y/ILL OF HUGO FRERE, THE PA TENTEE 

Olue UlsT):r, by the courlcfy of Mr. Ralph Le 
Fevre, is permitted to place before its readers tlie v/ill 
of Hugo Frere, the New Paltz Patentee. This will has 
been in the possession of Mr. Le Fevre for a number 
of \'cars ar.d is r.ot on record ii"; Kingston, Albany or 
New York. It had never been published before its 
recent appearance in the Ncnj Paltz Pidcpcndcut. It 
was written \\\ French and is g!\-cn both in tl^ie original 
and in the Eiiglish translation, which was made by Miss 
Margaret K. Srnitli of tlie New Paltz Normal Sciiool. 
There are no accented letters in ilie original. The will 
was probabi)' written by Jean Cottin, the village school- 
master, v/hose name appears as one of the witnesses. 
Cottin afterward removed to Kingston and married 
the widow of Louis Du Bois, the Patentee, and carried 
on the mercantile business of the latter there for more 
than twenty years. 

Nostre aide soit an nom de Dieu qui a fait le ciel et la 
terre. Amen. 

Par devant Abraham Hasbroucq. Justicier de paix au 
palle Comtesde Ulster et Louis Beviere et Jean Cottin demeu- 
rant au dit P.ille compnru Ilugue Frere, labourer, dcnieurant 
aussi au palle de sa pure et franche volonte estant trcs saint 
d'esprit et d'entt-'iHiemsut, sachant quel'heure de la uiort est 
incogneuc a tons Ics hommcs dcsirant qu'apres son trepas 
tous ses enfanls vivent en bonne union et concorde nous a 
declare sa volonte pour son testament pour a qui regardetous 
ses biens, meublo ct iinrncuble, premierement a dit que hugue 
Frere son fils ais:)C^ aura dix pieces de halt pour son droit 
d'aisnes aus.si a dit (]ue trois de ses plus jeurie enl'ans Jacob, 
Jean ct Sara apres son trespas ils jouirontde touics Ics terres 
310 



IVi// of Hu^o F^cr^, ihf FafcnUc 

et sa maison ct tous ses parterre en fm dc tons les imracujus- 
qucs a ce que la dile filie Sara soit parvenue a I'age de seize 
ans sans pa3'er aiicuiie louage a leur autres frere et soeurs et 
apres cjiuc la dito fillc Sara sura seize ans ils pourront parta- 
ger tous enscuible tous les rueuble et inimcuble egakinent 
apres quil auront payer toiitts les dcttes la reserve que sa 
fiUe Sara aura un lit de plume et un traver et deux couver et 
une vache et elle aura cecy liors de part et par dessus les 
autres et son ills Jacob aura en cheval a choisir dans son 
escurie. 11 aura le dit cheval hors de part et par desu les 
autres, et son fils Jean prendra aussy un cheval a choisir et 
ils aura aussy le dit cheval hors de part et par dessus les 
autres pareiliemciit a leur autres freres et soeurs que ont pris 
cy devant chin,cuii un cb.eval el Marie Frerc une vache. 

La dit hugiie Trere, testate ar, establie et tuplie son fils 
huge Frere de niaintenir le bon droit et interest de ses freres 
et soeurs j usque a ce quils seront en age, les dit enfans Jacob, 
Jean et Sara jouiront aussi bien des raeubles que des immeu- 
bles j usque specifics cy dessus. 

Le dit testateur recommande tous ses enfans a la sainte 
protection du bon Dicu et qu'ii le benis de ses benedictions, 
temporel et spiretuel. 

Fait au palle le quatvierne jour de Januie mil nx cens 
nonnaute sept. logj-g. 

I\Iarq X hugue Frere. 

Jean Collin, ternoin; 

Abraham hasbroucq, temoin; 

louys bayvyr, temoin. 

\_Tran slat ion,'], 

May our help be in the name of God -who made the lieaven 
and the earth. Anien. 

Before Abraham Ilasbrouck justice of the peace at the 
J'dXViy county of Ulster, and Louis Bevier and jean Cottin 
living at the Paltz appeared Hugo Frere, laborer, living also 
at the Paltz, of his {own) pure and free will, being of sound 
raind, and understanding that the hour oi death is unkaovm 
311 



Oldc Uisic 

to all men, desiring that aKer his dcith all his chiidren may 
live in good unity and concord has declared to us his desire 
for his testament in_ regard to his properties, moveable and 
immovable. 

First, to wit thai; Hugo Frere his eldest son shall have ten 
pieces of eight as liis birthright; also to vsit that three of the 
younger children, Jacob, John and Sara after his death they 
will have all the lands and his house and all the garden plat, 
in a v.-ord all the fixed property, until the said daugliter Sara 
shall reach the age oi 16 years, without payiiig any rent --.vhat- 
ever to their other brothers and sisters, and after the said 
daughter Sara shall be sixteen years old they may divide 
equally among themselves all the household stock and the 
fixed property, after they have paid all (.he debts; with the 
reservation tl-jat the d^iughter Sara sri all lur.'e one feather bed, 
one bolster, and tAvo covers Tblankets) and. one cow, and she 
shall have these over an.d above the others; and the son 
Jacob shall choose from his stable a horse and he shall have 
the said horse, o\-er and above the others; and his son Jean 
shall also choose a liorse which shall be over and above the 
others, similarly to their otlier brothers and sisters who have 
taken each a horse, and I\Iarie Frere a cow. 

The aforesaid Flugo Fiere, testator, a])points and entrcatg 
his son Hugo Frere to maintain the good rights and interests 
of his brothers and sisters until they are of age. Tlie said 
children Jacob, Jean and Sarah will have the liousehold things 
and the fixed property until the time specified above. 

The said testator commends all his children to tlie divine 
protection of the good God and asks the blessing of his benefi- 
cence, temporal and spiritual. 

Made at the I'altz the four h diiy of January, one thous- 
and six hundred nintty-seven. (iGqJa.) 

Mark X Hugo Frere. 

Jean Cot tin, witnc-s; 

Abraham Hasbroucn, ■\\-itness; 

Louys Bayvyr, witness. 

312 



Lmeap-e of the 

Be IVitt Family 

Cojnpihdhy Su!]:crland Dc Win 



:f^.;i-r-"i|T7r fii'st mcritioii in this country of (I.) 

p ^j J Tterck Claesex De W itt, the ancestor 

'^■jr^c ^\ ^^ ^-^'"^ DeWii.t family is found in the regis- 

p ^\ ' tor of niarri.i.f'c-, of the Reformed Dutch 

^i*^^J ' Church of New Yofk City, v.here it is 

|j i^/'.^ lecorded that on the 24th of Ai)ril, 1656, 

\ X i \ " TjERCK Cla!-:sen De Witt van Groot. 

N cj'' \\ liold en Zunderland " married " BARBARA 

ANDRili-'-SEN van Amsterdam. 

Children : 

(2) Andries: I'orn in Nov.- York City in tlie early part 

of 1657; married 7 ;'>larcli, 16S2, jannetje Eg- 

bertsen, dau<:dUcr of Egbert IMeindcrtsc and 

Jacpe Jans. For son.'e 3'ears he lived at I\Iar- 

bletown on a farmi given him by liis father, but 

later removed to Kingston, previous to 170S. 

On ?.2 July, 1710, " Captain Andries De Witt 

departed tliis life in a sorrowful vay through 

the breaking of two sleepers (beams) ; — he v/as 

pressed down and -/cry much bruised ; he spoke 

a few words, and died." He was buried in tlie 

church.)"ard at Kingston, New York. 

y(3) Tjaatjc : Was born at Albany about 1C59; died 

313 



Old^ Ulster 

previous to 1724. Sl:e v.-as carried Into captiv- 
ity by the Indians at the burning of the villages 
of Kingston and Murlcy ; June, 1C63, but was 
rescued after a time. In 1677 she married Mat- 
thys Matthysen (Van Keuren) son of Matthys 
Jansen (Van Keuren) and Margarette Hen- 
drick^?e, who in 16S5, was commissioned a cap- 
tain in the army and later served against the 
Frej-.CiJ on the northern frontier. (After the 
death of her husband Margarette Hcndrickse, 
Matthys Matthyscn's mother, married Thomas 
Chambers. Lord of tlie Manor of Foxhall, at 
Kingston.) 

(4) Jannetie: Baptized 12 February, 16S2 ; married 

Cornch's Swits; Cn^e, In 1744, having had no 
issue. 

(5) Klaes: Baptized 17 Febuary, 1664; cUod orevlous 

^■'.^to 169S. 

(6) jan: Baptized 14 February, 1666; married Wyntjc 

Kiersted, daughter of Rocioff Kicrsted and 
Eyke or Aagje Roosa. (RoelofT Kicrsted was 
the son of Dr, Hans Kiersted and Sarah Roel- 
offse Jaiise, daughter of the famous Anneke 
Janse, by her first husband, and Eyke Roosa 
was the daughter of Alocrt Pieymanse Roosa. 
one of the first schepens of Vvh'Itv/yck.) 

(?.} Geertruy: Baptized 15 October, 1668; married 
24 March. i63S, Hendrick Hendrickscn Schoon- 
makcr (baptized 17 May, 1665); son of Hen- 
drick Jochcmsen Schoonmaker and Elsie Janse. 
He died previous to 171 S, 

(8) Jacob: Married Greetje Vernooy, daughter of Cor- 
3^4 



LifU-agc cf ihc De Wiit Faviily 



nclius C. Vernooy and Annetje Cornells. In 
1705 Jacob was one of thft trustees of Roches- 
ter, Ulster county, and r^erved a number of 
years. He v/c^'.; still living in 1753, 

(9) Rachel: Married Cornelius Bogardus (died 13 Oct- 

ober, 1707), son of Cornelius Bogardua and 
Helena Teller. Cornelius Bogardus, Sr. (born 
9 Septcinber, 1640; died 1666) was the son cf 
Anncke Janse by her second husband, the Rev- 
erend Everardus Bogardus. Helena Teller (born 
1645) was the eldest daughter of William Teller, 
who settled m Albany in 1639, moved to New 
York in 1692 and died there in 1701. After 
the death of Cornelius Bogardus, Sr., his Vvidow 
married Francois Rarnhrents, a noted French 
merchant of New Yo.-L- City. Cornelius Bogar- 
dus, Jr., tauglit school in Albany in 170-0; but 
soon after v/ent back to Kingston. His widow, 
Rachel, v/as living m. I'/lZ. 

(10) Lucas: Married 22 December, 1695, Annetje 

Delva, daughter of Anthony Delva and Jan- 
netje Hiilebrants, She was a Roman Catho- 
lic. Lucas died in 1703. On 31 Islarch, 1706, 
his widow married Gerrit van Benschoten and 
removed to the vicinity of what is now Catskill, 
New Yorlc. Becoming again a widow, she mar- 
ried 26 October, 172 1, Hendrick Rosckrans, 
whose first wife was Antjc Vrcdenberg. 

(11) Peerck: Married 2 January, 169.S, Maritje Janse 

Vandenberg of Albany, and, second, 21 Decem- 
ber, 1723, IMaria Teunis (born in Germany) 
widow of Jacob De Mott. At the ti.me of his 
315 



aide 111 si 



first marripge he was Ih/iiK^ in New York City. 
Subsequent!}' he went to Dutchess county, New 
York, where lie settled on hmd purchased by 
liis fatlicr from Colonel Petrus Schu}-Icr, of Alba- 
ny, 6 September, 169S. In 171 5 he exchanged 
this land with Colonel Henry Beekman for land 
in Ulster county, whither he removed. 

(12) Tjcrck: JMenLioned in liis father's will as the 

}'oungest son. No record of him, 

(13) JMarritje: IMarried, first, 3 November, i/CO, Hen- 

dricl: Hendricksen (Kortreght), son of Hen- 
drick Jansen (Kortreglrc) and Catliarine Han- 
sen Webber, and having; divorced from liim 
she married,, second, 6 September, 1702, Janse 
Macklin. 

(14) Aagge : Baptized 14 January, 16S4; married 23 

August, 1712, Jan Pav.ding (baptized 2 October, 
16S1), son of Henry Pawling and Neeltjc Roosa 
(daughter of Albert Heymanse Roosa.) P^.e- 
moved to Piiiladeiphla, Pennsylvania. 
y (H.) Andries, married JANNETJE Egeertsen. 

Children : 

(15) Jierch (Tjcrck) : baptized 12 January, 16S3; i""^?-^'- 

ried rS January, i/CS, Anna Pawling (baptized 
19 June, 1OB7), daughter oi Henry Pawling and 
Nceltje Roosa, by wliom she had six children. 
One of these was Petrus, the grandfather of 
Peter Dc Witt, an eminent Nev/ York lawyer 
in the early part of the ninetecntli century. 
For jiis second v.';fe Tjerck married 16 October, 
1739, Doborali (baptized 14 S ptember, 1604), 

316 



daughter of Egbert Hendrlckscn Schoonmakcr 
and Annetje Benr. Tjerck died at Kingston 
30 Augu.st, i;6i^ havirg had no issue by his 
second v."ife. 

(16) Jacob: Baptized 2S September, 16S4; died in 

infancy. 

(17) Barbara: Baptized 22 Angust, 1CS6 ; died In in- 

fancy. 

(18) Klaes: Baptized 30 April, 16SS; died in infancy. 

(19) Barbara: Born 30 October, 1CS9; married 25 

l\iarch, i;-i5, Joliannes van Lcuven ; died ir 
November, 1715. 

(20) Jacob: Born 30 December, 1691 ; married 9 T^'ay, 

173 ^ Ke}-ltje van Kampen (baptized 6 October; 
1700), daughter of Jan van Kampen and Tietje 
Janse Declcer. 
^/ (21) i\Iaria: Born 21 Jannary, 1693; married 30 Octo- 
ber, 1713, ]:xn Koosa, Jr. (baptized 6 November, 
1692), son of Ja;i Roosa and Hillcgard van 
Buren. 

To hi confi>u(ed 



THE WALLKILL RIl'ER AT WALDEN 



Kenealli ].-;]ig lashes of the droopirig M-illow 

Flash tin- l:lue waters ; and the cedar shade 
Lends froni Jis cliff above tlie rnshing billo^v, 

As if to guard the solitude it in:ide. 
Here can wc f nd a dial in tlie fiov/cr, 

What time the opening Mossorn flushed or fell, 
And nsark at vcs;.;cr, from :t.> rocky tower, 

Tlie deadly night-sliadc smng its purple bell. 



Oldc U!. 



There are high rocks above thy waters peeping, 

And the vexed wave si-hs heavy to tlie shore ; 
Vet many a foara-wreat!i o'er their rough sides creepin; 

Ha\c touclied with beauty what was dark before. 
Let the miud gather wisdom, ne'er to falter, 

Thus meet its incident, yet hold its power, 
And gracelul yield to ills it cannot alter, 

let leave its sparkle on liie darkest hour. 

V/inding through shade, or glancing by the meadov,', 

Flinging the spray-bead over rock and tree, 
One cannot think that direful storm or sliadow, 

Beautiful ri\-er, ever ro-e trom thee. 
let many a cloud the nior.'ring sky embraces. 

Deatii, as a sunbeam, to its bosom ga^'e ; 
And still at night tliey come vdth paihd faces. 

And flitter ghostdike o'er the trembling wave. 

O ! who v.'ould ever think this tiny bubble, 

PiHo^,■ed on beams v.-ould float in glory there, 
Or swell the mighty aggregate of trouble, 

V/hen gathering tempests shudder through the air? 
And yet the^e very drops through ether driven, 

As tears may wander from the storm's dark eye ; 
Or tumble o'er the cloudy clifi's of heaven, 

Adov>-n the thunder mountains of the sky. 

O, it is strange ! Philosophy that traces 

The path of stars, tlie spray-mist from its wave, 
Resting on thought, assigns to worlds their places 

Yet sinks the mind tliat lifts it to a grave ; 
Or probing earth, unveils its deep attraction, 

The secret balance that its powers control, 
And yet denies the world of human action. 

The poise of God—- the magnet of the soul. 

318 



The Wallkill Rh^r at Waldcn 

But darkness o'er the distant ^YGod is creeping ; 

The valley, couched in shadov:.-^, sinks from sight ; 
Tl'C moiintaia in its robe or misl is sleeping; 

And fc'en rny liousehold hiils are touched with night, 
Yet ere I leave this shore, perhaps forever, 

Thoughts gathered here I'll yield it ere we part, 
A feeling stronger tlsan the riislving river, 

And deeper than the veins that feed its heart. 

Here has the moniing talked to me of heaven, 

As the wave fin.-hed beneath its wab'ng kiss ; 
And tiie soft frcco of the cloud at even. 

Shadowed a world more beautiful than this ; 
The Rock, the Talk ihe Wooded "Walk, the River, 

Tne vcild iiovrer dangling from the ciifis above, 
All hft the soul to Thee, Almighty Giver, 

And syllable to faiih Eternal Love. 

And as the spirit turns in adoration 

Earth's varied page, the volume !Mercy gave, 
Where tlius bright streams italicize Creation 

With tlte rude emphasis of v.ind and v,-ave, 
O, guide the heart, Creator, lest Thy creature 

Read not Thy glcTy in the earth and sky 
And, from the thrilling eloquence of nature, 

Translate Omnipotence as destiny. 

All power is Thine, yet Mercy po'.ver is guiding ; 

Lo'.-e, infinite as jjower, still guards its own ; 
As tlie dread temi'C.-t. 'neatlr a ray subsiding, 

Sinks to a breeze, and floats the thistle dov.-n, 
Existence springs from Thee ! Thy glance all-seeing, 

The vs-ide rnagiiifcence of Hca\-cn surve}-s ; 
Yet tunied to earih — falls brightly on our being, 

As falls t'ie moonjcam o'er the lide it s^',■ays. 

A. D. 2830. Islis's SoPHJ.vF. Vv'alden. 

319 



10!^ -VLSTER 



AN 


HISTORIC-'-' 


■ C- GEXEALOGIC^'^ MA G.. 


IZINE 




Published Monthly, at J43 
Street, K i n gfl n , N. 
BENJAMIN MYER Bl 


Green 
1'., by 
'^INK, 








Tc. 


Cop 


:IJ:;rs a jrar :;: Aa 
ics, l:vcnty.fivc c 


\'ancc. 

Cuts. 


s 


: // 


glc 




Entered as !;■ end c: 


ais vie^:t:r (U the poU cfire 


c.: Kin-ston 


, .V. 


>•. 





We are ixdeltld for the beauUful poem in this 
number, "The Wahldll River at V/alden," to th^e 
annual of the " Wallkill Valley Farn-iers' Association" 
for 1902. 

T^YO OR TJJREE GEXERATIOXS AGO there was an 
old Dutch political expression current in this region 
v.hlcl! Oede Uester would like 1:0 learn about. All 
that can now be discovered alter diligent inquiry are 
two lines : 

''Gij geve niijn een heele gocde ].'r2-t ; 
Maar als guaL Waugliauk so -.i-l dc Staat. " 

[You give luc a \-cr\- good arg^uucrit ; 
But as g.:es A\'augh.unK-, so go.-.s die State.] 

Waughunk v/as t'lc Indian name for tlie region 
above the Sawkill reservoir. It :- nov.- called Zona and 
v/as formerly knov.ui as Vai^-dale. 
320 



3 .-3 f. 






^T -"'c^ =«->-% 



>^-, 












j^-.-. 



S' 



r i?: 



.? :v-: .-la.i— •;n > 5;«. Pr:r:r-j. .f^ 5/>-i;n:^, Araiy^.;-!, ^V; y 



u 



STER County 

S^J 1 VA^GS Iiistitulio]! 



No. 2;S Wall STiua-rr 
Klxgstox, New York 



Depolits^ $3,000,000.00 



; / 1 X G S T O X 



V 



SAVINGS BAXK 



No. 273 Wall Street 
Kingston. New Yi^rk 



OFFICERS: 



Jame^ a. Betts, Prcs Chas. Burhans. Trcas 

^IvR'iN Teller. I .. ^ Frank Johnst>>n, ^^'/ 
J o 1 1 N E . K R .\ ET ,('''''" ^ ' -^ J.J. L I N s o N , Cc .7 nsd 



T 



HE ER. C. O. SAHEEli SANITARIUM 

KiNGSTo::. X. y. 
/^^otal and Nervous Di5^e?vS>^s 



CONTEXTS 



Vol. I N'0VMMBI-:K. 1005 No. n 

Pag k 

Negotiating for tlie Capti\'es 321 

Fined for Cluirnirig on Fast Da\' (1664) 326 

WallkiJl X^illcy Families in Centra] New Yorlc. . . . 327 

Bill of Sale of a Negro Bo)- ( 1777) 332 

The Eai'Iicst Israelites in " Tiie Esopus " (l66S)...332 
The Stone at the Grave of Thomas Cliambers... 333 

The Chambers Pear Tree . . ...... 334 

Journal of Heni'\- Pawling 335 

Lineage of the Pawling FaniiP.- . 339 

Lineage of the De\\' itt Fan.iih- 345 

Civil '\Iarriages in Kingston (1667-5) 350 

Indian Summ.er in Woodland Valley 351 

Editorial Notes ••••352 

P O R S Y T H & D A \^ I S 

BOOKSELLERS & 
S T A T 10 X E RS 

307 WALL STREET, KE\'GSTOX. X. Y. 
TflE have a few copies of the % 'i, V % 

Dufc/i diurcli R ceo I'd s 

that we offer at a very low price. These books 
are invaluable in tracing the lusfr.ry of Ulster County 
families and are becoming scarce. 
We also have a large line of 

-^s^ Souvenir Postal Cards ^s^. 

showing local scenes, including the Revolutionary 
l^juildings. 

ii 



OLD^ VLSTER 



Vol. I NOVEMBER, 1905 No. 11 



iV< 



ep;onami(y jor 



e^ the CaMives 



^i2^^s3i|;y£ alo.ys, passed before the t!din';^s of the 
\\ "; r k massacre at the Esopus and the captivity 
r^^^^^l of the women and children "reached Nev/ 
B _ \> Amsterdam, But on the evening of Tuns 
|| ' ^ J I2th (1663) the messengers reached the 
\ Y Director General and llie energetic Stuy- 
t / }\ vesant lost no time in his elTorts for relief. 

•;• '• --^'H Councillor de Decker was imrried lately dis- 
patched to Fort Oratige to raise volunteers 
while Stuyvesant attempted the same on Manhattan 
and Long IsLind?.. Tlie efforts of the latter svere not 
very successful upon Long Island, especially among 
the English settlements there. Runners preceded the 
messengers: of the director v.'ho advised the settlers not 
to pay any attention to Stuyvesant's request. The 
Director then attempted to secure their assistance by 
an offer v.-hich is found in a. minute of his visit to 
Hempstead v/hich reads : " To induce some of the Eng- 
321 



Oldc Uist 

lish to take part in the expedition to the Esopus, the 
Director General promised theni free plunder and all 
tlie savages whom they could capture; this was pro- 
claimed by a handbill." 

As this eflort failed a proclamation called for volun- 
teers, Tliose \\\\o v.-ould consent to enlist v.-ere oii'ered, 
ist; Free p.]under!iig of the savages; 2nd; Exemption 
from tithes for six years; 3rd; Indemnincacion for all 
bodily injuries from three hundred florins for the loss 
of one eye to one thousand fiorins for the loss of both 
hands. This proclamation v.-as made on June 25th and 
v/as so successful that Captain Martin Cregier was able 
to reach Wiltwyck with a force of considerable strength 
to which v/ere added forty-six iNlarespInck Indian 
allies. 

Meanwhile the authorities at Fort Orange v/ere call- 
ing upon the Iroquois for help. All through the Esopus 
troubles the alliance of the Dutch with the Five Nations 
and the amicable relations with those fierce v/arriors 
stood the Dutch in good stead. The kind and humane 
treatment of these Indians by such men as van Corlaer 
and Schuyler and their tact and patience bore constant 
fruit. But at present the Iroquois were engaged in one 
of their ceaseless, though intermittent struggles with 
the French of Canada and could not for tlie moment 
help. Ntvertheless individual Indians of the differen: 
tribes of tiie Iroquois tendered their services. Among 
the captives was the daughter of the Vice-Director, 
Montagne. She was Rachel, tlie wife of the physician 
and surgeon at Wiltwyck, Gysbert van Imbroch. With 
the anxiety of a father he sought the especial efforts of 
the Iroquois for the rescue, and above all of his daugh=. 
322 



:\ c^jUaf :>:(;■ fcr iue tayfyl\S 

ter. They promised hirn to effect this and they fulfill- 
ed the promise. 

While tin's was transpiring- the Esopus Indians v/ere 
awake to vrhat was taking place. Although they had 
no allies among the red men the Katskill Indians were 
very close to them. A delegation of KalskiUs appear- 
ed at Albany in behalf of the Esopus savages and inti- 
mated that the Dutch of Albany keep quiet " else we 
burn all the houses on this side of tlie Sage'skii." Tiiat. 
is. between wh.at is now Saugerties and Albany. 

Then an Iroquois sachem, a Mohawk named Smits 
Jan, offered Montagne to rescue his daughter. He 
came suddenly to Albany with three others of his tribe 
and two I\Iohicans wii;h tlie proposal. It v.*as accepted 
and they departed for the Esopus In a vessel, accom- 
panied by Jan Dareth. 

Arendt van Corlaer then tried his influence. There 
never lived in the bounds of this State a man more 
thoroughly respected and liked by all the Indians than 
he. Ke sent out savage scouts to locate the captives 
who found that the Indians had scattered with most 
of them. One of these scouts had found Hester Douv/ 
("deaf Hester"), her child and two other women 
among tb.e Katskills. The .scout had advised that she 
make the Indians intoxicated and that these wom.en 
escape as their captors lay drunk. But tlie v/omen fear- 
ed to undertake it. 

Meanwhile Smits Jan and his party penetrated the 
v/iiderness. Nearly thirty miles from Vviltwyck they 
discovered the fortress of the Esopus savages. Future 
articles v.-ill describe it and Olde Ulster v.'ill give 
photographs of the spot. Here they found Llrs. van 
323 



Oldi Ulst£r 

Imbrodi v.mong othi-rs. The savage who was in pos- 
session of her was Pam-ir-aw-ach-ginck. Ke v/as offered 
a ransoin for her and consented and took it. They 
then ctienTptijdto obtain the release of others but this 
was refused. The ransom v/as then distributed by the 
savage among the others. But the next morning the 
Indian, with Mrs, van Imbroch, was gone. The other 
Indians then offered to return their share of the ransom 
but Smits Jan refused it. Tlie proud Iroquois was 
indignant £nd denounced the Esopus savages and told 
them that ifhis party had only with them their arms 
they would take the captive they had ransomed by force 
from -such villains. He v/ould return to his countiy 
and select foi ty warriors and chastise the whole tribe. 

Mr=s. van Imbroch wa,3. taken by her captor to %vhat 
is now the vicinity of the present viUage of Esopus. 
Here she escaped in a few days, but losing her way and 
not finding the path over which she had come returned 
to tl'ie-wigv/arn of her captor. Another attempt was 
successful and she reached her home in Wiltwyck, 
One account says this escape was effected by the assist- 
g,n:C.e of the Mohawks. 

MeamYhiie Cregier had arrived. He was a prudsnt, 
capaUs. and determined commander. He thoroughly 
organized his force and the citizen guard. A captive 
SQuaw>was brought In. Cregier questioned her as to 
the whereabouts of the prisoners. She told him that 
the. captive women and children were conveyed into 
the woods outside of the Indian fort and scattered 
about every n;ght for fear of rescue, while the v/arrior.'^ 
remained inside the fort to defend It ; thv'i.t it v.-as sur- 
ro.unded hy three ro\v3 of palisades: that the Indians 
324- 



had iii;ic horses v/ith wliich they drew palisades to 
strengthen the defenses; that the fort vas a square 
and stood "on the hrow of a hill and all around is 
table-iand." This Avas confirmed In ■• I' Irs. van Imhroch. 
Two W'applnger Indians were also examined who 
affirmed the same aiul offered to guide Cregier to tiie 
fort. But lie declined for the present while awr.iting 
the return, cf five Mc';awks v/hom he had sent to tiie 
Indian fort with a captive Indian girl and sonie wam- 
pum. Tliree da.ys after this embassy returned bringing 
with thern three savages, tv.'O of the captive won^ien 
and tv.'O children. They told the captain " The Esopus 
Indians have fled to a high mountaiii tlirougli fear of 
tiie Dutcl;, and the}^ lie here and there in small bands. 
Their prisoners are also distributed and dispersed 
among them here and there ; they \'.'iri not trust tiiem 
in the fort and the Indians daily threaten to kill them 
if the Dutch attempt their rescue. At night we v/ere 
tied to trees by thongs." 

This tale aroused the ofacers and soldiers as v/ell as 
the settlers. Smits Jan and his I\rjliawks, accompanied 
by Jail Davis, a son of " Kit/' offered to go immediate- 
ly to the Indian fort. Tliey Avere pernntted and tool: 
with them a squaw and two Indian children. In four 
days they returned after securir.g the ransom of one 
more woman but were the bearers of this message: 
" We v.dll not release any more prisoners urJ.ess we can 
secure peace thereby. If Corlaer and Rensselaer will 
come to our fort and bring goods v.-itii them v/e -vvill 
conclude peace and release the prisoners." This deter- 
mined Cregier to breal: off negotiations and march. 

But it Vv'as harvest and all were busy at their crops. 



O I d e U ! si c r 

He called upon the farmerr, for teams to bring up the 
supplies for the expedition from tlie wStrand to the 
stockade at Wiltwyck. Some responded with alacrity 
but ma!!}'- could not be prevailed upon to lend a hand 
until the liarvest v.-as gathered. It was very exasperat- 
ing to Cregier and ungrateful for while he had been 
trying to secure the captives by negotiation he had 
sejrl: ]iis soldiers to liclp the people of the two villages 
rebuild their burned buildings. Notwithstanding this 
many refused to cart up the army supplies. Tlie reason 
is not given. Vv^as it because Cregier had let a whole 
month pass withou.t advancing on the Indians to rescue 
their captive v/ives and children? 



At a TsIeeting of the Schout and Commissaries 
of the vilhige of Wildwyck on Tuesday, February i2th, 
1664, I\Iattlieus Capiio, Provisional Schout complained 
of Mattheu Bianshan and demanded of the defendant 
fifty guilders fine because on the Day of Fasting and 
Prayer, after the second beating of the drum, she had 
been churning. 

The defendant answered that the drum was beaten 
only once, and that they had wo mill: for their calf, and 
that .she, for her life, had not done more. The Hon- 
orable Court, having heard the Schout's demand, and 
defendant's defense, sentenced tlie defendant to pay 
six guilders, one half for the clmrch. 



WallkUl Valley Families 

in Central Neiu Yonk 



Contributed by the Reverend Charles Mac 



^'■^ 



I 






HE present generation is losing track of those 
who left the, Wallkill Valley and vicinity 
a hundred years ago to becon-ie pioneer set- 
tlers of tlie then unbroken but promising 
wilderness of central Ne\v York. The fathers 
and grandfathers used to visit back and forth. 
The grandsons do little or no visiting. 

As an interest in family trees and early 
local history is manifest just now, it will not 
come amiss to gather up some account of those who 
"went v.-est" from Ulster and Orange counties after 
the Revolution and cleared the ground v/here now 
stand the busy cities and villages that stretch from 
the lieadwatcrs of tlie j\Iohav/k to the Genesee river. 

To begin with, it needs to be understood that the 
region west of the I\Iohawk valley was public land, and 
that a promise of land grants v/as made during the 
Revolution in order to encourage enlistments. The 
poweiful and semi-civilized Six Nations had held this 
region and had cleared some grourjd ; but their power 
was broken in part at the battle of Oriskany and in 
part by Sullivan's expedition. 
3'^7 



0/J^ L//si\r 

About i;'90, survey's had been made, townships 
plotted out and allotments made of cie hundred acres 
to privates and two to five hundred acres to commis- 
siop.ed officers. These allotments v/ere occupied or 
sold almost immediatel}', and no little .stir was made 
along the Hudson, through New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania by hundreds of families bidding farewell to homes 
and kin tliat might see them no more. Tliose from 
New Jersey and Pennsylvania followed the valley of 
the Susquehanna north, and then spread out among 
the lakes that lie like so many fingers between Syracuse 
and Rochester. Those from New England and the 
Hudson river m.ade their way to Albany and so out 
along the ^.loliawk river. 

An ox-tcam carried and an ox-team drev/ a meagre 
supply of Iiousehold eliccts, together v.-ith the wife and 
children, to what was called in a general way "the 
Genesee country." So leisurely was travel in those 
days that after the canal packets began operations, 
v/hen a good dame of Nev/ Jersey inade her sister a 
visit at Auburn and found it took just a v/eek to return 
by way of the Erie canal and the Iludson and Raritan 
rivers to New Brur;swick, she wrote back the news 
excitedly as though slie had not caught her breath all 
the way. 

Among the first from this region to feel the draw- 
ings of tjie v.-est was Colonel John L. Ilardenbergh of 
Roscndale. lie liad served as captain in the Revolu- 
tion, and was surveyor and engineer by profcssioii. 
While traversing that section v/ith Sullivan's expedi- 
tion, his practiced eye v.as drawn to the Owasco river 
as a source of po'.ver. On liis return liome he secured 
328 



JVa///:!// J-^Avr 



Ib.e adjoiinng six hundred acres and in 1792 settled 
upon it, building a grist and saw mill, around which 
grew up Hardenbergh's Corners — now the beautiful 
city of Auburn. 

Colonel Hardcnbcrgh v/as a cousin of the Reverend 
Doctor Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh, first president of 
Rutgers College, and took with him from Ulster county 
his wife, T.Iary Bevic'. After her deatli shortly, lie 
married Martina Brinlccrhorf of Owasco. Tlie first 
church organized in Cayuga count)', tlie Owasco 
Reformed church, was organized in his house and he 
was elected an elder of it. 

In 1792 went also Samuel and Benjamin De Puy 
and Ivloscs Cortright from Orange county and settled 
to the south of the founder of Auburn in Owasco tov»'n- 
ship. 

Samuel Gumaer followed soon after and married a 
daughter of Samuel De Puy. 

Samuel Hoornbeek was born at I\Iinisink, Orange 
county, in 1753, and moved his family to Owasco in 
1799. 

Martin Cuykendall was born in tlie same vicinity. 
His v.-ife v\-as Anna Cole. They migrated with their 
thirteen cliildren to the same place, v,iiere the elder 
Cuykendall farmed it and operated a grist and saw 
mill. 

In 7793 also v/ent Abram and Martin DePew, broth- 
ers, to Ov.asco. Abram's v.ife v/as Ann Cortright. 

David Bevier, of Fcosendale, Uhter county, erected 
a grist mill in Ov^-asco in 179S. Jo^iah Bevier, M. D , 
was born there probably also, in 17S4. 

Henry Hunsiker v.-ent from Orange county with his 
329 



I d i Ulster 

parents about iSo6 and settled on tvro hundred acres 
in the town of Owasco. 

John C- Legem, fifth child of Charles and Margaret 
(Clinton) Legem, was born in Ne\v Windsor, Orange 
county, in iSi6. .He migrated to Genoa township, 
Cayuga county, in 1S19. 

Abraham, son of Henry and Mary Van Etten, v/as 
borri in Orange county in iSco and moved to Niles 
townsiiip, Cayuga county, in 1S19. 

Simeon Swartwout went to Owasco in 1S15 and 
settled on the east side of the lake. He was brought 
up near Huguenot and was a son of Peter and jane 
(Westfall) Sv/artwout. Numerous descendants of the 
sam.c name still live about Port Jervis and Auburn. 

Ln the tov,-n of Florida near by was born and reared 
Lincoln's great secretary. After finishing scliool and 
college and being admitted to the bar William H. Sev/- 
ard was attracted to Auburn by a school friend of his 
sister, v/ho was a daughter of County Judge Elijah 
Miller. His settlement and marriage followed in the 
fall of 1S24. Williann H. Seward, Jr., is a banker and 
occupies the homestead. 

In more recent years a son of iviontgomery, only 
child of r.Ir. and I^.Irs. Peter Miller, found his v/ay to 
the sam.c attractive spot and has been professor of 
Chmrch History now for eight years in Auburn Tlico- 
logicaJ Seminary. 

Jam.es Elauvelt, Jr., was a native of Orange county 
and at the age of twenty-five married and went to Nev/ 
York, In 1839, when past m.iddle life, the western fever 
seized him and he set out for Cayuga county, with 
his wife and three children and all their worldly goods 
35'3 



ll^'n://:;/l ValLy Families vi Central AV:./ York 

in a wagon drav/n b)' a tcaiii of horses. He bought a 
farm in the tov.-n of jMentz. His wife v/as Catharine 
Post, daughter of Peter Post, of New Jersey. 

Onondaga county, on the east of Cayuga, also shared 
the exodus from the Walikill region. 

David S. r^iller, born in Ulster county in 1796, set- 
tled early on a farm near Llessina Springs and for a 
time conducted a hotel. 

Andrew Eliictj an early settler of Geddes township, 
came from Ulster county. 

Daniel Knanp went from Orange county to Pompey 
about tlie year iSoo. 

Moses Rogers, son of Israel, of Ulster county, set- 
tled in Van Ev-ron township about 1800. 

Jacobus De Puy went to Baldwinsville from Orange 
county in 1803 and bought a large tract just east of the 
village, for which he paid Si — S P^J" acre in cash. Tra- 
dition says lie had half a bushel of silver dollars left. 
He cleared fifty acres the first year and sov.'cd it to 
wlieat tlie seconJi ar.d cut the crop with a sickle. 

No doubt other families yielded to this first spell 
of western fever and shared the pioneer labor of Yan- 
kees from the cast and Dutch and Germans from the 
south, who fiowed into the counties named and those 
farther west. 

According to th.e New Fait::. Ind£pe;id(ni of a recent 
date, Abraham PI. Deyo left New Paltz about 1S18 
and settled first in Seneca county and soon moved to 
Ontario county. 

WallhilL Neio York 



Cldc Ulster 

Know all t.Iex by these Presents, that I, 
Christopher a Yates of the Manner of Renselar in the 
County of Albany for and in Consederation of tlie Sum 
of Sj::ty five Pounds Current I\ioney of the State of 
Ne\7 York to me in hand paid at and before the Enseal- 
ing and delivery of these presents by Cornelius Parsen 
of U Ister County at the Cautsbawn the Receipts whereof 
I do acknowledge myself to be Merewith fully Content- 
ed and paid have therefore granted bargained & sold 
Released and by these Presents do fully Clearly and 
absolutely grant bargain sell & Release unto the said 
Corneles Parsen, :ny Negro Boy Called Jack to have 
and to hold the said Negro Boy his Hears Excutors 
Administrators and Assigns For Ever In Vv'itness 
Whereof I have hereunto set m>' Hand & Seal this 
first day of September Anno Domini One Tousend 
Seven Hundred Seventy Seven 
Sealed & Delivered 
in the Presence of 
Benjamin Masten 

Anna Yates 

Chris^ a Yates [L. S.] 

Israelites v;ere in the province of Nev\' York 
and v/ere at Kingston as early as i658, for at a session 
of the Schout's Court held in Kingston on Ivlarch 13th, 
of that year Assur Levy appeared as attorney for 
Rabbi Cohen (or Coety) and brought a suit against 
Reyner van Coelen for three thousand guilders of 
sewant (clam-shell wampum) to be paid in good winter 
v/heat. Also against Cornells Slecht for twenty-tight 
schepels of v/heat. Judgment v/as given for the plain- 
tiff. Levy frequently appears at subsequent sessions- 
332 



The Siuuc a 



The Sione at ike Grave of T::o'ii.zs Chauihers 

THE STOXE AT THE GRAIE OE THOMAS 
CHAMBERS 

Attent)oi\ was called on page 304 of Olde ulster 
to the lack of arn- mark at the grave of Thomas Cham- 
bers to tell the passer-b)' who is l}'ing there. At the 
head of this article is given, b\- the favor of tlie pub- 
lisheis of " Picturesque Ulster," an illustration of the 
stone placed at liis original resi"irig-place. When his 
remains were renioved in 1S50 to ]\Iontrepose Ceme- 
tery at the erection by the late Jansen Hasbrouck of 
his residence on the Strand in the present Ci:y of 
Kingston, the stone was imbedded in the northeast 
corner of the foui^dation of Mr. Hasbrouck's house 
where it can be distinctly seen. It is at least a graven 
memorial to the man, but in its rude initials it needs 
an interpreter to tell the tale it v:ould convc)- to the 
loiterer who chances to see its Runic lines. 
333 



o I d c r I .s t .• r 



I ^ 


1 - 


' 


- '> 


' 


^- 








^ 

1 


' 1 ! 


( 






"^>- 




- 


. 




,-- ■ ' \ 













7/} if C/:ufi!'''frs Piar Tree 

THE CHAMBERS PEAR TREE 



We give herewith, through tlie courtes)' of the pub- 
lishers of " Picturesque Ulster," an illustration of the 
old pear tree still standing upon the hill in the rear of 
the house of Abraham Hasbrouck on the Strand in the 
City of Kingston, v/liich tree dates back to the time of 
the settlement. It has cdwaj-s been known as "'ihe 
Pear Tree of Thomas Chambers." lie died April Sth, 
3694, as is stated in tlie epitaph on the preceding page. 
If the tree was actually planted by Thomas Chambers 
it must be more than two hundred years old. 



334 



Journal of ^ ^ 



Henry Pawling 



Cofitribiitcd by Suiherland De Witt 



'|APTAIN HENRY PAWLING was a son 
i of Coloiiel Levi rawHngof tlie Tliirci ivegi- 
J ment of Ulster County Militia during the 
1%^/: '; -'v:i Revolution and a brother of Colonel Albert 
g;<-^: vV'^ 1 Pawling of the Levies in the same war. 
iiJ^M.;' i% The contributor of this article is in posses- 
\ua>'>\A sion of the original inaiiuscript journal 
^ idi-^ '-- which has been literally copied for Olde 
Ulster and is as follows: 

Oct. 5, 1777: In the morning received intelligence 
that the ]3ritish had landed near King's Ferry on the 
east side of the river. Li the afternoon ^.laj. Logan 
was sent Vv'ith a detachment consisting of about So rnen 
to observe the motions of the enemy; tanied there 
overnight.'; 

Oct. G: In the m.orning about daylight he discover- 
ed the enemies' boats crossing the river and landing on 
the v/est side at or near King's Ferry; he returned 
back about 9 o'clock in the morning to the Foits Clin- 
ton and Montgomery and brought the aforesaid intelli- 
gence, soon after I\iaj. Logan/s return, Lieut. Jackson 
was sent out with a small party, being about ii o'clock 
in the forenoon, in order to watch the motions of the 
enemy. About 12 o'clock a small fireing ^.'as heard 
335 



Olde Uls 

supposed to be Lieut. Jaclcson's v/ho it was thought 
had met v\-ilh the enemy, the drums were immediately 
ordered to beat to arms, the men paraded, Col. Brown 
sent off with a detachment consisting of about 80 men, 
four officers among which I was one, on our march to 
Doodle Town met Lieut. Jackson who informed CoL 
Brown that the enemy were at or near June's in Doodle 
Town; v.-e t];cn marched on as far as Brown's, the 
beginning oi Doodle Tov.'n, where we had a fair pros- 
pect of i],e enemy. Seeing a vast body of them, 
CoL Brov;n thought proper to drav.- back som.e distance 
and take tlie advantage of the ground ; about 3 o'clock 
the enemy v/as v/ithin muslcet shot, we then attacked 
them, and vrere obliged to retreat to prevent being sur- 
rounded and then they pursued our retreat until we 
came to our lines v.diere we made a stand for a con- 
siderable time, but being too weak v/as not able to 
maintain our ground, was obliged to retreat into Fort 
Clinton ; by this time we began to play upon the ene- 
my with our cannon from the forts, they soon came in 
reach of musket shot v/hen the noise of cannon and 
small arms was heard on every side. The shipping 
crowded all the sails tliey possibly could and fired 
smartly from their rov.- galHes. His Excellency, Gen. 
James Clinton, ordered Col. Brown with his detach- 
ment of Continental Troops to Fort Montgomery in 
orcjr to reinforce the troops under the command of 
Gov. Geo. Clinton posted in the redout on the left. 
About 5 o'clock Col. Campbell sent a flag of truce in 
at Fort Montgom.ery and demanded the fort, saying if 
the fort v/as not given up in five minutes he would put 
every soul to the sword. Lieut. Col. Livingston who 



'*/r7'.'?i of liC'iry r' 

received the flag scat word back iliat he rniglit do his 
worst and be d — nid, tliat we were determined to hold 
it as long as we could make any resistance but if he 
would lay down his amis and march into the fort he 
should have good quarters. A slicrt time after the flag 
was setit in Col. Campbell was shot v/ith a musket ball 
through the breast and sent into eternity. A brisk 
firing was kept up ; Lieut. IvIcArlhur, who was ov\ my 
right, was shot with a musket ball in the cheek, his jaw 
bone broke and the ball lodged down alongi^idc his 
throat. A ver}' briik firing continued, th.e upper redout 
Vv'as stormed and carried by the enemy, they tlien gave 
three huzzas ; we answered it by huzzaing three times 
for the congress. Sliowers of balls were then poured 
aniong us but did no dajnage, about one o'clock we 
v/ere stormed and made prisoners, few of our party 
made their escape. Capt. Godv-.-in and myself were 
knocked down b)^ the side of er.ch other, strip'd of hat 

and watch and buckles by one Dr. — , formierly an 

inhabitant of Dutchess county, precinct of Rhinebeck; 
kept but a short tinie in the redout, removed to a room 
in tlie barracks wliere Capt. H an st ranch and Capt, 
Johnson before had lodged. The officer that had the 
guard over us the first night was Richard Vanderburgli 
a Lieut, in the nev,- corps, who gave Lieut. Mott a blow 
aside the head and knocked hini almost down for call- 
ing him by his former familiar name, being well acqaint- 
ed Avith hirn heretofore. 

Oct. 7 : L'l tlie nornirig a number of officers came to 
see us, some spoke very politely to us and others insult- 
ed us in the grosses: manner. Some of the British sent 
us some rum which greatly cheered our spirits, we could 
337 



u r 



look out of the window and see the inhabitants that 
lived near about the fort, coming and taking protection 
as we supposed as we saw them come from headquar- 
ters with papers in their hands ; likewise we could see 
the inhabitants driving in cattle ; also we saw the ene- 
my carrying our dead across snaggy poles naked as they 
were born head and heels hanging down, also saw the 
enemy walking about the fort with our clothes selling 
them to each other. — tin's day passed very tedious. 

Oct. S, Wednesday: in the morning they brought 
us some biscuit and rum which refreshed us gieatly, 
about 10 o'clock we were paraded and a shocking 
appearance we made, scarce a hat amongst the whole, 
some VN'ithout coats and some without shoes, not move 
than tvvo or three had buckles on their shoes and knees. 
V/e had about 2,OGO spectators, some showing us the 
gallows swearing they would be hangmen for us. We 
were marched down tlie river and crowds of people on 
every side insulting us the whole way. We embarked 
on board of a rov,- boat ard v,-ere rov/ed down below the 
Dundeibergh past some shipping v,-here we received 
showers of insults from the sailors and v.'h — s that were 
on board the ships, we were put on board the ship 
Archer, commanded by Capt. Coats, and confined in the 
hold, — about 200 in number, until night we vrere allow- 
ed the privilege of going one at a time on deck ar, our 
necessary occasions required, but as soon as it v.-as dark 
they let us down a bucket of rum, being a giil and a 
quarter per man, and shut dov.ui the hatchv/ays, present- 
ing two pieces of cannon dov.-n upon us, not one v.-as al- 
lowed to go up 'till morning t'lougb. many had the flux. 
To be cciitiyiuid 
33S 



Liiieao-c of the 

P cucl in f^ Family 

Contributed by Mrs. j. Frauk Kitts 




^,ENRY PAWLING, who settled in Ulster 
\i% I couiU}- in the latter part of the seventeenth 
century, ^■■.'as a man prominen.t in h.is locality 
in his da)- and one who served Old Ulster in 
various ofhcial capacities until liis death in 
1692. Tliat lie must liave been a man of 
education and abi!it\- is C'jrtaiu, for he lieid 
'^'^ k many important cfficcs in Ulster cc'unt}', 
ssss^ and ser\-ed on numerous commissions for 
regulating affairs and shaping the government of Eso- 
pus ill t'ne early da\-s, Jde came to America a soldier 
in the Dul:e of Vorl: expedition uiuler the command 
of Colonel Richard Nicliols in ]66_|. We learn from 
the Pcnn m inuscripts, under land grants or purchases, 
that he come from Padbury, Buchinghamshire, England. 
He served, in tlie Briti.-h arm\^ with distinction, attain- 
ing the rank of a captain, if Jiot tliat of a colonel, ur.til 
the spring of 1670 when, as it v;as "times of peace" 
and lie had " behaved himself well and as becomes a 
a Sould)-er," on the iStli da}- r^f Ai^ril of that )-ear, he 
was honorab!;,- discharg d " so that he h ith oui cou'^ent 
to foliij'.v hi--> [private affairs without an)- further Lett 
or intei ruptiou." 

339 



Ola, Ulstci 

111 lOCS Hern-)- Pa\v!ii)g was instructed b\' GoN^ernor 
Francis Lo\'elace to layout lots fuither inland than 
Esopus for a new and additional settlement. 

In 1669 he was one of a commission of seven men 
ordered b\' Governor Lovelace to go up to Esopus to 
regulate the affairs of that place and of the '• Nieuw 
Dorp", now Hurley. This commission was in session 
from September 17th to tlie 29th of that month, during 
vvhich time they passed a number of ordinances in 
relation to Esopus, located sites for the villages of I^dar- 
bletown. and Hurle\-, niade arrangements for the gov- 
ernment of that localit)- and chose olTicers for the new 
villages, appointing Henrj' Pawling officer over the 
Indians. 

In 1670 lie was again commissioned by Gox^ernor 
Loveh.ite, together with tlie Governor's brother. Cap- 
tain Dudley Lovelace, Jacques Cortch'ou, William 
Beekman and Christopher Beresford, to proceed to 
Kingston to establish the boundaries of the new towns 
and la}' out and define the lots of the new villages and 
make the necessary allotments and grants thereof. 

In 1676 we find Henry ^'a^vling signing a petition 
for a minister able to •' preach both Ipiglish and Duclie" 
at Esoj.ras. 

In 16S5 he was appointed by Governor Thomas 
Dongan High Sheriff of Ulster County, and held that 
office for four \'ears. He is further mentioned in Doc- 
umentary IIistor\- of New York, \^ol. II., pp. 159-162, 
where it states that "February 13th 16S9, CLtptain I'a- 
lin came from Sopus with thirt}' men to aid againft the 
French and Indians," and that lie attended " two meet- 
ings of a convention held in Alban\- in F^ebruary 1639." 
340 



Lineage of tJie Paivlin^ Family 

.Henry Pawling had a grant or purchase of land from 
WiUiam Fenn of one thousand acres in Providence town- 
ship, then in Philadclpliia county, Pennsylvania, and it 
was to this tract that later his two sons, John and Plcn- 
ry, removed. The location of it may be seen on the 
map betv/een the pages 15S-9, Vol. II., of Fiske's 
"The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America," where 
two lots are marked " H= Pawling.'' He was about 
having a patent of laud in Dutchess county, New York, 
executed Vvdien he died; this was afterv.'ards (May 1.1, 
1696) made out to his v.-ido\v. It is said to have been 
about four thousand acres, and was knov/n as the 
" Pawling Purchase," a part of which is now the village 
of .Scaatsburgh. 

Henry Pawling (I.) married Neeltje Roosa, 
daughter of Albert Heymans Roosa and Wyntie Ari- 
ens. Tiie " ICingston Register" gives the date as No- 
vem.bcr 3, 1676, but adds that it is uncertain whether 
this is the marriage or the first publication of banns. 
They had children : 

(2) Jarse: Married Jan Cok of r.Iarblctown. 

(3) \Vyntie: Baptized July 20, 1679; Uiarried P.ichard 

Brodhcad. 

(4) Jolin : Baptized October 2, 1681 ; married Aagje De 

Witt. 

(5) Ja!;;ic3: Baptized November 25, 1603; died young. 

(6) Albert : Baptized March 29, 16S5 ; married Catha- 

rine J;eelrman FvUtsen. 

(7) Anne:: Baptized June 19, 16S7 ; married Tjerck De 

Witt. 

34i 



O I d c U I s t 



(8) Henry: V>ox\\ about 1639; married Jacomyntie 

Kunst, 

(9) I\Iary: Baptized October 30, 1G92 ; married Thomas 

Van Kcuren. 

Henry Pawliiig died in Marbletown in 1693, leaving 
a ^vido^v and six children. His daughter Mary was 
born after her f.\t]ier"3 death. In his will dated 1691, 
old st)de, and probated ^laich 25, 1695, he bequeathes, 
after ordering that all Jiis just and lawful debts be paid, 
his entire estate, real and personal, to liis wife at whose 
deatli it was to be equally divided among his cliildren. 
His v.'idow was livincj as late as 1745 as on August 27th 
of that year she is mentioned in her son Albert's will as 
still living. Of the children of Henry Pawling, have 
found notiiing further concerning his daughter Jane (2) 
except that she married Jan Cok of j\Iarbletown, the 
first publication of banns occurring on the 27th of Octo- 
ber, 1706. 

(in.) Wyntie Pa v»-ling in 1C9S became the second 
v.-Ife of Richard Brodhead, son of Captain Daniel 
Brodhcad and Anil Tye. She died 1703. Cliildren : 

(10) Henry: Baptized November 5, 1699, 

(11) William. ; Baptized January iS, 1702. 

(12) Magdalinc: Married May 15, 1724, Jacob Essel- 

stine.son of Cornelius I\iartense Esselstine and 
Conieiia Yredcnburg of Kingston. 

(13) Ann: Baptized September 23, 1707; married De- 

cember 3, 1759, Andrew Oliver of Marblctov.m, 
(t4) KcUic: Baptized November 10, 1710; married 
February 21, 1734, Stcpljcn Nottingham of 
iVIarbletowii. 



Li ji edge of xJi^ Pawling Family 

(15) Eli/.ahei.h : Baptized August 0, 1713; married 

Ap;il 3, 1/39, Christopher David of Marble- 
town. 

(16) John: Baptized June 28, 1716,'' married April 12, 

1737, Ann Nottingham of IMarbletown. 

(17) 3.1ary: Baptized April c6, 1719 ; married June 11, 

1736, Robert ^McGuiness of C-mada, 

(18) Rach.el: Baptized February ig, 1722: married 

April 20, 1742, V/ood Furman. 

(IV.) John Pav/lixg served in the militia during 
the colonial period^ liolding the rank, in 171 1, of a 
lieutenant and participating in the exi^tedition to Can- 
ada, About 1720 he removed to Perinsylvania. settling 
in Bebber, afterwards Perkiomen Tovvnship, then in 
Philadelphia county, v/here he became owner of a large 
tract of land alon^; the Perkiomen creek, mills, skives 
and considerable personal property. '' Pav.-ling's Mills" 
became a v.-ell Icr.on-n landmiark form.any years and for 
m.any miles around. At the death 01 John Pawling" 
they passed over to his son Henry and in 1747 v/ere 
sold to Peter Pan.nebacker, v.-ho added a fulling mall 
to the giist mills andtiiey then became known as Pan- 
nebacker's (or Pein}'packer's) mills and under this 
name became fame us in Revolution.ary history as the 
camping ground of Washington's armiy before and after 
tlie battle of Germanto\vn„ 

Joux Paavlixg m.arried in Kingston, N. Y., August 
23, 17 1 2, AagJE De Witt, daughter of Tjerck Clausen 
De Vv'itt and Barbara Andriessen. He died June, 1733, 
leavin;^ a widov/ an.d seven children, and is buried in 
the family buryin-g-ground, which lie provided for in 
343 



his v.-ill and which is stlli existing on the east side of 
the creek. Children ; 

(lo) Ileiiiy : Baptized In Kingston, Noveinber i, 171$ 
married Eleanor Hicks. 

(20) Ellin (Ellinor): Born Februar}' 22, 1715 ; married 

Henry Pawling (32), her first cousin and son of 
Henry Pawling and Jacomyntie Kunst. 

(21) Hannah: Probably died young. 

(22) Deborah: Married Christopher Ziegler. 

(23) Rebecca: r,Iarried Abraham De Haven. 

(24) John- Born Aiigust 2S, 1722; married Elizabeth 

Dc Haven, daughter of Herman De Haven and 
Anne or Annica Ondegraef. 

(25) Joseph; Tvlarried Elizabeth . 

(VI.) Albert Pawling appears as ensign in the 
list of military officers of Ulster county for Marbletown 
October 7, 1717, and v.-as a IMernber of Assembly from 

UIstercou:ity in j.726-37. He married November 26, 
1726, Catharine Beek:'.l\n, daughter of llenr)^ Beck- 
man and widovr of John Rutscn. They left no issue. 
He was living in 1745, altliough he probably died soon 
after. His Avill of /lugust 27, 1745, disposes of a large 
estate, including land, buildings, slaves and persona! 
property. He provides liberally for his wife and moth- 
er, leaving tiie resiiiuc of Jiis estate to his nephew Levi, 
son of his brother Henry Pav/ling and Jacomyntie 
Kunst. 

To he cviiii lined 



344 



Lineage of ihi Ih V/iit Family 



LINEAGE OF THE DE WITT FAMILY 



Continued from page j// 

(22) Helena: Born 7 December, iC>9S ; married 6 Jwne, 

17 19, Jacob Swits (baptized at Albany 29 Octo- 
ber, 1693), son of Isaac Swits and Susanna 
Greet, and nephew of Cornelius Sv.'Its, who 
married Jannetje De Witt (4), Among her 
children was Colonel Swits, of Schenectady, 
prominent in the Revolution. 

(23) Andries: Born i April, 1697; died 2 July, 1701. 

(24) Egbert: Born iS I^.Iarch, 1699; married 4 Novem- 

ber, 1726, Mary Nottinfjham (born 19 Alay, 
1704), daugliter of William Nottingham and 
Margaret Rutsen. He settled at Napanoch, 
\\\ the town of Wawarsing, Ulster county and 
had a family of ten children, nine sons and one 
daughter, iMary. She married General James 
Clinton and became the mot'ner of Governor 
De Witt Clinton 

(25.) Johanne?: Born 26 March, 1701 ; married 27 June, 
1724, "l^T^sy Brodhead (baptized 6 August, 1699), 
daughter of Charles Brodhead and Maria Ten 
Broeck. His eldest son. Colonel Charles De 
Witt, who married Blandina Du Bois, was very 
prominent in colonial afi'airs and a leader in the 
Revolution, 

(26) Andries: j^aptized 20 February, 1703 ; married 3 
December, 1731, Bredgcn Nottingham (baptized 
3 December, 1711), — a sister of his brctlier Eg- 
bert's wife. He died at Rochester, Ulster coun- 
ty, leaving a large family of children. 
345 



/ J f U I s i 

(XXV.) JoiiA::NES De Witt, married lAI.ARY Brod- 
HEAD. Childrei! : 

(27) Ann: Baptized 2S March, 1725; married 13 May, 

1749, Conrad Newkirk (baptized 14 May, 1722), 
son of Gerrit Newkirk an.d Grietje Ten Eyck. 

(28) Charles: Born - — - 1727; died 27 August, 

17S7. He m.arrled 20 December, 1754, B'andi- 
na Du Bois, daughter of Gerrit Du Bois and 
Margaret Ehnendorf, Charles De Witt was 
one of the most prominent mc-n in Ulster coun- 
ty in the political events which preceded and 
accompanied the War of tlie Revolution, From 
176S to 1775 lie v/as a mem.ber of the Colonial 
Assembly and, as a member of the last legisla- 
tive body v.'hich sat under Royal authority, was 
one of the nine resolute and patriotic men (Ten 
Bro£ck, Dc Witt, ^'an Cortlandt, Boerum, Sea- 
man, Schuyler, Clinton, Woodhull, and Philip 
Livingston) who voted to approve of tlie pro- 
ceedings of the Continental Congress then 
recently organized Kvi Philadelphia. Pie was 
a member of the Provlncia! Convention of April, 
1775, and of the third and fourth Provincial 
Congress, where he was associated with John 
Jay, William Duer and others on the commit- 
tee for detecting and defeating conspiracies. 
He was a mem.ber of the Provincial Congress 
which ratiHed the Declaration of Independence. 
On 21 December, 1775, he was commissioned 
colonel of a regiment of Minute Men. When 
the State government v/as organized Colonel 
De Witt was made a member of the committee 
346 



Lvnecc;:^; Of i/it Di Witt F^iru 

to draft a Constitution and ironi 1781 to 17S5 
he sat in the State Assembly. In 17S4 he was 
elected to the Continental Congress, 

(29) Anclries: Baptized 10 November. 1728; died 26 

June, 1S13 ; married 1753 or 1754 Blandina 
Ten Eyck (baptized 11 May, 1735 ; died 2 June, 
1807), daughter of Abraham Ten Eyck and 
Jaunche Elmendorf. 

(30) Llaria; Baptized 17 April, 1737. 

(X.XYIIl.) Charles De Witt, married Blandi- 
na Du Bois. Cliiidren : 

(31) Jojin C: Born 22 October, 3:755; married Corne- 

lia Cap.tine (born .?9 March, 1757 ; died 23 April, 
1814) IS November, 1778; died 31 December, 
1833= ^^ ^^'ss member of Assembly in 1792, 
I793r 1795. 1797. ^79"^ and iSoo. 

(32) Gerrit: Born 8 August, 1762; died 5 February, 

iS..|6; married 15 November, 1786, Catharine 
Ten Eyck (born 27 October, 1765 ; died 3 April, 
1840) of Hurley, Ulster county. 

(33) Blandina: No record. 

(34) Polly: No record. 

(35) IvTargurette: Born in 173S; died at Shawangunk, 

Ulster county, 26 September, 1827; married 
Johannes Bruyn. 

(XXXI J.) Gerrit De Witt, married Catherine 
Ten Eyck. Children : 

(36) Maria: Born 29 August, 17S7; died i3 March, 

1861 ; marr'ed iS October, 1S12, ^latthev,- T. E. 
Veeder, of Schenectady. 
347 



O I d .' V I St c 7- 

(37) Charles Genit: Born at Greenkill, Ulster count_v, 
. 7 November, l/oo; baptized by the Reveieud 
George J. 'L. Doll, of Kingston, 7 December, 
1789; died at Newburgh, Ncu York, 12 April, 
1S39; married at Hoboken, New Jersey, 25 
April, iSii, by the Reverend Gerardus Kuypers, 
of New York City, Catharine Bogert Godwin 
(born in New York City 10 May, 1792), eldest- 
daughter of David and Catharine Waldron God- 
win.. In November. iSio, Charles became a 
student at law \\\ the office of Peter De Witt, 
a noted New York City lawyer at the time. 
Shortly after he v/as appointed to the clerksliip 
in the Navy Department at Washington v/here 
he u-as thrown into close business relations v/ith 
Commodore David Porter, v/hich was the com- 
mencement of a lifelong friendship. On giving 
i;p his Washington position he returned to 
KingFton, and opened a law ofnce. At th.e 
same time he founded the UI'>tir Sentinel, a 
wecldy journal, of which he v/as both editor and 
proprietor. The paper was very successful and 
had a large circulation, and warmly advocated 
the cause of the Jackson Deraocracy. At the 
election of Jackson to the Presidency he v/as 
elected Representative in Congress (1828) and 
at the close of his term he was appointed Charge 
d'Aii'aires to Central Amierica, residing in the 
City of Guatamala. Charles was proud of his 
Holland ancestry; proud of the honorable and 
patriotic record of his grandfatlicr. and his high- 
est ambition was to m.ake a name worthy of such 
348 



of iJ.i D: '\Viti taniily 

rncestry. Before leaving for Central America 
he placed his eldest son, David Porter, in West 
Point Military Academy and his eldest daugh- 
ter, Anna Vv'ynkooo, at Miss Willard's Troy 
Female Seminan/. His second son, Charles 
Adolphus, was to enter the Navy, and his 
youngest, Sutherland (then an infant), was des- 
tined for the lav/. Before leaving for Central 
America he called on his old friend and fellov/- 
Dutchman (as they called each other), Martin 
van Buren. On bidding each other good-by 
van Euren said : " Charles, v.-hile in Central 
America you vrill doubtless become master of 
the Spanish languag-e, so that when you return, 
if I am President, I ^s'\\\ send you to the Court 
of Madrid." After a residence of about six 
years in Guatarna]a he returned. Van Burea 
was president, but the rem.ark never bore f.ruit. 
Then David, the son of Charles, without con- 
sulting his father, resigned from the arm^y, and 
above all his beloved daughter had made a 
thoughtless marriage. The torrid climate of 
Central America had undermined his constitu- 
tion. Ke had been home for a short time, 
v/hen, on his return from Washington, on board 
of a steamer opposite Kev.-burgh, on the Hud- 
son, his proud spirit passed away in the prime 
of life. In accordance with his earnest desire, 
as often expressed during life, his remains v.'erc 
interred by the side of Charles De Witt, his 
grandfather, in Hurley. 

To bj coniimied 
5-49 



Q I d e U l s t e. r 
CIVIL. MARRIAGES i:/ KINGSTON 



The following- marriages by the magistrates are In 
the reccrdf. of the Schout's Court : 

September 1 1, 1667, were lawfully married before the 
Honorable Court Jciii M.i'tthysen, young man, and 
Magdalena Blangon, young daughter. (This marriage 
is number 21 in Chaplain Hoes' ''Kingston Iflarriages " 
where "■ date of marriage not given.") 

September 13, 16-67, were lawfully married before 
the magistrates Antcnc Koiik, youn^ man, being a 
soldier if) the service of the King of England, and 
Jannetie Crafford, young daughter. (" Kingston Mar- 
riages" number 22 where date of fnarriage is not 
given.) 

January i8th, 1668, were Iicre publicly married by 
the magistrates jacobus Cocnraets van Elmendorp, 
young man, and Griete Aertscn, daughter of Aert 
Jacops, with knowledge of her mother )iving here, 
(" Kingston Marriages " number 23 v/here date of mar- 
riagc Is not given.) 

March 11, 1668, v/cre here legally married by tlie 
magistrates Jan Hendrix and Annetie Matthyscn, both 
with the knowledge of their parents. (" King-ston 
Marriages" number 24, where date of marriage is not 
given.) 

May II, 1668, were here legally married by the 
magistrates Jan Cornelis., van Gottenborch, 3'oung 
man, and VVillcmpie Alberts, v/idow of Albert Gerrits. 
(" Kingston Marriages " number 25 v/here date of mar- 
riage is given.) 

October 28, i653, Joost Adriacnsen, of Opynsn, 
350 



Jiidian S:irnnuy in Woodla^id Valley 

widower of Fernmetie Hendrix, v/as married before tliis 
hoi'i. court to Elisabet Willenisen Kroni, young Vt'oman 
of Pynacker, after three publications of banns. 
(" Kingston Marriages " number "6, where date of mar- 
riage S3 given.) 

December 14, 1672, Hendrick Jsnsen, young man, 
born nt Ereest, in Gelderhnd, and Catharine Hansen, 
born at New York. Had their banns reg:istered. (This 
marriage is not in " Kingston Marriages.") 

INDIAN SUMMER IN WOODLAND VALLEY 



An autumn haze 

These nieiiov/ da)s 
Comes creeping over Woodland Valley; 

Cutlines grovs- dim 

Of tree and lirnb 
Dovvn niountr-.in sides continually. 

O'er hill and plain 

A golden rain 
Falls ever vvht.-rc the sunbeams shimmer; 

"\Miile lights and shades 

r\:oLlle the glades, 
IVlicre sofily mnrmuiing fountains glimmer. 

In myriad dyes, 

Before our eyes, 
New festal robes the trees are showing; 

With distant knolls 

Cerulean stoles 
Pvound rough and rugged shoulders throving. 

Ripe is the year]: 
Soon v/ill tlie sere 
And yellow leaf fall as a curtain : 
To-day the glow 

Of colors show 
Hon' rich iis fullness, and hov-' certain. 

351 






ANHlSrORIC^'-&GENEnLGGIC^LMACAZIN. 



PubliihcJ \Monihlv, at 143 Green 
Street, Kin gf ion, N, V., hv 
BENJAMIN MYER BRINK, 



T e r VIS : — Tvjo dollars a year in Advance. S i ngU 
Copies, iweiity.jxve cents. 

En'.ii id cs scco-id c'.ass v.aiier at tkf fr.si Oj''iC.'. ai Kir.giior-., N. Y. 



Attention is called to an error upon page 2B9 
v.-hcre the date of the treaty made "under the blue sk}' 
of iieaven " is p^iven as ** i5lh of July, 1663 " ; vs-hen it 
should have been 15th of July, 1660, Olde Ulster 
tries to be accurate in dates. 

--IS®— • 

As RECENTLY ANNOUNCED we are very desirous of 
securing for p^ cscvvation beiorc it is too Ia;.e all that 
remains of whatever was brought to Old Ulster in the 
shape of literature (especially songs) from Holland, 
France or the Palatinate. There must be remnants of 
old French or German songs as well as of the Dutch. 



Articles upon lineages of many families in 
Old Ulster are in preparation and in tlie future it is 
hoped to run at least a part of one in each monthly 
isr.ue. As tliese require much time and care in the 
preparation it v.as impossible to publish family lines 
more frequently in earlier iiumbers, 
352 



4 % I 



^n^ 



W 1 |»H 

^ i 1_-^ i \. 



-"- ^. 












^y. 



-»^ ..^ s^ -\^ 



,.^^ 



1 r^ O 









P u b 1 1 J k i d by > Ji t Editor. 3 £ ^ij a'^-i tn M y t r B r i y. k . 



LSTER County 

S.-I VIA^GS Insiitntioii 



No. j;8 Wail Street 
Kingston, Nevv" York 



Depofits. $3,000,000.00 



IZ I N G S T O N 

SAVINGS BANK 



No. 273 Wall Stkeet 
Klxg.stox. New York 



OFFICERS: 

James A. Betts. Prcs Chas. Burhaxs, Trcas 

]\IvRON Teller.! ..-■ „. Frank Johnston. /Jr7 
John E. Kraet, ( ''^■^'''^ j. j. Linson, Conusd 



'^WM DR. C. O. SAHLER SANITARILRM 

KING SI OX. N. y. 

/^\<>r)tal evod Nervous^ Di^-ee^s^s 



CONTENTS 



Vol. I DECEMBER. 1905 No. 12 

Page 

Captain Cregier's Active Operations 353 

Journal of Hcnr)' Pawling 361 

The Statue of Patriotism 367 

A Library at the Esopus in 1665 368 

A Matter of Dates 370 

Currency at the Esopus (1652) 372 

Lineage of the Pawling Family 373 

Lineage of the De Witt P>.mily 380 

Sunrise from the Catskill Mountain House 383 

Editorial Notes . 384 

p O R S Y T H & D A \M S 

BOOKSELLERS & 
S TA TIONERS 

307 WALL STREET, KINGSTON, .V. V. 



J|E have a few copies of the "% % % ^^ 

Dirlch CImrcli Records 

that wc offer at a very low price. These books 
are invaluable in tracing the history of Ulster County 
families and are becoming scarce. 



-^■^"^ Souvenir P'osteJ Cards ^^^ 

showing local scenes, including the Revolutionary 
Buildinfrs. 



C? ) I 



OLDE VLSTER 



No. 13 



c 



aptain 



r. 



repier s 



Active Operations 



"'^^gAPTAIN CREGIER had arrived at Wild- 
I wyck with his force on the 4th of July, 1663, 
^Esssssl and on the 6th had brought his force and 
A, !■? supplies from the Strand up to the villa-^e. 
Sf^"*"!^! On the 7th the two Indians arrived with a 
h.^ I deer and some fish. They v.-ere detained 
•^ / t| but proved to be Wappingers from the east 
§ ^ % side of the Hudson. The next dav v/as 
Sunday. After church service five savages 
appeared to ask tlie reason of the detention of their 
brethren. The)' were told tliat circumstances required 
that Indians be kept away. If they came near they 
should come with a v/hite flag. They replied : " It is 
well: adieu," and went their way. The two of the 
previous day were still detained and after the afternoon 
service the older one was questioned if he v/ould not 
guide some troops to where the captive won'icn and 
children were. Cregicr had been informed" that there 
v/as an Indian village two miles av/ay and proposed to 
3S3 



O I d c U I si cr 

visit it ^vith fifty men. The Wappinger advised against 
it and said that he had seen eight men, nine women 
and eleven children on the east side of tlie Hudson 
near ]\Iagdalen Island, just south of what is now Tivoli. 
On Monday a force was sent under Sergeant Niessen 
to this place. It returned on Thursday, the I2th, hav- 
ing found the band numbering twenty-eight, besides 
the squav/s and children. They brought back as cap- 
tives one squa^v ar.d three cliildren, and five armed 
Indians and one squaw were killed. But they obtained 
no captive whites. One of the soldiers v/as slain. 

The next day the squaw v/as examined. She said 
there v.-ere some Katskill Indians encamped at Sauger- 
ties, but the}' v/ould not fight the Dutch. From this 
captive squaw Cregier secured the information of the 
Indian fort at Shawangunk from which the rescue was 
made in September. But Iter information was too 
vague to definitely locate the site. ]-Ier description 
was very clear as to its construction, ard exact regard- 
ing the surroundings. She said : 

"The foit is defended b}' tliree rows of palisades, and 
tlie houses in tlie fori encircled ]•)' thick ch'ft palisades ^vith 
port holes in them, and covered witli bark of trees; the fort 
is square, but tlic angles are constructed bet\\ecn the first and 
second rows of palisades, and the third xow of palisades stands 
full eight feet oiTfrom the others tov, ards the interior, bctv/een 
the two first rov.-s of palisades an.d the houses; and the fort 
stands on the brow of the hill and all around is table land." 

The esca]:)e of i\Irs. van Imbroch. was described and 
her confirmation of this description by tlie squaw is 
given on page 325 of Olde ULSTf:R. She added that 



Captain Cregitrs Active Optratio'is 



the Indians had built on tliat spot as they could secure 
water there. 

Day after day parties were sent out scouting or to 
obtain tidings of the women and children and usually 
returned weary and disheartened. Occasionally a 
few captives v/cre rescued which had been held by 
savages who were not with the main body, It became 
more and more patent that the Dutch must call upon 
their good friends, the Iroquois, for assistance. The 
five Mohawks mentioned on page 325 promised their 
help and faithfully redeemed the obligation. 

A council of war was held on July 24th to which 
came the five IMohawks and Jan Davets, just returned 
from the Indian fort at Shawangunk. They said the 
Indians would not exchange any more captives unless 
peace were made. And they brought the sad tidings 
that the savages had but four of their captives at the 
fort, and had scattered the rest far and wide to prevent 
a rescue. During the afternoon of the 25th came infor- 
mation that the women an.d children were at " the old 
fort" up the valley of the Rondout. 

Cregier v/as a man of action. On the afternoon of 
July 26th, taking as a guide one of the rescued women, 
the energetic captain set out; He says he took of his 
company 

''A detachment of 91 nien; of Lieutenant Sti]\vir3,"30 
men; Lieutenant Cou\venhoven's,i_i [Long Island] Indians; 
volunteers from the Manhattans, 6 ; volunteers from the 
Esopus, 35 men, of whom 11 were horsemen, and 7 of the 
Hon-'}" Company's negroes v/ith two pieces of cannon and 
two wagons, the whole party provided each with one pound 
of powder and a pound of ball, 2 lbs. of hard bread and ^ a 
35S 



Idc U. 

soft loaf, v/ith c: lbs. of pork and J< a Dutch cheese; left in 
garrison at V,'jld\v)-ck 36 soldiers and 25 freemen. Marched 
out about 4. o'clock in the alternoon, and came in the even- 
ing about two great miles [six Ihiglish] from Wildwyck, where 
we remained until the moon arose. We then started anew, 
but could not marcli )nore tVian a long half hour on account 
of the cannons and wagons, which we coidd not get through 
the woods at night. AVe theri bivouaced until morning at 
daybreak. 

" 2 7tli ditto :— -AVe got on the right road when day dawn- 
ed and continued our march. On our v/ay v/e passed over 
mucli stoney land and hills, and had to tarry at the swampy, 
long, broken and even frequeiit kills v/here we hahed and 
must cut dovrn t'-ees to make bridges to pass over ; and divers 
mountains were so steep that v/e were obliged to haul the 
wagons and cannon up and dov.-n with ropes. Thus our 
progress was slow. AA'hen about tv.-o miles from the Indian 
fort sent forv.-ard Captain Lieutenant Couwenhoven, Lieutei> 
ant Stilwil and Ensign Christaen Xiessen with one liundred 
and sixteen men to surprise it. I follov.-ed meanwhile with 
the remainder of the force, tlie guns and the wagons, but on 
coming v.-ithin a short rnile of the fort found tl:e way so 
impassable tliat I v,as under the necessity of leaving the 
cannon, as I could get it no farther. 1 left foity men there 
and gave them orders to fortify themseh.es and set palisades 
around, which tliey did. and I follovved the pieceding troop 
with the remainder towards tlie Indian fort. On arriving 
there found our people in possession of it, as it liad been 
abandoned by tlie Indians two days before. Our Indians had 
caught a squaw in the cornncld whitlrer siie was commg to 
cut maize. 2sow the evening falling, for it was about six 
o'clock v.'hen we came to tl-ie fort, we ]):)ssed the nigiit there, 
having found tliree horses at tb.cir fort. '■•' * =:'■ No sav- 
ages could be caught, as tlicy \vere every\\liere fully informed 
of us. •■■ '•' ^- I convened the Council of AYar. '<• * =;•' 

356 



Citptain Crcgicy' s Aciii'C Operations 

It was unanimously resolved to cut dov.n their corn and burn 
it, together v.ith hist year's maize, which they still had in pits, 
in great abundance in their cornilelds and around their fort. 
AVhere\ipon I went out of their fort with fifty men to a dis- 
tance of full hnif a mile ; there cut down several plantations 
of maize; threv,- into the fire divers pits full of maize and 
beans, returned to the fort at sundown and saw that divers 
Indians and horsemen found some pits with plunder in the 
vicinity of the fort, v>-hirb they brought in. -^'^ -^ "•= 

'' 29th ditto : — Four parties v/ent out again to cut dcv,Ti 
the corn and to burn the old mr.i.^e. '•- * '-^ 

"30th ditto: — We in two large parties, each of eighty 
men, cut do'wn all tlie corn, and burnt tlie old maize which 
remained in the pits. Returned to the fort all together in 
the evening, and niade preparation:^ to set out in the morn- 
ing, ^[enuwhile the Indians, v,ho the day before liad called 
out that they would come and fight us, did not make their 
appearance. We cut down nearly one hundred morgens [215 
acres] of maize and burned above one hundred pits full of 
corn and beans. 

''31st ditto : — In the morning at the dav.ui of day set fire 
to the fort and all the houses, and v/hile tliey were in full 
blaze marched out in good order. ^' '^ ^-^ Arrived safely 
at our fort [Wildwyck] about nine o'clock in the evening v/ith 
our cannon and wagons. Remarked scarcely anj-thing on th.e 
way. The road or course from Wildv,-yck to the fort of the 
Esopus Indians hes mostly Southwest, about ten [Dutch] 
miles from our fori." 

Various spots have been mentioned as the site of 
this fortress of the Esopus India'.^s. Dr. Charles Scott, 
nearly fift}- years ago. v.-ith careful study of the whole 
question after carefully examining the topography of 
the Wallkilland Rondout Valleys located the fort near 
the line bctv;ccn Rochester at-.d Wav.arsing. Pie read 



O I d t I ■ / s t c r 

a paper on t]:ie subject before the Ulster Historical 
Society from which this description is taken : 

" Erodhead in his History of New York assumes that the 
fort, or 'old fort,' v,-as in tiie present town of Shawangiink, 
and that the new or second fort, vras in the to^vn of Mamak- 
ating, near Bloomingburgh. He would place tliem both, 
therefore, on the east side of the Shawangunk mountains. 
O'Callaghan seems to be of the same opinion, both of these 
distinguished antiquarians have been misled by tl-e want of a 
local knowledge of the country, and by a too nice calculation 
of the distances mentioned by Kregier. It may not be 
presumptuous, periiaps, to si\y tliat the exact spots where 
these transactions occurred '.nay yet, after the lapse of so 
many years, be pointed out for the benefit of the future 
historian. 

"The fort destioyed on the 31st of July was on the south 
side of the Kerj:onkson, near t'le line between Rochester and 
Wawarsing, and just north of what is called Shurker Hill. By 
the present roads the spot is tv,-enty-tv,-o or twenty-three miles 
from Kingston, tv,-o miles from Pine Lush, and about the same 
distance from iNJiddleport. From the mouth of t'le stream to 
Shurker Hill is ne:iriy tv.-o miles, and from thence to the head 
fountain less than one mile. The 'fine lowlands of the Ron- 
dout and of the Mombaccus spread forth many an inviting 
acre for the cultivation of the maize. 

"The nature of the ground made the ph^ce a strong 
defensive position for the S3N'age occupan.ts, and any one 
standing below in the valley- can easily compveiiend why 
Kregier shoulJ be compellec to leave his cannons and his 
wagoris Wi-;ere he did. 

"An Indian trail led up from the mouth of the Kerhonk- 
son to the village and thence, turning to the south, passed 
over the hills to Lackawack and continued to the upper 
waters of the Delaware. On either hand an Indian dance- 
chamber snread the floor wliich Nature furni:::-.cd, and the 



Captain Cregicr's Active Operations 

aged men ofWawarsing tan yet point out tlie spots where the 
chieftain sat plumed and painted on the rocks, and v/here the 
yelhi;!g vrarriors of the tribe Kiniekoyed beneath the azure 
vault of heaven. 

"The locality is suited in all respects to the descriptions 
of Captain Kregier. The direction, the route, the situation, 
the distance and the surroundings are precisely as related by 
him in his journal excepting that he marched by an untried 
pathj and tlirough unknown foresis vvhile the present wayfarer 
travels a country improved by the happy appliances of civil- 
ized life. To us the hihs cannot be quite so steep, nor the 
streams be quite so frequent and difncult of passage as to him 
with his cumbersome equipage. And more especially would 
the twenty-two miles which the modern stage coach measures 
from Kingston seem to him on his anxious march as long as 
a half score more. The soldiers that could tramp in a day 
from \Viliv.-}'ck to Kerhonkson through the woods and over 
an Indian trail, and besides that, could drag cannon, and cut 
trees, and build bridges most certainly did the work of a day 
without sending them to Leurenkill to suit a modern measure- 
ment. The journal before us then sends the inquirer to the 
vicinity of Sharker's Hill. 

"Tradition has preserved us no memorial of Kregier's 
expedition along the Rondout, but it has fortuitously noted 
the Kerhonkson as one of the main centies of the red m.en's 
power. The old inen have spoken to the writer on the sub- 
ject with definiteness, and one of them indicated the spot 
where, in his younger days, he liad piclied up the relics of 
Indian occupalion in profusion, and where his grandfather 
told him a fort had existed. Tliis is the spot selected above 
as the locality of the captured Esopus village. 

"The mother-in-law of Isaac AUiger, of Middleport, often 
mentioned in her lifetime as a fact coming from her ancestors 
that before the white men came the savages had two fortified 
encampments — the one on the Kerhonkson, and the other 
twelve miles distant on the opposite side of the Shawanguak 
359 



O I d £ Ulster 

mountains. Other traditions of the same kind rnay exist, but 
tlie)- can only he kno^vn to those vrho have long resided in 
Rochester or V\'awarsing. 

"A more conclusive evidence in favor oi the locality 
named is found in Governor Nicoll's treaty with the Esopus 
Indians in October, 1G65. In :^Iay. 1664, they had agreed 
^vith Governor Stuyvesant to give up the conquered lands. 
In fulfilling this agreement they ceded to Nicoll's the tract 
south and sor.thv.est of the Kcrhonkson to the verge of the 
bills which separates it from the Lackawack. The text of the 
treaty mentions that 'old fort' situated at or near the head 
of the stream. AVhat old fort? A valued member of this 
society says : = That which was destroyed on the 30th ot 
May, '1G60. by Ensign Smit during the First Esopus War.' 
But what evidence is""there that Smit, at the time in question, 
found more than a ten^.porary encampment, or that he came 
higher up on the Rondout than to the borders of Rochester? 
No, this old fort can be no other than the pahsaded strong- 
hold which Kregier captured on the 27th of July, as distin- 
guishedfrom that ' New Fort' where the battle of September, 
5th was fought, and where the Dutch captives were recovered 
to their homes." 

Foot sore, v;eary and sad the expedition retttrned. 
Another month of rumors, scouting and fruitlesfi 
negotiation passed. Towards the close of August 
Lieutenant Couv/enhoven returned from the Wappin- 
gers and reached Wiltv.yck on the 30th. He brought 
v.-itli him a Wappinger sachem v.-ho had just come from 
the " new fort " as the stronghold of the Esopus sav- 
afles at Shav/angunk was called, v.ith the intelligence 
that they were strengthening the defenses and the cap- 
tives were, probably, there. Cregier decided to march 
the next day. 

The morrow was rainy. So v;as the next and th.e 
360 



JcuTKal of Henry Paiviiug 

days following and not until the tliird of September 
could the expedition set out. The streams were over- 
flownig their banks, the fords too deep to wade and the 
march v;as halted and a party sent back for axes and 
ropes tiiat rafts might be made to cross the swollen 
torrents. At last, at two o'clock of the afternoon of 
the 4th of September, 1663, did Cregier get his forces 
across the Rondout in the vicinity of Rosendale and 
the march actually begin. The rescue of the women 
and children from their tliree months among savages 
was at hand. 



JOURNAL OF HENRY PAWLING 



The loth they opened the hatchway and pitched 
dov.'n boiling hot chunks of pork amongst us : some 
catched in their hats, some in their fists, some fell on 
our heads and some under foot among the filth, they 
had been so kind as to take away every knife and 
razor — (NOTE: Here a part of the manuscript is lost. 
S. D. W.) — storm and had forfeited our lives accord- 
ing to the lav/s of the nation. The number of the 
officers confined in the room with me was 12 as 
follov;s : 

Col. William Ellison, Lieut. Cols. Livingston, Bruyn, 
McClaughrey, Majors Logan and Lush, Capt. Godwin, 
Capt. Swartwout, Lieut. Fenno, Lt. Pou^elson, (myself), 
Ensign Swartwout, A. D. O. M. to Gen'l Glover. The 
room opposite, r.Iaj. DuBois, Capt. Humphrey, Capt. 
Gilleland. Lieuts. Jackson, Forman, Dodge, Halstead, 
361 



O i d c Ulster 

I\Iotl and Thurston, Ensigns Lcggett, LlcCIaugrc}-, Q. 
M. Carpenter 

The 13th Widow Smith living near St. Paul's 
Church, tliat heavenly and cliaritable woman, sent a fine 
breakfast to both rooms of the officers taken at the 
Forts Clinton and I\lontgomery. 

The 14th and 15th nothing material occurred. 

The 17th Lewis Pi-itard, agent for the American 
prisoners, brouglit to each of us a blanket and shirt. 
Two prisoners v/ere brought to tliis city, taken by the 
British troops, one v/as I\Ir, Anthony v/lio formerly lived 
in this cit}'. the other v\'as — Oakley ; botli v.-cre put 
in the dungeon. They informed some of the officers 
of our corps that I\Iaj. Daniel Hamrnell came dov/n in 
the same vessel witli tliem as far as Fort Constitution, 
a rascal w'c sometime before suspected as a traitor. 

The 1 8th. This day v;e received some hope that 
we shall be enlarged, that our confinement is entirely 
owing to the slow match being found in the room in 
which we were confined, a fact which, however true, \cc 
utterl)' deny having a hand in and are ready and willing 
to clear up by oath or any other way in our power. 
This day received a backgammon board and other 
pieces of amusement; spent the time agreeably as 
could be expected. 

Sunda)', 19th. Passed the time agreeably, pax'ing 
due respect to the day. 

Monda}-, 20tk-. Nothing material happened, only 
felt rough and by examining found my body covered 
with measles; unexpected, having no sickness worse 
than a bad cold. 

Oct. 2i3t, 1777. This morning received the agree- 
362 



Journal of Iloiiry Faivling 



able inloHi^cnce from Mr. L 1 of the capture of 

General Burgoyne and total defeat of liis army. Reviv- 
ing news, indeed ; great rejoicing in the prison. 

Oct. 23rd. Being informed by good authority that 
a grand council Vv-as held by the British ofncers in the 
city concerning the prisoners that vv^ere taken at the 
Forts Clinton and Montgomery. 

Oct. 24th. Got some firewood which rendered our 
situation far more comfortable. 

Oct. 25th. Received some hopes of being paroled. 

Oct. 27th. This day the weather is very storm}-' ; 
notln'n.g material occurred. 

Oct. 28th. All the officers taken at Forts Clinton 
and ?,Iontgomcry signed a certificate that we knew 
nothing of any slow match or candle left burning in 
the room in which we v.-ere confined at Fort Ivlontgom- 
ery. I\ir. Winslow., Deputy Commissary of prisoners, 
tells us, as v/e have signed a certificate, that we know 
nothing of any slow m.atch or candle being left in the 
room at Fort Montgomery we should have the privJ- 
lege of our paroles on condition that we pay two 
dollars per week each for our board, to be paid weekly 
v/hich Vv-e unanimously agreed to do, though not capa- 
ble of raising one farthing but feeling confident that the 
cause in which Vi-e fouglit v/as just and the God whom 
we adore througli his providence would support us, 

Oct. 29th. Weather very stormy, nothing material 
occurred, 

Oct. 30th. Fine v/eather, but could obtain no 
parole, tlie reason assigned, that we could not be 
admitted on parole unless we gave security for our 
board. 



O I d e U I s i e r 



Oct. 3rst. This day Commissary Lorin came to us 
and offered us our parole, and we engaged to pay our 
board ; in the afternoon signed our parole. 
1777. A true copy of the Parole signed : 
'■'■ We vvhosc names are liereunder written do pledge 
our faith and honor to His Excellency Sir William 
Howe that we v.-ill not depart from the house we are 
placed in by the Commissary of prisoners or go beyond 
the bounds prescribed by him, and further that we will 
not do nor say anything contrary to the interests of his 
Llajesty or his Government. Dated New York, Oct. 

Nov. 1st, 1777. We were taken out of the Prove 
guard and sent Utpon Long Island to the town of Bed- 
ford. Capt. Godwin and myself got a billet from Lef- 
fert Leflerts, Esq., upon Miss Van De Waters in Bed- 
ford to furnish us with quarters until further orders, 
which she utterly refused to comply with and said we 
should have nothing to eat in her house, neitiier would 
she suffer us to lie down on her floor. We then return- 
ed to the Justice delivering to him her message ; he 
ordered us to said house again, but v/e refused to go; 
told him we would rather go to the Provo guard than 
pay Miss Van De Waters §2.00 per week for our board. 
Pie then gave us a billet upon Mr. Cornelius Duryea, 
Cripple Bush, where we immicdiately went and were 
taken in. 

Nov. 2nd. Remained at our quarters until after- 
noon, then took a v/alk to Bedford, sav/ rnan}'' of our 
brother officers, drank some punch together and return- 
ed, spent the day very agreeably, likewise heard the 
agreeable ncv*'s from the Southward that the brave Gen- 
364 



era! Washington liad token 1.5CO Hessians and 300 
British ti'oops near Red K;ink, also blown up 64 gun- 
ships and on.e of a smaller size. 

Nov. 3rd. The officers from Bedford went to Flat- 
busli lines where we mrt with a number of officers 
from Flatbusli. being in the same predicament with 
ourselves. 

Nov. 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and Sth. Nothing m.aterial 
happened, parsed the time agreeably. 

Nov. 9th. The inhabitants on York I.^Iand and 
Long Island were advised to go to work in cutting 
fascines and repairing the old forts; orders were given 
to turn out e\-er}' fifth da\-. In the nigh.t about ii 
o'clock cxpresfcs were sent to each captain of niilitia 
to muster his company immediately and march with 
two days' pro\'isions to oppose the Rebels, that they 
were landed on Long Island wliich gave a company of 
Yankee volunteers (Tor\-'s) tiie fright; they fied from 
Flushing to ]3edford in the r:iglit uvell miglit we sa}' 
the wicked fieeth when no o!ic pursueth.) 

Nov. loth and iith. Nothing material occurred. 

Nov. I2th. Being informed that General Howe had 
sent to New York for all the troops tliat could be 
mustered we heard thc\' examined the hospitals and 
took out cvei\- ]nan that was able to carry a gun and 
embarl:ed their; o\\ board sliip for Philadelphia to Gen- 
eral Howe's a.:5Sistancc. 

Nov. 13th ana 14th. Nothing material occurred. 

To be continued 



3^^5 



( ^i 
) 



I 



'•4 

f I 



\ 



J 






Couik^y'-k'in-^l.^n f..-aJ, 



PairioHs) 
'J A 



Statue of Patriotism 



THE STAJUE OF PATRIOTISM 



There are a number of monuments v/ithin the 
bounds of the original county of Ulster dedicated to 
the soldiers and sailors from this historic region who 
fought in the War for the Union. But at the corner 
of i^.Iain and Fair streets in the City of Kingston is one 
erected that has not its like, it is a monument reared 
by the commander of a regiment to commemorate the 
valor of the men who composed it. It was dedicated 
on Saturday, October 17th, 1S96, and Vv-as erected to 
the One Hundred and Twentieth Regiment of New 
York Volunteers by its commander, Colonel, but then 
General, George H. Sharpe. This regiment went out 
one thousand strong, received during its time of service- 
one thousand more to its ranks, and yet when it was 
mustered out upon Academy Green in this city on the 
9th of June, 1865, but three hundred and fiftV voices 
answered the roll call. The monument bears a tablet 
upon its granite base on which is inscribed 

"TO THE UNDYING RENOWN 

OF THE rvAN};_ and file 

OF THE 

ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTIETH 

INFANIRY 

NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS 

ONE OF 

THREE HUNDRED FIGHTING REGIMENTS 

IN THE 

WAR FOR THE UNION." 

On a corresponding tablet on the rear of the base is 



O I d c U t s i c r 



a list of the battles in which the regiment participated. 
While it is a monument to this regiment it is regarded 
as a testimonial to the valor and sacrifice of all the 
sons of Old Ulster in the army and navy in that 
mighty struggle. 

Olde Ulster presents a picture of this unique 
statue. The female figure, of heroic size, represents 
patriotism, and the figure is often called "The Daugh- 
ter of the Regiment." 



A LIBRARY AT THE ESOPUS /.V i66s 

The first physician and surgeon to establish himself 
at the Esopus was Dr. Gysbert van Imbroch. The 
early records are full of him as a physician not only, 
but he was very prominent in civil affairs. His wife 
was Rachel, the daughter of William de la ^lontagne, 
the Vice Director of Nev; Amsterdam. The October 
and November numbers of Olde Ulster described 
her captivity at the time of the burning of Wiltwyck 
in 1663, and her escape. In October, 1664, sl^.e died 
and the death of the doctor, her husband, succeeded 
on the 29th of August, 1665. They left three minor 
children— a daughter namicd Lysbet, aged six, a son 
Johannes aged four and a son named Gysbert about 
one year old. Guardians were appointed and an inven- 
tory of the personal estate of the physician filed with 
the Schout's Court i= of considerable interest as it dis- 
closes what books were to be found in a library in Old 
Ulster at that early day, both professional and in gen- 
eral literature. 

36S • . 



A Library at iJic Escpus in i66j 

Tile inventory enumerates the following Folios: A 
IDutch Bible; Histor}', b}' En"ianuel van Meteren; 
Titus Livius, in Dutch; I\Iedicine book of Christopher 
Wirtungh ; T^Iedicine book af Ambrocius Paree ; Med- 
icine book of Johannes de Viga ; Book on the mixing 
oflandwine; y'V Vessaiy & Valuerda Anatomy ; Fred- 
erick Henry of Nassau, his Life and Work; — The 
Quartos: Johan Sarcliarsoji, General Exhibit of Holy 
Writ ; Bacchu.:. Wonderworks ; Bernhard van Zutphen, 
Practice ; Sebastiaen P^'rank's World I\Iirror ; Rccueil of 
Amsterdam ; A German v/ork on Tvledicine and Prod- 
ucts of Art; A v,-ritten medicine book ; Anotlier writ- 
ten medicine book; A German IManual of the Catholic 
Faith ; Another v.-rittcn medicine book ; Redress of 
the Nobilit)' of Holland, by JoJian Genl. ; Two books 
on the Perfection and Perspicuity of 'die Word of God, 
by Albert Hutteman ; — The Octavos : A French Cate- 
chism ; Bee-hive, by Aldegonde , Arithmetic, by Jan 
Belot Dieppois; Ciironicles of the Lives and Works of 
the Kings of En.gknd; Ivledical Remarks, by iCicolaes 
Tulp ; Germ.an luedical I\Ianual, by Q. Apcllinare; 
d'Argenis, by J. Bsrcklaj : Confession of the Faith, by 
P. Paulus van Vei.etien; Treatise or. the Fsith, by 
Henry Haxrnan ; Exaniination of Surgery, by Mr. 
Cornells Herbs ; A written mcdiciiie and student book ; 
German Song Bool ; Book on surgery v/ithout a title; 
Arithmetic, by Sybrand Hansen, Cardinal ; — The 
Duodecimos; Cha -acteristics of tlie Children of God, 
by Jan Taffin ; The Golden Harp; Royal F^.oad to 
Heaven ; Two tracts by PetruG IMoling ; — 16 Mos : I\Iedi- 
tations on the 51st Psalm; Tv/elve "Attentions" (or 
"Devotions"), by Philip Regel, in German ; also One 
369 



Oldc Ulster 



Everlasting- Almanac; and the follo-\ving school books 
in quarto : S3 written and printed liistories of Tobias ; 
S histories of David ; 3 last-wills; 7 Hours of Death ; 
17 Exquisite Proofs of I\Ian's Alisery; 3 General 
Epistles: — School books in octavo; 100 catechisms; 
23 Histories of Joseph ; 102 ABC books ; 27 Arts of 
Letters; 19 large Succinct Ideas; 9 Steps of Youth ; 
13 Exquisite Proofs of Human Miser}/; 8 books of 
the Gospels and the Epistles ; 48 Succinct Ideas, by 
Jacobus Boistius ; i Sliort Way, by Megapolensis. 

An auction was had of his personal effects and the 
school books v.-ere bought by Henry Palingh (Pawling) ; 
while there was a very general bidding upon those of 
a general and a religioi's nature. It raises a question 
as to the number ar.d character of the books among 
the first settlers in Ulster county. 

A MATTER OF DATES 



Two of Olde Ulster's subscribers have asked the 
assistance of the magazine in a matter of dates. There 
are to be found in the records of the cffiCe of the 
county clerk many dates in old documents of v/hich 
the following is a sample : " Given under my hand and 
seal this j'^t^ day of February, i/sf." Why are these 
fractional dates in both the month and the year? 

The two fractions refer to two methods of reckon- 
ing time as to the day of the month and to two as to 
the beginning of the year. We will consider the first. 
The Julian calendar was in universal use in Europe 
until 1582. 'ihis made the year three hundred and 
370 



D. 



sixtN'-hve da\'s ;iiul six: hi.vars. ]^at astnmomers and 
mathcrnatici.uis weie pointing out that this made each 
year eleven minutes and eleven secofids too long and 
that ten da\'s liad been lost alread)' by such reckon- 
ing. Theri Poj>e Greg"i.)r\- XIII. determined to correct 
it and ordered that the ten da>-s frr.in October 5th, 
15S2, be drop[)ed and the 5th should be reck-oned the 
15th. The new calendar was called "The Gregorian 
Calendar," and tlie neu' mode was called " The New 
St)-Ie," and ihe old " Tlie Old. StN'ie." The}- weie 
designated by the letters O. S. and N. S, A\diere both 
methods uf \s riting the date were used tiie old wa.s 
made the numerator of a fraction and the new the 
denominator. This is tlie meaning of the fraction y',j 
in the cjucstion. The charige b\- the p'.pe was accpii- 
esced in imniediateh' in Ita!\', France. Holland, Portu- 
gal and Spain. In 15JS4 most of German}' did so, and 
Switzerland. In 1700 the rest of German}' adopted. 
But Great Britain an.d Irelap.d did not agree until 1752. 
Thus Ul.-^ter count}', which tool-: its methods from 
the Dutch, and was under English rule, was coiiipelled 
to use the two dates, l^^}- 1752, when it was changed 
in England, the Julian calendar v.-as twelve da}-s behind. 
Russia clings to the Julian calendar and is r.ow thirteen 
days behind the rest of the cisu'lized world. The lule 
by which future los.ses of tinie are preveiUcd is that 
the k;st }-ear of a centur\' as 1600, 1700, iSco. 1900 and 
2,cao is not a lea^) }'ear unless divisible b}' 4CO. This 
was the reason wh}- the three hundred and sixt}'-si.\tl! 
da}- was omitted from each of the closing bi.-isexti'e 
years of the past three centuries. 



The second fraction refers to an entirely dilTerent 
matter. Who vras to decide when the dilTerent years 
were to bei;in ? ICveii when the popes reigned in undis- 
puted supreiUciC)' the\- did not agree with each other 
nor even with themselves. Pius II. sometimes began 
the new }-ear willi December 25th; sometimes with 
Januar)' i.-t and sometimes with March 25th. Some 
popes began the )-car with the date of their election ; 
some with the date of their coronation. Different 
countries began tlie \-ears with the day on which the 
tlien king began to reign. But b)' the time the old 
records of this county begin custom had settled down 
to two dates. One of tliese was that of the beginning 
of tlie ci\-il )-ear on Januar)- 1st and the otlier was the 
commencement of the ecclesiastical year at tiie vernal 
equinox, or the 25th of ^tlarcli. The same act in Great 
Britain that established the Gregorian calendar in 1752 
fixed the date of the )-ear as January 1st. Before this 
the year had begui^ on March 25th. Here again 
Holland custon-is had clashed in Ulster coun.t\- where 
the }'ear began witli January as in Holland. So tliat 
in the example gi\-en at the btr^^inning of tliis article 
the nuTiierator refers to trie old ecclesiastical reckoning 
and the denominator to tlic civil. If the former be 
used the )-ear was 1734. If tiie latter the year was 
1735. Fractions m the \-ear were not used after the 
25th of Marcii as there could be no question of tlie 
)'ear after the civil and ecclesiastical years had both 

begun. 

— ^<^- — 

The Currenxv at the Esorus was se-i^an or 
wavipuvi iclam shell beads). Tlie standard was the 
value of beaver skiriS. 

372 



of the Pa:vlu:g Faniily 

LINEAGE OF THE PAWLIXG FAMILY 
Contiuued fro-)i page j^i 



(VII) Anne Pav;ling mnrried January iS, 1708, 
TjERCK De Witt, sou of Andries De Witt and Jan- 
netje Egbertsen. Tb.ey spent the greater part, if not 
all, of their lives in Kingston, N. Y. Anne died about 
1738, and lir.i niany descendants scattered throughout 
the countr)', many of v/honi are men of large attain- 
ments and prominent iri the social, professional, educa- 
tional and business world. Children : 

(26) Andries: Baptized I\Iay 7, 1710; died in infancy. 

(27) Nceltje: Baptized April 22, 1711; married ist, 

September 5, 1734, Wesscl Jacobse TenBroeck, 
and 2d, Samuel Stout. 

(28) Henry: Baptized January 24, 1714; married 

November 10, 173S, Maria TenBroeck, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Tcr.Eroeck and Elizabeth Wyn- 
koop. Henr}' v/as a mercliant in Kingston and 
for some years lield the offices of tov/n clerk 
and county treasurer. 

(29) Jolu'innes: Baptized August 8, 1717; died unmar- 

ried in Bermuda in 1749. 

(30) Bctrus: Baptized July 15, 1722; married June 8, 

1749, Rachel Radcliffe, daughter of Joachim 
Radclifie and Hilii'cje Hogeboom. Petrus was 
an eminent lawyer in Nev.- York in the early 
part of the eighteenth century. 
373 



(31) Aiidries : Baptized ?,larcli 3, 172S; married 
December .17, 1757, Rachel DuRois, daughter 
of Isaac DuBois and Neeltjc Roosa. 

(VIII.) Henry PAvrLiXG lived in Ulster county, 
v/here he was born, until about 1720 Avhen lie and his 
brother John removed to Pennsylvania. He settled 
in Lower Providence lo\\-nship, then in Pliiladelphia 
county and lived in 1734 on the V\''eLheriil (arm oppo- 
site N'alley Forge, v/liere he ovned fi\'e hundred acres 
of land. This property was then, as it is no\\\ one of 
the finest in Pennsylvania, lying at the junction of tlie 
Schuj-lkill river and the Perldomen creek. Henry 
Pawling v/as a farmer of considerable v/eaiih for the 
times, which is shown by the fact that his widow gave 
bonds for the sum of two thousands pounds in taking 
out administration papers on the estate of her husband, 
and also by a j^erusal of the inventory which is a quaint 
and interesting list of the estate. Among the items 
are eight slaves: Jack". Bess, Gate, Olliver, Jane, Tom, 
Tim and Bet, valued at various sums aggregatin.g tv/o 
hundred and tv.-o pounds. There are also listed eight 
horses, twent)--five head of cattle, tldrty-one sheep and 
fourteen pigs. Henry Pawling vv-as a Vv'arden of St. 
James Perkionien church in 1721. IMany of the Pav.d- 
ing family were prom.inently identified v/ith this church 
and not a fev/ served as v/ardens and vestrymen. Local 
histories state that " the Pav.ding family was a large 
and influential one and honorably identified with the 
affairs of Pennsylvarda." 

Henry Pav;ling married in Kingston, N. Y., June 
26, 17 1 3, Jacomvntie KUNSTand died in Lower Provi- 

374 



Luu-agc of tJ:£ Paivling FautHy 

dencc. Pa,, Aur.;iist 50. i7;o, Ke is buried in the grave 
yard of old St. Jnmes Perkiomen church, the grave 
being marked by a small granite stone bearing the 
foliowir'g iiiscriptic n : "In menior}- o[ Henry Pawling 
who died August 30, 1739. Aged 50 years." Child- 
ren : 

(32) Ilcnry: Paptised June 27, 1714; married Eleanor 

Pawling (20) daughter of John Pawling and 
Aagje DdWitt. 

(33) Sara: Baptized July 8, 1716. 

(34) Elizabeth: Baptized March 22, 1719. 

(35) Barney: x^Iarried Elizabeth James, daughter of 

Josiah James, before .1746. He v^'a3 living as 
late as 1792. 

(36) Levi: Married October 12, 1749, in Kingston, 

N. Y., IMagdalena Burhans, daughter of William 

Burhans and Grietjen TenEyck. 
{^7) John: Born December 27, 1732; married in 

Kingston, N. Y., Neeltje VanKeuren, daughter 

of i\Iar)' Pawling and Tliornas ^'anKeurcn. 

First publication of baims IMay 23, 1754. 
(38) Ellinor: Married some time prior to 1746 Jam.es 
i'.l organ. 

(Note. — The names of children of Henry Pawling 
(8) as here given are taken from certain deeds v/hich 
state that he died leaving children as here named. It 
is thought by some descendants of the Pav.ding family 
that Rebecca Pawling who married David Schryver of 
Staatsburgh, was Flenry's daughter also, but as she is 
not mentioned in the deed and judging from other 
data at haiid, it is very probable that she was the 
dauglitcr of Henry's son Barney.) 
375 



01 a c Ulster 

(IX.) Mary Pawling married April ii, 1730, 
Thomas VanKeukkx of Marbletown, N. Y. The 
one child that we know of Keeltje (39), married in 
Kingston, John Pawling (37). First publication of 
banns May 23, 1754. 

Of the children of Henry Pawling (8) and Jacomyn- 
tie who settled in Pennsylvania two, Levi (36) and 
John (37) removed at an early dale to New York state. 

(XXXVI.) Lrvi PaVn'LING settled in I^.Iarblctown, 
Ulster county, presumably on his uncle Albert Pawl- 
ing's estate as he was his uncle's principal heir. He 
achieved distinction in the militia, in his profession and 
in politics in Ulster county. He rose to the rank of 
colonel, Iiaving been commissioned on the .'J^th of 
October, 1775, as colonel of the Third Regiment of 
Ulster Count}' i\Iilitia ; Vv'as the first judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas, and was a delegate from Alarble- 
tov/n to the Provincial Congress held in the City of 
Nev.' York April 20, 1773, to elect delegates to the 
second Continental Congress of tlie Colonies. He v;as 
married October 12, 1749, to 1\Iagdalena Burhans, 
daughter of William Burhans arid Grietjen TenEyck. 
He died about luarch i, 17S2, Children: 

(40) Albert; Baptized April 22, 1750; married 1st, 
April 28, 1782, Grietjen TenEyck, daughter of 
IMattliev.- TenE}-ck and Cornelia Wynkoop. 
He married, 2d, May 3, 18 12, rJrs. Eunice 
Porter Stanton, v,-idov/ of Judge Joshua Stan- 
ton of Burlington, Vt., and daughter of Colonel 
Joshua Porter, r.I.D., of Salisbury, Conn. She 



Liiicagc of tJie Pc:zvliiig Far.ii 



was first married to Joliii Bird, Esquire. Albert 
Pawling acquired no little fame b}' his courage- 
ous conduct on sevei'al memorable fields of 
battle and liis energy and enterprise in business. 
He joined the Revolutionary Army as second 
lieutenant June 1775; in 1776 he received the 
commission of brigade major under GoN'ernor 
George Clinton and afterwards colonel and aide- 
de-camp on the staff of General Washington. 
He took a conspicuous part in the assault on 
Quebec, at th.c taking of St. John's and at the 
battles of White Plains and j'.Ionmouth. He 
v/as the first sheriff of R.ensselaer county and 
one of the founders and first mayor of the city 
of Troy. 

(41) Henry: Born April 22, 1752; married March 12, 

1782, Anna Brown, daughter of Rev. John 
W. Brown of Schenectady, N. Y., and died at 
Hagaman's T\Iills, N. Y., December 29, 1828. 
Later in life he niarried, second, "Mrs. Sila 
Wells, a v/idow. Mis descendants are princi- 
pally settled in Steuben couiit}', N. Y., where 
Henry removed shortly before his death. He 
served in the Revolutionary War, being pro- 
moted to tlie rank of captain. He was cap- 
tured at the fall of Forts Clinton and Mont- 
gomery and confiiicd for months on the prison 
ship " Arclier " and later on the " I\Iyrtle." 

(42) William: Baptized July 3, 1757; died single. 

(43) Levi; Born October 12, 1739; married October 

16, 1787, Jane Wilson, daughter of Alexander 
Wilson and Jane Armour. 
377 



C < d c U I s t c r 



(44) IMargriet : Baptised July i, 1764; married Levi 

Dcyo, son of Peter Deyo and Elizabeth Helm. 

(XXXVII.) John Paavling, son of Henry Pawl- 
ing and J;icomyntie Kunst. settled in Dutchess county, 
N. Y., wlicre he spent the remainder of his life as a 
soldier and a farmer. He served his country with 
fidelity aiid honor in t'ne colonial da)'s and v/as an 
active patriot durii'g tl:e Revolutioriary period. He 
attained the rank of m;>.jor in his military caneer and 
was a man of no little influence in his coir.munit)-, 
numbering among his acquaintances, many of the 
prominent men of tlie times. He lived for m.any j-ears 
in tlie storic house that lie built in 1761 near Rhine- 
beck on the Post road. Tlie estate upon winch this 
house stood (it was burned down a fevv- years since) was 
originally a part of the Pawling Purchase, the patent 
for which was niade out to his paternal grandmother, 
Neeltje Roosa Pawling, in 1696. It is a most ch.arming 
spot commanding a magnificent viev/ of the Hudson 
river. JOHN Pawling married, first, his cousin Xeel- 
TJE VanKeurex, daughter of Thomas VanKeuren and 
Mary Pawling. The first publication of banns v/as on 
Ma}' 23, 1754. He married, second, on April 15, i6;o> 
Marietje YanDeusen, daugliter of Jacob VanDeu- 
sen and Alida Ostrander. Pie died JJecen'iber 30, 1S19, 
at the home of his daugriter Eleanor (v/ife of Peter 
Brown) in Rhinebeck and is buried in the graveyard of 
the old Dutch Reformed church. Children by first 
wife ; 

(45) Henry: Born November 30, 1/55; J'narried Eliza- 

37S 



Li::i'age of tn^ Pazvlii-g- Fii;;:i'y 

beth. -" — -. He v/as an officer in tJie Revolu- 
tionary being a captain of militia. He died in 
Johnstown, N. Y., in iS.'25 and both he and his 
wife are buried in tlie Presb}^terian cemetery 
there. 

(46) Cornelius: Born January 22, 175S ; also served in 

the Revolution. 

(47) John: Born October 2.\, 1760. He, like his two 

brothers, took an active part in the Vvar for 
independence, 
(4S) r^Iary: Baptized November 11, 1764; married 
Kane. 

Children b\' second wife: 

-(49) Levi: Born January 29, 1771 ; married, fust, Ger- 
trude Knickerbocker, daughter of Harman Jan- 
sen Knickerbocker and Susannah Barsoon. He 
married, second, ?.Iay iS, 1S16, Hannah Griffing, 
daughter of Stephen Grifnng and Elizabeth 
Uhl. He lived his entire life at Staatsburgh 
and died tl' ere February 12, 1S5S. 

(50) Eleanor: Born iviarch ii, 1772; married Captain 

Peter Brov/ 1. She lived in Rhinebccl: and died 
there September i", 1862. 

(51) Rachel: Borr. February 13, 1774; married Chris- 

topher Hug hes. She lived in. Staatsburgh and 
died there Noven">ber 22, i;:50. 

(52) Alida: Married Peter Ostrom. 

(53) Catharine; Born TJay 21, 177S ; died young. 

(54) Jesse: Born I.Iarch 2, 1780 ; married October 14, 

1804, Leah Radcliff, daughter of William Rad- 
clifi". 

379 



'Ue Ulster 

(55) JacornyntJe: Born May 25, 17S2 ; married Decem- 

ber 18, 1803, Wait Jaques. 

(56) Elizabeth ; Born August 5, J7S4; married June $, 

1803, William P. Stoutenburgli. She died Sep- 
tember 27, 1872. 

(57) Rebecca: Born April 4, 1785; married Frederick 

Streit Uhl and died June 13, 1832. 

(SS) Jacob; Born I\.Iarch 4, 17S7 ; m.arried February' 27, 
1822, Martha Russell, daughter of Captain Isaac 
Russell and Hannah Fairbanks. He died in 
WaterLown, N. Y., Ma^ch 23, 1877. 

(5,9) Catharine: Born December 28, 17S9; married, 
first, Jacob Conklln and, second, John Coyle, 
widovrer, 

— ^©-- 

LINEAGE OF THE FjE JVITl^ FAMILY 

Continued from page j^p 



(38) Ten Eyck: Born 2'$> March, 1792: died 22 April, 

1883; married, first, 10 r-Iarch, 1814, Catharine 
Newkirk ; married, second, 20 I^Jarch, 1832, Ann 
Crispell. 

(39) Cornelia: ]')Orn i February, 1794; died 5 July, 

18S5; married 2 February, 1S20, John G. Vee- 
der, of Schenectady, 
/40) Alexander: Born 2 December, 1796 ; died 30 May, 
1887; married 26 December, 1820, Maria New- 
kirk, of Hurley. 

-.So 



Lincai^e of the De Witt Family 



(41) }31andina: Born 17 June, iSoo; died 20 October, 

1863; married — February, 1821, Benjamin 
Newkirk, of Hurley. 

(42) Richard Ten Eyck: Born 23 September, 1S02; 

died — — ; married 23 June, 1S64, Eliza C. 
Newkirk, v/Idow of George S. Vv''ood. Their 
son, Charles Richard (43) was born 23 August, 
1865. 
(XXXVII.) Charles Gerrit De Witt married 
Catherine B. Godwin. Children : 

(44) Catharine Waldron: Born at Iloboken, New Jer- 

sey, 4 February, 1812; died in infancy, 

(45) Rachel iVlaria Elizabeth: Born at Hoboken, New 

Jersey 14 January, 181 3 ; died in infancy, 

(46) David Godwin : Born in Washington, D. C, i 

October, 1S15; died I September, 1816. 

(47) David Porter ; Born in Hoboken, Nev/ Jersey, 10 

July, 1817; died 26 Februaiy, 1S89; married, 
first, 29 January, 1843, Catharine /.. Se\-mour 
(born 27 January, 1S20; died 22 i\Iay, 1849), ^f 
Rhinebeck, New York ; married, second, 16 Feb- 
ruary, 1S53, Antoinette King (born 31 Decem- 
ber, 1S29; died 25 JDecember, 18S9), daughter 
of the late Thomas King of I\Iiddletown, Orange 
county, New York. David Porter De Witt was 
graduated from West Point Military Academy 
about the year 1834. Soon after graduating 
he resigned from the army and entered a corps 
of engineers employed in the construction of 
the Erie Railway; in which employment he 
remained from its comm.en.cement at Piermont 
until its completion at Dunkirk in 18^0. He 
381 . • 



O I d e U I s t e r 



then. acceptL'cl the position of Chief Engineer 
in the coiisiruction of a railwaj' from Toron.to 
in Canada to Lake Huron. On the breaking 
out of tile Civil War in iSoi he immediately 
offered his ser\dces to the government and was 
appointed major of the Second MaryL'ind Reg- 
iment. After serving thus he was offered th.e 
comniand of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
Sixthi New York Regiment by citizens of Snlli- 
van county and accepted. He served to the 
close of the war when he was horiorabl}" dis- 
charged for disabilities received in the service 
and resided in rvIiduleto\vji, New Yoik. 

(4S) Anna W'ynkcop : Born at New Paltz, Ulster coun- 
ty, 5 September, 1S19; married 26 April, 1S3S, 
at Kingston to George Wesley Bard (born 2 
March, 1814; died [6 June, 1S65) of Rhinebecl:, 
Dutchess count}% New York. 

(49) Cliarlcs Adolphus: Born in New York City 31 
I\larch, 1S2.?; married i Ser^tember, 1845, by 
the Reverend Charles Smith to Zarada L. :\Iar- 
quet of Rhinebeck, New York (born 16 May, 
1826), daughter of Louis and — ■- — Marqu.et. 
Charles K. De Witt received his education in 
Ceritral America (Guatamala). On his return 
home he entered the corps of engineers employed 
in buildii:g the Erie Railwa}'. He then entered 
the service of a:! express compan}- and became 
General Superintendent of the L'''nited States 
Express Company and held the office uritil 
July, 1S87, when lie was retired on a life salary. 
To be cont'uimd 
382 



tJic Cat:>.cUl jIo:iiitai}i He; 



SUNRISE FROM THE CATSKHX 
MO UNTA LV HO USE 

Friends of my heart, lovers of Nature's works, 
Let me transport }ou to those bhie mountains ^Yild 
That rear tlieir suunnits near the Hudson's wave. 
Though not the lo'tiest that begirt the h^nd, 
They }'ct su'uhrnel)- rise, and on their heights 
Your souls may ha'-e a sweet foretaste of heaven, 
And traA-erse wide the boundless : From this rock, 
The nearest to the sky, let us look out 
Upon the earth, as the first swell of day 
Is bearing back tli-; duskiness of ni_ht. 
But lo ! a sea of m st o'er ail beneath : 
An ocean, shoreles;, motionless, and mute. 
No rolling sv/ell is there, no sounding surf; 
Silent and solemn ill; the stormy n:ain 
To stillness frozen, vdhle the crested Avaves 
Leaped to the whi:l\vind, and the loosened foam 
Flev,- o'er the angr/ deep. 

See ! now ascends 
The Lord of Day, vaking with pearly f n; 
The dormant deptiis. See how b.is glov.-ing breath 
The lising surges 1; indies ; lo ! they hea^•e 
Like golden sands apon Sahara's gales. 
Those airy forms d;s]:)Orting from the mass, 
Like wiuged sliips ;ail o'er the vrondrous plain. 
Beautiful vision ! Now tlie veil is rent, 
And the coy earth her virgin bosom bears, 
Slowly unfolding to the enraptured gaze 
Her thousand chariis. 

From ''The WildF Thomas Cole. 



OLDE VLSTER 



AN HISTORIC'''^^ & GENEALOGIC^^ MA GAZINE 



Piillijhed MovAhly, ai 142 Green 
Sired, King f ion, N. >'., bv 
BENJAMIN MYER BRINK. 



T e r m s : — Tzvo dollars a year in Advance. S i ng I e 
Copies, tzi'cHty-five cents. 

d c:js^ fr.SilU'r ai zhc fosi off-ic at Kir^iion^ N, Y. 

A Title-Page and Table of Contents for Vol- 
ume 1. of Olde Ulster v.-ill be sent with the Janu- 
uary, 1906, number, if requested, to all who wish to 
preserve tr e volume by binding. 

~~^m — 
With this issue of Olde UlstePv the first vol- 
ume is concluded. The editor acknowledges bis obli- 
gation to those lovers of tlie old county vA\o have 
assisted him. The task w^as uiidertaken with a clear 
conception of the fact tha'; only hard and ceaseless 
work coulcL make the effort pay expenses, and tliis has 
been willingly given and the receipts have been sufa- 
cient to pay tiic bills, It has been decided to carry 
the magazine through anotlicr year. Ol.DE Ulster 
had no subscribers one }'ear ago. It will begin 
the nev/ year with a list just sufficient to bring 
out the next volume. It is the hope of the publisher 
that the renewal subscriptions may be promptly paid. 
If the financial side is attended to by those who appre- 
ciate the magazine the editor can devote his time to 
the collection and preparation of material. 
384